Walk on Wall


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Walk on Wall

  1. 1. Walk on Wall Wall Street Focus Group Berrios, Elgart, Kohan, Whalen PPD 627 Final Project Slauson Avenue Wall Street i
  2. 2. Contents 2 Executive Summary 3 City Context 4 Design Vision 5 Context & Site Analysis 6-7 Site Inventory 8 Goals, Values, Strategies 9 S.W.O.T. 10 Constraints & Opportunities 11 CRA Park Design Analysis 12-13 Park Plan and Section 14-15 Three Layers of Experience 16-17 Imagination Island 18-19 Treehouse Playground 20-21 Adventure Playground 22-23 Street Plan 24-27 Street Sections 28 Bibliography 29-31 Appendixii
  3. 3. 1
  4. 4. Wall Street Focus Executive Summary The newly designed “Walk on Wall” park site, originally known as the CRA proposed park site was designed and developed after conducting various research, testing several ideas and plans and establishing the team’s goals and objects. The development site, as you will see in the figures to the right focus on the CRA park site and adjacent street, Wall Street. The challenge was to redesign both spaces in such a way that promoted a better quality of life for the neighborhood, addressed the community’s needs, and established a sustainable relationship between the site and street. The development site is located between Slauson Avenue to the North, Los Angeles Street to the South, 59th Street to the East and Wall Street to the West. Wall Street is a rather small street that runs from Slauson Avenue to Gage Avenue. The area is located in South Los Angeles and is a predominately under served community with little public and green space. Similar to many parts of South Los Angeles the site is comprised of dense single family homes, has a heavy, albeit faded industrial legacy, and is decidedly lacking in quality park space. After a thorough analysis of the surrounding context, development site, opportunities, strengths and weaknesses of the area, the team formulated strategies, objectives and goals to use as a guide in the redesign process. With many revisions and stages of the redesign process a final vision was created to implement on the site. When creating the vision for the site and neighborhood, the primary goal was to raise the quality of life for neighborhood residents, while simultaneously creating a positive differentiation between the Slauson/Wall neighborhood and neighboring communities in South Los Angeles. Through this vision came about a signature park plan and a Woonerf style streetscape. The signature park consists of two levels of activity, a ground level and aerial level with three different park sections. The variety in the park activity and design was designed to attract an audience of all ages and encourage recreational play of all types. The park is envisioned as being a high quality, unique space that helps to differentiate the Slauson/Wall neighborhood, while still fully serving the needs of the existing populations. The Woonerf streetscape was implemented as a way to create extensions of the park, establish a more pedestrian friendly neighborhood, and encourage slower vehicle traffic. Through this vision and design implementation, the site became known as the “Walk on Wall.” The name was chosen because Wall Street was transformed into a completely walkable street with an experience that brings you adventure, imagination, and distinction. “Walk on Wall” is site to be enjoyed by community residents and visitors. It sets forth a sustainable foundation for an atmosphere that can become whatever your imagination wishes it to be. Throughout this booklet you will see further elaborations on the specific process the team explored to come to the final design. Following in the appendix you will find pictures of the site as it currently exits2
  5. 5. City Context CRA Park Site Wall Street Focus AreaCRA Park Site Wall Street Focus Area Slauson Avenue Gage Avenue 3
  6. 6. Wall Street Focus Design Vision No one is too old to enjoy the park, bringing back the fun in playground and recreational activities. The Walk on Wall vision is park and streetscape that allowsvisitors and residents to create their own adventure through their imagination, using the amenities and play areas developed on the site. A multidimensionalmultifaceted public area that encompasses relaxation, adventure, imagination, identity, cohesion and a park space for every age group. We view the park space as an opportunity to create a community focal point that encourages pedestrian movement though the neighborhood, promotesneighborhood cohesion and safety, and ultimately, serves as a catalyst for future economic development in the neighborhood. With Wall Street serving as theprimary point of entry, and de facto ‘front door’ of the park space, we feel that special attention should be paid to this street to slow traffic down, and