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Holidays In The Usa

  2. 2. DESCRIPTION <ul><li>Didactic programme „H olidays in the USA” was made in P ower P oint which is one of the elements of MS - O ffice XP . </li></ul><ul><li>This porogramme can be used during English lessons in gymnasium or in a high school while talking about the American holidays and culture. </li></ul><ul><li>This presentation can also be used as a source of information for students who individually want to widen their knowledge about American holidays and culture. </li></ul><ul><li>The programme consists of 38 slides in English that are divided into 5 thematic chapters. </li></ul><ul><li>1. I ntroduction </li></ul><ul><li>2. N ational holidays </li></ul><ul><li>3. R eligious holidays </li></ul><ul><li>4. Fun days </li></ul><ul><li>5. E thnic and regional holidays </li></ul><ul><li>T h e last part of the programme is Revision of the most important issues in form of questions. </li></ul>
  4. 4. CONTENT <ul><li>1) Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2) National holidays </li></ul><ul><li>3) Religious holidays </li></ul><ul><li>4) Fun days </li></ul><ul><li>5) Ethnic and regional holidays </li></ul><ul><li>6) Revision </li></ul>ESC
  5. 5. <ul><li>People in every culture celebrate holidays. </li></ul><ul><li>Although the word &quot;holiday&quot; literally means &quot;holy day,&quot; most American holidays are not religious, but commemorative in nature and origin. Because the nation is blessed with rich ethnic heritage it is possible to trace some of the American holidays to diverse cultural sources and traditions, but all holidays have taken on a distinctively American flavor. </li></ul><ul><li>In the United States, the word &quot;holiday&quot; is synonymous with &quot;celebration! &quot; </li></ul>ESC
  7. 7. New Year's Day (January 1) On January first, Americans visit friends, relatives and neighbors. There is plenty to eat and drink when you just drop in to wish your loved ones and friends the best for the year ahead. Many families and friends watch television together enjoying the Tournament of Roses parade preceding the Rose Bowl football game in Pasadena California. In the warmer regions all around the country there are other games whose names are characteristic of the state. People watch the Orange Bowl game in Florida, the Cotton Bowl in Texas, and the Sugar Bowl in Louisiana. In most cultures, people promise to better themselves in the following year. Americans have inherited the tradition and even write down their New Year's resolutions. Whatever the resolution, most of them are broken or forgotten by February! ESC
  8. 8. Dr. Martin Luther King Day (Third Monday in January) <ul><li>&quot; I have a dream... </li></ul><ul><li>I have a dream that one day little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers </li></ul><ul><li>I have a dream today&quot; </li></ul>It is a time for the nation to remember the injustices that Dr. King fought. A time to remember his fight for the freedom, equality, and dignity of all races and peoples. A time to remember the message of change through nonviolence . ESC
  9. 9. Presidents' Day is celebrated in February to honor two of our greatest presidents, Abraham Lincoln and George Washington. The holiday is celebrated in the United States on the third Monday in February . George Washington Born : February 22, 1732 at Wakefield, Westmoreland, Virginia Died: December 14, 1799 at Mount Vernon, Fairfax, Virginia President: April 30,1789 to March 4, 1797 Abraham Lincoln Born: February 12, 1809 in Hardin (now Larue) County, Kentucky Died: April 15, 1865 in Washington, District of Columbia Pres i dent: March 4th, 1861 to April 15, 1865 ESC
  10. 10. Arbor Day <ul><li>It i s a holiday in which individuals and groups are encouraged to plant and care for trees. Arbor Day originated in Nebraska City, Nebraska, United States but is also celebrated by several other countries </li></ul>The national holiday is celebrated every year on the last Friday in April ; it is a civic holiday in Nebraska. Each state celebrates its own state holiday . ESC
  11. 11. Mother's Day (Second Sunday in May) <ul><li>In the United States, Mother's Day was loosely inspired by the British day and was imported by social activist Julia Ward Howe after the American Civil War. However, it was intended as a call to unite women against war. In 1870, she wrote the Mother's Day Proclamation. </li></ul>The first Mother's Day was celebrated on 10 May, 1908 . It continues to this day to be one of the most commercially successful U.S. occasions. Mother's Day is now the most popular day of the year to dine out at a restaurant in the United States. ESC
