Methods and results Self Esteem Study

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Methods and results Self Esteem Study

  1. 1. Running Head: COMPETENCY AND SELF ESTEEM CORRELATIONAL STUDY Methods and Results Sections for Self Esteem and Competency Study Kyle Barrett PSY 290 Methods and Results
  2. 2. COMPETENCY AND SELF ESTEEM CORRELATIONAL STUDY [Type text] Methods Participants The participants were 24 research methods students at Arizona State University and 105 additional participants that those students recruited, making 129 participants in total. Students were required to generate questions for a survey and then take it online. They were then requested to send out the survey to various acquaintances in order to gain additional data. The mean age for participants was 21.66, with 30 indicating they are male, 50 indicating they were female, and 49 participants not responding. Materials The same survey was distributed online to all participants via surveymonkey.com. Questions and answer scales within the survey varied based on individual student preferences. An example question for the data used in this correlational study would be “How much do you agree with the following statement: I excel at what I do.” For this question, participants were then provided a 1-10 answer scale, starting with “completely disagree” and ending with “completely agree.” See Appendix Afor a full listing of the survey questions and scales. Procedure and Design The survey was open to the public through a link at surveymonkey.com. Participants generally received the survey link through e-mail, and were left to complete the survey at their own leisure. The survey itself was designed by the 24 research methods students who originally took it. Each of the students were instructed to write 5 survey questions based off of their own individual interests. These individual question
  3. 3. COMPETENCY AND SELF ESTEEM CORRELATIONAL STUDY [Type text] sets were then collected by the students’ lab instructor and combined into the single survey that all participants received. Results My Survey Questions Data was analyzed with the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation. Participant data was excluded based on pair-wise deletion. Questions 1, 2, and 4 each had 81 valid responses and 48 missing responses, while question 3 had 80 valid responses with 49 missing responses. As Table 1 in Appendix B shows, there is a significant correlation between the questions “I excel at what I do,” and “In general, people think well of me,” with r(79)=461,p<.001. The first question is aimed at gauging the participant’s perceived competence, while the second is intended to be a measure of the participant’s self esteem. Thepositive correlation between these two questions suggests that an individual’s perception of his or her own competency is related to his or her overall self-esteem. Creatively Combining Questions After the self esteem and competency data was analyzed, it was then compared (through the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation) with other survey data based on test-taking anxiety. As Table 1 in Appendix B shows, there is a significant correlation between the survey questions “others tend to dislike me” and “when the professor is not proctoring the test, I feel nervous” with r(79)=-.363,p<.001. The negative correlation between these two questions suggests that an individual’s overall self esteem is related to his or her test- taking anxiety. More specifically, that individual’s with lower self-esteem tend to feel
  4. 4. COMPETENCY AND SELF ESTEEM CORRELATIONAL STUDY [Type text] more nervous when a professor is proctoring a test, and individuals with higher self- esteem are less affected by the professor’s presence.
  5. 5. COMPETENCY AND SELF ESTEEM CORRELATIONAL STUDY [Type text] Appendix A: Survey Questions The following questions were answered with a 1-10 Likert Scale, with 1 meaning “I completely disagree” and 10 meaning “I completely agree.” 1. I excel at what I do 2. In general, people think well of me 3. I am not extraordinarily gifted 4. Others tend to dislike me The following questions were answered with a 1-10 Likert Scale, with 1 meaning “I strongly disagree” and 10 meaning “I strongly agree.” 5. Before taking a test, I show physical symptoms of being nervous 6. When the professor is not proctoring the test, I feel more nervous 7. Some subjects make me more nervous than other subjects while taking a test 8. If you are reading this survey, mark seven if you are reading this statement 9. I feel nervous before I take tests even if I have studied the material extensively
  6. 6. COMPETENCY AND SELF ESTEEM CORRELATIONAL STUDY [Type text] Appendix B: Data Tables Table 1. Correlations Between survey questions with p- Values in Parentheses 1 2 3 4 5 1. I excel at what I do 1.00 2. In general, people think well of me .461 (.001) 1.00 3. I am not extraordinarily gifted -.067 (.56) .035 (.76) 1.00 4. Others tend to dislike me .028 (.80) -.400 (.001) .013 (.91) 1.00 5. Before taking a test, I show physical symptoms of being nervous .055 (.623) .035 (.47) .021 (.86) -.088 (.43) 1.00 6. When the professor is not proctoring the test, I feel more nervous .227 (.04) .211 (.06) -.171 (.13) -.363 (.001) .333 (.001) 7. Some subjects make me more nervous than other subjects while taking a test -.076 (.50) -.090 (.43) -.209 (.06) .316 (.001) .126 (.22) 8. If you are reading this survey, mark seven if you are reading this statement .132 (.24) .060 (.59) -.070 (.54) -.052 (.64) .177 (.08)
  7. 7. COMPETENCY AND SELF ESTEEM CORRELATIONAL STUDY [Type text] 9. I feel nervous before I take tests even if I have studied the material extensively -.144 (.20) -.087 (.44) -.082 (.47) .198 (.08) .433 (.001) 6 7 8 9 6. When the professor is not proctoring the test, I feel more nervous 1.00 7. Some subjects make me more nervous than other subjects while taking a test -.106 (.30) 1.00 8. If you are reading this survey, mark seven if you are reading this statement .162 (.11) -.120 (.24) 1.00 9. I feel nervous before I take tests even if I have studied the material extensively .018 (.86) .652 (.001) -.122 (.23) 1.00

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