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Hindi literature madhyakaal

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Hindi literature madhyakaal

  1. 1. ºÉÉʽþiªÉ EòÉ <ÊiɽþɺÉEòÉ±É Ê´É¦ÉÉVÉ
  2. 2. EòÉ±É Ê´É¦ÉÉVÉxÉ+ÉÊnùEòÉ±É (´ÉÒ®úMÉÉlÉÉEòɱÉ) 1050 - 1375 {ÉÚ´ÉÇ ¨Év±ÉEòÉ±É (¦ÉÊHòEòɱÉ) 1375 - 1700
  3. 3. ¨ÉvªÉEòÉ±É ®úSÉxÉÉ+Éå EòÉä |ÉEÞòÊiÉ Eäò +ÉvÉÉ®ú {É® nùÉä ¦ÉÉMÉÉå ¨Éå ú {ÉÚ´ÉÇ ¨Év±ÉEòÉ±É (¦ÉÊHòEòɱÉ) 1375 - 1700 =kÉ®ú ¨Év±ÉEòɱ ®úÒÊiÉEòɱÉ) 1700 - 1900
  4. 4. ¨ÉvªÉEòÉ±É ú  ºÉÆPɹÉÇ®úiÉ ´ÉÒ®úMÉÉlÉÉ EòÉ±É ¨Éå nù¤ÉÒ +ÉvªÉÉÎi¨ÉEò ¦ÉÉ´ÉxÉÉ Ê¡ò®ú ºÉä ¡Úò]õ ÊxÉEò±ÉÒ iÉÉä ´É½þ ʽþxnùÒ ºÉÉʽþiªÉ EòÉ º´ÉhÉǪÉÖMÉ ¤ÉxÉ MɪÉÉ  “¦ÉÊHò +ÉxnùÉä±ÉxÉ
  5. 5. ¨ÉvªÉEòÉ±É ú  “ªÉ½þ xÉ iÉÉä {É®úÉÊVÉiÉ Ê½þxnÖù VÉÉÊiÉ EòÒ ÊxÉ®úɶÉÉ ºÉä =uäùʱÉiÉ ½èþ +Éè®ú xÉ ½þÒ <º±ÉÉ¨É EòÒ |ÉÊiÉÊGòªÉÉ ºÉä* ªÉ½þ nùÊIÉhÉ EòÒ näùxÉ ½è”  þ “¨ÉںɱɨÉÉxÉÉå Eäò
  6. 6. ¨ÉvªÉEòÉ±É ú  “¦ÉÊHò EòÉ =nÂù¦É´É nùÊIÉhÉ Eäò +ɱ´ÉÉ®ú ¦ÉHÆò ºÉä ½Éþè”- b÷ÉÄ. ºÉiªÉäxpù  þ iÉʨɱÉ
  7. 7. ¨ÉvªÉEòÉ±É ú  nùÊIÉhÉ ¨Éå ¦ÉÊHò +ÉxnùÉä±ÉxÉ EòÉ |ÉÉ®Æú¦É ¤É½ÖþiÉ {ɽþ±Éä ºÉä ½þÒ ½Öþ+É lÉÉ  ±ÉäÊEòxÉ ¨ÉֺɱɨÉÉxÉÉå Eäò +ÉGò¨ÉhÉ ºÉä =i{ÉzÉ
  8. 8. ¨ÉvªÉEòÉ±É ú  ¶ÉÆEò®ú Eäò +uèùiÉ´ÉÉnù EòÉä +ÉvÉÉ®ú ¤ÉxÉÉEò®ú ®úɨÉÉxÉÖVÉÉSÉɪÉÇ EòÉ Ê´Éʶɹ]õÉuèùiÉ´ÉÉnù  ¨Év´ÉÉSÉɪÉÇ EòÉ uèùiÉ´ÉÉnù  ʴɹhÉÖ º´ÉɨÉÒ EòÉ
  9. 9. ¨ÉvªÉEòÉ±É ú ={ɪÉÖÇHò ºÉ¦ÉÒ xÉä VÉÉÊiÉ ¤ÉÆvÉxÉ EòÉä iÉÉäb÷É  MÉÖ¯û EòÉä <Ç·É®ú EòÉ |ÉÊiÉÊxÉÊvÉ ¨ÉÉxÉÉ +Éè®ú  <Ç·É®ú |ÉÉÎ{iÉ EòÉä VÉÒ´ÉxÉ EòÉ {É®ú¨É ±ÉIªÉ º´ÉÒEòÉ®úÉ  <xÉEòÒ |Éä®úhÉÉ ºÉä ¨É½þÉ|ɦÉÖ SÉèiÉxªÉ +Éè®ú ´É±±É¦ÉÉSÉɪÉÇ ´Éè¹hÉ´É vɨÉÇ
