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UC Berkeley, Berkeley CA, April 8, 2015
Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga
Melanie Swan
melanie@BlockchainStudies.org
...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
What is the Blockchain?
1
We should think about the blockchain as another class
of thin...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained 2
Melanie Swan, Blockchain Scholar
 Founder, Institute for Blockchain Studies
 Singul...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained 3
Blockchain (non-technical overview of blockchain possibilities)
 What people are say...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Agenda
 What is Bitcoin/blockchain technology?
 Currency, economics, and finance appl...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
What is Bitcoin?
5
Satoshi Nakamoto’s original design for the blockchain (2008) https:/...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
How does Bitcoin work?
6
1. Download software wallet app
 Blockchain.info, Mycelium, e...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Where can I use Bitcoin?
7
http://bitcoinmaps.info/, http://coinmap.org/, https://airbi...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
How big is the market and is it liquid?
8
https://coinmarketcap.com/
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Bitcoin Price Chart (one year)
9
https://blockchain.info/charts/market-price
 Price ~s...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Bitcoin Transaction Volume Chart (one year)
10
https://blockchain.info/charts/estimated...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
What is the blockchain?
11
https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin, https://bitcoin.org/en/d...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
How robust is the network?
12
https://getaddr.bitnodes.io/
 6441 Global Nodes running ...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Economic and privacy arguments for Bitcoin
 Banking services market
 5 bn individuals...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Financial and Public Records Applications
 Financial instruments
1. Currency
2. Privat...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
What is Smart Property?
 Register assets to blockchain via unique key
 Blocktrace led...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
What are Smart Contracts?
16
 Agreements between parties posted to the
blockchain for ...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Decentralized Application (Dapp) Ecosystem
17
http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-N...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Economic Principles: not just for Economics
18
Economic Principles
 Traditional Deploy...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain IOT
19
http://www.zdnet.com/article/internet-of-things-market-to-hit-7-1-tri...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchains: Global and Liberty-enhancing
20
 Global governance for transnational orga...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Government
 Opt-in Personalized Government
 Composting vs education
 Repu...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Representation and Voting
 Futarchy, two-step program
1. Traditional vote o...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Legal
 Notary Service, Attestation
 Register contracts, agreements, wills ...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Smart Contract
Law Firm?
24
http://www.robotandhwang.com/attorneys/
 Law is something ...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Science and What is Mining?
 Mining is the process of adding
transaction re...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Health
 Blockchain technology in health-related applications
1. EMRs: Perso...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Genomics
27
 Jurisdictional regulation prevents
individuals from having acc...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Art
28
Rio, Tel Aviv, Hamburg, Barcelona, Seoul, Tokyo, New York
http://bitf...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Art
29
http://cryptoart.com/
 Fine art paper wallets
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Art
30
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=98392.0
 Cryptographic art
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Art
31
http://fiatleak.com/
 Data visualization as art
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Art
32
http://www.quora.com/What-are-some-of-the-best-Bitcoin-visualizations...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Blockchain Literacy
 ‘Bitcoin MOOCs,’ ‘Kiva for literacy’
 Peer-to-peer learning cont...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Summary: The blockchain is…
34
 A decentralized public transaction ledger
 A currency...
April 8, 2015
Blockchain Explained
Conclusion
35
Blockchain technology, cryptocurrencies, and smart
contracts are truly a ...
UC Berkeley, Berkeley CA, April 8, 2015
Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga
Melanie Swan
melanie@BlockchainStudies.org
...
