PD 102:<br />Chapter 9: Think <br />
What is it, anyway?<br />Critical thinking: searching, plotting, making associations, explaining, analyzing, probing for m...
What can critical thinking do for you?<br />Can help you focus on issues<br />Gather relevant, accurate information <br />...
What does critical thinking involve?<br />Restraining emotions<br />Looking at things differently <br />Analyzing informat...
Restraining Emotion <br />You do not have to eliminate emotions from your thoughts, but it is crucial that you know when y...
Looking at Things Differently<br />Critical thinking involves looking at an issue from many different angles<br />It encou...
Analyzing Information<br />It involves analyzing information<br />To analyze, you break a topic, statement, or problem int...
Asking Questions <br />If you could meet anyone on earth and ask five questions, who would you meet, why would you meet th...
Solving Problems<br />There are many ways to address and solve problems <br />It is important to remember that every probl...
Distinguishing Fact from Opinion<br />Opinions surface more often than facts<br />A fact is something that can be proven, ...
Seeking Truth in Arguments and Persuasions <br />As you develop your critical thinking skills, you will begin to recognize...
Creative Thinking<br />You are introducing something that is uniquely yours<br />You’ve examined a situation and developed...
Julia Cameron’s “The Artist’s Way” <br />In “The Artist’s Way”, Julia Cameron suggests that there are basic principles in ...
Next Time…<br />Read Chapter 10.  Be prepared for a quiz on Chapter 10 and the vocabulary words. <br />
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Bs 150 Writing A Career Action Plan Nov 11 2009

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Bs 150 Writing A Career Action Plan Nov 11 2009

  1. 1. PD 102:<br />Chapter 9: Think <br />
  2. 2. What is it, anyway?<br />Critical thinking: searching, plotting, making associations, explaining, analyzing, probing for multiple angles, justifying, scrutinizing, making decisions, solving problems, and investigating <br />It is literally thing about something from many angles <br />Critical thinking is about making informed, enlightened, educated, open-minded decisions in college, in relationships, in finances, and in life in general <br />
  3. 3. What can critical thinking do for you?<br />Can help you focus on issues<br />Gather relevant, accurate information <br />, remember facts, organize thoughts logically, analyze questions and problems, and manage your priorities <br />It can assist in your problem solving skills and help you control your emotions so that you can make rational judgments <br />It can help you produce new knowledge through research and analysis and help you determine the accuracy of printed and spoken words <br />
  4. 4. What does critical thinking involve?<br />Restraining emotions<br />Looking at things differently <br />Analyzing information<br />Asking questions<br />Solving problems<br />Distinguishing fact from opinion<br />Seeking truth in argument and persuasion <br />
  5. 5. Restraining Emotion <br />You do not have to eliminate emotions from your thoughts, but it is crucial that you know when your emotions are clouding an issue <br />Be sure you listen to all sides of the argument or statement before you make a decision or form an opinion<br />Do not let your emotions make you withdraw or turn you away from the situation<br />Work to understand why others feel their side is valid <br />
  6. 6. Looking at Things Differently<br />Critical thinking involves looking at an issue from many different angles<br />It encourages you to dog deeper than you have before<br />
  7. 7. Analyzing Information<br />It involves analyzing information<br />To analyze, you break a topic, statement, or problem into parts to understand it more clearly <br />An easy way to analyze is to create a chart of the information using right and left hand columns<br />
  8. 8. Asking Questions <br />If you could meet anyone on earth and ask five questions, who would you meet, why would you meet that person, and what questions would you ask? <br />
  9. 9. Solving Problems<br />There are many ways to address and solve problems <br />It is important to remember that every problem does have a solution but the solution may not be what we wanted<br />Identify and narrow the problem; put your problem in writing <br />Research and develop alternatives <br />Use brainstorming <br />
  10. 10. Distinguishing Fact from Opinion<br />Opinions surface more often than facts<br />A fact is something that can be proven, something that can be objectively verified<br />An opinion is a statement that is held to be true, but one that has no objective proof <br />Statements that cannot be proved should always be treated as opinion <br />When in doubt, ask questions <br />
  11. 11. Seeking Truth in Arguments and Persuasions <br />As you develop your critical thinking skills, you will begin to recognize the illogical nature of thoughts, the falsehoods of statements, the deception in some advertisements, and the irrational fears used to persuade <br />Ex: ad hominem- when someone initiates a personal attack on a person rather than listening to and rationally debating his or her ideas; slander<br />Bandwagon- tries to convince you to do something just because everyone else is doing it (peer pressure)<br />Straw argument- attacks the opponent’s argument to make one’s own argument stronger; it does not necessarily make argument A stronger; it simply discounts argument B <br />
  12. 12. Creative Thinking<br />You are introducing something that is uniquely yours<br />You’ve examined a situation and developed a new way of explaining information, delivering a product, or using an item <br />Creative thinking and critical thinking both require that you “loosen up” your brain and be more flexible in your approaches and tactics <br />
  13. 13. Julia Cameron’s “The Artist’s Way” <br />In “The Artist’s Way”, Julia Cameron suggests that there are basic principles in creativity: <br />1) Creativity is the natural order of life<br />2) There is an underlying, indwelling creative force infusing all of life<br />3) We are, ourselves, creations. And we, in turn, are meant to create ourselves<br />4) The refusal to be creative is counter to our true nature <br />
  14. 14. Next Time…<br />Read Chapter 10. Be prepared for a quiz on Chapter 10 and the vocabulary words. <br />

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