createan environment that treats pedestrians with the same respect and importance as bikes and cars. The Walk on Wall park space will be, first and foremost, a parkfor the community that allows for both active fitness and passive recreational uses, and provides valuable green space to a park poor region of Los Angeles.In addition to meeting these basic needs, the Walk on Wall Park will be a unique park, whose three themed recreational spaces will serve as a destination formany Angelenos. The park will offer a sunken “Imagination Island” space, where children can use provided blocks and shapes to create the experience that theycraft in their own imagination. In addition to this playground, the Walk on Wall Park will be home to a larger than life tree in the center, housing an elevatedrecreational tree house. The final themed play area will be an “Adventure Mountain”- a mass built partially on top of the planned community center, which willbreak the flat topography of the neighborhood, and create a mountain ripe for climbing and creating adventure for children of all ages. Linking the tree house,Adventure Mountain, and various trees on the site will be a ‘Canopy Ramble’, or a series of elevated bridges that allow for more active, rambunctious play tooccur off the ground, thus leaving ground level for more passive, adult uses. While the creation of a signature park space is certainly a central component of our greater vision for the Slauson/Wall neighborhood, we recognize thatthe construction of a park alone will likely not achieve the desired positive differentiation or distinction we are seeking for the area. To compliment the park,and to help improve the quality of life for neighborhood residents, we are proposing that Wall St. from Slauson to 59th be converted in the Woonerf style, wherepedestrians, bikes, and cars share the public spaces of the sidewalks and streets equally. Popularized in the Netherlands, the shared space concept utilizessidewalk extensions, curb bump-outs, newly created pocket parks, and slanted parking to extend the pedestrian’s domain into what would normally be thestreet, and calm traffic speeds. In addition to treating the entire first block of Wall St. with these measures, we also plan to similarly treat all of the corners inthe immediate neighborhood so that traffic is slowed, thus creating a more pleasant environment for neighborhood residents, and for people trying to get tothe park. 4
  7. 7. Context and Analysis The Slauson/Wall neighborhood is located in South Los Angeles, and is bounded on the North by Slauson Ave., the East by San Pedro St., the South by GageAvenue, and on the West by Main St. The neighborhood consists mostly of dense single-family housing, but is unique because of the integration of industrialuses within the mostly residential area. Once home to one of the largest manufacturing centers in Los Angeles, the industrial heritage of the area is evident andwidespread, in fact, the planned park site is currently an abandoned industrial complex. Like much of South LA, the neighborhood is largely working class andeconomically disadvantaged. Homelessness, crime, and graffiti are all present in the neighborhood, and much of the built environment reflects the disinvestmentthis area has suffered. Crumbling, sometimes missing, sidewalks are rampant, and barbed wire is a common fixture at the non-residential properties. Whilesome of the residential property in the neighborhood shows signs of blight and neglect, much of the housing stock is well maintained, although often withvisually cluttered front yards. In the Slauson/Wall St. neighborhood, Wall St. starts at Slauson Ave., and dead ends into Gage Ave. As a result of not being one of the long, continuousstreets found elsewhere in Los Angeles, the street functions more as a quiet, almost entirely residential neighborhood street. There are some scattered industrialparcels concentrated on the section of Wall St. closest to Slauson, however the remainder of the street is residential. One important aspect of Wall St. south of59th St. is that none of the homes bordering Wall actually face it. Rather, the homes along wall south of 59th face the crossing East-West streets. Bordering theEastern side of the park site is Los Angeles Street. The short street begins at Slauson and ends at 59th St., and is dominated by industrial uses, palate storageyards, and heavy truck traffic. The East-West streets in the neighborhood are wider than the North-South streets, and as a result, have fast moving traffic thatuse these streets to bypass the more heavily traveled arterials of Gage and Slauson. The Park as currently designed by the CRA offers nearly everything community members would probably like to see in their neighborhood, yet as a design,it fails because it simply lacks identity. While