  10. 10. ¨ÉvªÉEòÉ±É ú ´Éè¹hÉ´É ºÉÆ|ÉnùÉªÉ Eäò ºÉÉlÉ ºÉÉlÉ nÚùºÉ®úÒ +Éä®ú YÉÉxÉɸɪÉÒ ¶ÉÉJÉÉ ªÉÉ ºÉÆiÉ ºÉÆ|ÉnùÉªÉ EòÉ Ê´ÉEòÉºÉ ½Öþ+É  Eò¤ÉÒ®ú <ºÉ ºÉÆ|ÉnùÉªÉ Eäò |ÉvÉÉxÉ |É´ÉiÉÇEò ¨ÉÉxÉä VÉiÉä ½éþ
  11. 11. ¨ÉvªÉEòÉ±É ú ¦ÉÊHòEòÉ±É EòÒ nùÉä |ɨÉÖJÉ vÉ®úÉBÄ ½éþ – 1. ÊxÉMÉÖÇhÉ ¦ÉÊHò vÉÉ®úÉ +Éè®ú 2. ºÉMÉÖhÉ ¦ÉÊHò vÉÉ®úÉ þ  ÊxÉMÉÖÇhÉ ¦ÉÊHò vÉÉ®úÉ EòÒ nùÉä ¶ÉÉJÉÉBÄ ½éþ – 1. YÉÉxÉɸɪÉÒ ¶ÉÉJÉÉ
  12. 12. ¦ÉÊHò EòÉ±É ú ºÉMÉÖhÉ ÊxÉMÉÖÇhÉ ®úÉ¨É ¦ÉÊHò EÞò¹hÉ ¦ÉÊHò YÉÉxÉɸɪÉÒ |Éä¨ÉɸɪÉÒ (ºÉÆiÉ)
  13. 13. xÉÉ¨É EòÉ ½þÒ nÚùºÉ®úÉ xÉÉ¨É ºÉÆYÉÉ ½èþ* EòÉä<Ç ´ªÉÊHò EòÉä<Ç EòÉä<Ç MÉÖhÉ ªÉÉ ´ÉºiÉÖ EòÉä< Ç ºlÉÉx É
  14. 14. ºÉÆYÉÉ Eäò {ÉÉÄSÉ |ÉEòÉ®ú ½éþ - ´ªÉÊHò´ÉÉSÉEò ºÉÆYÉÉ ®úɨÉ, {ɪªÉzÉÚ®ú, ʽþ¨ÉÉ±ÉªÉ VÉÉÊiÉ´ÉÉSÉEò ºÉÆYÉÉ ¨ÉxÉÖ¹ªÉ, ½þÉlÉÒ, MÉɪÉ
  15. 15. ºÉÆYÉÉ ªÉÉ ºÉ´ÉÇxÉÉ¨É EòÒ É¶Éä¹ÉiÉÉ EòÉä ´ªÉHò Eò®äúþ ¨ÉÉä]õÉ ±Éb÷EòÉ {ÉÉÄSÉ ¤ÉSSÉä ±ÉÉ±É Eò{Éb÷É <xÉ |ɶxÉÉå Eäò =kÉ
  16. 16. þ Ê´ÉEòÉ®úÒ ¶É¤nù ½èþ VÉÉä ÊEòºÉÒ ºÉÆYÉÉ EòÒ Ê´É¶Éä¹ÉiÉ b÷É, ¨ÉÉä]õÉ, ±ÉɱÉ, EòɱÉÉ, {ÉÒ±ÉÉ, xÉÒ±ÉÉ, ¤Éb÷É, UôÉä]õÉ ®ú |ÉEòÉ®ú ½èþ - MÉÖhÉ´ÉÉSÉE , ºÉÆJªÉÉ´ÉÉSÉEò, {ÉÊ®úhÉɨ MÉÖhÉ´ÉÉSÉE ¨Éå ʴɶÉä¹ªÉ Eäò ®ÆúMÉ,°ü{É, MÉÖhÉ, +ÉEòÉ®ú, nù¶ÉÉ, EòɱÉ, ºlÉÉxÉ, EòɱÉ, nù¶ÉÉ, κlÉÊiÉ, ¶ÉÒ±É-º´É¦ÉÉ´É +ÉÊnù EòÉ ¤ÉÉävÉ ½þÉäiÉÉ ½èþþ – ®ÆúMÉ: ºÉ¡äònù, xÉÒ±ÉÉ, ½þ®úÉ, ±ÉɱÉ, ¨Éè±ÉÉ, {ÉÒ±ÉÉ +ÉÊnù °ü{É: JÉڤɺÉÚ®úiÉ, ¦ÉqùÉ, ¤ÉnùºÉÚ®úiÉ, ºÉÖxnù®ú +ÉÊnù +ÉEòÉ®ú: ±ÉƤÉÉ, SÉÉèb÷É,>ÄðSÉÉ, xÉÉ]õÉ, MÉÉä±É, SÉÉèEòÉä®ú +ÉÊnù MÉÖhÉ: ºÉSSÉÉ, ZÉÚ`öÉ, ¨ÉÒ`öÉ, EÖò¶É±É,
