Kingdom Animalia
Animals are          Multicellular          Eukaryotic          Heterotrophic          Cells lack cell wallsCSCOPE
~ Characteristics ~   Have a nervous system to respond to their    environment   Locomotion relates to ability to obtain...
~ Body Plans ~   Animals that are    irregular in shape are    asymmetrical.   Animals that are    regular in shape are ...
~ Body Plans ~    An animal has radial symmetry if it     can be divided along any plane,     through a central axis, int...
Which figure has bilateral symmetry?Which has radial symmetry?
~ Protection and Support ~   Though not all animals have a skeleton,    those that do can be divided into two    groups: ...
Major Phyla   Porifera – Sponges   Cnidaria – Corals and Jellyfish   Platyhelminthes – Flatworms   Nematoda – Roundwor...
~Invertebrates~   8 main phyla   No backbones   95% of all animals are in this group
~Invertebrate           Phylum Porifera~   Sponges   simplest form of animal life   live in water   Do not move around...
Porifera   Simple animals   Live anchored to a    rock or the ocean    bottom   Marine or freshwater   Filter-feeders...
~Invertebrate           Phylum Porifera~   Filter Feeders: a sponge filters particles of    food from water using collar ...
~Invertebrate           Phylum Porifera~   Examples: Tube    Sponge, Glass    Sponge, Sea Sponge
~Invertebrate       Phylum Cnidaria~   Live in water   Most have tentacles   catch food with stinging cells   gut for ...
Cnidaria   Named for their    stinging cells   Marine or freshwater   Carnivorous   Radial symmetry   Hydrostatic Ske...
~Invertebrate       Phylum Cnidaria~  2 different   shapes  Medusa - like a   jellyfish  Polyp - like a   hydra
~Invertebrate     Phylum Cnidaria~   Examples -    Jellyfish, Hydra,    sea anemones, and    corals
~Invertebrate   Phylum Platyhelminthes ~  Flatworms  Flat, ribbon-like body  Live in water or are parasites  bilateral...
Platyhelminthes   Flattened bodies   Lack an anus   Bilateral symmetry      CDC   Simplest animals to    exhibit cepha...
~Invertebrate   Phylum Platyhelminthes ~  Examples: Planaria  eyespots detect light  food and waste go  in and out the ...
~Invertebrate   Phylum Platyhelminthes ~  Examples:   Tapeworm  Parasite that   lives in intestines   of host   absorbin...
~Invertebrate   Phylum Platyhelminthes ~  Examples: Fluke  parasite  lives inside   of host
~Invertebrate       Phylum Nematoda ~   Roundworms    – Round, tubular body    – small or microscopic    – bilateral symm...
Nematoda Free living in soil or  water with many  parasitic forms          CDC Bilateral symmetry Most have a digestive...
~Invertebrate   Phylum Nematoda ~   Examples:     – Hookworm    – Trichinella
~Invertebrate       Phylum Annelida ~ –Segemented worms – Body divided into    segments(sections) – Live in water or    un...
Annelida   Segmented worms   Setae for locomotion   Bilateral symmetry   Closed circulatory    system   Clamworms,   ...
~Invertebrate           Phylum Annelida ~   Class Earthworms   eat soil and    breakdown    organic matter,    wastes pr...
~Invertebrate       Phylum Annelida ~     Class bristleworms
~Invertebrate           Phylum Annelida ~ Class    leeches   parasites that feed on blood of other animals
~Invertebrate       Phylum Mollusca ~   Soft bodies   Hard Shells   Live on land or in water   have a circulatory syst...
Mollusca Soft bodied organisms  often covered with a  calcareous shell Bilateral symmetry Most have a ventral  muscular...
~Invertebrate   Phylum Mollusca ~ Class Gastropoda – snails and slugs – may have 1 shell – stomach-footed -   move on stom...
