Adapting Cloud Computing for
 Intelligence and Defense


 Scaling Performance, Managing Power

 September 2008

The Fabric...
Defense, Intelligence Community
Mission Drivers
The DoD vision for net-centric operations and warfare:
• Scalable Net-Cent...
DoD Information Sharing Strategy

This DoD Strategy establishes the vision for the future:
   Deliver the power of informa...
Appistry EAF: Technology
  Infrastructure To Enable Sharing
DoD Information Sharing Strategy:

Goals
   3) Strengthen agil...
Appistry: Enhancing the Information
Sharing Value Chain QOS




http://www.defenselink.mil/cio-nii/docs/InfoSharingStrateg...
Meeting the need

• On-demand infrastructure
• Virtualization
• Cloud computing
    •    Enabling Scale - Application and ...
Cloud as Platform: Characteristics

Cloud offers an emerging commercial best
practice for application/service delivery
bas...
Adapting commercial best practices
to Federal

              Public                      Public Clouds
              Cloud...
Adapting commercial best practices
 to Federal
                                           Private (Internal) Clouds
      ...
Seamless piece of the puzzle



                             Services and Applications


                                 ...
Cloud Technology Stack



                                Services and Applications

                         Appistry EAF...
Cloud Computing In Your Operational
Environment
• Logical extension to your existing, heterogeneous
  computing infrastruc...
Seamlessly Integrating the Technology

• Appistry Quick Start - 5 well defined steps
    • Assign infrastructure to cloud ...
Appistry Quick Start Enables:

• People
    • Train your operations staff to create, deploy and support the cloud
      in...
Appistry EAF Architecture

     Cloud                          Dynamic / Distributed Load Balancing
     Application
     ...
Solution Value
• Scale Application Performance
    •    Scale SOA services and existing applications
    •    Scale applic...
Scaling SOA
• Improve Mission Availability
    • Reducing application down time due to hardware failure
    • Completing p...
Compute Intensive Activities

• Image, data compression/decompression
• Encryption/decryption
• Image processing
• Schedul...
Case Study:
Decreasing development complexity for a high-volume image
processing application


                           ...
Case Study:
Cloud-Enabled Logistics Solution



                                                 Customer:
               ...
Gartner Says
                         • Appistry in the visionary Magic
                           Quadrant for Enterprise...
Energy Consumption Projections

                           “50 Percent of Data Centers
                           Will Hav...
Google’s U.S. Data Center Locations
and Placement Criteria

                                                             O...
Power Transmission Geography
Constrains and Dictates Choices




                              The National Security Agenc...
Power and Cooling: Mission Critical
Constraint For Intelligence and DoD
NSA electricity crisis gets Senate scrutiny - Balt...
Security Need: Disrupt The Trend
       Relocating Data Centers Is Not a Sustainable Model




State-of-the- art All measu...
Appistry: Scaling Power Without Fail

Performance-Based Power Management
A user policy based, application-aware approach t...
Fabric Technology Enables
Performance-Based Power Mgmt
“The chief performance attributes of data
centers - availability, r...
Appistry Energy Saver Scales Power

1. EnergySaver constantly                            2. EnergySaver compares current
 ...
Customer Scenario: GeoEye

• New satellite, GeoEye-1, with
   unprecedented resolution
   Image importance, processing
• I...
Customer Scenario: Clearent

• Fabric-based applications for
   authorization (online) and
   settlement (batch) Output
  ...
Appistry Customers/Partners




The Fabric of Business        www.appistry.com
For More

Sam Charrington <sam@appistry.com>
VP Product Management & Marketing
     http://www.appistry.com/blogs/sam
    ...
The Fabric of Business   www.appistry.com
The Green Grid Opportunity
     DECREASING DATACENTER AND OTHER IT ENERGY
     USAGE PATTERNS

                           ...
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Cloud Computing For Intelligence And Defense V6

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Cloud Computing For Intelligence And Defense V6

