Scientific Inquiry & Experimental DesignHow do we solve problems in science?
The scientific method… State the problem Form a hypothesis Procedure Results ConclusionLet’s have a more in depth look at what scientist actually use and more scientific terminology.
Experimental Design vs. ScientificMethod Experimental Design Scientific Method Research Question State the problem Formulating Hypothesis Form a hypothesis Careful Observation Procedure Data Gathering Results Analysis of Data Conclusion Identifying patterns in the data
Types of Experimental Design Different research questions require different experimental designs. Descriptive Investigations Experimental Research Design
Descriptive Investigations An investigation used to explore questions in environmental conditions you cannot control. Ex. Jane Goodall’s study of chimpanzees. Picture hyperlinked to: www.janegoodall.org/media/videos A hypothesis is not required in these investigations.
Experimental Research Design Can be used when focused on a single variable. Conditions can be controlled. Determines the cause of a problem. Ex.: Thumb Wars
Experimental Research Design:Thumb Wars 1. Research Question 2. Hypothesis 3. Gathering Data 4. Data Analysis Patterns in the data 6. One variable tested: thumb length
Experimental Research DesignResearch Question: Do plants grow better in coke or water?
Do plants grow better in coke or water? Research Question: Do plants grow better in coke or water? Hypothesis Ex: Plants will grow better in water because plants need water to live. Gathering Data: Controlled experiment with one independent variable. Independent Variable: Type of liquid given to plants Dependent Variable: Measured growth of each plant Constants: Conditions kept the same (such as amount of liquid, type of plant, soil, amount of sunlight)
Do plants grow better in coke or water?(cont.) Analysis of Data : Using graphs/tables to find trends in the data.