The Macintosh or Mac is a series of personal computers designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. The first Mac was introduced by Apples then-chairman Steve Jobs on January 24, 1984; it was the first commercially successful personal computer to feature a mouse and a Graphical User Interface rather than a command-line Interface. In 1998, Apple consolidated its multiple consumer-level desktop models into theFirst Macintosh iMac “all-in-one”. This was proven to be a sales success and saw the Macintosh brand revitalized.
Mac much to do with home, education, and creative professional markets. It follows the vertical integration model in that Apple facilitates all aspects of its hardware and creates its own OS that is pre-installed on all Mac computers . Apple does not license Mac OS X for use on non- Apple computers. The Macintosh project started in the late 1970s with Jef Raskin, an Apple employee who envisioned an easy-to-use, low-cost computer for the average consumer.
He wanted to name the computer after his favourite type of apple, the McIntosh, but the name had to be changed for legal reasons as it was too close, phonetically, to that of the McIntosh audio equipment manufacturer. The Lisa was a personal computer designed by Apple Inc. during the early 1980s. It was the first personal computer to offer a graphical user interface in an inexpensive machine aimed at individual business users. But the rising of a design by Burrell Smith with GUI and the CPU of Lisa and the Motorola 68K havingLisa a low production cost set management of Apple Inc. on fire and Jobs found the future in Mac rather then Lisa.
The final 1984 Mac OS desktop featured a radically new GUI. Users communicated with the computer not through abstract textual commands but rather using a desktop that included icons of real life items with which the user was already familiar. They published the advertise famous US$1.5 million television commercial, "1984“”now known as “”Masterpiece”. The limitations of the first Mac soon became clear: it had very little memory, even compared with other personal computers in 1984, and could not be expanded easily. It also lacked a hard disk drive or the means to attach one easily.
Apple introduced the Macintosh 512K, with four times the memory of the original Mac, at a price of US$3,195 in October 1985. In an attempt to improve connectivity, Apple released the Macintosh Plus on January 10, 1986. It offered RAM of 1 MB, expandable to 4 MB. It also featured a SCSI parallel interface, allowing up to seven peripherals. Its floppy drive was increased to an 800 kB. The MacMac Plus Plus was an immediate success and remained in production, unchanged, until October 15, 1990. In 1987 Apple took advantage of the new Motorola technology and introduced the Macintosh II.
The Macintosh II marked the start of a new direction for the Macintosh, as now for the first time it had an open architecture with several NuBus expansion slots, support for colour graphics and external monitors, and a modular design similar to that of the IBM PC. In September 1986, Apple introduced the Macintosh Programmers Workshop, an application that allowed software developers to create software for Macintosh on Macintosh. In August 1987, Apple unveiled multitasking to the Macintosh. The Macintosh Portable was Apples first battery- powered Macintosh. It was In 1988, Apple sued Microsoft and Hewlett-Packard on the available from 1989 to 1991 grounds that they infringed Apples copyrighted GUI. and could run System 6 and System 7. Apples actions aggrieved Free Software Foundation, who felt Apple was trying to monopolize on GUIs in general, and boycotted GNU software for the Macintosh platform for seven years.
From 1990-1998 From 1990 Macintosh started to have a though competition from the Microsoft in the field of OS. Response from the apple was to introduce a range of relatively inexpensive Macs in October 1990. Apple’s product between 1990 to 1998 1) Macintosh Classic In 1991 apple replaced its product Macintosh Portable with first 2) PowerBook 100 of PowerBook that is PowerBook 100. The 1993 PowerBook 165c was Apples first portable computer to feature a colour screen. Track pads , integrated stereo speakers & built-in Ethernet was included in 1994. But none of them attracted the customers as the Microsoft & Intel upgraded their product serially by Windows 95 & Pentium.
That lead Macintosh to the lower sell and less margin over the product but the rejoining of Steve Jobs in 1998 lead company to several changes that helped the company to regain the lost customers and retain their product in the market. In 1998, a year after Steve Jobs had returned to the company, Apple introduced an all-in-one Macintosh called the iMac. Its translucent plastic case, originally iMac Bondi blue and later many other colours, is considered an industrial design landmark of the late 1990s. This effectively made it the first Legacy-free PC. The iMac did away with most of Apples standard (and usually proprietary) connections, such as SCSI and ADB, in favour of two USB ports....
The iMac proved to be phenomenally successful, with 800,000 units sold in 139 days The iMac ‘s "blue and white" aesthetic was applied to the Power Macintosh, and then to a new product, the iBook. Introduced in July 1999. the iBook was Apples first consumer-level laptop computer. More than 140,000 pre-orders were placed before it started iMac at present shipping in September, and by October it was as much a sales hit as the iMac, Apple then included CD- RW, and DVD-ROM & DVD-RAM in iMac. Apple introduced Mac OS X, a fully overhauled Unix-based successor to Mac OS 9. It was released to the public in September 2000, as the Mac OS X Public Beta. Macbook Air
Apple discontinued the use of PowerPC microprocessors in 2006. At WWDC 2005, Steve Jobs revealed this transition and also noted that Mac OS X was developed to run on both the Intel and PowerPC architectures from the very beginning. Intel-based Macs can run pre-existing software developed for PowerPC using an emulator called Rosetta. The Classic environment is unavailable on the Intel architecture, though. Intel chips introduced the potential to run the Microsoft Windows operating system natively on Apple hardware, without emulation software such as Virtual PC. In March 2006, a group of hackers announced that they were able to run Windows XP on an Intel-based Mac. The group released their software as open source and has posted it for download on their website. Macbook Pro Starting in 2006, Apples industrial design shifted to favour aluminium, which was used in the construction of the first Mac Book Pro. Glass was added in 2008 with the introduction of the unibody Mac Book Pro.
Multi-touch gestures from the iPhones interface have been applied to the Mac line in the form of touch pads on notebooks and the Magic Mouse and Magic Trackpad for desktops. In recent years, Apple has seen a significant boost in sales of Macs. From 2001 to 2008, Mac sales increased continuously on an annual basis. Apple reported worldwide sales of 3.36 million Mac pro Macs during the 2009 holiday season. As of Mid-2011, the Macintosh continues to enjoy rapid market share increase in the US, growing from 7.3% of all computer shipments in 2010 to 9.3% in 2011. Mac mini On February 24, 2011, Apple became the first company to bring to market a computer that utilized Intels new Thunderbolt (codename Light Peak) I/O interface.
*List of operating System* OS X v10.0 (Cheetah) OS X v10.1 (Puma) OS X v10.2 (Jaguar) OS X v10.3 (Panther) OS X v10.4 (Tiger) OS X v10.5 (Leopard) OS X v10.6 (Snow Leopard) OS X v10.7 (Lion) OS X v10.8 (Mountain Lion)