~Invertebrate   Phylum Mollusca ~ Class Bivalves – 2 shells hinged   together – clams, oysters, scallops and   mussels
~Invertebrate       Phylum Mollusca ~ Class Cephalopods –squids and octopuses –internal mantel
~Invertebrate   Phylum Echinodermata ~   Hard, spiny skin   Live in salt water   Radial symmetry   name means ‘spiney ...
Echinodermata Radial symmetry Calcareous plates  often with external  spines Water vascular  system with tube feet  for...
~Invertebrate   Phylum Echinodermata ~   Examples: seastar, sea urchin, sand dollar    and sea cucumber
~Invertebrate   Phylum Arthropoda ~   Body divided into sections/segments   Exoskeleton   Jointed legs   well develope...
Arthropoda   Body is composed of a    head, thorax, and    abdomen with three or    more pairs of joined legs   Chitinou...
~Invertebrate   Phylum Arthropoda ~   3 subphylums:   Classified into classes according to the    number of legs, eyes a...
~Invertebrate   Phylum Arthropoda ~Subphylum Chilicerata is divided into 3 classes     Arachnida – spiders, scorpions, tic...
~Invertebrate Phylum       Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Chilicerata   Class   – Arachnida     no antennae     4 pairs of legs...
~Invertebrate Phylum       Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Chilicerata   Class   Merostomata     Horseshoe crabs      – Ancient g...
~Invertebrate Phylum       Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Chilicerata  Class   Pycnogonida   – Sea spider
~Invertebrate Phylum   Arthropoda ~ Subphylum - Crustacea 5 Classes  Aquatic ones have gills    2 antennae    2 body re...
 Subphylum     Uniramia: 3 classes   Class Insecta (insects)   Class Chilopoda (Centipedes)   Class Diplopoda (Millipe...
~Invertebrate Phylum        Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia   Class   Insecta     no antennae     3 pairs of legs     ...
~InvertebratePhylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia  Class   Diplopoda    Millipedes    segmented animals    Have 2 pa...
~Invertebrate Phylum        Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia   Class   Chiopoda     Centipedes Usually terrestrial carniv...
~ Phylum Chordata ~ subphylum Vertebrata    5 classes       Fish       Mammals       Reptiles       Amphibians       ...
Chordata Notocord for support  of the body at some  stage of development Dorsal, tubular nerve  cord Tunicate, lancelet...
Chordata – Class Osteichthyes Bony fishes Specialized structures  and behaviors to  maintain homeostasis  with regard to...
Chordata – Class Amphibia   Amphibians   Most live in water as    a larva and on land as    an adult   Moist skin   Ec...
Chordata – Class Reptilia   Reptiles   Dry, scaly skin   Terrestrial eggs   Ectotherms   Lizards, snakes,    crocodil...
Chordata – Class Aves   Birds   Endotherms   Outer covering of    feathers   Two legs with scales   Modified front li...
Chordata – Class Mammalia   Mammals   Produce milk in    mammary glands to    feed their young   Breathe air   Four-ch...
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
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Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks

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Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks

  1. 1. Kingdom Animalia
  2. 2. Animals are  Multicellular  Eukaryotic  Heterotrophic  Cells lack cell wallsCSCOPE
  3. 3. ~ Characteristics ~ Have a nervous system to respond to their environment Locomotion relates to ability to obtain food Most animals develop from a zygote becoming a A single layer of cells surrounding a fluid- filled space forming a hollow ball of cells called a gastrula.
  4. 4. ~ Body Plans ~ Animals that are irregular in shape are asymmetrical. Animals that are regular in shape are symmetrical.
  5. 5. ~ Body Plans ~  An animal has radial symmetry if it can be divided along any plane, through a central axis, into equal halves.  An animal has bilateral symmetry if it can be divided down its length into similar right and left halves forming mirror images of each other.
  6. 6. Which figure has bilateral symmetry?Which has radial symmetry?
  7. 7. ~ Protection and Support ~ Though not all animals have a skeleton, those that do can be divided into two groups: – Those with an exoskeleton – a hard, waxy coating on the outside of the body that protects internal organs, provides a framework for support, and a place for muscle attachment. – Those with an endoskeleton – support framework within the body that protects some organs and a brace for muscles to pull against.
