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Nickel (Emma Jones)

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Nickel (Emma Jones)

  1. 1. By: Emma Jones
  2. 2. In 1751, nickel was discovered by a Swedish scientist named Axel Fredrik Cronstedt. Obviously it was discovered in Sweden. It’s name comes from the German words Nickel meaning “Old Nick”, a name for the devil, and kupfernickel, meaning “Old Nick’s Copper.”
  3. 3.  Nickel is solid at room temperature.  Its color is shiny and silvery.  The melting point is between 1453° C and 1726.15° C.  The boiling point is between 2732° C and 3005.15° C.  Its density is 8.912 g/cmˆ3.  There are 5 stable isotopes which make up nickel as well as 9 other unstable isotopes.  Important properties it has are: malleable, ductile, hard, ferromagnetic, and somewhat conducts electricity.
  4. 4.  Used primarily for its alloys  Nickel makes  stainless steal and other corrosion-resistant alloys  Tubing used for desalination plants  Armor plating  United States and Canadian coinage  Burglar-proof vaults  Glass a green color  A catalyst for hydrogenating vegetable oils  Magnets and batteries Fun Fact: The first nickel made of pure nickel metal was made in 1881.
  5. 5.  Nickel is obtained from a mineral called pentlandite.  To get this they have nickel ores, the most prominent of which is in Sudbury Region of Ontario, Canada.  Believe it or not! Nickel is present in most meteorites.  Nickel ores are also found in Australia, Cuba, and Indonesia. Fun Fact: It is believe that the large deposit of nickel in the Sudbury region is a result of an ancient meteor impact.
  6. 6.  After the pentlandite is removed from the ore it is purified down to nickel.  A pure sample of nickel costs $7.7 per 100 grams.
  7. 7.  NiO is used for ceramic glazes, porcelain paints, batteries, and other items.  NiCl_2_ is used for electroplating, incecticides, and glass colorant.  (CH3CO2)2Ni·4H2O is used for anodize coatings and textile dyeing mordant.  Ni(OH)_2_ is used in specific batteries.
  8. 8. Fun Fact: Where is the largest nickel in the world?
  9. 9.  http://chemistry.about.com/od/elementfacts/a/nickel. htm  http://periodic.lanl.gov/elements/28.html  http://www.facts-about.org.uk/science-element- nickel.htm  http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele028.html  http://www.chemicool.com/elements/nickel.html  http://chemicalland21.com

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