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Simón Gaviria Muñoz - Smart Cities

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LAC Climate Business Forum 2016 in Bogotá, Colombia, June 14-15, 2016.

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Simón Gaviria Muñoz - Smart Cities

  1. 1. National Planning Department www.dnp.gov.co
  2. 2. June 2016 dnp.gov.co Simón Gaviria Muñoz General Director DNP @simongaviria SimonGaviriaM SMART CITIES
  3. 3. June 2016 dnp.gov.co Simón Gaviria Muñoz General Director DNP @simongaviria SimonGaviriaM AGENDA SMART CITIES 1. Current situation of cities in Colombia 2. Smart cities indicators 3. Proposed strategies
  4. 4. Smart Cities June 2016 RELEVANCE OF CITIES Source: Cities System Mission estimates 11.2 45.4 57.5 61.1 3.1 27.6 37.0 40.2 - 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 1951 2010 2035 2050 Millions URBAN POPULATION IN THE SYSTEM OF CITIES 1951 -2050 2050 Urban population will increase in 18 million. In 2050 we will have 69 cities with a population higher than 100,000 27,4% 60,7% 64% 65,8% Total population Urban Population in the System of Cities 2010 61% of Colombian population live in urban centers of the System of Cities Close to 76% of National GDP is generated in those centers 41 cities larger population larger than 100,000
  5. 5. Smart Cities June 2016 RELEVANCE OF CITIES System of Cities Shorter than 100,000 TOTAL 151 MUNICIPALITIES CAPITAL CITIES 8 MUNICIPALITIES SUBREGIONAL FUNCTION 14 MUNICIPALITIES Larger than 100,000 UNI-NODAL CITIES 16 MUNICIPALITIES 18 METROPOLITAN AREAS 113 MUNICIPALITIES
  6. 6. Smart Cities June 2016 URBAN AND TERRITORIAL PLANNING Urban and Regional planning must articulate rural areas and be approached from a regional perspective Source: National Study of Water 2014 SDP (2014) Availability of natural hydrological sources 52,5% of the Cities System urban population is located in areas of low availability of natural hydrological sources. 33% of Colombian population is at risk to be affected by landslides and 48% by flooding. Conflicts between protected areas and urban growth (urban sprawl and conurbation)
  7. 7. Smart Cities June 2016 URBAN AND TERRITORIAL PLANNING Current land development plans (POT) lack of a continuous view of the territory, needed to take into account the urban and rural dynamics Technical, methodological and information shortfalls in the POT formulation • 60% define inadequately the urban perimeter (in smaller towns) • 50% determine expansion areas without adequate information and criteria. • 61% determine mistakenly the protected areas. • The maps of 21% of POT are not geo- referenced. • 60% do not take into account the agricultural, livestock and forestry uses. 1 Outdated POT • 916 municipalities (83% from total) lost the long term validity at the end 2015 • No municipalities include regional determinants in the POT • The territorial planning ends at the political – administrative limit 2 Lack of positioning POT as a development tool • Low application of land value capture instruments • The resources of betterment levies are between 0,02% and 0,13% of income • Only 12% on municipalities use land capture value instruments • Only 3% include strategies and programs in order to develop the rural component 3
  8. 8. Smart Cities June 2016 URBAN AND TERRITORIAL PLANNING Current state of Cadaster Source: IGAC, estimate DNP 2015 RURALURBAN 14 MUNICIPALITIES WITHOUT CADASTER FORMATION 728 OUTDATED MUNICIPALITIES 370 UPDATED MUNICIPALITIES 80 MUNICIPALITIES WITHOUT CADASTER FORMATION 664 OUTDATED MUNICIPALITIES 378 UPDATED MUNICIPALITIES
  9. 9. Smart Cities June 2016 URBAN AND TERRITORIAL PLANNING Cadaster Structural Problematic Incomplete • The cadaster does not cover the entire territory neither the required variables for the users • 28,5% of the national area does not have cadastral formation (without information) • 63,9% of municipalities has outdated cadaster 1 Imprecise • Lack of process and methodologies under international standards • Lack of cartographic inputs with cadaster purposes • The majority of cadaster appraisals do not reflect a reasonable value of land • Indefinite areas and boundaries 2 Sectorial disjoint • Inadequate interrelation between cadaster and register (46% rural plots and 68% urban plots interrelated - IGAC) • There is no articulation between the cadaster and other sectoral databases • No Open Data 3
  10. 10. Smart Cities June 2016 CONNECTIVITY Cities must connect better between and inside them Colombian cities were developed in isolated territories, with little relationship and complementarity between them Urban mobility in the main cities is reducing the quality of life and competitiveness A trip across the cities can take more than an hour and a half (Bogotá 119 min, Medellín 91 min, Barranquilla 82 min, Cartagena 45 min.) 2011
  11. 11. Smart Cities June 2016 CONNECTIVITY Cities must connect better between and inside them 2020 Colombian cities were developed in isolated territories, with little relationship and complementarity between them Urban mobility in the main cities is reducing the quality of life and competitiveness A trip across the cities can take more than an hour and a half (Bogotá 119 min, Medellín 91 min, Barranquilla 82 min, Cartagena 45 min.)
