Verb to be


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Verb to be

  1. 1. Focus on Grammar 2 Part I, Units 1 and 2 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Introductions The Present of Be: Statements and Yes/No Questions
  2. 2. Conversation Tom: Are you a new student here? Lea: Yes, I am. My name is Lea. Tom: My name’s Tom Sanchez. Lea: Oh, I think I know your mother. She’s Marta Sanchez, right? Tom: Uh, Marta Sanchez isn’t my mother. She’s my sister. Lea: Oh.
  3. 3. Form Subject Be I you he she it we they are am is are
  4. 4. Use of the Verb Be 1 He is a photographer. I am They are ?? ? a firefighter. aliens. We use the verb be before. . . NOUNS.
  5. 5. Use of the Verb Be 2 He is afraid. I am hungry. busy. It is We use the verb be before. . . ADJECTIVES.
  6. 6. Use of the Verb Be 3 She is in the shower. She is He is from Japan. under the bed. We use the verb be before. . . PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES.
  7. 7. In a contraction, an apostrophe (’) replaces a letter. Contractions I a’m Sam from’s They excited.are’re I’m a student. Sam’s from China. They’re excited.
  8. 8. Talk with a partner about these pictures. Use the verb be and contractions. Practice 1 He’s shocked. She’s upset. It’s in the air.They’re painters. 1. 2. 3. in the air upset painters shocked Example:
  9. 9. Negatives  Not Subject + Be + Not Contraction I’m not you’re not he’s not she’s not it’s not we’re not they’re not you aren’t X he isn’t we aren’t she isn’t it isn’t they aren’t is notn’t are notn’t are notn’t
  10. 10. Make negative contractions for these sentences. Practice 2 Example: 1. 2. 3. He is happy. He’s not happy. He isn’t happy. They are teachers. They’re not teachers. They aren’t teachers. We are single. We’re not single. We aren’t single. I am from the U.S. I’m not from the U.S. X Answer 1 Answer 2
  11. 11. Are theyThey Questions at schoolisIs sheShe .? youngare .? The verb be comes before the subject in questions.
  12. 12. Change the statements into questions.Practice 3 Example: She is a teacher. Is she a teacher? 1. Sam and Lisa are in class. 2. He is late. 3. I am busy. Are Sam and Lisa in class? Is he late? Am I busy?
  13. 13. Yes,Yes, Yes, I’m.Yes, I’m. Don’t use contractions in affirmative short answers. Be Careful! Are you new here? Are you new here? I am.
  14. 14. Practice 4 Talk with a partner about these pictures. Use the verb be and contractions. Yes, he is. No, you aren’t. Am I at the right house?1. Are they in love?2. No, they aren’t. Is he late?3. Yes, it is. Example: Is it broken?
  15. 15. References Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.