Antoni Gaudi


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Antoni Gaudi

  1. 1. 702231 MODERN ARCHITECTURE A Antoni Gaudi
  2. 2. the nineteenth century search for a style suited to the new age rational incorporating new structural forms nationalistic emphasising colour & texture naturalistic non-historical
  3. 3. Spanish Catalonia and Catalan nationalism ancient links with French Catalonia and Mediterranean trade distinct Catalan dialect separate laws and tribunals until c 1830 industrially advanced lamp post bearing the Catalan emblem near the zoological Museum, Barcelona, probably from the exhibition of 1888 Miles Lewis
  4. 4. Josep [José] Puig i Cadafalch (1867-1967) Catalan nationalist President of the Mancomuinitat discoverer of the Premier Art Roman author of L'Art Wisigothique Casa Amatller, 41 Paseo del Gracia, by Puig i Cadafalch, 1900 Miles Lewis
  5. 5. Casa Amatller, 41 Paseo del Gracia, by Josep [José] Puig i Cadafalch, 1900 Casa Batlló, 43 Paseo del Gracia, the remodelling of an existing building, by Gaudi, 1905-7 Miles Lewis
  6. 6. Casa Batlló , 43 Paseo del Gracia, the remodelling of an existing building, by Gaudi, 1905-7 Casa Milá, 92 Paseo del Gracia, by Gaudi, 1905-10 DIPPSA slides
  7. 7. Lluis Domènech i Montaner (1850-1923) Catalan nationalist President of the Unió Catalana (or Catalan Union) in 1892 author of 'En busca de una arquitectura nacional' - 'In search of a national architecture' Portrait of Domenech Oriel Bohigas, 'Luis Domènech', in Nikolaus Pevsner & J M Richards [eds], The Anti-Rationalists (London 1973), p 71
  8. 8. Hospital of S Pau [Hopital de la Santa Creu i de Sant Pau], 167-173 Avinguda de Sant Antoni Maria Claret, Barcelona, by Domènech, 1902-12: entrance pavilion Miles Lewis
  9. 9. Hospital of S Pau, detail of a lamp on the staircase; interior of the library Bohigas, 'Luis Domènech', pp 76, 77
  10. 10. Antonio Gaudi (1852-1926) Catalan nationalist son of a coppersmith worked for José Fontseré [Josep Fontserè i Mestre] and Juan Martorell influenced by Viollet-le-Duc Gaudi: photo in 1878 Rainer Zerbst, Gaudí (Cologne 1988), p 12
  11. 11. monumental cascade in the Parque de la Ciudedela [Parc de la Ciutadella], by Fontseré and Gaudi, 1877-82 DIPPSA slide
  12. 12. draft designs for the Societat Obrera Mataronese, by Gaudi, 1878 Zerbst, Gaudí, pp 18-19
  13. 13. warehouse of the Societat Obrera Mataronese, by Gaudi, 1878 half section, showing the vertically laminated parabolic arch J J Sweeney & J L Sert, Antoni Gaudí (London 1970 [c 1960]), p6
  14. 14. Finca Güell gatehouse and gate by Gaudi, 1884-7 MUAS 19,743
  15. 15. Güell gatehouse, dragon gate [or Drac de Pedralbes] Miles Lewis 1974
  16. 16. Güell gatehouse detail of finial detail of dragon gate Miles Lewis MUAS19,744
  17. 17. Palacio Güell [Palau Güell, 345 Carrer Nou de la Rambla, Barcelona, 1885-9 cutaway isometric view and cross-section G R Collins, 'Antonio Gaudí y Cornet', in A K Placzek [ed], Macmillan Encylopedia of Architects (4 vols, New York 1982), II, 173 Sweeney & Sert, Antonio Gaudi, p 61
  18. 18. Palacio Güell the façade detail of the entrance gates. Miles Lewis Montaner, Barcelona, p 78
  19. 19. Palacio Güell detail of metalwork, executed by Joan Oños Miles Lewis
  20. 20. Palacio Güell the cellars G R Collins, Antonio Gaudí (New York 1960), pl 38
  21. 21. Palacio Güell, ceiling of living area, on the piano nobile Collins, Antonio Gaudi, pl 38
  22. 22. Palacio Güell interior of the main salon, and view of the dome Collins, Antonio Gaudi, pl 34 Montaner, Barcelona, p 85
  23. 23. Palacio Güell: metalwork decoration in a bedroom; dressing table anonymous; Collins, Antonio Gaudi, pl 101
  24. 24. proposed Franciscan mission for Tangier, by Gaudi, 1892-3 Collins, Antonio Gaudi, pl 44
  25. 25. Proposal for a hotel in New York, by Gaudi, 1908, sketch designs Zerbst, Gaudí, pp 228-9
  26. 26. Episcopal palace at Astorga, by Gaudi, 1887-93, view from above Artfi SA no 15
  27. 27. Episcopal palace at Astorga: view Miles Lewis