  12. 12. Smart Cities June 2016 CONNECTIVITY Cities must connect better between and inside them 2035 Colombian cities were developed in isolated territories, with little relationship and complementarity between them Urban mobility in the main cities is reducing the quality of life and competitiveness A trip across the cities can take more than an hour and a half (Bogotá 119 min, Medellín 91 min, Barranquilla 82 min, Cartagena 45 min.)
  13. 13. Smart Cities June 2016 LIFE QUALITY Fuente: Misión Sistema de Ciudades The cities present changes in the population structure an differential opportunities for development EMBRYONIC • Care for early childhood • Strengthening sexual and reproductive education • Reduce rate of infant mortality • Extending coverage of public services and health • Housing deficit START DEMOGRAPHIC BONUS Riohacha Pre-bonus after 2023 Quibdó Pre-bonus after 2027 Different levels of ageing population Dependent population is more vulnerable
  14. 14. Smart Cities June 2016 LIFE QUALITY The cities present changes in the population structure an differential opportunities for development ADOLESCENT • Care of early childhood • Reduce adolescent pregnancy • Extend coverage of high school and promote quality END DEMOGRAPHIC BONUS Santa Marta After 2035 Montería After 2035 Valledupar After 2035 Sincelejo After 2035 Florencia After 2035 Fuente: Misión Sistema de Ciudades Different levels of ageing population Dependent population is more vulnerable
  15. 15. Smart Cities June 2016 LIFE QUALITY The cities present changes in the population structure an differential opportunities for development YOUNG AND BIG • Reduce the NEET population • Expand projects of new and improve housing • Define productive and employment routes END DEMOGRAPHIC BONUS Barranquilla 2020 Cartagena 2020 Cúcuta 2020 Villavicencio After 2035 Fuente: Misión Sistema de Ciudades Different levels of ageing population Dependent population is more vulnerable
  16. 16. Smart Cities June 2016 LIFE QUALITY The cities present changes in the population structure an differential opportunities for development ADULT • Promote savings • Capital human qualification • Formalization of employment END DEMOGRAPHIC BONUS Ibagué 2018 Neiva 2020 Popayán 2020 Pasto 2020 Fuente: Misión Sistema de Ciudades Different levels of ageing population Dependent population is more vulnerable
  17. 17. Smart Cities June 2016 LIFE QUALITY The cities present changes in the population structure an differential opportunities for development MATURE • Care for senior citizen • Extend coverage of secondary and higher education • Strengthening the planning process in metropolitan areas END DEMOGRAPHIC BONUS Cali 2016 Armenia 2013 Fuente: Misión Sistema de Ciudades Different levels of ageing population Dependent population is more vulnerable
  18. 18. Smart Cities June 2016 LIFE QUALITY The cities present changes in the population structure an differential opportunities for development SENIOR • Care for senior citizen • Attraction of young population in order to extend the bonus • Effective access to health services END DEMOGRAPHIC BONUS Bogotá: 2015 Tunja: 2022 Bucaramanga: 2018 Medellín: 2013 Pereira: 2015 Manizales: 2013 Fuente: Misión Sistema de Ciudades Different levels of ageing population Dependent population is more vulnerable
  19. 19. June 2016 dnp.gov.co Simón Gaviria Muñoz General Director DNP @simongaviria SimonGaviriaM AGENDA SMART CITIES 2 Smart Cities Indicators
  20. 20. Smart Cities June 2016 CITY PROSPERITY INDEX – ONU HABITAT Results of CPI for 23 Colombian cities Source: ONU HABITAT (2015) • Big cities: The stragglers are Cali and Barranquilla. • Medium-sized cities: Highlight on Manizales, Pereira, Pasto and Ibagué. Still lag far behind cities of similar size as Cúcuta, Santa Marta or Montería, • Small cities: Positive result on cities like Tunja and Armenia, but greater challenges for Riohacha and Quibdó. 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 Productivity Life quality Infrastructure Environmental sustainability Equity and social inclusion Bogotá New York São Paulo
