DoD Perspective on Cloud Computing „GovCloud‟ Cloud Computing for the Business of Government “Update and Outlook” Jerry Smith National Press Club March 29, 2011
Jerry Smith• Standards Evangelist• DOD / DISA 15 years• Fan of Kevin Jackson
Three observations…• Cloud Adoption in Government• Standards and the Rush to Implementation• Fast-Tracking the Standards Process
Cloud Adoption in Government• METI-Sponsored Survey of U.S. Gov’t Cloud Computing adoption, – Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Jan 2010• METI conclusions – Good Support for Cloud Computing Transition At • Top Level Leadership • Working Level „Techies‟ – Strong Resistance At • Mid-Level Managers• Take away… – A new perspective, or mind set is needed in middle management – Help should be sought to educate and involve middle mgmt
Standards and the Rush to Cloud Implementation• Rush to Implementation Creates Problems – “Stampedes” go hand-in-hand with Poor Choices• Standards Are Key to Interoperability – Open, Accredited Standards, not proprietary or ad hoc, are needed “The current standards development infrastructure was never designed to create the closely integrated standards needed to solve the complex problems embedded in the technology and innovation agenda …” Andy Updegrove• Cloud Computing Demands a New Approach to Standards Building and Selection
Fast-Tracking the Standards Process• The Smart Grid Model – NIST-led consortium – Industry and government cooperation – A model for cooperative standards-based implementation• Taking cloud cooperation to the next level – Educating and encouraging middle management – Demanding accredited standards as part of the process – Best of government – best of industry
DoD Perspectives on Cloud Computing for „GovCloud‟:Cloud Computing for the Business of Government “Update and Outlook” Jerry Smith National Press Club March 29, 2011
Federal Transformation• President’s Goal to Transform Federal Government Services – better serve the American people• Federal CIO’s 25 Point Plan for Implementation & Emphasis On Cloud Computing and Data Center Consolidation• DoD Policy & Plans In Support Of These Goals
DOD EXPLOITATION OF CLOUD TECHNOLOGIES Several Project Examples: * Army AEC * DISA RACE * DISA Forge.mil * USAF PSDT * NGA GeoCloud “We believe that initiatives such as the Federal CIO’s plan to reform Federal IT are accelerating DoD toward cloud computing and shared enterprise service” Dave Mihelsic, DISA CTO
Problems* DoD handles a significant amount of sensitive data which complicates data migration – and its control – to an off-site server.* Security is an overriding issue.* How to overcome cultural and technological barriers associated with information sharing and joint capabilities.* DoD culture’s traditional aversion to sharing.* Need ability to broadly share information while limiting access to appropriate set of users.
DISA RACE Rapid Access Computing Environment• DISA began leveraging cloud computing in 2008 by creating its own secure private cloud• Uses virtual server technology to provide on-demand server space for development teams• Aims to be more secure and stable than a traditional public cloud.• Consists of many virtual servers inside a single physical server using virtualization technologies• Divides costs among the users of the various virtual servers
DISA Private Cloud Services• To secure classified data and official-business sensitive data• Under positive DoD control• Hosted in secure Defense Enterprise Computing Centers• Managed by cleared and certified personnel• Directly connected to DoD’s enterprise networks• Securely configured – meet DoD Security Technical implementation Guides Very Successful: Hundreds of military applications including command and control systems, convoy control systems, and satellite programs have been developed and tested on RACE.
DISA Forge.mil Software Development Environment• Provides tools and services necessary for rapid development, testing, anddeployment of new software and systems.• Teamed with cloud provider CollabNet; provides a software development platformfor users to reuse and collaborate on software code.• Currently, over 5,000 users, with over 300 open source projects, over 500 filerelease posts, and over 30,000 downloads.• Allows avoidance of large start-up costs and enables additional return oninvestment (ROI) through software reuse.•Estimates show new projects developed in this environment save DISA between$200,000 and $500,000 per project.• Open source philosophy of Forge.mil saves money on licensing and support,provides improved software by giving version control, traceability, and havingmultiple stakeholders from various projects work on the same software code.•Forge.mil hosts array of projects within a secure environment that appropriatelyprotects DoD software assets for different areas including Army, Navy, Air Force,Marine Corps and the Joint Chiefs. Allows DISA and its customers to reduce costs and shorten time to develop new software and systems by using a cloud environment that promotes collaboration, reuse of developed software, rapid delivery, and shortened time-to-market for projects.
Cloud Computing Challenges and Opportunities Personal Views – not necessarily views of DoD nor the Federal Government