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Exploring the development of the us


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Exploring the development of the us

  1. 1. Exploring the Development of the US<br />Growth of US Nationalism<br />Development of Sectionalism<br />President Andrew Jackson<br />Power of the National Government versus State Governments<br />
  2. 2. Growth of us nationalism<br />Nationalism is pride in our nation and the feeling that you are an American. It is the belief that national interests should be placed ahead of regional concerns.<br />For many Americans, loyalty to ones state or region was stronger than loyalty to the USA.<br />Forces Encouraging US Nationalism:<br />The American System<br />Andrew Jackson<br />Development of National “Celebrities” <br />Manifest Destiny<br />
  3. 3. Henry Clay’s American System<br /> Henry Clay’s American System called for three things:<br />Expand transportation<br /> High tariff which would protect American goods from foreign competition<br />Strengthen the Bank of the US-strengthen the nation. <br />Better transportation meant that Americans had more contact with one.<br />Clay’s system helps to strengthen the American Economy. A strong economy=a strong and happy nation.<br />
  4. 4. President Andrew Jackson<br />The Election of 1828<br /> This was the first Presidential Election where white men DID NOT have to own land to vote. Jackson was seen a president elected by all.<br />He was the first president from the South, drew more Southerners into national politics.<br />Jackson was labeled “The Common Man’s President”<br />By feeling a connection with the President, people felt a connection to the nation.<br />
  5. 5. Hudson river school<br />Famous artist and writers often contribute to nationalism because they instill in the public a sense of pride for our successful citizens.<br />Transcendentalists—writers who focused on nature.<br />
  6. 6. Manifest destiny<br />This was the idea that God wanted Americans to expand from the East Coast to the West Coast.<br />As US collected more land through purchases, treaties, and conflicts, nationalism and national pride increased.<br />
  7. 7. Green-Purchased $ Blue-Treaty Orange-Taken by force<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9. Sectionalism <br />As the nation develops several issues divide the regions of the nation. This will continue to build until it explodes in the CIVIL WAR!!!!!<br />
  10. 10. Division of Regions<br />NORTH<br />Industrial—factories, cities, <br />had immigrants for cheap labor<br />Wanted high protective tariffs<br />strong FEDERAL government<br />South<br />Agricultural Economy<br />Used Slaves for hard labor<br />Wanted low tariffs—high tariffs hurt their exports to other countries.<br />Supported a strong STATE government.<br />
  11. 11. The Missouri Compromise in 1820 was made to try to keep a balance between slave and free states and prevent sectional tensions. It allowed Missouri to come in as a slave state and Maine to come in as a free state. It also drew a line across the country at 3630’ in which any future territory that applied for statehood that was ABOVE this line would come in as free and BELOW would come in as a slave state.<br />
  12. 12. FEDERAL vs. STATE Power<br /> <br />What are the Alien and Sedition Acts?<br />AlienPresident could imprison or deport citizens of other countries residing in the US<br />Sedition—made it illegal to make malicious statements against the federal gov’t.—Violated Free Speech<br />Can States nullify a state law??<br />NULLIFICATION: to recognize a federal law<br />  Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions:<br />Both states declared the government’s actions in the Alien and Sedition Act unconstitutional and refused to follow them.<br />Significance: Increased tension between states and federal government. Clear defiance of the federal government’s power.<br />As the 1800s progressed, many people in the south saw the power of the federal government as a threat to their way of life.<br />More restrictions on expansion of slavery<br />High Tariffs and Westward Expansion favored the North.<br />The Marshall Court- Established the dominance of the national government over the states and shaped the future of American government<br />