  21. 21. June 2016 dnp.gov.co Simón Gaviria Muñoz General Director DNP @simongaviria SimonGaviriaM AGENDA SMART CITIES 3 Proposed strategies
  22. 22. Smart Cities June 2016 PROPOSED STRATEGIES OF SMART CITIES 1.Public Policy of Smart Cities 2.Strengthening Project for territorial entities 3.Observatory of System of Cities 4.New Land Development Plans (POD / POT Modernos) 5.Multipurpose Cadaster 6.Big Data
  23. 23. Smart Cities June 2016 1. PUBLIC POLICY OF SMART CITIES • High cost associated to environmental degradation • High rates of non-sustainable motorization • Weakness of Land developing plans • Conflicts between protected areas and urban growth • Delay in reorganization of traditional public transportation • Low broadband penetration • Low productivity sectors • Long term vision and participatory construction • Reduce greenhouse gases • Urban sustainable mobility • More and better public space • Supra-municipal vision and differential approach • Integrate urban and rural territories • Digital Connectivity • Improve productivity and competitiveness • Improve municipal revenues • Safer and fairer cities From the current situation to a Smart city
  24. 24. Smart Cities June 2016 1. PUBLIC POLICY OF SMART CITIES Government Articulation Initiatives • Logistic Mission • Policy on Science, Technology and Innovation GREEN GROWTH MISSION • Sustainable Mobility and Urban Transport • Master Plan of Intermodal Transport PMTI (2015-2035). • Sustainable Urbanism • Urban Drains • Multipurpose Cadaster • Budget by results • Subsidies Statute Nuevo Sisben • Citizen Security • Scientific, technological and innovation Parks • Regional Plans ICT • Smart City Policy • Big Data Initiative AGENDAS Smart City MOBILITY AND TRANSPORT ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY GOBERNANCE AND FINANCIATION URBAN AND TERRITORIAL PLANNING PRODUCTIVITY AND COMPETITIVENESS LIFE QUALITY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION DIGITAL CONNECTIVITY- TIC STRUCTURANT AXES TRANSVERSAL AXIS
  25. 25. Smart Cities June 2016 2. PLATFORM OF TERRITORIAL MANAGEMENT Solution in the cloud Municipalidades Gobierno Central, Entes de Control Ciudadano Modelo de Gestión Territorial Rendición de Cuentas y Consolidación Software used as service in the cloud with no PC storage required Reduce time in report writing to national institutions (unified platform for report) Reduce cost associated to software licensing, infrastructure and dedicated staff Allowed access from any device Facilitate the citizen participation through the use of tools of Open Government Flexible informatic tool adjusted to the requirements of every territorial entity Citizens Government Control entities Municipalities Territorial model Accountability processes
  26. 26. Smart Cities June 2016 3. OBSERVATORY SYSTEM OF CITIES TENDENCIES COMPARATIONS LAYERS 3D OBJECTIVES • Generate, compile, process, analize y spread information (National, territorial, sectorial etc.) • Support the monitoring and evaluation of the urban development situation of cities • Comparative analysis of national and international level with supra-municipal approach PROFITS • Knowledge transfer • Decision-making in planning and urban management with territorial approach • Prioritization of investments • Promote regional development
  27. 27. Smart Cities June 2016 3. OBSERVATORY SYSTEM OF CITIES Source: Observatory of the System of Cities. DNP 22 7 193 Themes Sub-themes Indicators Monitoring Evaluation Research areas • Structure and efficiency of markets • Economies of scale • Economies of aglomeration • Sophistication and innovation Productivity • Ecologic structure • Climate change • Risk management Environment • Population structure and dynamics • The cost of living • Life conditions Life quality • Physical connectivity • Digital connectivity Connectivity • Territorial planning • Territorial management • Rural-Urban relationship Land managememt • Transport infrastructure • Urban Facilities • Domestic public utilities Infrastructure • Public finance • Institutional coordination • Gobernability Institutional Index of Smart Cities Observatory System of Cities Implemented 2016 2017
