Schizophrenia Presentation

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Schizophrenia Presentation

  1. 1. Schizophrenia Presentation<br /> Stephanie Maxwell<br /> Axia College online at University of Phoenix<br /> Abnormal Psychology : PSY. 270<br /> Gail Rognan<br /> June 20, 2009<br />
  2. 2. Schizophrenia <br />A symposium into abnormal psychology<br />
  3. 3. Symptoms of Schizophrenia <br /><ul><li> Positive symptoms: excesses of thoughts, emotions, and behavior
  4. 4. Negative symptoms:</li></ul> deficits of thoughts, emotions, and behavior<br /><ul><li> Psychomotor symptoms: </li></ul> odd gestures, repeated grimaces, or awkward movements<br />
  5. 5. Diagnosis <br />Diagnosis based upon clinical symptoms <br />Physical tests usually done to rule out other conditions<br />Person must display at least two symptoms of criteria that is listed in the current DSM-IV with each having been present for a considerable amount of time during one-month period<br />Type I vs. Type II<br />
  6. 6. Misconceptions & Misperceptions<br />Depicted as…<br />“Schizos” : villains and fiends?<br /> Altar egos : good or bad?<br /> Stigmatization<br /> Stereotyped<br /> Split-personality?<br /> Violent<br /> Crazy<br /> Mad<br /> Split-personality?<br />
  7. 7. The puzzle of schizophrenia<br />Genetics<br />Environment<br />Biochemical abnormalities<br />Abnormal brain structure<br />Viral causations <br />
  8. 8. Psychological & Sociocultural Explanations <br />Psychodynamic:<br /><ul><li>Freud (1924)
  9. 9. Regression to pre-ego state
  10. 10. Attempts to re-establish ego control</li></ul>Cognitive:<br /><ul><li>Acknowledges biological factors
  11. 11. Further features appear due to person trying to understand them
  12. 12. Perceptual differences</li></ul>Socio-cultural:<br /><ul><li>Labeling
  13. 13. Self-fulfilling prophesy
  14. 14. Family dynamics
  15. 15. Family stress
  16. 16. Downward drift theory</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Medication
  17. 17. Psychotherapy
  18. 18. Insight therapy
  19. 19. Family therapy
  20. 20. Community based approaches </li></ul> Treatments<br />
  21. 21. Best Treatment and Why… <br />Antipsychotic medications in conjunction with therapy<br />Group therapy<br />Family therapy<br />Psychotherapy<br />Self-help methods <br />
  22. 22. References:<br />Comer, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (4thed) ; New York: Worth.<br />Bhogal, B. (2002). Physical Brain Abnormality a Possible Cause of Schizophrenia. Serendip Website. Retrieved June 20,2009, from Serendip : http://www. serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/neuro/neuro02/.../bbhogal.html <br />Grohol, J. (2006). Schizophrenic Treatment. Psych. Central: Schizophrenia. Retrieved June 21, 2009. Website: http://www. psychcentral.com/disorders/sx31t.htm <br />John Hopkins Medicine: Epidemiology- Genetics Program in Psychiatry. (2007, April 23). Schizophrenia. Retrieved June 19, 2009, from John Hopkins Medicine : http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/epigen/szwhatis.htm<br />Maron, D. (2009). TVs Split Personality. Newsweek Web Exclusive. Retrieved from Website on June 19,2009.Website: http://www.newsweek.com/id/181690 <br />Schizophrenia.com. (1996- 2009). The Causes of Schizophrenia. Retrieved June 19, 2009, from Schizophrenia.com:http://www.schizophrenia.com/hypo.php <br />

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