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Chapter 21 english civil war


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Chapter 21 english civil war

  1. 1. English Revolution
  2. 2. Opposition to the Crown Under Elizabeth’s 45 year reign, Parliament gained a lot of power James I (1603-1625)  Elizabeth I dies with no heir  Promoted divine right  Disagreements Puritans and Parliament  Translated Bible
  3. 3. Charles I (1625-1647)  Charles constantly was dissolving Parliament over taxation  Implemented martial law in England  1628-Parliament forced Charles to sign the Petition of Rights(p. 180), ignores  Charles and Archbishop Laud persecuted the Puritans (Great Migration)
  4. 4. Civil War Facing many invasions, Charles had to turn to the Puritan-ruled Parliament Charles refuses reforms  Charles-Royalists/Cavaliers  Oliver Cromwell-RoundheadsParliament Charles in 1649 was captured and executed
  5. 5. Political Unrest Oliver Cromwell (1649-1658)  formed a common wealth  Navigation Act (1651)  Ineffective so he implemented military rule under Puritan Law The monarchy and parliament were “restored” in 1660  More individual rights (Habeas Corpus)
  6. 6. The Merry Monarch Charles II  Puritans lost their power  Constitutional monarchy limited the king Charles’ successor was his Catholic brother James II in 1685 The Whigs opposed James as king and the Tories supported him
  7. 7. Glorious Revolution (1688)  Protestant daughter Mary married to William the Orange of the Netherlands  Both parties supported William claiming the throne  James II fled to France  Later led a revolt with the Irish (1689)
  8. 8. Change in Power  William allowed Parliament to be primary ruler  Passed Bill of Rights that further weakened the monarchy (p.183)  Monarch could not rule without Parliament’s consent  Had to be a protestant-Act of Settlement (1701)  Act of Union (1707)  United Scotland and England
  9. 9. Rise of Parliament Power Anne and George I (1702-1727) chose members of Parliament for a cabinet Robert Walpole  First prime minister  King granted him many administrative duties
  10. 10. Expanding Empire Under George III (1760): England defeated France in the 7 Year’s War (1756-1763)  Gained Canada and France’s territory east of the Mississippi R. 