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20090921 Risacher To Ncoic Cloud Storefront

  1. Cloud Computing and the DoD CIO Storefront Dan Risacher Enterprise Services & Integration Office of the DoD CIO 2009-09-21 1
  2. What is Cloud Computing? Headline: “The Internet Industry Is on a Cloud – Whatever That May Mean” - Wall Street Journal, A1, March 26, 2009 Headline: “Federal CIO Scrutinizes Spending And Eyes Cloud Computing” - Information Week, March 14, 2009 “I had a customer tell me there’s a rainstorm coming, that there will be all these clouds and none are going to talk to each other.” - Susan Adams, Chief Technology Officer, Microsoft Federal Civilian Practice Hype Or Fact? Yes 2
  3. What is Cloud Computing? Cloud Computing – the 2:10 technology……  Two Years of Hyper-Buzz  Ten Years of Adoption - Rob Carter, CIO FedEx, DISA Customer Partnership Conference We‟re still in the first year of Hyper- Buzz…. Watching CC mature… 3
  4. What is Cloud Computing?  IBM: “A cloud is an IT service delivered to users that has:  A user interface that makes the infrastructure underlying the service transparent to the user  Reduced incremental management costs when additional IT resources are added  Services oriented management architecture  Massive Scalability  Forrester: “An abstracted, fabric-based infrastructure that enables dynamic movement, growth, and protection of services that is billed like a utility. … cloud computing is looking like a classic disruptive technology” Lots of different Cloud Computing definitions…. 4
  5. What is Cloud Computing?  Gartner: “Cloud computing is a style of computing where massively scalable IT-related capabilities are provided „as a service‟ across the Internet to multiple external customers”  The 451 Group: “The cloud is IT, presented as a service to the user, delivered by virtualized resources that are independent of location.”  National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST): “Cloud computing is still an evolving paradigm. Its definitions, use cases, underlying technologies, issues, risks, and benefits will be refined in a spirited debate by the public and private sectors. These definitions, attributes, and characteristics will evolve and change over time. “ 5
  6. What is Cloud Computing?  Draft NIST Working Definition of Cloud Computing v15:  v15.doc  Under the direction of the Federal Cloud Computing WG (Chaired by Ms. Casey Coleman (GSA CIO), directed by Mr. Vivek Kundra (Federal CIO). What we can agree on is that Clouds (Cloud Computing) bring the promise of Enterprise Power to Users as Services  The Service-Oriented Architecture / Enterprise is a key enabler to achieving a Stateless Cloud Computing environment. 6
  7. Clouds Services and Related IT Capabilities Dimensional Indexing Parallel Programming Data.Gov Distributed Computing Distributed File Systems Client Device Virtualization Process Orchestration Data-as-a-Service Software Appliances Messaging Services Software-as-a-Service Rich Internet SOA Application Interfaces Infrastructure-as-a-Service Simple Messaging Service Data Center Consolidation ITIL-based Technologies Commodity Processing Grid Computing Infrastructure Virtualization Utility Computing Leveraging Flexibility and Demand-Focused IT Capabilities 7
  8. Clouds - What‟s the Business Case? Provisioning and Placement Software Configuration 100X Dedicated Mission Capabilities Relative Per Problem Cost Data Collection and Startup … Redundant Facilities and Capacity Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) Cloud(s) (e.g., Amazon WS, RACE) 10X Redundant Licensing and Operations Data Search and Fusion Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) Cloud(s) (e.g.,, DKO, Intelink, A-Space) … Extended Capacity Utilization Data-as-a-Service (DaaS) Cloud(s) (e.g., Google Analytics, DNI) 1X Core Mission Execution Time … … … Seconds Minutes Hours Days Problem Agility Cost-Effective Agile Response to Uncertainty 9
  9. Amazon Web Services (AWS) (Five Years of Planning) Establishing an On-demand Web Scale IT Service is tightly coupled to extended bandwidth services 10
  10. Amazon Web Services (AWS) Realizing On-demand IT on a Web Scale 11
  11. Cloud Computing Realities  It is a Disruptive Technology – we need to treat it as such…  A new technology, that radically transforms markets, creates wholly new markets or destroys existing markets for other technologies..  Not mature – needs 2+ years – This is the time to plan  DoD Acquisition “as a process” could be a significant barrier (CC is not a weapon system).  Requires planning, pilots, and lessons learn to build a new (fundamental) understanding of how DoD will migrate legacy applications and associated data to “Services” hosted in the Cloud.  Requires adoption of a DoD Platform (as a Service) that delivers Brutal Standardization in the form of standards, processes, toolkits, Core Enterprise Services (e.g., Single Sign On, Search, Publish, Collaboration, etc), and Desktop Virtualization. 12