  12. 12. Memorial Day (Last Monday in May) <ul><li>Memorial Day is a time to remember the U.S. men and woman who lost their lives serving their country. Originally known as Decoration Day, it was established in 1868 to commemorate the dead from the Civil War. Over the years it came to serve as a day to remember all U.S. men and women killed or missing in action in all wars. </li></ul><ul><li>It has become both, a National Decoration Day of family graves, and the holiday that opens the summer season. It is celebrated with backyard barbecues, outdoor picnics, and parades. </li></ul>ESC
  13. 13. Flag Day (June 14) <ul><li>Flag Day, is a day for all Americans to celebrate and show respect for the flag, its designers and makers. The flag is representative of the independence and unity as a nation, under God, indivisible. The flag has a proud and glorious history. It was at the lead of every battle fought by Americans. Many people have died protecting it. </li></ul>ESC
  14. 14. Father's Day (Third Sunday in June) <ul><li>The United States is one of the few countries in the world that has an official day on which fathers are honored by their children. On the third Sunday in June, fathers all across the United States are given presents, treated to dinner or otherwise made to feel special. . </li></ul>The origin of Father's Day is not clear. Some say that it began with a church service in West Virginia in 1908. Others say the first Father's Day ceremony was held in Vancouver, Washington. ESC
  15. 15. Independence Day (July 4) <ul><li>Independence Day celebrates the birthday of the United States of America. Founded July 4th 1776, with the signing of the Declaration of Independence . </li></ul>The 4th of July is a time for the Red White and Blue . It's a day of picnics and patriotic parades, a night of concerts and fireworks, and a reason to fly the American flag. ESC
  16. 16. Labor Day (First Monday in September) <ul><li>Labor Day is a national legal holiday </li></ul><ul><li>that is over 100 years old. Over the years, </li></ul><ul><li>it has evolved from a purely labor union </li></ul><ul><li>celebration into a general &quot;last fling of summer&quot; festival. </li></ul><ul><li>It grew out of a celebration and parade in honor of the working class by the Knights of Labor in 1882 in New York. </li></ul><ul><li>It has come to be recognized in the U.S. not only as a celebration of the working class, but even more so as the unofficial end of the summer season. In the northern half of the U.S. at least, the summer vacation season begins with Memorial Day and ends with Labor Day. </li></ul>ESC
  17. 17. Columbus Day (Second Monday in October) <ul><li>Columbus Day is celebrated in the United States to honor Christopher Columbus's first voyage to America in 1492 . </li></ul>I t was Colorado, in 1905, that became the first state to observe a Columbus Day. Since 1920 the day has been celebrated annually, and in 1937 President Franklin Roosevelt proclaimed every October 12 as Columbus Day. That's where it remained until 1971 when Congress declared it a federal public holiday on the second Monday in October. ESC
  18. 18. Veterans' Day (November 11) <ul><li>Veterans Day is an American holiday honoring military veterans. Both a federal holiday and a state holiday in all states, it is celebrated on the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended World War I. </li></ul>Veterans Day is largely intended to thank living veterans for their service, to acknowledge that their contributions to national security are appreciated, and to underscore the fact that all those who served - not only those who died - have sacrificed and done their duty . ESC
  19. 19. (Fourth Thursday in November) <ul><li>Thanksgiving Day is a joyous family festival celebrated with lot of enthusiasm in US, Canada and several other countries. It is f estival commemorates the feast held by the Pilgrim colonists and members of the Wampanoag people at Plymouth in 1621. On this day people express gratitude to God for his blessings and give thanks to dear ones for their love & support. Feasting with family is an integral & most delightful part of Thanksgiving Day celebrations. </li></ul>ESC
  20. 20. Religious holidays Native American Pow-Wows ESC
  21. 21. Christmas Day (December 25) <ul><li>Christmas is a most important religious holy day for </li></ul><ul><li>Christians, who attend special church services to </li></ul><ul><li>celebrate the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. </li></ul><ul><li>Since most Americans are Christian, the day is one on which most businesses are closed and the greatest possible number of workers, including government employees, have the day off. Many places even close early on the day before. </li></ul>ESC
