The challenge of life

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A discussion on power of life and the strong interconnection between the various organisms and the socio -economic and cultural existence of society

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The challenge of life

  1. 1. NEW IDEA FOR NEXT CENTURY THE TRAGEDY OF BLACK DEATH AND THE INDICATIONS TO NEXT CENTURY KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  2. 2. What is black death  Black death is the biggest death of people of Europe in 14th century.1346-1353, 61-63 69-71, 74-75, 90 .1400  Called great mortality  Caused by plague…spread by black rats and fleas  Yersinia pestis KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  3. 3. Bubonic plague  The infection caused infection of lymph nodes  Bulging of lymph nodes of arm pit neck and thigh  After the incubation period of three days the people use die?  Later the plague spread to other area which was also pneumonic KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  4. 4. The bacteria KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  5. 5. Flea bite KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  6. 6. 1894 by Alexander Yersin  Swiss-born French bacteriologist and one of the discoverers of the bubonic plague bacillus, Pasteurella pestis, now called Yersinia pestis KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  7. 7. Electron microscope picture of Yersinia pestis KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  8. 8. Death toll  33% OF THE POLULATION OF EUROPE succumbed between 1346 – 53,  Britain is often quoted as losing 40%.OF POPULATION KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  9. 9. Biological war?  The Black Death was one of the worst pandemics in human history.  In the 14th century, at least 75 million people on three continents perished due to the painful, highly contagious disease. Originating from fleas on rodents in China, the “Great Pestilence” spread westward and spared few regions. KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  10. 10. Socio –religious impact  In Europe’s cities, hundreds died daily and their bodies were usually thrown into mass graves. The plague devastated towns, rural communities, families, and religious institutions. Following centuries of a rise in population, the world’s population experienced a catastrophic reduction and would not be replenished for more than one hundred years. KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  11. 11. Economic effect  The Black Death finally lapsed in approximately 1350, and profound economic changes took place. Worldwide trade declined, and wars in Europe paused during the Black Death. People had abandoned farms and villages during the plague. Serfs were no longer tied to their previous plot of land. Due to a severe labor shortage, serf survivors were able to demand higher wages and better working conditions from their new landlords. This may have contributed to the rise of capitalism. Many serfs moved to cities and contributed to the rise in urbanization and industrialization. KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  12. 12. Society reaction  Medieval society did not know what caused the plague or how it spread. Most blamed the suffering as a punishment from God or astrological misfortune. Thousands of Jews were murdered when Christians claimed that the Jews caused the plague by poisoning wells. Lepers and beggars were also accused and harmed. Art, music, and literature during this era were gruesome and gloomy. The Catholic Church suffered a credibility loss when it could not explain the disease. This contributed to the development of Protestantism. KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  13. 13. How to react ?  The change in each living organism affects the other  Micro organisms have the ability of shifting the ecological order  Beliefs are created and shifted at a sudden crisis and fear. KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  14. 14. Future forces …  Microbes created in laboratories  Modified organisms and plants especially the micro organisms  The shifting power centeredness  Evolution of individual based religion than the mass based religion  New paths to explore life than the scientific methods . KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL
  15. 15. Be sure to compete for welfare of all  Homeostasis and Ecological Cooperation is the best model of nature.  Don’t intervene to distort the natural forces KURIAN ADHIKARATHIL

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