  12. Cloud Computing Realities  Stateless Cloud Computing Technology?  DoD CIO views that as collapsing the desktop (which stores / manages desktop state resulting from data, applications, network profile, etc) into the Cloud.  Moving the desktop into the Cloud will pay HUGE returns – cost savings, agility, performance, etc, etc…  Offers the potential of saving billons in “provisioning costs” per year 13
  13. Cloud Opportunities  Infrastructure as a Service  Public Clouds Fed CIO / GSA  Private Clouds DISA  Deployable Clouds Navy (CANES), Army (GNEC)  Other  Cross-cloud solutions ?  Platform as a Service ?  Software as a Service  Productivity apps DoD CIO, Army  Desktop Virtualization DARPA? DIA?  Web app framework DoD CIO Storefront 14
  14. DOD CIO Storefront Vision  Create single NIPRNET access point for DOD CIO to share its information and knowledge with authorized consumers in the DOD Enterprise – Net-centric implementation guidance and tools – Host/employ emerging Web 2.0 tools – Create a DoD CIO widget development kit, followed by prototyping and C&A process (with Forge.Mil) supporting a DoD CIO “Apps Store” (similar to iTunes) – (n.) widget: modular, loosely-coupled web application designed to run on customizable net-centric framework, conforming to established guidelines for configuration and enterprise security – similar to Google Gadget Become the DOD Enterprise Innovator and Exemplar 15 15
  15. DoD CIO Storefront UI “notional” 16 16
  16. Goals 1. “The coolest .mil website ever”  Communications channel so compelling users will keep coming back  As easy as iGoogle; as intuitive as Facebook 2. The DoD Net-Centric platform (Widget Framework & “Apps Store”)  Certified and accredited framework for future web-applications  Enabling creativity and empowering developers 3. Real-world pathfinder for future enterprise applications  Provide “hands on” experience for providing net-centric solutions 4. Influence policy through real-world experience with Net-Centric capabilities 5. Computing environment intended for multiple security domains  Initial efforts on NIPRnet 17
  17. The Storefront Essentials  Identity management / Single sign-on  The web framework  And developer guidance  First round of widgets  The marketplace 18
  18. Guiding Principles  Cloud Computing Environment  Utilize Open Source/GOTS software  Leverage Partners:  DISA  RACE-in-production to provide a robust, elastic, scalable environment  to provide a common repository to support DOD development  ICES –  Intelink Publish & Search to provide means for making information available and discoverable  Stand up an Apps Store  Galvanize third-party developers across the DoD Enterprise 19
  19. DOD CIO Storefront POA&M  Spiral 0: 30 days – Develop storefront system requirements, generate use cases, investigate technology options – Identify potential “integration” partners/components – Identify Cloud source – Prioritize efforts for Spiral 1  Spiral 1: 90 days – Stand up initial Storefront prototype in a private cloud computing environment – Generate net-centric implementation content, begin to organize content within Storefront – Develop initial core portlets (i.e., SSO) and services – Prioritize efforts for Spiral 2  Spiral 2+: 90 days – TBD 20
  20. Proposed IdM/SSO Framework Architecture CRL/ OCSP DoD CAC PKI Storefront IdM/SSO SAML Storefront Users Framework Services and DoD Non-CAC OpenID/ Widgets (OpenSSO) Affiliates User ID/ OAuth External Federal PKI Password Liberty Service/Widget - Session Management (e.g., IC, DHS) - Sponsored Account Alliance Providers Other Mission Other Administration Other External Partners Auth. - Coarse-Grained ABAC Fed. IdM/SSO Frameworks Storefront Identity Management Attribute Retrieval Process Automated retrieval of identity attributes from authoritative Identity Management sources DMDC Others (DoD/CAC Users) Identity Management Sources 21
  21. Storefront Partnerships Knowledge Management Storefront Widget Storefront Framework Content ES&I Training Management System Fannie Callands Social Networking Customized Service Widgets Identity Management/ Single Sign-On UCore Cloud Storefront Computing Services Clay Robinson ES&I ES&I ICAM (DoD CIO) ESSF/AANAC DISA RACE Dan Green ICES Marty Costellic Paul Grant (SPAWAR) (Publish Alfred Rivera and Search) DISA Other PEO-GES Mike Todd Becky Harris Fannie Callands 22 22