The applicability of industrial symbiosispraxis to improving the environmental sustainability of supply chains
Institute of Social Marketing Conference Social Marketing and Socially Responsible Management: ‘Changing Times, New Challenges’ November 2010 Track two: Socially Responsible Management The applicability of industrial symbiosis praxis to improving the environmental sustainability of supply chains Dr. Luciano Batista Lecturer in Operations Management
Environmental sustainability of supply chainsIs this a relevant issue?• It is a significant part of the wider debate on how industry meets the challenges of sustainability (Seitz & Wells, 2006) green supply chains green marketing environmental management CSR ISO 1400 standards life cycle assessment green purchasing strategies environmental marketing• Pressures from various stakeholders (Faisal, 2010)• Finding ways of involving the parts of a supply chain system in synergistic relationships is likely to achieve better results than each part trying to do its best in isolation.
Industrial symbiosisWhat is it?• Sharing of utility, services, information and by-product resources among industrial actors in order to add value, reduce costs and improve environment (Agarwal & Strachan, 2008)• It focuses on the flow of materials and energy (Seuring, 2004)• It tries to engage separate industries (Chertow, 2007)• Collaboration and synergistic relationships are key aspects of industrial symbiosis initiatives (Bansal & McKnight, 2009)
Industrial symbiosis Traditional system Products Natural resources Waste to disposal Symbiotic system Products Natural resources Waste to disposal Waste to resource Products Natural resources Waste to disposal
Industrial symbiosisExampleSource: Zhu et al. (2007)
The food sectorWhy to look at the food sector?• Considerable challenges: – Limited arable land and natural resources – Continuous increase of food consumption – Exponential growth of populations and livestock• Environmental impact of food production and food chains• New expectations of customers and the society
Food supply chain Inputs from the Energy, water, fossil fuels, environment chemicals, land, labour Outputs to the Waste, by-products, environment pollutants
The food sectorQuestionCan organisations involved in afood supply chain system getengaged in symbioticrelationships that can potentiallyimprove not only their ownenvironmental sustainability, butalso the performance of thesupply chain system they are partof?
Institute of Social Marketing Conference Social Marketing and Socially Responsible Management: ‘Changing Times, New Challenges’ November 2010 Track two: Socially Responsible Management Thank you! Dr. Luciano Batista Lecturer in Operations Management L.Batista@open.ac.uk
References• Agarwal, A. and Strachan, P. (2008). Is Industrial Symbiosis only a Concept for Developed Countries?, The Journal for Waste & Resource Management Professionals, The Chartered Institution of Wastes Management, 42.• Bansal, P. and Mcknight, B. (2009). Looking Forward, Pushing Back and Peering Sideways: analysing the sustainability of industrial symbiosis, Journal of Supply Chain Management, 45(4), p.26.• Chertow, M. (2007) Uncovering Industrial Symbiosis, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 11 (1), p.11.• Faisal, M. (2010). Sustainable supply chains: a study of interaction among the enablers, Business Process Management Journal, 16(3), p.508.• Seitz, M. and Wells, P. (2006). Challenging the implementation of corporate sustainability, Business Process Management Journal, 12(6), p.822.• Seuring, S. (2004) Industrial Ecology, Life Cycles, Supply Chains: differences and interrelations, Business Strategy and the Environment, Sep/Oct2004, 13(5), p.306.• Zhu, Q.; Lowe, E.; Wei, Y. and Barnes, D. (2007), Industrial Symbiosis in China - A Case Study of the Guitang Group, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 11(1), p.31.