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Bitcoin and Blockchain Technology Explained: Not just Cryptocurrencies, Economics, and Markets; Applications in Art, Health, and Literacy

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The blockchain concept may be one of the most transformative ideas to impact the world since the Internet. It represents a new organizing paradigm for all activity and integrates humans and technology. Cryptocurrencies like bitcoin are merely one application of the blockchain concept. The blockchain is a public transaction ledger built in a network structure based on cryptographic principles so there does not need to be a centralized intermediary. Any kind of asset (art, car, home, financial contract) may be encoded into the blockchain and transacted, validated, or preserved in a much more efficient manner than at present including ideas, health data, financial assets, automobiles, and government documents. Blockchain technology applies well beyond cryptocurrencies, economics, and markets to all venues of human information processing, collaboration, and interaction including art, health, and literacy.

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Bitcoin and Blockchain Technology Explained: Not just Cryptocurrencies, Economics, and Markets; Applications in Art, Health, and Literacy

  1. 1. UC Berkeley, Berkeley CA, April 8, 2015 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Melanie Swan melanie@BlockchainStudies.org www.BlockchainStudies.org Bitcoin and Blockchain Explained: Not just Cryptocurrencies, Economics, and Markets; Applications in Art, Health, and Literacy
  2. 2. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained What is the Blockchain? 1 We should think about the blockchain as another class of thing like the Internet – a comprehensive information technology with tiered technical levels and multiple classes of applications for any form of asset registry, inventory, and exchange, including every area of finance, economics, and money; hard assets (physical property); and intangible assets (votes, ideas, reputation, intention, health data, information, etc.)
  3. 3. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained 2 Melanie Swan, Blockchain Scholar  Founder, Institute for Blockchain Studies  Singularity University Instructor, EDGE Contributor IEET Affiliate Scholar  Swan, M. Blockchain: Blueprint for a New Economy. Sebastopol CA: O'Reilly Media, 2015.  Swan, M. We Should Consider The Future World As One Of Multi-Species Intelligence. Response to The Edge Question 2015: What do you think about machines that think? John Brockman, Ed., 2015.  Swan, M. Cognitive Applications of the Brain as a DAC. Cognitive Science 2015: The Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Mind, Technology, and Society, Pasadena CA, July 2015. submitted.  Swan, M. Philosophy of Big Data: Expanding the Human-Data Relation with Big Data Science Services. IEEE BigDataService 2015, Redwood City CA, Mar 31-Apr 2, 2015.  Swan, M. Blockchain Thinking: The Brain as a DAC (Decentralized Autonomous Corporation). Texas Bitcoin Conference, Austin TX, March 27-29, 2015.  Swan, M. Machine ethics interfaces: An ethics of perception of nanorobot-aided cognition. Journal of Responsible Innovation. submitted. Traditional Markets, Science, Arts Background New Vision Source: http://melanieswan.com/publications.htm
  4. 4. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained 3 Blockchain (non-technical overview of blockchain possibilities)  What people are saying…  #mindblowing – SD  Instrumental – SG  Intriguing - JH  Great to read your book! Willing to transform your ideas to real life – AW  I find it amazing … a good mix of explanation about state-of-the-art products as well as visionary ideas. I was waiting for awhile for this kind of book – JM  A compelling and unique overview of the possibilities – DC  Thank you for helping bring about a new era in finance – JW http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
  5. 5. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Agenda  What is Bitcoin/blockchain technology?  Currency, economics, and finance applications  Digital currency  Smart property  Smart contracts  Governance and legal applications  Science, health, literacy, and art applications 4
