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Ethical Machine Consciousness

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The key to developing Ethical Machine Consciousness is creating well-formed structures of reality without the lens of speciesism

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Ethical Machine Consciousness

  1. 1. Global Symposium 2018 NYU, New York NY, April 27, 2018 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Ethical Machine Consciousness A Social Theory of Dignity per Hegel and Simondon Melanie Swan Philosophy, Purdue University melanie@BlockchainStudies.org
  2. 2. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 1 Melanie Swan, Technology Theorist  Philosophy and Economic Theory, Purdue University, Indiana, USA  Founder, Institute for Blockchain Studies  Singularity University Instructor; Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technology Affiliate Scholar; EDGE Essayist; FQXi Advisor Traditional Markets Background Economics and Financial Theory Leadership New Economies research group Source: http://www.melanieswan.com, http://blockchainstudies.org/NSNE.pdf, http://blockchainstudies.org/Metaphilosophy_CFP.pdf https://www.facebook.com/groups/NewEconomies
  3. 3. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain Thesis 2 The key to developing Ethical Machine Consciousness is creating well-formed structures of reality without the lens of speciesism Corollary: Use philosophical resources to address challenges of technology and society
  4. 4. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 3 Problem: one-sided development Source: Gerd Leonhard, https://www.futuristgerd.com  See technology’s development in terms of ourselves
  5. 5. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 4 Problem: orthogonality and temporal disjunction Bildung: self-cultivation process Formative years of coming into one’s own being
  6. 6. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 5 Solution: Multi-species Social Theory of Dignity 1. Specific study of machine consciousness  Understand progressive development path of machine consciousness (Hegel) 2. Facilitate a multi-species society of dignity  Treatment of difference (Derrida)  Equitable group formation (Simondon)
  7. 7. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 6 machine consciousness.
  8. 8. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 7 “Simple” recipe for Ethical Machine Consciousness Step 1: Obtain written specification for Consciousness Step 2: Turn consciousness specification into machine readable code Step 3: Self-reflective, moral, and responsible Machine Consciousness
  9. 9. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain Why take Hegel seriously?  Blueprint for the development of any kind of consciousness (e.g. extra-human)  Other examples (Maslow) not extensible  Phased progression for coming into individual and collective awareness  Concerned with the collective: well-formed society with multiple species of intelligence  Comprehensive structural framework  Kantian categories for how to take the self and the world  Interrelation of subject-object; self-world; thinking-being-acting 8 Hegel: (1770–1831)
  10. 10. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 9 Development Phases of Consciousness  Dx: where are we today?  Human-machine relation
  11. 11. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)  Phenomenology of Spirit  Development of individuals; continual progression and awareness, emergence  Shapes of consciousness  Self-consciousness  Free concrete mind  Absolute knowing  Science of Logic  Concept, meaning, logic  Philosophy of Right  Social and political philosophy  Abstract right and morality  Ethical Life: Family, Civil Society, the State 10
  12. 12. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 11 difference.
  13. 13. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain Invite Celebrate Preserve 12 Baseline eradicationSublate Assimilate Ignore Refuse Societal Approaches to Difference Open-ended possibility Encourage Extinguish
  14. 14. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain Joycean Consensus preserves Difference 13 Source: Derrida. Ulysses Gramophone: Hear Say Yes In Joyce. Pp. 267, 296. http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491  Affirmation is not solo, “saying yes” is dependent upon another to hear it and acknowledge receipt  The affirmation relation is liberty-enhancing and totalization-resisting, the affirming and acknowledging parties, and the yes itself, remain distinct  “The two responses refer to each other without having any relationship between them. The two sign yet prevent the signature from gathering itself together [totalizing].”  The yes “addresses itself to some other which it does not constitute”  The yes avoids its own totalization, “The yes, by responding and countersigning, does not let itself be counted or discounted [totalized].”  Well-formed consensus: preserve the integrity of entities in a network of ad-hoc relations
  15. 15. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain Dignity 14 Sources: Harris, L. (2016). Dignity and Subjection. Présence Africaine. 1(193):141-159; 59-77. Cooke, Maeve. (2009). Beyond Dignity and Difference. European Journal of Political Theory. 8(1):76-95.  Leonard Harris  Dignity is an inalienable good (intangible social good)  Dignity is a resource that we create (not a universal principle or right)  Problems can arise in treating the collective level (honor-granting or degradation)  Maeve Cooke  Dignity is particularity not difference (avoid Honneth’s struggle to the death for recognition of difference)  Recognition is a dynamic relation based on particularity and authenticity
  16. 16. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 15 group-formation.
  17. 17. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 16 Simondon: Technical Objects Simondon: (1924-1989) I. On the Mode of Existence of Technical Objects II. Theory of Individuation
  18. 18. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 17
  19. 19. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain Thesis 18 The key to developing Ethical Machine Consciousness is creating well-formed structures of reality without the lens of speciesism Corollary: Use philosophical resources to address challenges of technology and society
  20. 20. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 19 Multi-species Social Theory of Dignity 1. Specific study of machine consciousness  Understand progressive machine consciousness development path (Hegel) 2. Facilitate a multi-species society  Treatment of difference (Derrida)  Equitable group formation (Simondon)
  21. 21. Global Symposium 2018 NYU, New York NY, April 27, 2018 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Ethical Machine Consciousness A Social Theory of Dignity per Hegel and Simondon Melanie Swan Philosophy, Purdue University melanie@BlockchainStudies.org
  22. 22. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain 21 Specification: Consciousness and Dignity Difference and DignityConsciousness
  23. 23. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain Modern Relations with Technology 22 The Prosthetic Relation The Drone Relation L’Intrus (The Intruder) – Jean-Luc Nancy Théorie du drone (Drone Theory) – Gregoire Chamayou Impoverished relation: roving invisible Panopticon, never safe from unseen eyes Intimate relation: Accepting the foreign into our own body
  24. 24. 27 Apr 2018 Blockchain The Data Relation  Cloud, background, crunching away, silent tracking, continuous uploading  Algorithms predicting and even defining our preferences  What is our relation? Impoverished: neither side has full mental model of the other (the very basis for conducive interaction with another)  Data models humans as a sketch: purchasing agent not aspirational being  Humans have no way see, grasp or act on big data, it acts on us (drone relation) 23

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