Pd 102 Chapters 7 And 8


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Pd 102 Chapters 7 And 8

  1. 1. Chapters 7 & 8 <br />PD 102<br />
  2. 2. Week 6 Vocabulary Words<br />Banal: commonplace, trite<br />Jingoism: bellicose chauvinism<br />Parvenu: a person who has recently or suddenly acquired wealth, importance, position, or the like, but has not yet developed the conventionally appropriate manners, dress, surroundings, etc. <br />
  3. 3. Chapter 7: Remember <br />What is effective studying?<br />It requires a great deal of commitment, organization, listening, developing personalized study skills, and building memory techniques <br />Where you study is important <br />
  4. 4. Basic Facts About Memory<br />Everyone remembers some info and forgets other info<br />Your senses help you take in info<br />With very little effort, you can remember some info<br />With rehearsal (study), you can remember a great deal of info <br />Incoming info needs to be filed in the brain if you are to retain it<br />Information stored, or filed, in the brain must have a retrieval method <br />Mnemonic devices, repetition, association, and rehearsal can help you store and retrieve info <br />
  5. 5. Three Types of Memory<br />Sensory: stores info gathered from the five senses: taste, touch, smell, hearing and sight (usually temporary, lasting about one to three seconds, unless you decide that the info is of particular importance to you and make an effort to transfer it to long term memory)<br />Short term: holds info for a short amount of time; can hold a limited amount of info, usually about five to nine separate new facts or pieces of info at once<br />Long term: stores a lot of info; almost like a computer disk; you have to make an effort to put something in your long term memory but with effort and memory techniques, such as rehearsal and practice, you can store anything you want to remember there <br />
  6. 6. VCR3 Memorization<br />The best way to commit info to long term memory and retrieve it when needed can be expressed by VCR3: <br />V- Visualizing <br />C- Concentrating<br />R-Relating<br />R-Repeating<br />R- Reviewing <br />
  7. 7. Memory Helpers <br />Proper sleep <br />Proper nutrition/diet<br />Exercise<br />Mental exercises such as crossword puzzles, brain teasers, name games<br />A positive mindset<br />The proper environment<br />Scheduled study breaks<br />Repetition and visualization <br />
  8. 8. Memory Hindrances <br />Internal and external distractions<br />Alcohol<br />Drugs<br />Stress<br />Close mindedness (tuning out things you don’t like)<br />Inability to distinguish important facts from unimportant facts<br />
  9. 9. The Difference Between Knowing and Memorizing <br />Knowing something means that you have made a personal commitment to make this information a part of your life <br />Rote memory is when you literally memorize something and days later it’s gone<br />You memorized it because you needed it for something like a test or a discussion, but it was not important enough to you to know it for life <br />To own knowledge, you have to work from many angles<br />After you read a chapter, visualized the info, related it to something you already know, and reviewed it for accuracy, ask yourself a few questions <br />
  10. 10. 3 Studying Strategies<br />SQ3R: scan the chapter, writing questions from headings, read the chapter, recite the info, and review the chapter<br />Mnemonic Devices: memory tricks or techniques that assist you in putting information into your long-term memory and pulling it out when you need it (ex: creating a sentence to remember info, jingles/rhymes, words, story lines, acronyms, pegging)<br />Cooperative Learning: pull together a group of peple who have your same interests and goals: to pass the course <br />
  11. 11. Studying with Small Children in the House<br />Helpful hints: <br />1) Study at school<br />2) Create crafts and hobbies<br />3) Study with your children<br />4) Rent movies or let your children watch TV<br />5) Invite your children’s friends over<br />6) Hire a sitter <br />7) Ask if your college has on-site daycare centers <br />8) Talk to the financial aid office about affordable daycare <br />
  12. 12. Cramming <br />If you have to study in a crunch, <br />1) Depressurize<br />2) Ditch the blame game<br />3) Know what you’re cramming for <br />4) Read it quickly<br />5) Make connections<br />6) Use your syllabus or study guide<br />7) See it (visualize the info)<br />
  13. 13. Assess<br />Chapter 8:<br />
  14. 14. Your Attitude Toward Testing<br />Makes all the difference <br />No test is an indication of who you are as a person or a measure of your worth as a human being<br />No one can be good at all things<br />The best thing you can do for stress reduction is to silence your negative self talk about the exam or change your self talk to a positive trone<br />
  15. 15. Helpful Hints for Reducing Test Anxiety<br /><ul><li>Approach the test with an “I can” attitude
  16. 16. Prepare yourself emotionally for the test, control your self talk, and be positive
  17. 17. Remind yourself that you studied and that you know the material
  18. 18. Overlearn the material- you can’t study too much</li></ul>Go to bed early<br />Eat a healthy meal before the test<br />Arrive early for the test<br />Sit back, relax, breathe, and clear your mind if you become nervous<br />Come to the test with everything you need: pencils, calculators, and other supplies<br />Read over the entire test first; the questions that are easiest for you <br />Check your answers but remember your first response is usually correct <br />Ask the professor for a study sheet<br />Know what grade value the test holds <br />
  19. 19. Three Types of Responses to Test Questions <br />Almost every test question will elicit one of three types of responses from you as the test taker:<br />1) Quick time response (when you read a question and know the answer immediately)<br />2) Lag time response (when you read a question and the answer doesn’t come immediately)<br />3) No response (you read a question two or three times and still have no response) <br />
  20. 20. No Response <br />When you have “no response”:<br />1) Leave this question until the very end of the test<br />2) Make an intelligent guess<br />3) Try to eliminate all unreasonable answers by association<br />4) Watch for modifiers within the question <br />
  21. 21. Common Question Types<br />Matching<br />True False<br />Multiple Choice<br />Short Answer<br />Essay <br />What are some strategies you can use for each type?<br />
  22. 22. Academic & Personal Integrity<br />Integrity is purely and simply doing what you think is right<br />It’s about understanding who you are as a person and making decisions about what is right and wrong according to your personal code of ethics <br />Making ethical decisions can be as simple as listening to your conscience <br />
  23. 23. Academic Misconduct<br />Academic misconduct includes:<br />1) Looking on another person’s test paper for answers<br />2) Giving another student answers on tests, homework, or lab projects<br />3) Using any kind of “cheat sheets” on a test or project<br />4) Using a computer, calculator, dictionary, or notes when not approved<br />5) Discussing exam questions w/ students who are taking the same class at another time <br />
  24. 24. Next Time…<br />You will have a quiz on Chapter 9 and we’ll be going over Chapter 9 in class<br />Your vocabulary words for next week include: supercilious, antipathy, and compunction <br />