our plan for the park offers a bold, distinct vision for what this park space could be used for, the CRA design simplyplaces all of the elements one would normally expect to see in a community park at various areas on the site. Nothing about the CRA plan would create anenvironment to build community around, or spur future economic development. Additionally, all the programmed uses including the community garden,playground, and basketball courts are in the same general vicinity on the Eastern edge of the park. The remainder of the space is primarily open space withlimited pathways to encourage intra-park movement, or movement throughout the neighborhood, as we are trying to accomplish. The lack of big picture vision,concentration of activities on a small site, and poor circulation in the park combine to make for a lackluster design of the CRA Park site. 5
  8. 8. Wall Street Focus Site Inventory Mass Public Transit Accessibility Transit Availability Potential Potential Development Sites Development Sites North 1100 ft Sources: http://www.metro.net/around/maps http://www.ladottransit.com/dash DASH Southeast Route Metro Local Route Development Site6 DASH Vermont/Main Route
  9. 9. Traffic Flow Public Transit Accessibility: The diagram illustrates the connection Wall Street and our proposed park have with public transit. It demonstrates that the park and street are easily accessible to more than just the surrounding neighborhood therefore increasing the probability that the park will attract outside residents. Signal Controlled 4-way intersection Potential Development Sites: In this diagram the highlighted Stop Sign areas represent potential development sites that can be Direction of Traffic Flow utilized after the completion of the new park. Assuming the park and Woonerven style streets are successfully executed these potential development sites are places in which the Neighborhood Road neighborhood can still grow and expand on the established visions the team created. Secondary Road Traffic Flow: This diagram demonstrates the multiple traffic routes that can be used and shows that there are very little Arterial Road traffic signs put in place to mitigate the traffic. Because the new charter school and community center are being built on the development site it is even more important to control traffic Slauson/Wall and assure that traffic speeds are low. This diagram helped Redevelopment Site us develop the idea of a woonerven street style to mitigate traffic and promote better safety in the neighborhood. 1100 ft Public vs. Private Space*: The lack of public space in this neighborhood is substantial. It emphasizes the importance of North creating more attractive usable public space for the community. When developing a vision for the site, this assessment helped confirm that the development site needed to remain as a park space open to the neighborhood. *not visually depicted because the streets are the only public space within the study area 7
  10. 10. Wall Street Focus Goals. Values. Strategies.Goals: Values: Goals:• Neighborhood • Access to Park Space • Adventure Recreation Distinction • Pedestrian Centric • Shared Space Street• Neighborhood Neighborhood Modifications Beautification • Positive Pro-Active • Reclaiming Street• Community Focal Differentiation Space for Recreation Point • Cohesive Streets and • Landscaping of All• Active Living Neighborhood Public Space• Interactive • Community Community Center Engagement• Safe Streets and • Sustainable Long- Community Term Investment• Equitable Access• Increased Property8 Values
  11. 11. Strengths. Weaknesses. Opportunities. Threats.Strengths: Weaknesses:• Diverse landscaping • Lack of identity• Activities for all ages • Access and visibility• Ample parking • Inadequate lighting• Close proximity to markets, schools, and health • Excessive waste on streets and sidewalks center • Visual clutter• High pedestrian activity• Access to public transitOpportunities: Threats:• Community engaging activities • Gang affiliation and likely violence• Inclusion of residential and industrial space • Graffiti• Creation of community identity and awareness • Homeless presence• Improvement of the overall quality of life • Crime • Un-maintained sidewalks/curbs • Wide streets allowing for high vehicular speeds 9