  8. 8. Major Phyla Porifera – Sponges Cnidaria – Corals and Jellyfish Platyhelminthes – Flatworms Nematoda – Roundworms Mollusca – Clams and Octopus Annelida – Earthworms Arthropoda – Insects, Spiders, and Crabs Echinodermata – Starfish and Sea Urchins Chordata – Vertebrates including MammalsCSCOPE
  9. 9. ~Invertebrates~ 8 main phyla No backbones 95% of all animals are in this group
  10. 10. ~Invertebrate Phylum Porifera~ Sponges simplest form of animal life live in water Do not move around no symmetry Pores (holes) all over body
  11. 11. Porifera Simple animals Live anchored to a rock or the ocean bottom Marine or freshwater Filter-feeders Radial symmetry Lack tissues or organ systemCSCOPE
  12. 12. ~Invertebrate Phylum Porifera~ Filter Feeders: a sponge filters particles of food from water using collar cells and then pumps the water out the osculum.
  13. 13. ~Invertebrate Phylum Porifera~ Examples: Tube Sponge, Glass Sponge, Sea Sponge
  14. 14. ~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~ Live in water Most have tentacles catch food with stinging cells gut for digesting
  15. 15. Cnidaria Named for their stinging cells Marine or freshwater Carnivorous Radial symmetry Hydrostatic Skeleton Jellyfish, hydra, obelia, Portuguese man-of war, sea anemone, and coralsCSCOPE
  16. 16. ~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~  2 different shapes  Medusa - like a jellyfish  Polyp - like a hydra
  17. 17. ~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~ Examples - Jellyfish, Hydra, sea anemones, and corals
  18. 18. ~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~  Flatworms  Flat, ribbon-like body  Live in water or are parasites  bilateral symmetry
  19. 19. Platyhelminthes Flattened bodies Lack an anus Bilateral symmetry CDC Simplest animals to exhibit cephalization Flatworms, flukes, and tapewormsCSCOPE
  20. 20. ~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~  Examples: Planaria  eyespots detect light  food and waste go in and out the same opening
  21. 21. ~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~  Examples: Tapeworm  Parasite that lives in intestines of host absorbing food
  22. 22. ~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~  Examples: Fluke  parasite  lives inside of host
  23. 23. ~Invertebrate Phylum Nematoda ~ Roundworms – Round, tubular body – small or microscopic – bilateral symmetry – have both a mouth and anus – Live in water or are parasites
  24. 24. Nematoda Free living in soil or water with many parasitic forms CDC Bilateral symmetry Most have a digestive CDC tract with two openings Hookworms, pinworms, ascaris, and trichinosis worm CDCCSCOPE
  25. 25. ~Invertebrate Phylum Nematoda ~ Examples: – Hookworm – Trichinella
  26. 26. ~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~ –Segemented worms – Body divided into segments(sections) – Live in water or underground – have a nervous and circulatory system
  27. 27. Annelida Segmented worms Setae for locomotion Bilateral symmetry Closed circulatory system Clamworms, earthworms, leechesCSCOPE
  28. 28. ~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~ Class Earthworms eat soil and breakdown organic matter, wastes provide nutrients to soil
  29. 29. ~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~ Class bristleworms
  30. 30. ~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~ Class leeches parasites that feed on blood of other animals
  31. 31. ~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~ Soft bodies Hard Shells Live on land or in water have a circulatory system and a complex nervous system. Important food source for humans
  32. 32. Mollusca Soft bodied organisms often covered with a calcareous shell Bilateral symmetry Most have a ventral muscular foot for locomotion Chitons, snails, limpets, clams, octopus, and squidCSCOPE
  33. 33. ~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~ Class Gastropoda – snails and slugs – may have 1 shell – stomach-footed - move on stomach
  34. 34. ~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~ Class Bivalves – 2 shells hinged together – clams, oysters, scallops and mussels
  35. 35. ~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~ Class Cephalopods –squids and octopuses –internal mantel
  36. 36. ~Invertebrate Phylum Echinodermata ~ Hard, spiny skin Live in salt water Radial symmetry name means ‘spiney skinned’ endoskeleton
  37. 37. Echinodermata Radial symmetry Calcareous plates often with external spines Water vascular system with tube feet for locomotion Sea lilies, starfish, brittle stars, sea urchins, sand dollars, and sea cucumbersCSCOPE
  38. 38. ~Invertebrate Phylum Echinodermata ~ Examples: seastar, sea urchin, sand dollar and sea cucumber
  39. 39. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Body divided into sections/segments Exoskeleton Jointed legs well developed nervous system largest group of organisms on earth
  40. 40. Arthropoda Body is composed of a head, thorax, and abdomen with three or more pairs of joined legs Chitinous exoskeleton Molt Bilateral symmetry Shrimp, crabs, barnacles, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, ticks, horseshoe crabs, and crayfishCSCOPE
  41. 41. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ 3 subphylums: Classified into classes according to the number of legs, eyes and antennae they have.
