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Anorexia Nervosa By Kevin Feng


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Anorexia Nervosa By Kevin Feng

  1. 1. Anorexia Nervosa By: Kevin Feng AP Psych 5 th Period
  2. 2. Anorexia Nervosa
  3. 3. What Is Anorexia Nervosa? <ul><li>For starters, anorexia nervosa is a psychological eating disorder </li></ul><ul><li>It involves the idea that if you limit what you eat, then you would be the “perfect size” that society wants you to be </li></ul><ul><li>It leads to starvation and inability to stay at a minimum body size considered for a healthy person </li></ul>
  4. 4. Anorexia Nervosa
  5. 5. What is Anorexia Nervosa? (Cont.) <ul><li>People with anorexia nervosa have an intense fear of weight gain </li></ul><ul><li>They starve themselves and constantly exercise even when they are underweight </li></ul><ul><li>They also trying and vomit or throw-up what they eat so they don’t gain any weight </li></ul>
  6. 6. Anorexia Nervosa
  7. 7. Symptoms <ul><li>Blotchy and/or yellow skin </li></ul><ul><li>Confused or slow thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Dental cavities due to self-induced vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Dry mouth </li></ul>
  8. 8. Anorexia Nervosa
  9. 9. Symptoms (Cont.) <ul><li>Extreme sensitivity to cold </li></ul><ul><li>Fine Hair, loss of hair </li></ul><ul><li>Low blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Poor memory, poor judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Significant weight loss </li></ul>
  10. 10. Anorexia Nervosa
  11. 11. Behaviors Associated with Anorexia Nervosa <ul><li>Cutting food into small pieces  </li></ul><ul><li>Exercising compulsively  </li></ul><ul><li>Restricting amount of food  </li></ul><ul><li>Using laxatives, enemas, or diuretics inappropriately in an effort to lose weight  </li></ul>
  12. 12. Anorexia Nervosa
  13. 13. Treatment <ul><li>Treatment include antidepressant drug therapy if it develops into depression </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral therapy in order to extinguish unwanted behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Psychotherapy would help the client deal with the problems that they have with living </li></ul><ul><li>Supportive care would help the client get through hardships </li></ul>
  14. 14. Anorexia Nervosa
  15. 15. Causes <ul><li>The exact causes are unknown for there are many factors that influence this psychological eating disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics for one and social attitudes for could be involved, also </li></ul><ul><li>Anorexia nervosa is common in someone whose other family member has it </li></ul>
  16. 16. Anorexia Nervosa
  17. 17. General Facts <ul><li>The term “anorexia” was first coined by Sir William Gull, one of Queen Victoria’s personal assistant </li></ul><ul><li>The term is Greek with “a” meaning a prefix of negation and “orexis” means a lack of eating </li></ul>
  18. 18. Anorexia Nervosa
  19. 19. Environmental Factors <ul><li>There are sociocultural factors that have highlighted the role of cultural factors; how a certain culture influences your likelihood of obtaining such a disease like anorexia nervosa </li></ul><ul><li>A recent study of 989,871 Swedish residents indicated that gender, ethnicity and socio-economic status were large influences of the chance of developing anorexia </li></ul>
  20. 20. Anorexia Nervosa
  21. 21. Men’s Relationship With Anorexia Nervosa <ul><li>Over some time now, there has been increasingly more men suffering from anorexia nervosa </li></ul><ul><li>Among the men, eating disorders are most common in the gay or bi-sexual communities </li></ul>
  22. 22. Anorexia Nervosa
  23. 23. Other Methods of Treatment <ul><li>It has been used, with quite some success that zinc supplements help the patient regain weight </li></ul><ul><li>Intake of the omega-3 fatty acids have also helped the patient gain weight and the use of medical nutrition therapy (MNT) </li></ul><ul><li>Medical nutritional therapy is a therapeutic approach to treat medical conditions and their symptoms with a specialized diet which is monitored by a registered dietician </li></ul>
  24. 24. Anorexia Nervosa
  25. 25. Statistics of Eating Disorders <ul><li>According to the South Carolina Department of Mental Health, it is estimated that 8 million Americans have eating disorders, over 200 women suffer from anorexia and 10-15% of people suffer from anorexia or bulimia </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly half of Americans knows someone with an eating disorder </li></ul>