  12. 12. Wall Street Focus Constraints and Opportunities Summary: While there were many constraints noted in the overallConstraints: analysis, the team believes that by addressing the major• Poor Infrastructure: sidewalks, curbs, street paving issues which are the mix of residential and industrial,• Gang presence absent four-way stops, wide streets and lack of speed• Gates in the alley bumps, the other issues will also be mitigated and• Litter on the streets (beds, paint, dumping ground of improved. These constraints were given the highest large refuse) concern because of the safety hazard and unattended• Mix of residential and industrial identity they created for the development site as• No four-way stops well as street façade. By capitalizing on the identified• Wide streets opportunities, the team’s established goals will hopefully• Lack of Speed bumps be met as well. These opportunities were chosen as the• Homelessness most relevant for the site because the team believes they• Poor signage will be the most effective in achieving a sustainable longOpportunities*: term development that will not only satisfy the community• Community engaging activities but also be very beneficial to its residents. We believe• Inclusion of residential and industrial space the main design features we have chosen, which are• Creation of community identity and awareness the three themed park space and woonerf streetscape will successfully address the mentioned constraints by• Improvement of the overall quality of life completely re-configuring the neighborhood street design*As previously mentioned on the last page and introducing community engaging activities related to the three themes in the park. 10
  13. 13. CRA Park Design Evaluation and Analysis The proposed CRA Park on the Wall Street redevelopment site consists of a significant amount of open space that will double as astorm water retention facility. Beyond this space there is a small picnic space, group picnic space, a playground area, a community garden,two basketball courts, a formal entry space for the proposed community center and a parking lot. The various programmatic elements ofthe proposal are connected by a meandering pathway, which creates a loop through the various activity spaces. There is also an additionalpathway connecting the parking area to the rest of the park site. Currently the park’s big idea is to provide general park amenities that thecommunity may not already be exposed to. The park design provides additional green space, opportunity for community engagement andnew resources for the neighborhood. Although the park is a great addition to the community it lacks identity and distinction apart from othergreen spaces. Its general design and available amenities will not contribute to the neighborhood fully. Still the park contains several positive facets for the neighborhood. It serves various users of all ages with activities and amenities thatcan be used by the entire family. There is diversity in landscape with several different species of trees and open green spaces. The parkbeautifies the neighborhood by transforming an otherwise abandoned ill-repaired site into a potential community focal point. It providesbeneficial services to a currently under-served neighborhood. It encourages community engagement through gardening, picnicking, and playareas. Most importantly the park can be seen as a catalyst for further community improvement and will hopefully lead to increased levels ofsafety and security within the neighborhood.Some of the weaknesses found in the design are the access and visibility points. Pedestrian access to the park can only be made through twoentryways on Wall Street and one entry on Los Angeles Street. Additionally there is limited access to the new housing site as the red treearcade cuts off the housing site both visually and physically, creating a strong divide between park and housing. The park is not visible fromSlauson Avenue and is boarded by housing on the south end. There are also limitations in the programming and choice of space within thepark. The programming is heavily concentrated together on the east side of the park with little on the west. While the basketball courts, picnicspaces, and playgrounds appeal to all types of people, the community garden has the potential to become exclusionary by only attractingcertain community members. The placement of trees and green space in some areas creates wasted space and limits alternative use forprogrammatic elements. The CRA park design has many strengths and the potential to bring catalytic improvement to the surrounding community. However,our concept of a park space dedicated to adventure imagination and play for all age levels will bring distinction to the neighborhood andtransform what is currently an industry focused neighborhood into a community with a source of identity and pride.** Refer to Appendix for graphic analysis of current CRA park 11
  14. 14. Wall Street Focus CRA Redevelopment Site. Park Plan Slauson Avenue Slauson Avenue Proposed Charter School or Brotherhood Commercial Site Crusade Parking Access Imagination Island 1:100 Safety Fence CRA Proposed Housing and Public Los Angeles Street Wall Street Parking for Wall Street Park Treehouse Benches and Playground Paths Zipline Canopy Ramble Picnic Forest Adventure Mountain Future Community Center 10,000 Sq Ft Existing Residential12 59th Place
