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t hekeep.org http://thekeep.org/~kunoichi/kunoichi/themestream/hapi.html
Hapi, God of the Nile, Fertility, the North and S...
Hapi was also both god of Upper and Lower Egypt - this duality was shown by
having twin Hapi deities, one wearing the papy...
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Hapi, Ancient Egyptian God of the Nile

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Hapi (Hep, Hap, Hapy) was probably a predynastic name for the Nile - later on, the Egyptians just called the Nile iterw, meaning 'the river' - and so it became the name of the god of the Nile. ('Nile' comes from the Greek corruption - Neilos - of the Egyptian nwy which means 'water'.) He was mentioned in the Pyramid Texts ("who comest forth from Hep") where he was to send the river into the underworld from certain caverns, where he was thought to have lived at the First Cataract. The Nile was thought to have flowed from the primeval waters of Nun, through the land of the dead, the heavens and finally flowing into Egypt where it rose out of the ground between two mountains which lay between the Islands of Abu (Elephantine) and the Island of Iat-Rek (Philae). Hapi was also mentioned in the Pyramid Texts as a destructive power, but one that worked for the pharaoh.

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Hapi, Ancient Egyptian God of the Nile

  1. 1. t hekeep.org http://thekeep.org/~kunoichi/kunoichi/themestream/hapi.html Hapi, God of the Nile, Fertility, the North and South by Caroline Seawright August 21, 2001 Updated: December 19, 2012 Hapi (Hep, Hap, Hapy) was probably a predynastic name f or the Nile - later on, the Egyptians just called the Nile iterw, meaning 'the river' - and so it became the name of the god of the Nile. ('Nile' comes f rom the Greek corruption - Neilos - of the Egyptian nwy which means 'water'.) He was mentioned in the Pyramid Texts ("who comest f orth f rom Hep") where he was to send the river into the underworld f rom certain caverns, where he was thought to have lived at the First Cataract. The Nile was thought to have f lowed f rom the primeval waters of Nun, through the land of the dead, the heavens and f inally f lowing into Egypt where it rose out of the ground between two mountains which lay between the Islands of Abu (Elephantine) and the Island of Iat-Rek (Philae). Hapi was also mentioned in the Pyramid Texts as a destructive power, but one that worked f or the pharaoh. Homage to thee, O Hapi, thou appearest in this land, and thou comest in peace to make Egypt to live. Thou art the Hidden One, and the guide of the darkness on the day when it is thy pleasure to lead the same. Thou art the waterer of the f ields which Ra has created, thou givest lif e unto all animals, thou makest all the land to drink unceasingly as thou descendest on thy way f rom heaven. -- Lewis Spence (2008), Myths & Legends of Ancient Egypt, p. 171 As a water god, Hapi was a deity of f ertility and f ecundity - he provided water, f ood and the yearly inundation of the Nile. He was also known as 'Lord of the Fishes and Birds of the Marshes,' indicating that he provided these creatures to the Egyptians along with the Nile itself . Without Hapi, Egypt would have died, and so he was sometimes revered even above Ra, the sun god. The depiction of Hapi himself , though, was that of a rather well-f ed, blue or green man with the f alse beard of the pharaoh on his chin. Other than showing his status as a god of f ertility by his colour, the Egyptians showed Hapi as having rather large breasts, like those of a mother with a baby.According to Donald A. MacKenzie (1922), the "whitish muddy Nile may have been identif ied with milk". Thus, these white, muddy waters that f lowed f rom the breasts of Hapi were probably linked to nurturing and suckling, and thus also to f ertility. At a very early period he absorbed the attributes of Nun, the primeval watery mass f rom which Ra, the Sun-god, emerged on the f irst day of the creation; and as a natural result he was held the f ather of all beings and things, which were believed to be the results of his handiwork and his of f spring. When we consider the great importance which the Nile possessed f or Egypt and her inhabitants it is easy to understand how the Nile-god Hapi held a unique position among the gods of the country, and how he came to be regarded as a being as great as, if not greater than Ra himself . -- TourEgypt, Hap, or Hapi, The God of the Nile Image © Cristoph Gerigk
  2. 2. Hapi was also both god of Upper and Lower Egypt - this duality was shown by having twin Hapi deities, one wearing the papyrus of the north (Lower Egypt) as a headdress, the other wearing the south's (Upper Egypt) water lily (lotus) as a headdress. The Upper Egyptian Hapi was called 'Hap-Meht' while the Lower Egyptian Hapi was known as 'Hap-Reset'. They were depicted together, pouring water f rom a carried vase or together, tying the two plants of the northern or southern region into a knot with the sema hieroglyph, symbolising the union of Upper and Lower Egypt. He was thought to be the husband of the vulture goddess Nekhbet in Upper Egypt, and of the cobra goddess Wadjet (Edjo) in Lower Egypt. When he took on the attributes of Nun (Nu), Hapi became husband to Nun's wif e, the primeval goddess Naunet of the Ogdoad. He was also linked with Osiris - another water- related f ertility god - and thus Nekhbet and Wadjet were also seen as a f orm of Isis, Osiris' wif e. ...the Egyptians had no clue how or why the Nile f looded each year. They believed that the gods Khnum, Satet, and Anqet were the guardians of the source of the Nile. Their duty was to make sure that the right amount of silt was released during the yearly inundation. Hapi was in charge of the waters that f lowed during the f loods. The f lood was commonly known as the "arrival of Hapi". -- April McDevitt, Hapi During the inundation f lood, the Egyptians would throw of f erings, amulets and other sacrif ices into the Nile at certain places, sacred to Hapi. Hapi was thought to come with the inundation (the 'Arrival of Hapi') with a retinue of crocodile gods and f rog goddesses, and the sacrif ices were given in the hopes that the f lood would not be too high, nor too low. If the inundation was too high, many homes would be destroyed (the Egyptians built their homes and even palaces out of mud brick, which was easily washed away in a large f lood). On the other hand, if the f lood was too low, there would not be enough water f or the f ields and cattle - Egypt would be in drought.A great f lood was known as a 'large Hapi', whilst a low f lood was a 'small Hapy'. During inundation, statues of Hapi were carried about through the towns and villages so that the people could honor and pray to him - it was a solemn occasion. Even Akhenaten, the 'heretic king', could not banish Hapi completely as he did with the other gods. Instead, he tried to suggest that Hapi was an incarnation of the Akenaten himself : Praises to thee, O Ua-en-Re (Akhenaten). I give adoration to the height of heaven. I propitiate him who lives by truth (Ma'at), the Lord of Diadems, Akhenaten, great in his duration; the Nile-god by whose decrees men are enriched; the f ood (kau) and f atness of Egypt; the good ruler who f orms me, begets me, develops me, makes me to associate with princes; the light by sight of which I live - my Ka day by day. -- Henri Frankf ort (1978), Kingship and the Gods, p. 69 Hapi was the mighty one in his cavern, whose true name was unknown. He was 'lord of the f ishes and birds of the marshes' who 'greens the Two Banks'. He was the 'maker of barley and wheat', the 'master of the river bringing vegetation'. However, there are no known temples of Hapi, but his statues and relief s are f ound in the temples of other deities. He was worshiped throughout the land of Egypt, but especially at Swentet (Aswan) and Gebel El-Silisila. © Caroline 'Kunoichi' Seawright 2001 - present Image © The Great Mirror

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