  1. 1. Adapting Cloud Computing for Intelligence and Defense Scaling Performance, Managing Power September 2008 The Fabric of Business www.appistry.com
  2. 2. Defense, Intelligence Community Mission Drivers The DoD vision for net-centric operations and warfare: • Scalable Net-Centric Computing • Establish processes and an online mechanism for customers to directly provision a virtual operating environment on demand within minutes to meet ad hoc, real time warfighter needs. • Establish a capability for applications to dynamically scale computing resources up and down on demand to meet traffic loads. • Enterprise Computing • Move toward the concept of virtual or grid computing in which applications will utilize available computing capacity irrespective of geographic location. http://www.disa.mil/strategy/ The Fabric of Business 2 www.appistry.com
  3. 3. DoD Information Sharing Strategy This DoD Strategy establishes the vision for the future: Deliver the power of information to ensure mission success through an agile enterprise with freedom of maneuverability across the information environment. To achieve the vision, this Strategy describes four goals that form the necessary environment across the DoD. These goals are: (1) promote, encourage, and incentivize sharing; (2) achieve an extended enterprise; (3) strengthen agility in order to accommodate unanticipated partners and events; and (4) ensure trust across organizations. John Grimes, DoD CIO http://www.defenselink.mil/cio-nii/docs/InfoSharingStrategy.pdf The Fabric of Business 3 www.appistry.com
  4. 4. Appistry EAF: Technology Infrastructure To Enable Sharing DoD Information Sharing Strategy: Goals 3) Strengthen agility, in order to accommodate unanticipated partners and events (scale, surge, adaptive technologies) Approaches 2) Forge information mobility (processing of information) 3) Make information a force multiplier through sharing (volume, velocity) http://www.defenselink.mil/cio-nii/docs/InfoSharingStrategy.pdf The Fabric of Business 4 www.appistry.com
  5. 5. Appistry: Enhancing the Information Sharing Value Chain QOS http://www.defenselink.mil/cio-nii/docs/InfoSharingStrategy.pdf The Fabric of Business 5 www.appistry.com
  6. 6. Meeting the need • On-demand infrastructure • Virtualization • Cloud computing • Enabling Scale - Application and Power • Enabling Mission Resilience and Reliability • Hiding Development and Operational Complexity • Minimal Infrastructure Impact The Fabric of Business 6 www.appistry.com
  7. 7. Cloud as Platform: Characteristics Cloud offers an emerging commercial best practice for application/service delivery based on the Google/Amazon model: • Incrementally scalable • Agile & adaptive • Reliable and fault-tolerant • Programmable • Virtualized • Self-managing • Commodity infrastructure A “Google-Like” Platform for Applications The Fabric of Business 7 www.appistry.com
  8. 8. Adapting commercial best practices to Federal Public Public Clouds Cloud E.g. • GoGrid • Google AppEngine • Amazon EC2 Enterprise The Fabric of Business 8 www.appistry.com
  9. 9. Adapting commercial best practices to Federal Private (Internal) Clouds • Cloud characteristics Public • Behind the firewall Cloud • Secure networks • Data, applications don’t leave the enterprise • Leverages existing External investment in blades, virtualization Internal Private Cloud Private Cloud Enterprise The Fabric of Business 9 www.appistry.com
  10. 10. Seamless piece of the puzzle Services and Applications ? Virtual Machines Virtual Machines … Virtual Machines Virtual Machines … Virtual Machines … Commodity Commodity Commodity Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure The Fabric of Business 10 www.appistry.com
  11. 11. Cloud Technology Stack Services and Applications Appistry EAF: Cloud Application Platform Virtual Machines Virtual Machines … Virtual Machines Virtual Machines … Virtual Machines … Commodity Commodity Commodity Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure No disruption of your existing server and virtualization investments The Fabric of Business 11 www.appistry.com
  12. 12. Cloud Computing In Your Operational Environment • Logical extension to your existing, heterogeneous computing infrastructure • A quality of service supplement to your existing heterogeneous infrastructure • Reduce risk, improve mission availability • Scale without fail • Compute within pre-defined time windows • Correlate power consumption to application workload • When to deploy to the Cloud Application Framework? • When applications, key algorithms or SOA services require the processing power of multiple CPU’s in order to meet surges in demand and other SLA parameters. The Fabric of Business 12 www.appistry.com
  13. 13. Seamlessly Integrating the Technology • Appistry Quick Start - 5 well defined steps • Assign infrastructure to cloud application framework • Identify services and capabilities that require scale and reliability quality of service provided by the fabric. • Add meta data to place services in the cloud • Use the Appistry libraries to call the services within the cloud • Measure performance, adjust infrastructure as required to meet service level agreements The Fabric of Business 13 www.appistry.com
  14. 14. Appistry Quick Start Enables: • People • Train your operations staff to create, deploy and support the cloud infrastructure; deploy energy management policy • Train your developers to cloud-enable their applications and call them • Process • Adopt procedures for, adding and subtracting infrastructure from the fabric, determining which applications benefit from the QOS benefits of the cloud • Technology • Retain your current heterogeneous, virtual and physical architecture • Add meta data to your applications, services or algorithms • Use Appistry libraries to call cloud enabled Applications and Services The Fabric of Business 14 www.appistry.com
