Parliamentary committees in_india......


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Parliamentary committees in_india......

  1. 1. PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEES IN INDIAOverview• Since Parliament needs to perform substantial functions in limited time, it cannot go into thedetails of every legislative and other matter that comes before it• For this reason, Parliamentary Committees are constituted to study in detail the legislativeand other matters that come before Parliament• Committees can be appointed in both Houses of Parliament, and their roles and functions aremore or less similarFunctions of the Committees• To consider the Demand for Grants of various Departments/Ministries and make reports tothe Houses• To examine Bills that are referred to the Committee by the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha• To study annual reports of various Ministries and Departments• To consider policy documents presented to the Houses if/when referred to the Committee bythe Lok Sabha or Rajya SabhaTYPES OF COMMITTEESAd hoc Committees• They are appointed for a specific purpose and cease to exist when the task is finished•They can either belong to one particular Parliament House or be a joint committee• There are two types of Ad hoc committeesO Committees appointed either by a motion in Parliament or by the Speaker/Chairman toenquire into a specific subjectO Select or Joint Committees on Bills. These Committees are constituted to study and report onspecific Bills• Examples of Ad hoc Committees: Committees on Draft Five Year Plans, Railway ConventionCommittee, Fertilizer Pricing Committee etcStanding Committees• Standing Committees are Committees appointed every year or periodically, and theirwork goes on in a continuous basis• The three most important Standing Committees (which deal with finance) are worthspecial mentionO Committee on EstimatesO Committee on Public AccountsO Committee on Public Undertakings• Additionally, there are 24 Departmentally Related Standing Committees that deal withaffairs of a specific Department/Ministry
  2. 2. IMPORTANT COMMITTEESDepartmentally Related Standing Committees• There are a total of 24 Departmentally Related Standing Committees (DRSC)•The DRSCs were first introduced in 1993 in a batch of 17, and a further 7 were added in 2004• Each of these Committees consists of no more than 45 members. 30 are to be nominated fromthe Lok Sabha and 15 from the Rajya Sabha•Ministers are not eligible to be nominated to these Committees•The term of the Committee is one yearCommittee on Estimates• Consists of 30 members elected from the Lok Sabha• Ministers are not eligible for election to this Committee•The term of the Committee is one year•Primary functions includeO report what improvements in organisation, efficiency or administration can be madeO suggest policies to bring about improvements in efficiency and economy• the Committee can select and study estimates pertaining to any Ministry or government bodyas it may see fit• Committee can also examine matters of special interest that come up or are referred to it bythe SpeakerCommittee on Public Accounts• Consists of 22 members: 15 elected from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha• Ministers are not eligible for election to this Committee• Term of office is one year• Primary function is to determine if money granted by the Parliament has been spent by theGovernment within the scope of the Demand• The Committee bases its examinations on the Appropriation Accounts of the Government andthe Audit Reports presented by the Comptroller and Auditor General• The Committee is not concerned with policy, but only with execution of the policy and itsresultsCommittee on Public Undertakings• Consists of 22 members: 15 elected from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha• Ministers are not eligible for election to this Committee• Term of office is one yearFunctions of the Committee includeO Examine reports and accounts of Public UndertakingsO Examine reports of the CAG on Public UndertakingsO Examine whether Public Undertakings are being managed with sound business principles andprudent commercial practices
  3. 3. • The Committee does not examine government policy or day-to-day administration of theUndertakings Committee House of Function(s) Notes Parliament/ Composition1 Business Advisory Lok Sabha Recommends the The Speaker is the Committee 15 (including amount of time to ex-officio Speaker) be allotted Chairman for business in Members are Parliament nominated by the Speaker Committee generally meets at the beginning of each Session2 Committee on Lok Sabha Allot time to The Deputy Private Members’ 15 (including Dy Private Members’ Speaker is the ex- Bills and Speaker) Bills and officio Chairman Resolutions Resolutions Members are Examine Private nominated by the Members’ Bills Speaker seeking to amend the Constitution before introducing them in Lok Sabha Examine all Private Members’ Bills after they are introduced but before they are taken up for consideration Classify the Bills based on their matter, urgency into Category A or Category B3 Rules Committee Lok Sabha Considers matters The Speaker is the (15 including of procedure and ex-officio Speaker) conduct of Chairman business in the Members are House nominated by the Recommends Speaker amendments to
  4. 4. the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha4 Committee of Lok Sabha Examines every Members are Privileges 15 question nominated by the regarding breach Speaker of privilege of the House or of members of any Committee Determines whether breach of privilege was involved and makes Recommendation s5 Committee on Lok Sabha Examine all Members are Papers Laid 15 papers laid on the nominated by the on the Table table of the Speaker House by Ministers Report to the House whether there has been compliance of the Constitution Report whether there has been unreasonable delay