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Antigone by Sophocles
Tragedy <ul><li>A work of literature that results in a catastrophe for the main character. </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Tragedy...
Ancient Greek Theater <ul><li>Athens in the 5th century B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>seated 1000’s </li></ul><ul><li>limited cha...
Dramatic Competitions <ul><li>Held at festivals honoring  Dionysos </li></ul><ul><li>Dionysos  was the Greek god of wine a...
Famous Greek Tragic Playwrights <ul><li>The three main contenders for the tragedy prize were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aeschy...
Actors and Costumes <ul><li>Aeschylus introduces a second actor. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 4 th  century B.C. Sophocles int...
Presentation of Plays <ul><li>Prologue (exposition) </li></ul><ul><li>Chorus  enters and sings a  parados  (opening song) ...
The Chorus <ul><li>Interpreted the meaning of the play </li></ul><ul><li>Leader was called the choragos - exchanged though...
The Oedipus Myth <ul><li>Oedipus was abandoned at birth by his parents, the King and Queen of Thebes:  Laios & Iocaste. </...
<ul><li>As a young man, Oedipus left to start his own life. </li></ul><ul><li>He traveled to Thebes where he killed a man ...
A Royal Marriage <ul><li>Thebans reward Oedipus by making him their king and giving him Iocaste as his wife.  (Yes….his mo...
<ul><li>A plague befell the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Priests claim that the plague was punishment for some unknown sin. </l...
A Family Mourns <ul><li>Antigone, her sister Ismene, and brothers Eteocles and Polyneices were burdened by their family ba...
<ul><li>Polyneices returns to Thebes with an army from Argos and fights his brother and Uncle Creon. </li></ul><ul><li>Pol...
The King’s Decree <ul><li>Creon orders that Eteocles be buried with honors because he has supported Creon’s established or...
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Antigone

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Antigone

  1. 1. Antigone by Sophocles
  2. 2. Tragedy <ul><li>A work of literature that results in a catastrophe for the main character. </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Tragedy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The main character was always a significant person, a king or a hero, and the cause of the tragedy was a tragic flaw or weakness in his/her character. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allusions were frequently used (usually based on familiar myths). </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Ancient Greek Theater <ul><li>Athens in the 5th century B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>seated 1000’s </li></ul><ul><li>limited characters, no curtains, no violent actions on stage </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dramatic Competitions <ul><li>Held at festivals honoring Dionysos </li></ul><ul><li>Dionysos was the Greek god of wine and fertility </li></ul><ul><li>5 days were devoted to the performances </li></ul><ul><li>Until the 5 th century B.C. the playwrights acted their plays alone </li></ul>
  5. 5. Famous Greek Tragic Playwrights <ul><li>The three main contenders for the tragedy prize were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aeschylus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Euripedes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sophocles </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Actors and Costumes <ul><li>Aeschylus introduces a second actor. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 4 th century B.C. Sophocles introduced a third actor. </li></ul><ul><li>Sophocles did not act in any of his own plays, and this becomes the norm. </li></ul><ul><li>Three actors required one actor to play many roles. </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate masks and costumes were worn by the actors. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Presentation of Plays <ul><li>Prologue (exposition) </li></ul><ul><li>Chorus enters and sings a parados (opening song) </li></ul><ul><li>Scene One </li></ul><ul><li>The Chorus’s song, called an ode , divided the scenes </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Chorus <ul><li>Interpreted the meaning of the play </li></ul><ul><li>Leader was called the choragos - exchanged thoughts in dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Strophe and antistrophe refer to the movement of the chorus across the stage </li></ul><ul><li>Concluded with thanks to Dionysos and an exodos, exiting scene </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Oedipus Myth <ul><li>Oedipus was abandoned at birth by his parents, the King and Queen of Thebes: Laios & Iocaste. </li></ul><ul><li>A fortuneteller proclaimed that the infant would one day kill his father and marry his mother. </li></ul><ul><li>The servant who was ordered to kill the child could not do so and instead gave him to a childless couple in another city. </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus never knew who his real parents were. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>As a young man, Oedipus left to start his own life. </li></ul><ul><li>He traveled to Thebes where he killed a man without knowing it was Laios. (Yes, his father.) </li></ul><ul><li>He confronted the Spinx, a riddle telling monster that killed those unable to answer his riddle. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sphinz leaped into the sea after Oedipus gave the correct answer and Oedipus became a hero in Thebes. </li></ul>
  11. 11. A Royal Marriage <ul><li>Thebans reward Oedipus by making him their king and giving him Iocaste as his wife. (Yes….his mother!!) </li></ul><ul><li>The couple lived happily for years and raised four children of their own. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>A plague befell the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Priests claim that the plague was punishment for some unknown sin. </li></ul><ul><li>During an investigation into his own background, Oedipus learned the facts of his birth. </li></ul><ul><li>At this revelation, Iocaste committed suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus blinds himself. </li></ul><ul><li>Iocaste’s brother, Creon, took control of the city and allowed one of Oedipus’ children, Antigone, to lead him into exile. </li></ul>
  13. 13. A Family Mourns <ul><li>Antigone, her sister Ismene, and brothers Eteocles and Polyneices were burdened by their family background. </li></ul><ul><li>The two sons have argued over who is to rule Thebes and Polyneices has left home to find help to support his claim to the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>Back in Thebes, Eteocles had taken the throne. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Polyneices returns to Thebes with an army from Argos and fights his brother and Uncle Creon. </li></ul><ul><li>Polyneices and Eteocles kill each other and Creon takes the throne to restore order to Thebes. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The King’s Decree <ul><li>Creon orders that Eteocles be buried with honors because he has supported Creon’s established order. </li></ul><ul><li>However, because Polyneices was a traitor to Thebes, Creon ordered that his corpse be left to rot. (Which was an unimaginable violation of religious laws.) </li></ul><ul><li>Antigone’s decision to disobey that command is central to the play. </li></ul>

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