  17. 17. þ Ê´ÉEòÉ®úÒ ¶É¤nù ½èþ VÉÉä ÊEòºÉÒ ºÉÆYÉÉ EòÒ Ê´É¶Éä¹ÉiÉ b÷É, ¨ÉÉä]õÉ, ±ÉɱÉ, EòɱÉÉ, {ÉÒ±ÉÉ, xÉÒ±ÉÉ, ¤Éb÷É, UôÉä]õÉ ®ú |ÉEòÉ®ú ½èþ - MÉÖhÉ´ÉÉSÉE , ºÉÆJªÉÉ´ÉÉSÉEò, {ÉÊ®úhÉɨ ºÉÆJªÉÉ´ÉÉSÉE ʴɶÉä¹ÉhÉ ¨Éå ʴɶÉä¹ªÉ EòÒ ºÉÆJªÉ ºÉääò ºÉƤÉrù ʴɶÉä¹ÉiÉÉ EòÉ ¤ÉÉävÉ ½þÉä =nùÉ: ¨ÉÉä½þxÉ xÉä nùÉèb÷ ¨Éå iÉҺɮúÉ ºlÉÉxÉ |ÉÉ{iÉ ÊEòªÉÉ ½èþ* EòIÉÉ ¨Éå ºÉÉ`ö UôÉjÉ {ÉgøiÉä ½éþ* ¨ÉÉ®ú{ÉÒ]õ ¨Éå Eò<Ç ±Éb÷Eäò PÉÉªÉ±É ½ÖþB* ºÉÆJªÉÉ´ÉÉSÉE ʴɶÉä¹ÉhÉ Eäò nùÉä ¦Éänù ½èþÆ – ÊxÉζSÉiÉ ºÉÆJªÉÉ´ÉÉSÉE +Éè®ú +ÊxÉζSÉiÉ
  18. 18. þ Ê´ÉEòÉ®úÒ ¶É¤nù ½èþ VÉÉä ÊEòºÉÒ ºÉÆYÉÉ EòÒ Ê´É¶Éä¹ÉiÉ b÷É, ¨ÉÉä]õÉ, ±ÉɱÉ, EòɱÉÉ, {ÉÒ±ÉÉ, xÉÒ±ÉÉ, ¤Éb÷É, UôÉä]õÉ ®ú |ÉEòÉ®ú ½èþ - MÉÖhÉ´ÉÉSÉE , ºÉÆJªÉÉ´ÉÉSÉEò, {ÉÊ®úhÉɨ {ÉÊ®úhÉɨɴÉÉSÉEò ¨Éå ʴɶÉä¹ªÉ Eäò {ÉÊ®ú¨ÉÉhÉ ªÉÉ ¨ÉÉjÉÉ +ÉÊnù ºÉä ºÉƤÉrù ʴɶÉä¹ÉiÉÉ EòÉ ¤ÉÉävÉ ½þÉäiÉÉ ½èþ - =nùÉ: ¨ÉéxÉä ¤É½ÖþiÉ Ê¨É`öÉ<Ç JÉ®úÒnùÒ ½èþ* =ºÉxÉä nùÉä ¨ÉÒ]õ®ú Eò{Éb÷É ÊnùªÉÉ ½èþ* ºÉÉ®úÉ nÚùvÉ Ê¤É±±ÉÒ {ÉÒ MÉ<Ç* ʴɶÉä¹ÉhÉ Eäò nùÉä ¦Éänù ½èþÆ – ÊxÉζSÉiÉ {ÉÊ®úhÉɨɴÉÉSÉEò +Éè®ú +ÊxÉζSÉiÉ {ÉÊ®úhÉɨɴÉÉSÉEò ÊxÉζSÉiÉ {ÉÊ®úhÉɨɴÉÉSÉEò ¨Éå ÊxÉζSÉiÉ {ÉÊ®úhÉÉ¨É ªÉÉ ¨ÉÉjÉÉ EòÉ ¤ÉÉävÉ ½þÉäiÉÉ ½èþ* =nùÉ : iÉÒxÉ Ê±É]õ®ú nÚùvÉ Ê{ɪÉÉ ½èþ*
  19. 19. þ Ê´ÉEòÉ®úÒ ¶É¤nù ½èþ VÉÉä ÊEòºÉÒ ºÉÆYÉÉ EòÒ Ê´É¶Éä¹ÉiÉ b÷É, ¨ÉÉä]õÉ, ±ÉɱÉ, EòɱÉÉ, {ÉÒ±ÉÉ, xÉÒ±ÉÉ, ¤Éb÷É, UôÉä]õÉ ®ú |ÉEòÉ®ú ½èþ - MÉÖhÉ´ÉÉSÉE , ºÉÆJªÉÉ´ÉÉSÉEò, {ÉÊ®úhÉɨ VÉÉä ºÉ´ÉÇxÉÉ¨É +{ÉxÉä ºÉÉ´ÉÇxÉÉʨÉEò °ü{É ¨Éå ½þÒ ºÉÆYÉÉ Eäò ʴɶÉä¹ÉhÉ Eäò °ü{É ¨Éå |ɪÉÖHò ½þÉäiÉä ½éþ =x½åþ ºÉÉ´ÉÇxÉÉʨÉEò ʴɶÉä¹ÉhÉ Eò½þiÉä ½éþ* <ºÉEäò SÉÉ®ú °ü{É ½éþ* ÊxɶSɪɴÉÉSÉEò ºÉÉ´ÉÇxÉÉʨÉEò ʴɶÉä¹ÉhÉ - =nùÉ : =ºÉ ÊEòiÉÉ¤É EòÉä ªÉ½þÉÄ ±Éä +É<B* CªÉÉ ªÉ½þ þ Eò±É¨É iÉÖ¨½þÉ®úÒ ½èþ? +ÊxɶSɪɴÉÉSÉEò ºÉÉ´ÉÇxÉÉʨÉEò ʴɶÉä¹ÉhÉ - =nùÉ : EòÉä<Ç ºÉVVÉxÉ +ÉB ½ÖþB ½éþ* PÉ®ú ¨Éå EÖòUô ¦ÉÒ JÉÉxÉä EòÉä xɽþÓ ½èþ*