  6. 6. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained What is Bitcoin? 5 Satoshi Nakamoto’s original design for the blockchain (2008) https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf  Digital currency  Combination of BitTorrent technology (peer-to-peer file sharing) and public key cryptography as solution to long-standing cryptography problems  Double-spend problem  Copiability of digital assets; digital cash, like an image attached to an email, can be copied infinite times  Centralized third party required to issue and reconcile digital cash transactions to prevent cash from being spent multiply  Byzantine Generals’ Computing Problem  Implication: any online transaction can be decentralized  Conducted in a peer-to-peer trustless manner without a controlling authority in the middle
  7. 7. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained How does Bitcoin work? 6 1. Download software wallet app  Blockchain.info, Mycelium, etc. 2. Transfer Bitcoin via QR Code / public key address 3. See your transaction confirm, post to the blockchain
  8. 8. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Where can I use Bitcoin? 7 http://bitcoinmaps.info/, http://coinmap.org/, https://airbitz.co/
  9. 9. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained How big is the market and is it liquid? 8 https://coinmarketcap.com/
  10. 10. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Bitcoin Price Chart (one year) 9 https://blockchain.info/charts/market-price  Price ~stable around $250/1 Bitcoin so far in 2015
  11. 11. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Bitcoin Transaction Volume Chart (one year) 10 https://blockchain.info/charts/estimated-transaction-volume-usd  Persistent transaction volume despite price volatility
  12. 12. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained What is the blockchain? 11 https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin, https://bitcoin.org/en/download, https://getaddr.bitnodes.io/  The open-source software upon which Bitcoin runs  A technology protocol layer like TCP/IP  A transaction database, decentralized public ledger of all transactions  Giant ‘interactive Google doc spreadsheet’ that anyone can view and administrators (miners) continually verify and update to confirm that each transaction is valid  Literally blocks (batches of transactions) in a chain, a sequential ledger of transactions
  13. 13. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained How robust is the network? 12 https://getaddr.bitnodes.io/  6441 Global Nodes running full Bitcoind (April 2015)
  14. 14. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Economic and privacy arguments for Bitcoin  Banking services market  5 bn individuals worldwide without access to banking, financial, credit services  Remittances market  $4 tn global market, 5-30% transaction fee; immediate funds transfer solution  Vendor payments market  1-3% merchant transaction fee  Hack-able ‘honey pot’ identity databases  Successful examples suggest demand for digital payments  Starbucks mobile app, Apple Pay 13 http://www.bitcoinvalues.net/who-accepts-bitcoins-payment-companies-stores-take-bitcoins.html
  15. 15. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Financial and Public Records Applications  Financial instruments 1. Currency 2. Private equities 3. Public equities 4. Bonds 5. Derivatives commodities 6. Spending records 7. Trading records 8. Mortgage/loan records 9. Servicing records 10. Crowdfunding 11. Microfinance 12. Proxy fights 14 http://forum.ethereum.org/discussion/1402/how-to-get-started-your-first-dapp-under-one-hour  Public Records 1. Land titles 2. Vehicle registries 3. Business incorporations 4. Criminal records 5. Passports 6. Birth certificates 7. Death certificates 8. Voter Registration 9. Voting Records 10. Health/safety inspections 11. Building permits 12. Court records
  16. 16. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained What is Smart Property?  Register assets to blockchain via unique key  Blocktrace ledger tracks diamonds  Real-time GPS LoJack tracking for any asset  Blockchain becomes an inventory, tracking, and buy-sell mechanism for all hard assets  Decentralized asset exchange  Digital authentication access system  Blockchain-based keyless entry 15 https://openbazaar.org/, http://www.edgelogic.net/blocktrace
  17. 17. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained What are Smart Contracts? 16  Agreements between parties posted to the blockchain for automated execution  Examples  Bet on high temperature tomorrow  Inheritance pay-out at age 21 or death of benefactor  Mortgage with automatic interest-rate resets  Blockchain-based Greek tax receipts in Ricardian Contracts (Yanis Varoufakis)  Koinify (Factom software licenses)  Code: Ethereum and Eris  https://github.com/ethereum/  http://www.etherparty.io/  https://erisindustries.com/ https://eng.erisindustries.com/smart%20contracts/2014/12/17/dennys-smart-contracting/ , http://forum.ethereum.org/discussion/1402/how-to-get-started-your-first-dapp-under-one-hour, http://financialcryptography.com/mt/archives/001555.html
