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Educacion Y Tic (Robert Kozma)


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Presentación de Robert Kozma en Santiago, 23/5/2008 sobre el uso de TI y educación

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Educacion Y Tic (Robert Kozma)

  1. 1. ICT, Education Reform, and Economic Development Dr. Robert Kozma | April 2008 | Santiago, Chile
  2. 2. Economic Development Rationale <ul><li>Many countries are using an economic development rationale to justify the planned use of ICT in schools: </li></ul>U.S. national technology plan was in response to “. . . ever increasing competition in the global economy” Ireland’s plan was described as “. . . vital to ensure that we acquire important skills needed to secure our future economic wellbeing” Jordan’s ICT-based reform effort was to make the education sector “responsive to employment market demands in key industries and develop critical ‘Knowledge Economy skills’ at all levels of the education system” Singapore’s second ICT master plan was launched to help students prepare for a “more competitive future” and a “new, innovation-driven economic era”
  3. 3. ICT, Education Reform, and Economic Development <ul><li>What are the mechanisms by which we can use ICT and education to support economic development and broad-based prosperity? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Basis for Economic Growth <ul><li>Two sources of economic growth: </li></ul><ul><li>Capital accumulation </li></ul><ul><li>Increased productivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital deepening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High quality labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge creation and innovation </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Productivity-Based Growth <ul><li>Capital Deepening: </li></ul><ul><li>Productivity based on the uptake of new, more productive equipment and technologies </li></ul>ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA
  6. 6. Productivity-Based Growth <ul><li>High quality labor: </li></ul><ul><li>Productivity based on the ability of the workforce to increase the quantity and value of their output </li></ul>
  7. 7. Productivity-Based Growth <ul><li>Knowledge creation and innovation: </li></ul><ul><li>Productivity based on the creation of new knowledge, products, industries, and ways of doing business. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Education & Economic Growth <ul><li>What skills must a workforce acquire to support economic growth? </li></ul><ul><li>What kinds of changes must take place in the education system to support economic growth? </li></ul>ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA
  9. 9. Economic Growth & Education Change Economy Based on Capital Accumulation Economy Based on Productivity Education Based on Basic Skills Education Reform Based on Human Capital Development
  10. 10. Productivity Growth & Education Reform Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Capital Deepening High Quality Labor Knowledge & Innovation
  11. 11. Policy Goals Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Prepare students for hi-tech workforce Prepare students for highly productive workforce Prepare students for knowledge-driven economy Increase graduation rates and test scores Who can use knowledge to solve complex, real world problems Supported by a creative, flexible workforce
  12. 12. Curriculum and Assessment Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Focus on facts, simple principles, and computer applications applied to standard procedures Focus on deep understanding of key concepts and their application to solve real world problems Focus on innovativeness and the creation of knowledge products Assessed by standardized tests Assessed by complex, real world tasks Assessed by a community of users
  13. 13. Teaching and Learning Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Direct instruction Collaborative teams work on complex real world projects Developing communities of learners who build on each other’s knowledge Students doing individual seat work And develop self-learning skills
  14. 14. Technology Applications Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Drill and practice, tutorial software to support test performance Simulations, multimedia to support understanding and the application of knowledge to solve problems Computers and digital devices everywhere Networks for management Networks for collaboration Virtual environments and knowledge-building tools Networks for community
  15. 15. Social Infrastructure Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Focus on hierarchy and accountability Collaborative teaching and learning Anytime, anywhere, life-long learning Little teacher or student autonomy Breaking disciplinary and physical boundaries Self-sustaining, cross-age, cross-sector knowledge communities
  16. 16. Educational Transformation <ul><li>What kind of change needs to take place in education? </li></ul><ul><li>What role can ICT play? </li></ul>Systemic Change A Lever for Change ICT alone will not work
  17. 17. Requirements for Change <ul><li>Have a vision </li></ul><ul><li>Create a plan </li></ul><ul><li>Build alignment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Between policies and programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Across agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Look for levers </li></ul><ul><li>Provide resources </li></ul><ul><li>Team with partners </li></ul>