  15. 15. CRA Redevelopment Site. Park Section. 13
  16. 16. Wall Street Focus Three Layers Experience Relaxation Adventure14
  17. 17. Relaxation With an abundance of trees in the park, the ground level will provide community members and visitors an area to enjoy shade and relaxation. Park visitors can take advantage of the walking trails, benches, tables, and scenery of the oversized playgrounds and canopy ramble. It can be used as a meeting place for community organizations, family outings, lunches, parties and several other activities.Community Adventure The second level of the park, which includes the canopy ramble, zipline and connection of all playgrounds is a place for children to experience a new thrilling adventure in their playground. With over site from the community center, children will be allowed to explore the canopy ramble, ride the zipline and venture into an imagined atmosphere children can only experience when visiting the Walk on Wall site. Community Layering the two levels above into one park provides an environment that embraces the entire neighborhood population. The more adventurous park visitors can visit the upper park levels while those visitors seeking a relaxing, tranquil experience enjoy the ground level. Together they can recreate and experience community scale leisure. 15
  18. 18. Wall Street Focus Imagination Island Section 1”:25’16
  19. 19. Orientation Precedent Description • Interactive playground • Transformable environmentProposed Charter School or Brotherhood Commercial Site Crusade that allows children to create Parking Access their play space • Movable objects allow children to use their imagination increasing self- confidence and reasoning CRA Proposed Housing and Public Parking for Wall Street Park skills Future Community Center 10,000 Sq Ft Existing Residential Photos Sources: http://imaginationplayground.com/products/cart http://imaginationplayground.com/parks/ 17
  20. 20. Wall Street Focus Treehouse SectionWall Street Focus Area Los Angeles Wall Street Street 1”:25’ CRA Housing Treehouse Playground18
  21. 21. Orientation Precedent Description • Allows children of all ages to immerse themselvesProposed Charter School or Brotherhood Commercial Site Crusade into a multilevel jungle-like Parking Access playground • Will serve as an imagination catalyst 1. • Presents the opportunity to learn from different CRA Proposed Housing and Public Parking for Wall Street Park environments, while close to home • Treehouse will connect to the Adventure Mountain as well as Imagination Playground 2. through the Canopy Ramble • Access to zipline (operated by community center) • Community center led team- Future Community Center 10,000 Sq Ft building activities will take Existing Residential place on the various levels of the treehouse 3. Photo Sources: 1. Source: http://www.homedesignide.com/2011/10/28/fantasy-forest-tree-house-straight-out-of- a-kids-story-book 2. http://pacemen.com/2010/12/22/designing-children-playground-at-home-a-brilliant-idea-for- kids-in-learning-through-playing/ 3. http://www.hodgman.org/travel/disneyland-2000/tarzans-treehouse.html 19
  22. 22. Wall Street Focus Adventure Mountain Section Los Angeles Wall Street Street 1”:25’20
  23. 23. Orientation Precedent Description • Adventure Mountain providesProposed Charter School or Commercial Site Brotherhood Crusade the opportunity to explore independently • Connects with Treehouse Parking Access Playground and Imagination Island • Access to Zipline (operated by Community Center) • Community center led team-building CRA Proposed Housing and Public activities in the hills Parking for Wall Street Park Future Community Center 10,000 Sq Ft Existing Residential Photos Source: http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/34277 21
  24. 24. Wall Street Focus Share Space Street Plan Slauson Avenue Charter School Brotherhood Crusade CRA Housing Site 59th Street22
  25. 25. Description Encouragement of equality and interpersonal interaction is a key dynamic of any group situation. A neighborhood, therefore, needs elements that foster such qualities. The Slauson Avenue concepts of Home Zones and Shared Space provide street level amenities that treat all users equally. Pavement is not Shared Travel divided by raised curbs and traffic is not controlled through Space posted signs. Instead, the road space is shared between pe- destrians, cyclists and motorists. The space that is left for autos is designed to encourage slow speed driving by us- Vehicle Travel Space ing planters, and narrow passing spaces. Often, streets run and Direction for large portions of the block with only enough width for one auto to traverse them. These single lane stretches are interspersed with passing zones. Properly designed Home Shared Space Zones