  22. 22. Easter (A Sunday between March 22 and April 25) <ul><li>Easter is celebrated in USA with traditional fervor and gaiety. </li></ul><ul><li>Sunday church services and festive celebrations </li></ul><ul><li>blend together during the Easter weekend. </li></ul><ul><li>On Easter Sunday in New York and other cities, </li></ul><ul><li>large Easter parades are held where people turn out </li></ul><ul><li>in thei r fashionable outfits and trendy Easter bonnets. </li></ul><ul><li>The person leading the parade holds </li></ul><ul><li>Easter candle or cross in his hand . </li></ul>ESC
  23. 23. Easter <ul><li>Popular Easter symbols such as the Easter bunny </li></ul><ul><li>and egg dyed were introduced to American </li></ul><ul><li>folklore by the German settlers who arrived in </li></ul><ul><li>the Pennsylvania Dutch country during the 1700s. </li></ul><ul><li>A special dish for Easter springtime in USA is baked </li></ul><ul><li>ham, potatoes and vegetables. Another most demanding </li></ul><ul><li>recipe is hot cross buns. </li></ul>ESC
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  25. 25. St. Valentine's Day (February 14) <ul><li>It is the traditional day on which lovers express their love for each other; sending Valentine's cards or candy. It is very common to present flowers on Valentine's Day. </li></ul>The holiday is named after two men, both Christian martyrs among the numerous Early Christian martyrs named Valentine. <ul><li>The day became associated with romantic love in the circle of Geoffrey Chaucer in High Middle Ages, when the tradition of courtly love flourished. </li></ul>ESC
  26. 26. April Fool's Day (April 1) <ul><li>Americans play small tricks on friends and strangers on the first of April. </li></ul><ul><li>One common trick on April Fool's Day, or All Fool's Day, is pointing down to a friend's shoe and saying, &quot;Your shoelace is untied.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever the trick, if the innocent victim falls for the joke the prankster yells, &quot;April Fool! &quot; </li></ul>ESC
  27. 27. Halloween (October 31) <ul><li>On October 31st, dozens of children dressed in costumes knock on their neighbors' doors and yell, &quot;Trick or Treat&quot; when the door opens. </li></ul><ul><li>Pirates and princesses, ghosts and popular heroes of the day all hold bags open to catch the candy or other goodies that the neighbors drop in. </li></ul><ul><li>As they give each child a treat the neighbors exclaim over the costumes and try to guess who is under the masks. </li></ul>ESC
  28. 28. Halloween <ul><li>Much later, when Christianity spread throughout Ireland and October 31 was no longer the last day of the year, Halloween became a celebration mostly for children. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Ghosts&quot; went from door to door asking for treats, or else a trick would be played on the owners of the house. </li></ul><ul><li>When millions of Irish people immigrated to the United States in the 1840s the tradition came with them. </li></ul>ESC
  29. 29. Ethnic and regional holidays ESC
  30. 30. St. Patrick's Day (March 17 or the preceding Saturday) <ul><li>Many people who immigrated to the United States have come from Ireland. More than one-half of the soldiers who fought in the Revolutionary War had Irish ancestors. Today, it is said, Irish descendants in the United States put on a noisier and bigger St. Patrick's Day celebration than the people in Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>Every year on March 17 or the preceding </li></ul><ul><li>Saturday, cities with a large population </li></ul><ul><li>of Irish Americans have parades. </li></ul><ul><li>Green is one of the national colors </li></ul><ul><li>of Ireland and also one of the signs of spring </li></ul>ESC
  31. 31. Native American Pow-Wows (March - August) <ul><li>&quot;Pow-wow&quot; is the Algonquin Indian word for &quot;ceremony&quot;, but the word holds a different meaning according to each native American Indian tribe. </li></ul><ul><li>Pow-wows mean different things to different people. The ceremony have changed with the times . Now instead of giving thanks to their gods for a war victory, Indians honor those of their tribes who have served in the American armed forces. </li></ul>ESC
  32. 32. REVISION ESC
  33. 33. 1. Who said this famous words: „I have a dream…”? Dr. Martin Luther King ESC
  34. 34. 2.When do Americans celebrate Arbor Day? On the last Friday in April ESC
  35. 35. 7. When did the tradition of Halloween c o me and by whom? When millions of Irish people immigrated to the United States in the 1840s the tradition came with them. ESC
  36. 36. 3. Memorial Day is observed on the last Monday of May. What was it formerly known as? The Decoration Day ESC
  37. 37. 4. When was signed The Declaration of Independence? July 4th 1776 ESC
  38. 38. 6.What does the prankster yell if the innocent victim falls for the joke on April Fool's Day?? &quot;April Fool! &quot; ESC