  42. 42. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~Subphylum Chilicerata is divided into 3 classes Arachnida – spiders, scorpions, ticks, mites Merostomata – horseshoe crabs Pycnogonida – sea spiders
  43. 43. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Chilicerata  Class – Arachnida  no antennae  4 pairs of legs  2 body regions - cephalothorax & abdomen  spiders, scorpions, mites & ticks
  44. 44. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Chilicerata  Class Merostomata  Horseshoe crabs – Ancient group of species – Changed little over 350 million years – Aquatic, mostly found on Atlantic & gulf coasts of United States.
  45. 45. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Chilicerata  Class Pycnogonida – Sea spider
  46. 46. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum - Crustacea 5 Classes  Aquatic ones have gills  2 antennae  2 body regions or segmented  Shrimp, lobsters, crabs, barnacles, isopods  Many species taste delicious in butter
  47. 47.  Subphylum Uniramia: 3 classes Class Insecta (insects) Class Chilopoda (Centipedes) Class Diplopoda (Millipedes)
  48. 48. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia  Class Insecta  no antennae  3 pairs of legs  2 body regions - head, thorax & abdomen  grasshoppers, ants, butterflies, bees
  49. 49. ~InvertebratePhylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia  Class Diplopoda  Millipedes  segmented animals  Have 2 pairs of legs per segment  Primarily herbivores & decomposers
  50. 50. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia  Class Chiopoda  Centipedes Usually terrestrial carnivores  Have 1 pair of antennae  Are often poisonous, using modified front claws to immobilize prey
  51. 51. ~ Phylum Chordata ~ subphylum Vertebrata 5 classes  Fish  Mammals  Reptiles  Amphibians  Birds
  52. 52. Chordata Notocord for support of the body at some stage of development Dorsal, tubular nerve cord Tunicate, lancelets, and vertebratesCSCOPE
  53. 53. Chordata – Class Osteichthyes Bony fishes Specialized structures and behaviors to maintain homeostasis with regard to water balance Some have swim bladdersCSCOPE
  54. 54. Chordata – Class Amphibia Amphibians Most live in water as a larva and on land as an adult Moist skin Ectotherms Frogs, toads, salamanders, and caeciliansCSCOPE
  55. 55. Chordata – Class Reptilia Reptiles Dry, scaly skin Terrestrial eggs Ectotherms Lizards, snakes, crocodilians, turtles, tortoises, and tuataraCSCOPE
  56. 56. Chordata – Class Aves Birds Endotherms Outer covering of feathers Two legs with scales Modified front limbs (wings) Eagle, cardinal, penguin, duck, etc.CSCOPE
  57. 57. Chordata – Class Mammalia Mammals Produce milk in mammary glands to feed their young Breathe air Four-chambered heart Endotherms Duck billed platypus, marsupials, cows, dogs, humans, etc.CSCOPE

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