  28. 28. Episcopal palace, Astorga detail of porch Miles Lewis
  29. 29. Casa Figueras, or 'Torre Bellesguard', 1900-1905 DIPPSA Collins, Antonio Gaudi, pl 4
  30. 30. Casa Figueras the attic Collins, Antonio Gaudi, pl 65
  31. 31. Casa Battló 43 Paseo del Gracia, 1905-7 view & detail Miles Lewis
  32. 32. Casa Battló, the light well section & view Van Hensbergen, Gaudí, p 154 Montaner, Barcelona, p 98
  33. 33. Casa Battló, details in the light well Perucho, An Architecture of Anticipation, pls 52, 53
  34. 34. Casa Battló Staircase, and entrance to the principal apartment Montaner, Barcelona, p 96 Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 82
  35. 35. Casa Battló plan of the principal apartment, and view of the dining room Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 78 83
  36. 36. Casa Battló: view of the roof George Tibbits, 1976
  37. 37. Casa Battló: roof details: turret, ridge and fleuron George Tibbits, 1976 Perucho, An Architecture of Anticipation, pl 65
  38. 38. Casa Battló chimneys George Tibbits, 1976
  39. 39. Casa Milá (‘La Pedrera’), 92 Paseo del Gracia, 1905-10 Gaudi’s original elevational drawing Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 87
  40. 40. Casa Milá, view Miles Lewis
  41. 41. Casa Milá original schematic plans or the third floor and the basement Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 22
  42. 42. Casa Milá the balconies view & detail showing the glass tile floor MUAS19,746, 13,352
  43. 43. Casa Milá, staircase in the larger light well & detail of column head (inset) Miles Lewis; Michel Tapié, Gaudí - La Pedrera (Barcelona 1971), pl 62
  44. 44. Casa Milá interior detail of an apartment Tapie, Gaudí, pl 80
  45. 45. Casa Milá cross-section showing the form of the roof Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 21
  46. 46. Casa Milá: view in the attic, showing the tile ribs Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 94
  47. 47. Casa Milá views of the roof Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 8; MUAS 57
  48. 48. Gaudi’s funicular model for a church inverted photo Sweeney & Sert, Antonio Gaudi, p 80
  49. 49. Cripta de la Colonia Güell [Colonia Güell Chapel], 1898-1915 inverted photo of a model showing sheet calculations for the external surfaces Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 6
  50. 50. Colonia Güell Chapel proposed exterior design based on a photo of the model Zerbst, Gaudí, p 109
  51. 51. Colonia Güell Chapel, crypt plan & proposed church interior Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pls 24, 61
  52. 52. Colonia Güell Chapel view of the crypt Perucho, An Architecture of Anticipation, pl 13
  53. 53. Colonia Güell Chapel details of the crypt, with stair MUAS 19,739 Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 59
  54. 54. Colonia Güell Chapel the windows Sweeney & Sert, Antonio Gaudi, pl 115
  55. 55. Colonia Güell Chapel view and detail of the entry porch below the stair Sert, Cripta de la Colonia Güell, pl 38. Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 5
  56. 56. Colonia Güell Chapel windows view of stair Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 5; MUAS 13,341; J L Sert, Cripta de la Colonia Güell de A. Gaudí (Barcelona, no date [1960s]), pl 41; MUAS 19,727
  57. 57. Parque Güell [Parc Güell], 1903-1930, plan Sweeney & Sert, Antonio Gaudi, pl 144
  58. 58. Parque Güell entrance lodge II DIPPSA 144
  59. 59. Parque Güell entrance lodge I & roof detail DIPPSA 142 MUAS 10,520
  60. 60. Parque Güell main stairs Sweeney & Sert, Antonio Gaudi, p 134
  61. 61. Parque Güell: the lizard fountain Miles Lewis
  62. 62. Parque Güell the market hall, isometric diagram Zerbst, Gaudí, p 142
  63. 63. Parque Güell, market hall detail of columns and entablature Miles Lewis
  64. 64. Parque Güell, market hall interior view & detail of ceiling Zerbst, Gaudí, p 149 Montaner, Barcelona, p 155
  65. 65. Parque Güell market hall ceiling detail Le Corbusier, p 55
