Thompson ch07 ln

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Thompson ch07 ln

  1. 1. Chapter 7 Deviance and Conformity *This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performances or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Slides by Michael Miller
  2. 2. Defining Deviance Norms Guidelines that govern thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors Normative Demand Prescriptive Proscriptive Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Types of Norms Folkways Mores Laws
  3. 3. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  4. 4. Typology of Norms Locate the following acts… smoking yes Criminal yes Deviant killing another no tax evasion nudism lying espionage public flatulence jay walking no speeding atheism Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  5. 5. Deviance as Relative 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Time Place Situation Culture Actors Audience Media
  6. 6. Deviance and Stigma • Stigma • Characteristic that sets people apart and discredits them from acceptance and participation • Goffman’s Stigma Types – – – Abominations of the body Blemishes of individual character Tribal stigma Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  7. 7. Crime, Deviance, and Diversity • Crime • Violation of criminal law • • Violent offenses (against person) Nonviolent offenses (against property) • Diversity vs. Deviance Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  8. 8. Popular Explanations Demonology to Biology Medical Model Medicalization of Society Deviance - analogous to illness • • Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Identify symptoms, diagnosis, treat Cure, improve, incurable
  9. 9. Popular Explanations The Media Pornography / Sex crimes • Media violence / Aggressive behavior • Heavy metal / Rap music • Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  10. 10. Sociological Explanations Structural Functionalist Deviance is both functional and dysfunctional Durkheim’s Suicide Strain theories • Deviance due to position in social structure Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  11. 11. Table 7.1 here Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  12. 12. Sociological Explanations Conflict Theories • focus on inequality and power that lead to creation of laws & enforcement Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  13. 13. Sociological Explanations Interactionist Theories Social Learning • • • All behavior is learned through social interaction Differential Association Theory Differential Reinforcement Theory Social Control • • • Deviance is “normal” / conformity must be explained Social Bond Theory Containment Theory Labeling • • • Deviance / Conformity = labels assigned to people and acts Primary / Secondary deviance Deviance as master status Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  14. 14. Sociological Explanations Interactionist Theories Techniques of Neutralization • • • • • Denial of Responsibility Denial of Injury Denial of the Victim Condemnation of the Condemners Appeal to Higher Loyalties Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  15. 15. Social Control Voluntary (Internalized) Informal Formal Criminal Justice System Technomedia Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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