  18. 18. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Decentralized Application (Dapp) Ecosystem 17 http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491 Project Name and URL Activity Centralized Equivalent OpenBazaar https://openbazaar.org Buy/sell items locally Craigslist LaZooz http://lazooz.org On-demand ride service Uber, Lyft Twister http://twister.net.co Social networking, peer-to-peer microblogging Twitter, Facebook Gems http://getgems.org Social networking, private token- based social messaging Twitter, SMS apps Bitmessage https://bitmessage.org Secure messaging (individual or broadcast) SMS services Storj http://storj.io/ File storage Dropbox, Google Drive Onename https://onename.com/ BitID https://github.com/bitid/bitid Bithandle http://www.hackathon.io/bithandle Digital identity verification VeriFone, Verisign, Facebook
  19. 19. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Economic Principles: not just for Economics 18 Economic Principles  Traditional Deployment  Markets  Blockchain Deployment  Any interaction is a discovery and exchange process  Abundance mindset and overcoming scarcity  Decentralized models supplement hierarchy  Demurrage incitatory potential and resource redistribution across network nodes  Reciprocal mining communities Blockchain technology is prompting us to rethink economic principles in markets, and apply them much more extensibly to other situations in a non-monetary sense
  20. 20. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain IOT 19 http://www.zdnet.com/article/internet-of-things-market-to-hit-7-1-trillion-by-2020-idc/, http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491  M2M/IOT Bitcoin payment network to enable the machine economy  IOT 2020: 26 bn devices in a $7 tn market  The economic layer the web never had  Smarthome IOT networks  Self-mining ecologies  Privacy orchestration: devices, robotics, digital personal health assistants  Blockchains: economic principle-driven large-scale resource allocation and coordination mechanisms Smartcity Connected Car Coordination Smarthome IOT and Personal Robotics Coordination
  21. 21. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchains: Global and Liberty-enhancing 20  Global governance for transnational organizations  WikiLeaks, ICANN, Wikipedia  Benefits of blockchain administration  Uplift to cloud from local jurisdictional regulations  Universal administration mechanism for global organizations  Structure promotes transparency, accountability, freedom  Namecoin: decentralized DNS http://www.forbes.com/sites/andygreenberg/2010/12/07/visa-mastercard-move-to-choke-wikileaks/ Snowden Affair
  22. 22. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Government  Opt-in Personalized Government  Composting vs education  Reputation-based ID system, voting, dispute resolution, national income distribution, public documents registration and repository  Neighbor.ly  Self-directed community bonds  Precedentcoin  Crowdsourced legal services, justice entrepreneurs, blockchain arbitration  Sidekik  On-demand tele-attorney, private police 21 http://www.bitnation.co/, https://bitcoinmagazine.com/17066/first-blockchain-wedding-2/, https://bitcoinmagazine.com/19813/sidekik-decentralized-video-streaming-storage/ World’s First Blockchain Marriage: David Mondrus and Joyce Bayo, October 5, 2014, Disney World FL, Coins in the Kingdom Bitcoin Conference, Jeffrey Tucker (Liberty.me) presiding
  23. 23. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Representation and Voting  Futarchy, two-step program 1. Traditional vote on outcomes (ex: GDP) 2. Prediction markets to determine specific proposals for achieving the outcome  Delegative democracy (Liquid Democracy)  Voting power temporarily vested in delegates not long-term representatives  Group proposition development  Random Sample Elections  Randomly selected individuals vote on a single issue, blockchain orchestration 22 https://bitcoinmagazine.com/17066/first-blockchain-wedding-2/, http://www.bitnation-blog.com/latest-update-dec-22nd-2014/
  24. 24. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Legal  Notary Service, Attestation  Register contracts, agreements, wills (Proof of Existence, Factom)  Register, protect, and transact IP (Monegraph, Ascribe)  How it works  Hash + timestamp + blockchain record 23 http://www.proofofexistence.com/