  66. 66. Parque Güell side view of the market hall/orchestra detail of the bench DIPPSA 39 Miles Lewis
  67. 67. Parque Güell orchestra bench details Perucho, An Architecture of Anticipation,pls 66, 73, 77 Le Corbusier, Gaudi, p 59
  68. 68. Parque Güell walkway on top of the viaduct detail of a column head retaining wall at the back of the theatre S13,921 Perucho, An Architecture of Anticipation, pl 92 Miles Lewis
  69. 69. Parque Güell viaduct and detail of caryatid figure Miles Lewis DIPPSA
  70. 70. Sagrada Familia, Barcelona design by Francisca de Paula Del Villar y Carmona [Lozano], 1882 Collins, Antonio Gaudí, p 14
  71. 71. Sagrada Familia apse and finials by Gaudi, 1887-1893 plan Miles Lewis Sweeney & Sert, Antonio Gaudi, p 100
  72. 72. Sagrada Familia central south porch of the nativity, 1891-1903 DIPPSA 58 Brian Lewis
  73. 73. Sagrada Familia, south porch the coronation of the Virgin DIPPSA 81
  74. 74. Sagrada Familia, south porch the deposition of the Virgin detail of snow DIPPSA 86 MUAS 13,345
  75. 75. Sagrada Familia sketch for the west portal (introducing parabolic forms) Sweeney & Sert, Antonio Gaudi, pl 89
  76. 76. Sagrada Familia sketch proposal of 1906 (introducing African turrets) Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 22
  77. 77. Sagrada Familia model c 1910 Miles Lewis
  78. 78. Schoolhouse at the Sagrada Familia, 1909 view from above MUAS 13,915
  79. 79. Sagrada Familia Schoolhouse: the roof geometry Collins, Antonio Gaudí, p 23
  80. 80. Sagrada Familia Schoolhouse Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 95
  81. 81. Sagrada Familia Schoolhouse: detail of the bóvedas tabicadas MUAS 13,348
  82. 82. Sagrada Familia view from the south DIPPSA 88
  83. 83. Sagrada Familia: details of the pinnacles Jeff Turnbull, Miles Lewis
  84. 84. Sagrada Familia: upper details Miles Lewis
  85. 85. Sagrada Familia: detail of louvred turret Miles Lewis
  86. 86. Sagrada Familia turrets & pinnacles Miles Lewis DIPPSA
  87. 87. Sagrada Familia Gaudi’s drawings for the pinnacles Sweeney & Sert, Antonio Gaudi, pl 126
  88. 88. GAUDI’S DECLINING YEARS gradual withrawal from secular work 1904-14 replanning the Cathedral of Palma de Mallorca 1910 exhibition of the Societé des Beaux-Arts, Paris 1914 death of Francesc Berenguer 1918 death of Eusebio Guell public taste turns away from the modernismo funds run out for the Sagrada Familia Gaudi lives as a recluse 1926 Gaudi dies
  89. 89. Sagrada Familia perspective view of the design as intended at the time of Gaudi’s death, 1926 Collins, 'Antonio Gaudí y Cornet', p 179
  90. 90. Sagrada Familia the inside wall of the south transept Miles Lewis David Mackay, 'Berenguer', in Pevsner & Richards, The Anti- Rationalists, p 68
  91. 91. Sagrada Familia scale model for a window Sweeney & Sert, Antonio Gaudi, pl 168
  92. 92. Sagrada Familia the final design model & section Collins, Antonio Gaudí, pl 24 Sweeney & Sert, Antonio Gaudi, pl 101
  93. 93. THREE POINTS ABOUT GAUDI nineteenth century approach creativity rational medievalism Antonio Gaudi in the Corpus Christi procession, Barcelona, 1924 Sweeney & Sert, Antonio Gaudi, pl 124
  94. 94. 1 GAUDI’S NINETEENTH CENTURY APPROACH stylistic eclecticism bold use of colour and texture nationalism naturalism influenced by the standard nineteenth century writers, probably Ruskin and Morris, and certainly Viollet-le-Duc
  95. 95. 2 GAUDI’S CREATIVITY historical sources are transfused with a new life colour and texture exceed that of Butterfield &c nationalism goes beyond the Catalan Gothic Revival naturalism - evokes fundamental biological structures and geological forms
  96. 96. 3 RATIONAL MEDIEVALISM Viollet wanted a Gothic architecture designed as he thought medieval designers WOULD have done if they had iron Gaudi did NOT use structural iron, steel or reinforced concrete Gaudi used traditional brick and stonemasonry, and board vaults Gaudi designed as medieval designers COULD have done if they had used angled struts, parabolic arches and warped surfaces