Dr. Abrar Al Jadi & Ms. Sara Al Sabah - Analysis of Kuwait Sanitary Master Plan


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Dr. Abrar Al Jadi & Ms. Sara Al Sabah - Analysis of Kuwait Sanitary Master Plan

  1. 1. Kuwait UniversityDepartment of Industrialand management systemEngineering 2010 Vs. 2045 Eng. Abrar Al-Jadi Eng. Sarah Al-Sabah Dr. Esra Al-Eisa
  2. 2. Objectives Evaluate and analyze the current waste water network in Kuwait. Asses the improvements in Kuwait sanitaryMaster Plan which will take place in 2045.
  3. 3. Objectives Highlight the weaknesses in the master plan. Provide suggestions and recommendations to theplan to improve its efficiency.
  4. 4. Umm Al Aish WaterRains Resources Rawdatain in Kuwait Brackish
  5. 5. Desalination became the source offresh water in the Arabian Gulf countries.
  6. 6. DesalinationNot environmentally Affect coastal water Expensive friendly quality
  7. 7. Kuwait Wastewater Kuwait demand per capita is much higherthan in other countries in the world, estimatedto be around(Milutinovic, Milan, M. MIT, 2006)
  8. 8. Annual Country Renew-Kuwait Wastewater Bahrain able Fresh Water (km2)b 0.1 Egypt 86.8 Iran 137.5 Iraq 96.4 The State of Kuwait has a very high Israel 2.2percentage of waste 0.9 Jordan production per capita, as Kuwait 0.02the Lebanon average municipal waste is estimated daily 4.8to beLibya around 0.6 Morocco 30(Al-Fares, Al-Jarallah et al. 2009) 1.0 Oman Qatar 0.1 Saudi Arabia 2.4 Syria 46.1 United Arab 0.2 Emirates Yemen 4.1 http://www.g77.org/sshlcst/TWAS.pdf
  9. 9. Impact of Treating Residential WastewaterAuthorities aimed to treat and reuse residentialwastewaters Provide a cheaper alternative than desalinated water. Reduce the environmental adverse impact of desalination plants. Eliminate the dumping of wastewater to costal areas or terrestrial landfills.
  10. 10. Kuwait Sanitary WWN Situation Population rising wastewater advanced significantly
  11. 11. Our GoalTo this master plan, Kuwait’s wastewater networkwas , focusing on the amounts ofsewage water directly into the sea, which causemarine life and the severe environmental pollution, affecting.seashore. ioseaturtles.org
  12. 12. Performance Measures Amount of sewage water disposedin the sea.
  13. 13. Performance Measures The outflow treated water for eachtreatment center.
  14. 14. Current Waste-Water Network Umm Al-Hayman Sulaibiya 4 Treatment Plants Riqqa AL-Jahra
  15. 15. Current Waste-Water Network 12 main pumping stations (A stations) 17 minor small Pumping stations (P stations) 12 screw conveyor stations (S stations)
  16. 16. Sulaibiya Network Sulaibiya network is the largest network inKuwait with seven main pumping stations.
  17. 17. Current WWTP’s and A’s locations
  18. 18. Sulaibiya Network Sulaibiya WWTP is one of the most up to date treatment plants in the Middle East. It is currently receiving the largest amounts of sewage water.
  19. 19. Sulaibiya Network Sulaibiya Sulaibiya TTP produce Reverse Osmosis (RO) water. farmsSulaibiya Al-Abdily Al-Wafra.
  20. 20. Al-Jahra Network Receives water from two opposing pumping stations;A18 and A19.
  21. 21. Current WWTP’s and A’s locations
  22. 22. Al-Jahra Network Al-Jahra treatment plantdistribute the treated water :
  23. 23. Al-Jahra Sludge Al-Jahra WWTP throw away the sludge producedin the treating process outside the plant. This sludge should not be used as fertilizers unlessthey get further processed.
  24. 24. Mishref Problem540,000 Stopped working in August 2009. Al-Sulaibiya (2009)490,000 Al-Sulaibiya (2010)440,000390,000340,000 Pump on average 175,000 m3 of sewage per day to Sulaibiya WWTP.290,000 Kuwait Municipality offered to treat only 20,000 m3 of the 175,000 m3 is being treated.240,000 Kuwait Municipality decided to stop sewage treating190,000 leaving the sewage dumped into the sea. Jan Jul Dec Oct Feb Sep Jun Apr Aug May Nov Mar
  25. 25. Riqqa Network Receives water from A14 and A15 in whichA14 dumps the water into A15.
  26. 26. Current Waste-Water Network
  27. 27. Ahmadi sludgeArdiya DMC
  28. 28. Umm Al-Hayman Network It receives waste water from one pumpingstation. Tertiary water is produced.