  25. 25. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Smart Contract Law Firm? 24 http://www.robotandhwang.com/attorneys/  Law is something to be radically reshaped by the emergence of technology, it is about the management and manipulation of data on an entirely new scale - Richard Susskind
  26. 26. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Science and What is Mining?  Mining is the process of adding transaction records to the public ledger by performing a computing task that is costly to execute but easy to verify  Issue: mining is purposefully wasteful to deter malicious players  ‘Green’ mining projects  Primecoin  Foldingcoin  Gridcoin  Zennet 25 http://www.righto.com/2014/02/bitcoin-mining-hard-way-algorithms.html, http://codinginmysleep.com/bitcoin-mining-in-plain-english/
  27. 27. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Health  Blockchain technology in health-related applications 1. EMRs: Personal Health Record Storage and Access  Personal health records stored and administered via blockchain  Users key-permission doctors and other parties into records 2. Health Research Commons  Aggregated personal medical records, quantified self data commons (DNA.bits), genome and connectome files 3. Health Document Notary Services  Proof-of-insurance, test results, prescriptions, status, condition, treatment, physician referrals 4. Doctor Vendor RFP Services  (Like Uber drivers) doctors and health practices bid to supply medical services; automated bidding via tradenets 26 http://futurememes.blogspot.fr/2014/09/blockchain-health-remunerative-health.html
  28. 28. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Genomics 27  Jurisdictional regulation prevents individuals from having access to their own genetic data http://genomesunzipped.org/2011/03/people-have-a-right-to-access-their-own-genetic-information.php
  29. 29. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Art 28 Rio, Tel Aviv, Hamburg, Barcelona, Seoul, Tokyo, New York http://bitfilm.com/festival.html
  30. 30. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Art 29 http://cryptoart.com/  Fine art paper wallets
  31. 31. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Art 30 https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=98392.0  Cryptographic art
  32. 32. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Art 31 http://fiatleak.com/  Data visualization as art
  33. 33. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Art 32 http://www.quora.com/What-are-some-of-the-best-Bitcoin-visualizations  Data visualization as art
  34. 34. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Blockchain Literacy  ‘Bitcoin MOOCs,’ ‘Kiva for literacy’  Peer-to-peer learning contracts  Literacy beyond reading  Technical, Agricultural, Vocational Literacy  Blockchain-based personal development contracts  QS-biometric utility function imputation and tracking  Maslow chains, subjectivation and actualization chains  Development Economics 2.0  Literacy contracts, remittances, blockchain-tracked aid, microcredit, decentralized credit bureaus  Open-source FICO scores  Peer-vouched reputation 33
  35. 35. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Summary: The blockchain is… 34  A decentralized public transaction ledger  A currency, finance, economic, smart property system  An enabler of the M2M/IOT machine economy  A registry, listing, and management system for all of the world’s assets, smart property, and itemizable quanta  A society’s public records repository, a representative and participatory legal and governance system  A tool for science, health, literacy, and art applications  A new form of information technology, a decentralized system of checks and balances, an infrastructure, an organizing system that is universal and planetary-scale http://www.melanieswan.com/documents/BlockchainThinking_SWAN.pdf
  36. 36. April 8, 2015 Blockchain Explained Conclusion 35 Blockchain technology, cryptocurrencies, and smart contracts are truly a new kind of thing…technically, conceptually, structurally, and socially…with tremendous potential to decentralize and transform the manner in which we conduct all activity…to realize futures that are more efficient and participative, scalable at a planetary level, and enhancing of core values such as liberty, equality, and innovation http://www.amazon.com/Bitcoin-Blueprint-New-World-Currency/dp/1491920491
  37. 37. UC Berkeley, Berkeley CA, April 8, 2015 Slides: http://slideshare.net/LaBlogga Melanie Swan melanie@BlockchainStudies.org www.BlockchainStudies.org Bitcoin and Blockchain Explained: Not just Cryptocurrencies, Economics, and Markets; Applications in Art, Health, and Literacy Thank You! Questions?

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