1400s -1532<br />The Inca<br />
Created 2500 mile Empire in the Andes Mountains<br />
Incan Government<br />Ruled by an Emperor—held absolute power, owned everything and was the chief religious leader—claimed...
“THE LOST CITY”<br />Incan city isolated in the Andes Mountains<br />Discovered in 1911<br />Archaeologists estimate that ...
worshipped many gods related to nature and guardian spirits<br />chief deity—sun god<br />RELIGION<br />Temple of the Sun ...
INCAN ADVANCES<br />Built terraces—flat area of land on hillsides.  Incas had to adapt to their mountainous environment an...
Roads help bind the Empire<br />Temple to the Sun—built with stone blocks, inner walls lined with gold.  Built with advanc...
The Destruction of the Incas<br />1532 destroyed by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizzaro<br />Nov. 1532 Spanish betray a...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The inca

620 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
620
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The inca

  1. 1. 1400s -1532<br />The Inca<br />
  2. 2. Created 2500 mile Empire in the Andes Mountains<br />
  3. 3. Incan Government<br />Ruled by an Emperor—held absolute power, owned everything and was the chief religious leader—claimed to be son of the sun.<br />Strong Centralized government<br />Everyone had to speak Quechua and follow the Incan religion<br />INCA POLITICAL SYSTEM<br />CAPITAL AT CUZCO<br />
  4. 4. “THE LOST CITY”<br />Incan city isolated in the Andes Mountains<br />Discovered in 1911<br />Archaeologists estimate that approximately 1200 people could have lived in the area, though many theorize it was most likely a retreat for Incan rulers<br />Want to see more? Check out this website for 360° views of this amazing city: http://www.peru-machu-picchu.com/funerary-rock.php<br />MACHU PICCHU<br />A new 7 Wonder of the World<br />
  5. 5. worshipped many gods related to nature and guardian spirits<br />chief deity—sun god<br />RELIGION<br />Temple of the Sun god<br />
  6. 6. INCAN ADVANCES<br />Built terraces—flat area of land on hillsides. Incas had to adapt to their mountainous environment and provide ample food.<br />Kept records with knotted colored string called quipus.<br />Excelled in medicine—performed surgery, used herbs and antiseptics<br />
  7. 7. Roads help bind the Empire<br />Temple to the Sun—built with stone blocks, inner walls lined with gold. Built with advanced technology and able to withstand earthquakes<br />Roads:<br />More than 12,000 miles of roads<br />runners carried news across the roads, kept capital in contact with entire empire. <br />armies could move quickly over roads and crush rebellions.<br />INCA AND ENGINEERING<br />INCAN Roads Last!<br />
  8. 8. The Destruction of the Incas<br />1532 destroyed by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizzaro<br />Nov. 1532 Spanish betray and capture Incan Emperor Atahualpa then slaughter thousands of Incans<br />August 29, 1533 Incan Emperor Atahualpa is strangled to death by the Spanish—the Inca people were helpless without the direction of their emperor and the capital fell without a struggle.<br />

×