and Shared Spaces do not allow autos to travel at much more than a fast walking pace. By encouraging such Interventions slow speed auto travel, other modes of transport such as walking and cycling are both encouraged and made safer. Furthermore, the restrictions to auto movement provide a very strong deterrent for traffic that is not local. Limiting traffic to that which only serves the neighborhood furtherMid-Block Crosswalks increases safety levels for all users and cuts down on expo- sure to air and noise pollution. Lastly, the space that is no longer used for automobile travel can be converted to pub- Angled Parking lic open space in order to augment larger open space ame- nities within the surrounding area. Implications for Wall Street The neighborhood of Wall Street is defined by borders along Slauson Avenue to the North, Gage Avenue to the South, Main Street to the West and San Pedro Street to the East. Converting the streets within these borders to Home Zones will provide a better quality of life for the residents through heightened levels of pedestrian safety, less non-resident traffic as well as decreased noise and air pollution. Addi- tionally, this concept also promises to provide and increased amount of viable public open space which the neighbor- hood is currently lacking. By creating a network of open space that leads to the larger park space, to be developed by the CRA, the neighborhood will achieve greater continu- ity and provide its residents with a healthier and more re- warding place that encourages active living and community interaction and buy-in. Residents will have the opportunity Wall Street to achieve a greater sense of ownership and in turn con- tinue to improve their surroundings through both physical and social interventions. 23
  26. 26. Wall Street Focus Wall Street Shared Space Section Current Conditions 5 Feet Parralel Travel Lanes (1 NB, 1 SB) Parralel Parking Parking Proposed Conditions 5 Feet24 Angled Shared Travel Space Pocket Park Parking Space
  27. 27. Orientation Precedent Description • Shared space will allow for a more interactive community • Safety will increase through slower traffic and greater level of “eyes on the street” • Healthy lifestyles will be more attainable through accessible amenities • Allow for increased safety for all users Slauson Avenue Wall Street Photos Source: http://www.homezones.org.uk/pdf/casestudy.cfm?ID=4 25
  28. 28. Wall Street Focus Street Section 5 Feet Parallel Travel Lanes (1 NB, 1 SB) Parallel Existing Industrial Site Parking Parking 5 Feet26 Extended Sidewalk Shared Travel Space Pocket Park CRA Park Space
  29. 29. Orientation Precedent Description • Encourages community interaction • Provides safe environment for residents by slowing traffic • Eyes on the street accommodated • Make use of under-utilized • Create community through safe interaction • Provide pedestrian and vehicle equity • Encourage economic development through a pleasant environment Slauson Avenue Wall Street Photos Sources: http://www.homezones.org.uk/pdf/casestudy.cfm?ID=4 www.kinectaustralia.org.au/.../Walk_Bendigo-_Brett_Martini.pdf 27
  30. 30. Wall Street Focus Bibliography• http://imaginationplayground.com/products/cart• http://imaginationplayground.com/parks/• http://imaginationplayground.com/products/cart• http://imaginationplayground.com/parks/• http://www.homedesignide.com/2011/10/28/fantasy-forest-tree-house-straight-out-of-a-kids-story- book• http://pacemen.com/2010/12/22/designing-children-playground-at-home-a-brilliant-idea-for-kids-in- learning-through-playing/• http://www.hodgman.org/travel/disneyland-2000/tarzans-treehouse.html• http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/34277• http://www.homezones.org.uk/pdf/casestudy.cfm?ID=4• http://www.homezones.org.uk/pdf/casestudy.cfm?ID=4• www.kinectaustralia.org.au/.../Walk_Bendigo-_Brett_Martini.pdf28
  31. 31. Appendix Elements of Value and Interest Area Well Served by Transit Brotherhood Crusade Close Proximity to Health Clinic Pedestrian Activity Exposure to Sunlight Abundant Mature Street Trees Potential for Specialized Industries Sufficient Parking New Tree Plantings Neighborhood Schools Near Main Highway Well Kept Houses 29
  32. 32. Elements that Cannot be Mitigated by Design Graffiti Industrial Remnants Homelessness Mix of Industry and Residential Neglected Electrical Wires Lack of Respect for Community Abandoned/Vacant Lots Poorly Monitored Disposal of Waste Gang Presence Awkward Division of Space30 Architecturally Insignificant Industrial Buildings Unkept Front Yards
  33. 33. Appendix Elements Mitigated by Design Poor Transit Infrastructure Unattended Sidewalks Widespread Barbed Wire Sparse Lighting Unregulated Trash Wide STreets Excessive Fencing Gated Alleys Poor Signage No Four Way StopsPlethora of Electrical Wires Broken Curbs 31