How the Indian Ocean tsunami warning system works s1180132 Kyugo Katsuta
INDEX・ Introduce tsunami warning system・ Active Organization・ The organization in Japan and Hawaii・ Tsunami Warning System・ NGOs and community・ Reference
Introduce tsunami warning systemHow to Indian Ocean introduce tsunami warning system?230000 people were died by tsunami of Indian Ocean in 2004.United NationÂ’s Intergovernmental OceanographicCommission started Ocean tsunami early warning system inorder to save many people. Until 2004, Indian Ocean donthave the device which measure the scale of tsunami, theorganization which response to tsunami warning and thesystem which receive the warning from international warningcentres. These points are improved after 2004 but, the gapremain in the system.
Active OrganizationA lots of information send to PTWC when the earthquake ishappened in Indian Ocean region. At present, PTWC and JMAhave have the part which send information to Indian Oceanregion. Asian Disaster Preparedness Center in Bangkok activeas regional watch providers. And ADPC have multi-hazardearly warning system and share the information with Hawaiiand Japan.
The organization in Japan and HawaiiThe organization in Japan and Hawaii receive the assessmentform tsunami sensor and information about the earthquake bynew bulletin, telegram and telephone. The Commission for theNuclear-Test Ban Treaty Organization also receive informationabout earthquake from seismographic stations. Theseorganization decide the scale of the earthquake, place wherethe earthquake happened, whether tsunami is happened or notand the arrival time of the tsunami.
Tsunami Warning SystemThe tsunami warning is told topeople by radio, televisionbroadcast, SMS, e-mail, bell,megaphone and loud-speakersattached to mosques. The peoplewho live each area start toevacuate by this tsunami warningsystem. They conduct disasterdrill in order to survive suchsituations.
NGOs and communityIn Indian Ocean country, NGOs and community groups educatewhat we have to do when we hear the tsunami warning andwhat is the sign of the tsunami and earthquake againstinhabitants. And they trail people about evacuation. But the allarea dont have such technology. There is area where peopleare not able to escape because area dont have good means oftransportation.
ReferenceI wrote this presentation by referencing this article.http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/how-the-indian-ocean-tsunami-warning-system-works