  15. 15. Appistry EAF Architecture Cloud Dynamic / Distributed Load Balancing Application Middleware Process Orchestration Batch Scheduling Policy Definition & Enforcement Policy Definition & Enforcement Management & Monitoring Management & Monitoring Deployment & Provisioning Deployment & Provisioning Application Java .NET Legacy External Components POJO PONO (Web) … Service Cloud Services FAM FAM … Queues Cloud Package Tomcat Apache IIS JBoss Mule … Management Self-Organization (Discovery, Availability) Any Cloud The Fabric of Business 15 www.appistry.com
  16. 16. Solution Value • Scale Application Performance • Scale SOA services and existing applications • Scale applications across multiple CPUs (2-1000’s) • Logically isolate processing without creating physical stove pipes • Create Operational Efficiencies • Achieve QOS of HA (High Availability) solutions on existing commodity infrastructure • Monitor and control license distribution within the fabric • Use fabric metadata to dynamically restore high-value capabilities under cyber-attack • Isolate and pre-provision dynamic COI’s (Communities of interest) • Hot plug-in of server resources • Reduce Operational And Program Risk • Distribute transparently • Reduce application IOC (Initial Operational Capability) to FOC (Full Operational Capability), development time , scaling for FOC usually gets in the way • No need to re-perform security accreditation; applications are cloud-enabled via meta data • Reduce Power Consumption (Scale Power Utilization) • Performance based power management, defined by user policy • Correlate power consumption to data center workload The Fabric of Business 16 www.appistry.com
  17. 17. Scaling SOA • Improve Mission Availability • Reducing application down time due to hardware failure • Completing processing within pre-defined time windows • Maintain Required Service Availability And Performance Objectives • During high demand • During peak demand • Unanticipated demand • Reduce Costs • Utilizing existing commodity hardware infrastructure • Streamlining operational processes to deploy based on performance Leading-edge enterprises looking for advanced platforms to support XTP requirements should consider grid-based application platforms when their major concern is scale-out scalability, and nearly 100% availability for transactional and analytical applications - Gartner - The Fabric of Business 17 www.appistry.com
  18. 18. Compute Intensive Activities • Image, data compression/decompression • Encryption/decryption • Image processing • Scheduling, logistics planning • Search • Matching (data mining, business intelligence) • Simulation • Parallel computations (matrix calculations, Fourier transforms, spectral and signal analysis) • Pattern recognition The Fabric of Business 18 www.appistry.com
  19. 19. Case Study: Decreasing development complexity for a high-volume image processing application The leading provider of satellite imagery for Appistry EAF at GeoEye government and commercial applications, GeoEye is building its next-generation image processing applications on Appistry EAF. Data Process Result Challenges: • Multi-core / SMP development complexity • Risk, cost and agility of traditional platforms • Meeting customer SLAs Results: • Imaging applications now able to process in excess of 5 TB of satellite imagery per day • Developers able to focus on core competencies • Capital savings greater than $1.2 million • Easily meet customer requirements for maximum processing time “ By relying on the application fabric to provide scalability, reliability and manageability, we can leave our infrastructure concerns behind and focus on providing maximum value to our customers. ” – Ray Helmering, VP Photogrammetric Engineering at GeoEye The Fabric of Business www.appistry.com
  20. 20. Case Study: Cloud-Enabled Logistics Solution Customer: Leading Transportation Services Provider Data Process Result Worldwide • 2+ Million Stops • 60,000 Employees • 2,000 Developers Application: Mission-critical logistics planning application Challenges: • Bringing strategic application to market quickly • Supporting existing application code • Ensuring predictable request execution Results: • Application deployed in one day • Predictably processes all shipments in required timeframe • Application to save tens of millions of dollars per year The Fabric of Business 20 www.appistry.com
  21. 21. Gartner Says • Appistry in the visionary Magic Quadrant for Enterprise Application Servers, 2Q08 - Strengths • Leading-edge, grid-based application Platform (Appistry Enterprise Application Fabric (EAF)) targeting transactional and analytical applications • High-profile, large scale (more than 400 CPU cores in one case) and business-critical deployments in large, Global 2000 class companies • Support for .NET and Java environments • Aggressive “razor and blade” strategy (Appistry Open distribution) based on free Appistry EAF use (development, testing and production) and sales of add-ons for managing large scale deployments and infrastructure energy savings The Fabric of Business 21 www.appistry.com
  22. 22. Energy Consumption Projections “50 Percent of Data Centers Will Have Insufficient Power and Cooling Capacity by 2008” “The energy use of the nation’s servers and data centers in 2006 is estimated to be more than double the electricity that was consumed for this purpose in 2000… Under current efficiency trends, national energy consumption could nearly double again in another five years” The Fabric of Business 22 www.appistry.com