  28. 28. Smart Cities June 2016 4. POT / POD MODERNOS Proposal: Technical assistance and accompaniment for municipalities and departments in the update and formulation of their New Land Development Plans in order to face challenges of the national territorial planning, through three components: Enlistment • Institutional arrangement of the national and regional entities to obtain inputs. • Strengthen the local institutional capacities • Support on technical studies required. 1 Formulation • Engage the municipalities with the POT update, reflected in the Development Plan • Supra-municipal vision and differential approach • Integrate the urban and rural territories • Delimitation of risk areas 2 Implementation • Strengthen the local institutional capacities in order to generate resources trough the POT • Incorporation and application of planning, management and financing instruments for urban and rural lands 3
  29. 29. Smart Cities June 2016 4. POT / POD MODERNOS A POD/POT Moderno must have VISION •Long-term vision with differential approach •Articulation of regional, metropolitan and national levels INFORMATION Geographic Information Systems for the decision-making over the territory COMPETITIVENESS •Efficient mix of land uses and optimization •Clarity in housing policy •Promote economic development through the territorial model INSTITUTIONALITY •Qualitative and participative management of the territorial visions. •Strengthen the municipality institutions • Supra-municipal vision with differential approach • Integrate the urban and rural territory • Improve productivity and competitiveness A POD/POT must reach LIFE QUALITY
  30. 30. Smart Cities June 2016 4. POT / POD MODERNOS A POD/POT Moderno must have MOBILITY •Road infrastructure and mobility according to growth •Sustainable public transport system ENVIRONMENT •Delimitation of risk areas •Adopting mitigation measures •Rural dimension with productivity approach INFRASTRUCTURE • Collective facilities according to the kind of city • Public Services adjusted to the city model • Sustainable urbanism and construction • Identification and intervention on slums INSTRUMENTS Incorporation and application of planning, management and financing instruments for urban and rural land. • Reduce travel times • Reduce Greenhouse Emissions • Improve municipal income Un POD/POT must reach LIFE QUALITY
  31. 31. Smart Cities June 2016 5. MULTIPURPOSE CADASTER So where does the Cadaster transformation take us? TO A COMPLETE CADASTER • Covering the entire territory • Incorporating all kind of forms of land tenure • Inventory of wastelands • With physical updated variables of the plots • Complying the methodological international standards • Locating precisely the georeferenced plots • Individualizing the plots with detail • Reflecting a cadaster value close to the reality • With information of areas and boundaries coinciding with cadaster and register • Articulated with other sectors through spatial data infrastructure • Warrantying the information access by all users (big data) TO A PRECISE CADASTER TO A CADASTER ARTICULATED WITH SECTORS
  32. 32. Smart Cities June 2016 6. BIG DATA CAOBA First PPP in Big Data: CAOBA and Challenges of Public Policy WATER Analysis for optimize the collect and generate saving schemes MOBILITY Analysis of the movement patterns of population EDUCATION Evaluation of profitability of education investment by chain analysis SOLID WASTE Analysis of volumen and sort of wastes in area and its utilization SISBEN Analysis for better use of existent data and optimize the public resources
  33. 33. National Planning Department www.dnp.gov.co

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