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Chilli cultivation, trading process

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Chilli cultivation, trading process

  1. 1. CHILLI B.Name : Capsicum annum. Family: Solanace. Name : Kuntal patra College : Mitcon Institute of Management.
  2. 2. Introduction  Capsicum =Greek word ‘kapto’ meaning “to bite” or “to swallow”.  Common name: hot pepper, sweet pepper, bell pepper,  Shimla mirch, paprika. Etc.  Almost 400 types of chilli's are grown through out the world.  Chilli is one of the most valuable crops of India.  It is also used for vegetables, spices, condiments, sauces and pickles. Dry chillies are used for curry powder.
  3. 3. Variety Red ChilliGreen Chilli CapsicumKashmiri Chilli
  4. 4. Uses and benefits of Chilli 1. Powder : 1. An important part of daily diet. 2. Increase the taste and palatability. 3. Key Element in many regional pickles, soups, curry. 4. unique flavour , aroma and colour. 2. Vegetable : 1. Fresh green capsicum contain more vitamin C than citrus.(Three times) (Green chilli) : 2. Fresh red chilli has more vitamin A than carrot.( More than 700 mg) 3. Chillies are low in sodium and cholesterol free.(more than 7%) 4. Medicinal Properties are found. ( Capsiplex ,Cayenne.) Capsiplex : Weight Loss . Cayenne : gaining .
  5. 5. Conti… 3. Pickle : 1. Substitute of vegetables 2. Supplement of test. 4. Sauce : 1. Used in cooking 2. Supplement of test
  6. 6. Major hot chilli producing states of India 13% 12% 26% 10% 8% 7% 6% 5% 3% 2% 2% 1% 5% Area Karnataka Maharastra Andhra Pradesh Odisa West bengal Madhya Pradesh Tamilnadu Gujarat Assam Uttar Pradesh Rajasthan Punjab Other
  7. 7. Major hot chilli producing states of India 53% 8% 8% 7% 6% 5% 5% 1% 1% 1% 1% 5% Production Andhra Pradesh Karnataka West Bengal Madhya Pradesh Odisa Gujarat Maharastra Assam Tamilnadu Rajasthan
  8. 8. Major hot chilli producing states of India
  9. 9. Top 5 Countries in Chilli production
  10. 10. Flow of Product  Spice  Pickle  Sauce  Seed  Medicine  Flex  Liquor  Beverages  Food Processing Sector  self defence (chilli spray).
  11. 11. Chain of events (from pack house up to shipment)  Harvesting (in the morning)  Handling and transportation  Unloading  Grading and sorting  Packing  Precooling  Cold storage  Palletizing  Refrigerated trucks  Shipment
  12. 12. Flow of Product In Value chain of Chilli Chilli Chilli Plant(30-40%) Chilli Fruit(60-70%) Bio ethanol Green Chilli Red Chilli Pickle Spice Chilli Powder. Sauce Sauce Fuel Bricked Dry Chilli Flex, Powder Vegetable Seed Medicine Liquor Spray (Self defence) Medicine Pickle Cosmetics
  13. 13.  India exports about 100000 tons every year.  India’s biggest buyer a. U S A, b. Sri Lanka , c. Bangladesh , d. Nepal , e. Mexico  Export duty 78.98 Rs/Quintal
  14. 14. Thank You

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