  23. 23. Google’s U.S. Data Center Locations and Placement Criteria Operating costs drive Google data centers to the center of country • Large volumes of cheap electricity. • Green energy. Focuses on renewable power sources. • Proximity to rivers and lakes. They use a large amount of water for cooling purposes. • Large areas of land. Allows for more privacy and security. • The distance to other Google data centers (for fast connections between data centers). The Fabric of Business 23 www.appistry.com
  24. 24. Power Transmission Geography Constrains and Dictates Choices The National Security Agency plans to put a data center in San Antonio, Texas - 3rd in the nation for operational cost efficiency - U.S. Rep. Charlie Gonzalez March 2007 The Fabric of Business 24 www.appistry.com
  25. 25. Power and Cooling: Mission Critical Constraint For Intelligence and DoD NSA electricity crisis gets Senate scrutiny - Baltimore Sun, January, 2007 • NSA expects its power demands to exceed its supply within the next two years - an issue it has been aware of since the late 1990s. NSA Director Lt. Gen. Keith B. Alexander has acknowledged the problem • The NSA’s impending electricity shortfall is quot;sort of a national catastrophe,quot; Sen. John D. Rockefeller IV, the chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee Power supply still a vexation for the NSA - Baltimore Sun, June, 2007 • Referring to the NSA's power shortage. quot;It got to a point where it became a serious problem. We're attempting to deal with it now.” Rep. C.A. Dutch Ruppersberger, Maryland Democrat, House Intelligence Committee Trend: BRAC (Base Realignment and Closure) consolidations and physical security considerations condense data centers into burdened power grids; NGA, DISA, etc. The Fabric of Business 25 www.appistry.com
  26. 26. Security Need: Disrupt The Trend Relocating Data Centers Is Not a Sustainable Model State-of-the- art All measures in “Best practice” scenario, plus: • Aggressively consolidate servers • Aggressively consolidate storage • Enable power management at data center level of applications, servers, and equipment for networking and storage http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1.pdf The Fabric of Business 26 www.appistry.com
  27. 27. Appistry: Scaling Power Without Fail Performance-Based Power Management A user policy based, application-aware approach to power management ensuring the highest levels of application performance while minimizing infrastructure power consumption. Appistry Energy Saver “In a typical data center, Correlates power electricity usage hardly varies consumption to at all, but application load data center workload varies by a factor of 3x or more.” -Rocky Mountain Institute http://www.govtech.com/gt/312792 The Fabric of Business 27 www.appistry.com
  28. 28. Fabric Technology Enables Performance-Based Power Mgmt “The chief performance attributes of data centers - availability, reliability and sheer horsepower (performance) - are at odds with Appistry Energy Saver: the conservation-based assumptions of Decoupling applications sustainability” Suggestion 9: When not in use, turn it off from infrastructure: How to Cut Data Center Energy Consumption, May 2008 Application performance, reliability ensured by fabric Utilizes your existing infrastructure – does not require a complete hardware refresh Within user defined policy, Appistry knows what to turn on and off, and when The Fabric of Business 28 www.appistry.com
  29. 29. Appistry Energy Saver Scales Power 1. EnergySaver constantly 2. EnergySaver compares current monitors system system performance to policy workload targets set by administrator 3. EnergySaver dynamically adjusts number of active computers Application A Application B Application C Appistry EAF + EnergySaver Result: data center power consumption correlates to application workload The Fabric of Business 29 www.appistry.com
  30. 30. Customer Scenario: GeoEye • New satellite, GeoEye-1, with unprecedented resolution Image importance, processing • Input Process Output varies based on tasking, The leading provider of satellite imagery coverage for government and commercial use. • Appistry EnergySaver will Appistry EAF at GeoEye reduce number of “on” CPUs when satellite is looking at ocean! The Fabric of Business 30 www.appistry.com
  31. 31. Customer Scenario: Clearent • Fabric-based applications for authorization (online) and settlement (batch) Output Input Process • Batch settlements have Fast-growing credit-card payment stringent completion-time processor. SLAs requiring additional Appistry EAF at Clearent compute power • Appistry EnergySaver will automatically bring on additional capacity, when needed The Fabric of Business 31 www.appistry.com
  32. 32. Appistry Customers/Partners The Fabric of Business www.appistry.com
  33. 33. For More Sam Charrington <sam@appistry.com> VP Product Management & Marketing http://www.appistry.com/blogs/sam http://twitter.com/samcharrington Dan Wilbricht <dan@appistry.com> Director of Federal Programs direct: 703-318-0930 The Fabric of Business 33 www.appistry.com
  34. 34. The Fabric of Business www.appistry.com
  35. 35. The Green Grid Opportunity DECREASING DATACENTER AND OTHER IT ENERGY USAGE PATTERNS Gartner analysts advise enterprises to make the most efficient use of existing systems with technologies such as workload balancing and virtualization, and to plan for greener datacenter designs in the years ahead. http://www.thegreengrid.org/gg_content/Green_Grid_Position_WP.pdf The Fabric of Business 35 www.appistry.com

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