Labbaik Ullah Khan Niazi
Department of Sociology, Sargodha University,(UOS)
• Historical background
• Geographical location
• Costumes- Marriage
• Life style
• Food and dishes
• Famous Tribes
Into,History – تاریخ ،تعارف
• Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, formerly North-West Frontier Province, northernmost
province of Pakistan.
• Gandhara 516 BC
• Indian Chandra Gupta, Maurya dynasty (323-190 B.C.),
• Greek 323 BC ,Alexander
• Sakan 97 BC
• Parthian 65 BC
• Kushan 15 BC
Turkish slave-soldier (mamlūk) namedSebüktigin, who gained control of
Peshawar in 988 AD
His son, Maḥmūd of Ghazna, invaded northern India several times between
1001 and 1027 AD and brought a large area of the present-day province into
the boundaries of the Ghaznavid dynasty.
Ghūrid sultanate 1200 AD
Mughal dynasty 1600 AD
Nādir Shah in 1738 AD
Sikhs 1818 AD
British in 1849 AD
Second Sikh War(1848–49).
North-West Frontier Province,
was created in 1901
1947, the region continued to
exist as a separate Pakistani
1980s the province was
inundated by Afghan refugees
In 2010 the name of the
province was officially changed
to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Local government includes:
District : 24
Tehsil : 53
Union consuls: 986
• It is bounded byAfghanistan to the west and north, Azad
Kashmir and the Northern Areas (the Pakistani-administered
areas of theKashmir region) to the east and
northeast, Punjab province to the southeast,
and Balochistān province to the southwest. On the western
boundary of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, along the Afghan border, are
the federally administered tribal areas, a series of
semiautonomous areas that are ethnically homogeneous with
the province but not politically connected to it.
• Peshawar is the provincial capital.
• According to the 1998 census, the population of the province
was approximately 17 million.
• Area province, 28,773 square miles (74,521 square km)
1. Kābul River
2. The Hindu Kush
3. Swat, and Kandia rivers.
4. The historic Khyber Pass is strategically important
as the most easily negotiable route
between Afghanistan and the Indian
5. The Kurram, Tochi, and Gumal rivers drain the
province’s southern region, and the Indus
River forms part of the province’s eastern border.
The climate of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa varies
immensely for a region of its size, encompassing
most of the many climate types found in Pakistan.
Rainfall also varies widely. Although large parts of
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are typically dry, the province
also contains the wettest parts of Pakistan in its
City Total Male female
Abbottabad 1550 1017 533
Bannu 1124 679 445
D.I.Khan 1244 817 427
Charsadda 589 433 156
1.Govt Technical and Vocational Centre (Boys) Hangu.
2.Govt Technical and Vocational Centre (Boys) Mardan
3.Govt. Technical and Vocational Centre (Women) Akram Bagh
Link Road Abbottabad
4.Govt: Technical & Vocational Centre (Women) Nowshera
5.Govt: Technical & Vocational Centre (Women) Swat
6.Govt: Technical & Vocational Centre (Women) Swabi
40 Universities in K.P.K
Pashto speakers (72,777
Hindko. 68.30 per cent
Urdu, the mother-tongue of
0.83 per cent of the households,
Economy – معیشت
1. Transport (Goods)
2. Farming (Tobacco)
3. Wood cutting and selling
Marriage - شادی
Costumes – لباس
1. Their dress code is shalwar kamez ,which
differently made for men and women.
2. Males usually wear Kufi , Kandahari cap ,Turban
or Pakul as traditional headgear.
3. Leaders some time wear a karakul hat.
4. Males as government employees usually wear
Sherwani aur Achkan with Karakul hat.
5 .Pathans usually wear Shalwar qameez with turban. This
turban is a symbol of honour for them.
6. Women typically wear solid- colour trousers,a long
qemis shirt with a belt and cotton hijab.
7. Many women were a embroided qameez which
contain a lot of glass work on it
8. Famous footwear of pathans is Peshawari chappal.
Music – موسیقی
Hindko and Pashto folk music are popular in Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa and has a rich tradition going back
hundreds of years.
The main instruments are the Rubab, mangey and
Famous Tribes – قبائل مشہور
• Pashtoons (living for centuries)
and recognized as
• Qazi khail,
• Wazir and Bannuchi.
• Others non pashtoons tribes
include Jat, Mughal, Turks,
Karlal, Rajpoot, Dhund Abbasi,
Syed. Afghan Refugees consists
of tajik and many other tribes.
Food and Dishes - کھانے
• Most popular and famous food of them is
Chapali Kabab-a flat beef kabab.
• Faluda mainly a sweet dish is also found here
• Peshawar is known for its Kawa(GREEN TEA)
which has a unique flavour
• Sharbat-e-sandal is a
drink usually found in
summers in market.
• Its has a good taste and
a yellowish green colour
• Khan’s club is rated
amoung the best
resturants in peshawar
• Most of the people
• A tandor(oven)for
baking bread is
present in many
• Dry fruits are
famous for its
• Sajji is one of
Festivals – تہوار
• Buzakashi Festival
• Eid ul Azha
• Eid ul Fiter