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Personality Theory Presentation

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Personality Theory Presentation

  1. 1. Personality Theory Presentation:Behavioralism and Social-learning<br />Stephanie E. Maxwell<br />Axia College online at University of Phoenix<br />
  2. 2. Behavioralist Tradition<br /><ul><li> Highlights:
  3. 3. Explores behavior through observation
  4. 4. Behavior shaped by environment
  5. 5. Ideas date back to Aristotle</li></li></ul><li> Tabula rasa and John Locke<br /><ul><li>Based upon John Locke’s doctrine
  6. 6. Tabula rasa – “blank slate”
  7. 7. No innate content
  8. 8. Thesis favors “nurture”
  9. 9. Influence is evident still today </li></li></ul><li> Classical Conditioning <br /><ul><li> Multi-level approach into methods of learning
  10. 10. Associative learning : where and what ?
  11. 11. Learning and memories
  12. 12. Low-level form of learning
  13. 13. Stimulus – reinforcer - behavior</li></li></ul><li>Key Concepts of Classical Conditioning<br /> Four Basic Elements: <br /><ul><li> Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) – [meat]
  14. 14. Unconditioned Response (UCR) – [salivation]
  15. 15. Conditioned Stimulus (CS) – [tone]
  16. 16. Conditioned Response (CR) – [salivation] </li></li></ul><li> Operant Conditioning<br /><ul><li> Instrumental Conditioning
  17. 17. Associative learning
  18. 18. Shaping behavior
  19. 19. Rewards and punishments : reinforcers – positive and negative</li></li></ul><li>Key Concepts of Operant Conditioning<br /><ul><li> Reinforcers: continuous and partial
  20. 20. Rewards and punishment
  21. 21. Shaping behavior</li></li></ul><li> Reinforcers<br /><ul><li> Partial reinforcement
  22. 22. Continuous reinforcement
  23. 23. Conditioned generalized reinforcers – money
  24. 24. Extinction
  25. 25. Two general classes :( Arnold Buss, 1986).</li></ul> 1.) Stimulation rewards<br /> 2.) Affective rewards <br />
  26. 26. Social-learning Theories<br /><ul><li> Julian Rotter – introduced cognition in Behavioralism
  27. 27. Expectancies and values – probabilities
  28. 28. Reinforcement value – subjectiveness attractiveness
  29. 29. Behavioral potential – variables ( BP = E + RV )</li></li></ul><li>Bandura’s Social-learning Theory<br /> Four Steps of Observational Learning: (Modeling)<br /><ul><li> Attention: characteristics and modeling stimuli
  30. 30. Retention: remembering (mental images)
  31. 31. Motor reproduction processes: reproducing the image
  32. 32. Motivational processes: having good reason to imitate</li></li></ul><li> Self-efficacy<br />Four sources of self-efficacy:<br /><ul><li>Performance accomplishments – success or failure attempts
  33. 33. Vicarious experience – provides comparison of personal competence
  34. 34. Verbal persuasion – being told by others (validation)
  35. 35. Emotional arousal – feelings within a given situation</li></li></ul><li>WORKS CITIED:<br /><ul><li>brembs.net/classical/classical.html - 27k
  36. 36. cwx.prenhall.com/.../custom1/deluxe-content.html
  37. 37. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tabula_rasa
  38. 38. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinforcement )
  39. 39. Kentridge, 1995.
  40. 40. McAdams,(2006). The person: A new introduction to personality psychology. (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley &Sons.
  41. 41. Pajares, (2002). Overview of social cognitive theory and of self-efficacy. Retrieved January 10, 2009 from http://www.emory.edu/EDUCATION/mfp/eff.html
  42. 42. www.pacrimcross.com/IDT/Bandura.
  43. 43. theotherbps.googlepages.com
  44. 44. www.eduleadership.org/
  45. 45. www.forerunner.com/forerunner/X0497_DeMar_-_Behaviorism.html - 30k
  46. 46. www.learning-theories.com/social-learning-theory-bandura
  47. 47. www.msu.edu/~kalinkat/professionalpages/TechMatrixMaterials/BehaviorismSummary.htm</li>

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