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Indian polity 11


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Indian polity 11

  1. 1. This post was republished to IAS Help at 19:21:12 27/01/2010Indian Polity #11 | Study Material::General Studies | IAS HelpCategory Indian PolityPARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEES IN INDIAOverview  Since Parliament needs to perform substantial functions in limited time, it cannot go into the details of every legislative and other matter that comes before it  For this reason, Parliamentary Committees are constituted to study in detail the legislative and other matters that come before Parliament  Committees can be appointed in both Houses of Parliament, and their roles and functions are more or less similarFunctions of the Committees  To consider the Demand for Grants of various Departments/Ministries and make reports to the Houses  To examine Bills that are referred to the Committee by the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha  To study annual reports of various Ministries and Departments  To consider policy documents presented to the Houses if/when referred to the Committee by the Lok Sabha or Rajya SabhaTYPES OF COMMITTEESAd hoc Committees  They are appointed for a specific purpose and cease to exist when the task is finished  They can either belong to one particular Parliament House or be a joint committee  There are two types of Ad hoc committees o Committees appointed either by a motion in Parliament or by the Speaker/Chairman to enquire into a specific subject o Select or Joint Committees on Bills. These Committees are constituted to study and report on specific Bills  Examples of Ad hoc Committees: Committees on Draft Five Year Plans, Railway Convention Committee, Fertilizer Pricing Committee etcStanding Committees  Standing Committees are Committees appointed every year or periodically, and their work goes on in a continuous basis  The three most important Standing Committees (which deal with finance) are worth special mention o Committee on Estimates o Committee on Public Accounts o Committee on Public Undertakings  Additionally, there are 24 Departmentally Related Standing Committees that deal with affairs of a specific Department/Ministry
  2. 2. IMPORTANT COMMITTEESDepartmentally Related Standing Committees  There are a total of 24 Departmentally Related Standing Committees (DRSC)  The DRSCs were first introduced in 1993 in a batch of 17, and a further 7 were added in 2004  Each of these Committees consists of no more than 45 members. 30 are to be nominated from the Lok Sabha and 15 from the Rajya Sabha  Ministers are not eligible to be nominated to these Committees  The term of the Committee is one yearCommittee on Estimates  Consists of 30 members elected from the Lok Sabha  Ministers are not eligible for election to this Committee  The term of the Committee is one year  Primary functions include o report what improvements in organisation, efficiency or administration can be made o suggest policies to bring about improvements in efficiency and economy  the Committee can select and study estimates pertaining to any Ministry or government body as it may see fit  Committee can also examine matters of special interest that come up or are referred to it by the SpeakerCommittee on Public Accounts  Consists of 22 members: 15 elected from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha  Ministers are not eligible for election to this Committee  Term of office is one year  Primary function is to determine if money granted by the Parliament has been spent by the Government within the scope of the Demand  The Committee bases its examinations on the Appropriation Accounts of the Government and the Audit Reports presented by the Comptroller and Auditor General  The Committee is not concerned with policy, but only with execution of the policy and its resultsCommittee on Public Undertakings  Consists of 22 members: 15 elected from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha  Ministers are not eligible for election to this Committee  Term of office is one year  Functions of the Committee include o Examine reports and accounts of Public Undertakings o Examine reports of the CAG on Public Undertakings o Examine whether Public Undertakings are being managed with sound business principles and prudent commercial practices  The Committee does not examine government policy or day-to-day administration of the UndertakingsOther important committees
  3. 3. S. Committee House of Function(s) NotesNo. Parliament/ Composition1 Business Advisory Lok Sabha Recommends the amount The Speaker is the ex- Committee 15 (including of time to be allotted officio Chairman Speaker) for business in Parliament Members are nominated by the Speaker Committee generally meets at the beginning of each Session2 Committee on Lok Sabha Allot time to Private The Deputy Speaker is Private Members’ 15 (including Members’ Bills and the ex-officio Chairman Bills and Dy Speaker) Resolutions Members are nominated Resolutions Examine Private Members’ by the Speaker Bills seeking to amend the Constitution before introducing them in Lok Sabha Examine all Private Members’ Bills after they are introduced but before they are taken up for consideration Classify the Bills based on their matter, urgency into Category A or Category B3 Rules Committee Lok Sabha Considers matters of The Speaker is the ex- (15 including procedure and conduct of officio Chairman Speaker) business in the House Members are nominated Recommends amendments by the Speaker to the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha4 Committee of Lok Sabha Examines every question Members are nominated Privileges 15 regarding breach of by the Speaker privilege of the House or of members of any Committee Determines whether breach of privilege was involved and makes Recommendations5 Committee on Lok Sabha Examine all papers laid on Members are nominated Papers Laid 15 the table of the House by by the Speaker on the Table Ministers Report to the House whether there has been compliance of the Constitution Report whether there has been unreasonable delay
  4. 4. in laying the paper Report whether both Hindi and English version have been laid6 Committee on Lok Sabha Consider and report on Members are nominated Petitions 15 petitions presented to the by the Speaker House Ministers not eligible Considers representation from individuals and associations7 Committee on Lok Sabha Scrutinizes and reports Members are nominated Subordinate 15 whether powers to make by the Speaker Legislations rules, Ministers not eligible regulations etc are being properly exercised by the Executive8 Committee on Lok Sabha Scrutinize the assurances Members are nominated Govt. Assurances 15 promises etc given by by the Speaker Ministers and Ministers not eligible report on their implementation9 Committee on Lok Sabha Considers requests from Members are nominated Absence of 15 Members for leave of by the Speaker Ministers absence from Makes from Sittings of sittings of the House recommendations the House Examines every case whether leave where the member has should be granted, been absent for absence granted or 60 days or more without seat declared vacant permission10 Joint Committee Both Houses Examine the composition Committee is on Offices of Profit 15 - 10 from and character of constituted for the LS, 5 from RS Committees duration of the appointed by Government Lok Sabha (Central and State) Recommend what offices should/should not disqualify a person as a member of either House of Parliament11 Committee on Both Houses Considers all matters Ministers not eligible Welfare of SC/ST 30 - 20 from regarding the welfare of Term of the Committee LS, 10 from RS SC/STs is one year falling within purview of Union Government and Union Territories Consider reports submitted by National Commission for SC/ST Examine measures taken by Union govt. to secure
  5. 5. due representation of SC/ST in govt. services and posts12 Railway Both Houses Review dividend payable This was the first Convention 18 – 12 from by Railways to General Committee to be Committee LS, 6 from RS Revenues constituted after Review other matters Independence (1949) relating to Railways Minister of Finance and finance Minister of Railways are members Ministers of State for Finance and Railways are also Members This is an ad hoc Committee13 Committee on Both Houses Reviews and monitors Empowerment of 30 – 20 from measures taken by Union Women LS, 10 from RS Govt. to secure equality, status, dignity for women in all matters Suggest measures for improving status of women Review measures taken for education and representation of women in legislative bodies and other fields Considers reports of National Commission for WomenSources: Government of India, Parliament of India LAST WEEK: AG, CAG ~~~~~ NEXT WEEK: CIVIL SERVICE