  29. 29. Current Waste-Water Network
  30. 30. Umm Al-Hayman Network Golf Irrigation Umm AlHayman Desert
  31. 31. Umm Al-Hayman Forest‘Can not dispose No permission to Dispose into into the sea insert pipelines the desert 435,000 m2
  32. 32. Methodology1 • Modeling the current waste water network. • Predict what going to happened in the future if the current2 waste water net work remain the same3 • Modeling the current network with future forecasted values.4 • Modeling Kuwait sanitary master plan for 2045. • Compare and analyze the result obtained from each5 simulation output.
  33. 33. Introducing Arena (Why Simulation?) Simulation software was used in order to have avisual sight on the networkCompare the current network with the sanitarymaster plan
  34. 34. General Remarks The study was made during a transition period (October 2010 to January 2011). The input data for the model are the data of the year 2009 and 2010.
  35. 35. General Remarks A distribution of the collected data was obtained from Arena input analyzer. These distribution are used as inputs for the simulation model.
  36. 36. Modeling the Current Waste-Water Network Using Rockwell Arena Simulation
  37. 37. Current Network at 2045 what will happen in 2045. Inflation occurred between 2009-2011.
  38. 38. The Water Usage Distribution in Kuwait Current Network at 2045 Al-Jahra Current Network at 2010 Sulaibiya Treated Treated Al-Jahra 25% 9% Treated Riqqa 14% Sulaibiya Treated Riqqa DUMPED Treated 10% UNTREAD 37% Treated 54% DUMPED 22% Umm Al- UNTREATED Hayman Al- Umm 25% Hayman Treated 2%Treated 2%
  39. 39. Sources of DumpingAmount dumped into the sea
  40. 40. Sources of DumpingAmount dumped into the sea
  41. 41. The Status of the Current Network (Treatment Plants) } Mishref is not dumping any sewage to it
  42. 42. The Status of the Current Network (Treatment Plants)
  43. 43. Description of Kuwait’s SanitaryMaster Plan The population increasing yearly by 3.4%. Significant environmental problems occur. MPW is planning to expand the current wastewater network.
  44. 44. Future Waste-Water NetworkSulaibiya Umm Al-Hayman 4 Treatment PlantsKabd Khiran
  45. 45. Future Waste-Water Network 425,000 m3 600,000 360,000 m3
  46. 46. Future Waste-Water Network 450,000m3 27,000m3 27,000m3
  47. 47. Future Waste-Water NetworkAdvantage of the Master Plan: Reduction of pumping stations from twelve to five decreases the complexity of the network. All the new treatment plants are located innon-residential areas.
  48. 48. Future Waste-Water NetworkDisadvantage of the future plan: The new network depends on a small number of pumping stations. The status of those pumps is very critical. Any shutdown in one of them will have a severe effect on the network.
  49. 49. Future Waste-Water NetworkModeling the Future Network using Rockwell Arena (the new model)
  50. 50. The water Usage Distribution in Kuwait Current Network at 2045 Al-Jahra Treated 9% Sulaibiya Treated 25% DUMPED Riqqa Treated UNTREATED 10% 54%Umm Al-Hayman Treated 2%
  51. 51. The Water Usage Distribution in Kuwait sewage water dumped is reduced by almost 30% in thefuture plan. This reduction is due to the increase in capacity of the treatmentplants in Kuwait. Future Network Kabd Treated 14% Al-Sulaibiya Umm Al- Hayman Treated Treated 35% 23% DUMPED UNTREATED 28%
  52. 52. Current Network at 2045Amount dumped into the sea
  53. 53. Future Waste-Water NetworkAmount dumped into the sea
  54. 54. The status of the Future network(Treatment Plants) Al-SulaibiyakhiranisTTP’s cover the expected sewage flow-rate. Kabd and TTP will not will be running with values way daily This will cause around 380,0000m3 of sewage water to be less Umm Al-Hayman reaching its designed capacity. dumped capacity. into the sea. than its untreated
  55. 55. Conclusion and Recommendation The wastewater master plan 2045 will reduce the amount ofdumping into 50%. In 2045 some WWTPs and Ps’s will no longer be able to handleall the sewage amounts flowing into it. It is recommended to redesign the plant’s capacity based onthe expected sewage increase. Sulaibiya WWTP Mishref PS Egaela PS
  56. 56. Acknowledgements•Eng. Mahmoud Khaled Karam :•Eng. Adel Al-Saffar•Eng. Samir Lutfi•Dr. Masud Parkar•Eng. Salwa Al-Saffar•Eng. Fahad Al-Sharqawi•Eng. Ali Yaqoub•Eng. Abdulla Al-Bather•Farah Al-Refai•Saja Al-Dhubaibi•Abdulla Jasim Alsayegh