Defrag

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PowerPoint presentation with instructions on how to defragment a hard drive or device.

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Defrag

  1. 1. Locate equipment,Locate equipment, system and softwaresystem and software faults:faults: DefragmentationDefragmentation
  2. 2. The Windows operating system places files andThe Windows operating system places files and programs on a hard drive where there is space.programs on a hard drive where there is space. One file may not necessarily be placed in oneOne file may not necessarily be placed in one physical place.physical place. Over time, a hard drive can becomeOver time, a hard drive can become fragmented (or scattered) with hundreds of filesfragmented (or scattered) with hundreds of files broken up in many locations across the drive.broken up in many locations across the drive.
  3. 3. As a result, this can slow down the computer’sAs a result, this can slow down the computer’s response time because it takes longer for it toresponse time because it takes longer for it to access information.access information. Therefore, if your computer’s response time isTherefore, if your computer’s response time is slower than usual, a simpleslower than usual, a simple defragmentationdefragmentation process may help counter this fault.process may help counter this fault.
  4. 4. What isWhat is defragmentation?defragmentation? It is a process that reduces the amount ofIt is a process that reduces the amount of fragmentationfragmentation in file systems.in file systems. It is achieved by physically organising theIt is achieved by physically organising the contents of the disk to store pieces of each filecontents of the disk to store pieces of each file close together and contiguously.close together and contiguously.
  5. 5. What isWhat is defragmentation?defragmentation? The process of defragmentation places all partsThe process of defragmentation places all parts of a file together in the same place on the drive.of a file together in the same place on the drive. It organises all directories and files according toIt organises all directories and files according to how you use the computer.how you use the computer. After this process is complete, your computerAfter this process is complete, your computer will most likely run faster.will most likely run faster.
  6. 6. Preparing for the defragPreparing for the defrag 1.1. Ensure your work is backed up to anotherEnsure your work is backed up to another mediamedia • Copy or backup all work files, photos, email, etc. to another hard drive,Copy or backup all work files, photos, email, etc. to another hard drive, CD-ROM, DVD or other type of media.CD-ROM, DVD or other type of media.
  7. 7. Preparing for the defragPreparing for the defrag 2.2. Make sure the hard drive is healthyMake sure the hard drive is healthy • Use CHKDSK to scan and fix the drive.Use CHKDSK to scan and fix the drive.
  8. 8. Preparing for the defragPreparing for the defrag 3.3. Close all programs currently open.Close all programs currently open.
  9. 9. The defrag processThe defrag process Locate the hard drive or removable device thatLocate the hard drive or removable device that you wish to defrag. In this scenario we will beyou wish to defrag. In this scenario we will be defragging a USB drive.defragging a USB drive.
  10. 10. The defrag processThe defrag process Right-click the device or hard drive and clickRight-click the device or hard drive and click “Properties”“Properties”
  11. 11. The defrag processThe defrag process A new window will open, displaying the capacityA new window will open, displaying the capacity of your hard drive or device.of your hard drive or device.
  12. 12. The defrag processThe defrag process Click the “Tools” tab and click “DefragmentClick the “Tools” tab and click “Defragment Now...” from the Defragmentation section.Now...” from the Defragmentation section.
  13. 13. The defrag processThe defrag process A new window will open, displaying the volumesA new window will open, displaying the volumes you may defragment.you may defragment. Click the device or hard drive you wish toClick the device or hard drive you wish to defrag, and click the “Defragment” buttondefrag, and click the “Defragment” button toward the bottom of the screen.toward the bottom of the screen.
  14. 14. The defrag processThe defrag process Once you click “Defragment”, a representationOnce you click “Defragment”, a representation of your fragmented files will appear, and theof your fragmented files will appear, and the Defragmenter will begin defragging.Defragmenter will begin defragging.
  15. 15. The defrag processThe defrag process When the defragment is finished, a newWhen the defragment is finished, a new window will open asking you to view the reportwindow will open asking you to view the report of the defragment.of the defragment.
  16. 16. The defrag processThe defrag process When you click “View Report” a report of theWhen you click “View Report” a report of the defragment will appear with information of thedefragment will appear with information of the fragmentation.fragmentation.
  17. 17. Congratulations! You have successfullyCongratulations! You have successfully defragmented your own hard drive/device.defragmented your own hard drive/device. Remember to do this on a regular basis toRemember to do this on a regular basis to improve its speed and performance.improve its speed and performance.
  18. 18. By Zara SirboughBy Zara Sirbough

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