  20. 20. ÊGòªÉÉ =ºÉ Ê´ÉEòÉ®úÒ ¶É¤n EòÉä Eò½þiÉä ½éþ ÊVɺɺÉä ÊEòºÉÒ EòɪÉÇ Eäò ½þÉäxÉä ªÉÉ Eò®úxÉä EòÉù ¦ÉÉ´É |ÉEò]õ ½þÉä “½þÉä” ÊGòªÉÉBÆ & ¯ûÊSÉ +xÉÖ¦É´É ¶É¤n où¶ªÉ |ÉEò]õxÉ ½þÉäxÉÉ ±ÉMÉxÉÉ ¤ÉgøxÉÉ `ö½þ®úxÉÉ ¯ûEòxÉÉ
  21. 21. © Capital Community ¨Éå +´É¶ªÉ ½þÉäiÉÒ ½èþ BE ò
  22. 22. ÊGòªÉÉ Eäò ¦Éänù ºÉEò¨ÉÇEò ÊGòªÉÉ+Éå ¨Éå Eò¨ÉÇ EòÒ +ɴɶªÉEòiÉÉ ½èþ* +Eò¨ÉÇEò ÊGòªÉÉ+Éå ¨Éå Eò¨ÉÇ EòÒ +ɴɶªÉEòiÉÉ xɽþÓ ½þÉäiÉÒ*
  23. 23. ÊGòªÉÉ Eäò ¦Éänù ºÉEò¨ÉÇEò ÊGòªÉÉBÄ EòiÉÉÇ Eäò ¨ÉÉxÉʺÉEò ªÉÉ ¶ÉÉ®úÒÊ®úEò |É´ÉÞÊkÉ EòÉä ºÉÚÊSÉiÉ Eò®úiÉÒ ½éþ +Eò¨ÉÇEò ÊGòªÉÉ+Éå ¨Éå ÊGòªÉÉ EòÉ ´ªÉÉ{ÉÉ®ú EòiÉÉÇ {É®ú {Éb÷iÉÉ =ºÉxÉä PÉÉäbä÷ EòÉä +ÉMÉä ¤ÉgøɪÉÉ* ´É½þ ʤɨÉÉ®ú ½þÉä MɪÉÉ
  24. 24. ÊGòªÉÉ Eäò ¦ÉänùJÉÉxÉÉ {ÉÒxÉÉ näùJÉxÉÉ {ÉgøxÉÉ {ÉÉxÉÉ UôÉ{ÉxÉÉ ¦ÉäVÉxÉÉ ¤ÉÖ±ÉÉxÉÉ ¨ÉÉ®úxÉÉ Eò®úxÉÉ ¦É®úxÉÉ VɱÉÉxÉÉ näùxÉÉ ±ÉäxÉÉ JÉ®úÒnùxÉÉ ¤ÉäSÉxÉÉ ½þ]õ{ÉxÉÉ {ÉÉºÉ Eò®úxÉÉ {ÉÖEòÉ®úxÉÉ xÉEòÉ®úxÉÉ ºÉEò¨ÉÇEò ÊGòªÉÉBÄ
  25. 25. ÊGòªÉÉ Eäò ¦Éänù=`öxÉÉ ¤Éè`öxÉÉ SɱÉxÉÉ ºÉÉäxÉÉ JÉä±ÉxÉÉ ]Úõ]õxÉÉ ¡ò]õxÉÉ VɱÉxÉÉ VÉÉMÉxÉÉ ®úÉäxÉÉ JÉÖ±ÉxÉÉ VÉÉxÉÉ ±ÉÉxÉÉ ¤ÉÉä±ÉxÉÉ ¦ÉÚ±ÉxÉÉ ±Éä]õxÉÉ SÉgøxÉÉ =iÉ®úxÉÉ Ê¡òºÉ±ÉxÉÉ JɤɮúÉxÉÉ +Eò¨ÉÇEò ÊGòªÉÉBÄ
  26. 26. ÊGòªÉÉ Eäò ¦Éänù +Eò¨ÉÇEò ÊGòªÉÉBÄ ºÉEò¨ÉÇEò ÊGòªÉÉBÄ |Éä®úhÉÉlÉÇEòò ÊGòªÉÉBÄ =`öxÉÉ =`öÉxÉÉ =`ö´ÉÉxÉÉ ¤Éè`öxÉÉ Ê¤É`öÉxÉÉ Ê¤É`ö´ÉÉxÉÉ SɱÉxÉÉ SɱÉÉxÉÉ SɱɴÉÉxÉÉ VÉÉMÉxÉÉ VÉMÉÉxÉÉ VÉMÉ´ÉÉxÉÉ ®úÉäxÉÉ ¯û±ÉÉxÉÉ ¯û±É´ÉÉxÉÉ ºÉÉäxÉÉ ºÉÖ±ÉÉxÉÉ ºÉֱɴÉÉxÉÉ JÉä±ÉxÉÉ ÊJɱÉÉxÉÉ
  27. 27. Modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Answers the questions: He ran quickly. She left yesterday. We went there. It was too hot! To what degree or how much?
  28. 28. Interrogative Adverbs introduce questions How did you break your leg? How often do you run? Where did you put the mouse trap?
  29. 29. A preposition introduces a noun or pronoun or a phrase or clause functioning in the sentence as a noun. The word or word group that the preposition introduces is its object. They received a postcard from Bobby telling about his trip to Canada.
  30. 30. The preposition never stands alone! object of preposition preposition object can have more than one object object can have modifiers You can press those leaves under glass. Her telegram to Nina and Ralph brought good news. It happened during the last examination.
  31. 31. Some Common Prepositions aboard about above across after against along among around at before behind below beneath beside between beyond by down during except for from in into like of off on over past since through throughout to toward under underneath until up upon with within without
  32. 32. The conjunction A conjunction is a word that joins words or groups of words. or but
  33. 33. The interjection is an exclamatory word that expresses emotion Goodness! What a cute baby! Wow! Look at that sunset!
  34. 34. © Capital Community That’s all for now. . . More Later

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