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http://thekeep.org/~kunoichi/kunoichi/themestream/amentet.html
Amentet, Goddess of the Dead, Personification of the West
b...
'Amentet' could also read as 'hidden place' when referring to the underworld. It
was also the place where Ra's journey thr...
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Amentet, Ancient Egyptian Goddess of the Dead

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Amentet (Ament, Amentit, Imentet, Imentit) was the Egyptian goddess and friend of the dead, and the personification of the Land of the West, Amenty - imnty. It was she who welcomed the deceased to their new dwelling place in the netherworld. She was also a goddess who helped with the rebirthing process, and thus a goddess of fertility and rebirth, who regenerated the deceased with food and water.

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Amentet, Ancient Egyptian Goddess of the Dead

  1. 1. http://thekeep.org/~kunoichi/kunoichi/themestream/amentet.html Amentet, Goddess of the Dead, Personification of the West by Caroline Seawright June 25, 2002 Updated: December 3, 2012 Amentet (Ament, Amentit, Imentet, Imentit) was the Egyptian goddess and f riend of the dead, and the personif ication of the Land of the West, Amenty - imnty. It was she who welcomed the deceased to their new dwelling place in the netherworld. She was also a goddess who helped with the rebirthing process, and thus a goddess of f ertility and rebirth, who regenerated the deceased with f ood and water. She was depicted as a beautif ul woman as wearing the hieroglyph of the west - - on her head, carrying a sceptre and the ankh of lif e in her hands. She is occasionally seen as a winged goddess, when linked to the goddesses Isis and Nephthys. The standard of the west is usually a half circle sitting on top of two poles of uneven length, the longer of which is tied to her head by a headband. Of ten a hawk or an ostrich f eather is seen sitting on top of the standard. This hieroglyph was used in words such as 'west' and words relating to the west such as, 'western' as well as 'right' and 'right hand'. Occasionally, she is shown wearing just the hawk on her head. She was believed to live in a tree at the edge of the desert, a place where she could watch the gates to the underworld. She was of ten shown not only in tombs, but on cof f ins, being a goddess of the dead. This f eather, the normal ornament of Libyans, who wore it f ixed in their hair, was also the sign f or the word 'Western' and was naturally suitable to Amentet, who was originally the goddess of the Libyan province to the west of Lower Egypt. -- The Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology (1994), p. 41 The word 'Amentet', as used by the Egyptians, was applied to the west bank of the Nile - Egyptian cemeteries and f unerary places were all on the west. To the Egyptians, west was a direction linked to death.Amentet was also the name of the underworld - the place where Ra travelled during the night. The place where the sun set was also called by this name, being the entrance to the land of the dead according to Egyptian belief .Amentet - 'She of the West' - was theref or the goddess of not only the land of the dead, but also of the entry to the underworld, and of the west itself . Amenti or Amentet was originally the place where the sun set, but subsequently the name was applied to the cemeteries and tombs which were usually built or hewn in the stony plateaus and mountains on the western bank of the Nile. Some believe that Amenti was, at f irst, the name of a small district, without either f unereal or mythological signif ication. The Christian Egyptians or Copts used the word Amend to translate the Greek word Hades, to which they attributed all the ideas which their heathen ancestors had associated with the Amenti of The Book of the Dead. -- E.A. Wallis Budge (2011), The Egyptian Book of the Dead: The Papyrus of Ani in the British Museum, p. cxxxiii Image © Hans Ollermann t hekeep.org
  2. 2. 'Amentet' could also read as 'hidden place' when referring to the underworld. It was also the place where Ra's journey through the 12 night hours of the Duat began. In the 11th Hour of the Duat, Amentet appears alongside two other deities called Herit (hryt) and Sebekhti (sbkhty), at the gate called Shetat-Besu.Amentet wears the crown of Upper Egypt, Herit wears the crown of Lower Egypt, and the god Sebekhti holds an ankh and a sceptre. Together, the three deities were believed to preside over the entrance to the vestibule of the world of light. Standing at the entry to the land of the dead, Amentet of f ers f ood and drink to the deceased, regenerating them. This is connected to regeneration of the dead - the rebirth of the souls in the af terlif e. Thus she is also a f ertility goddess, who was of ten represented by other f ertility-related goddesses such as Hathor, Isis and Nit, Mut, and Nut. She was also connected with Nephthys and Ma'at.As the goddess Hathor-Amentet she was a solar goddess of the west, who was believed to regenerate and welcome the newly deceased, and in this f orm she was paired with Ra-Horakhty. She was sometimes depicted with Iabet, the goddess of the east. At the gates of the World, at the entrance of the desert, one of ten sees the dead being welcomed by a goddess who half -emerges f rom the f oliage of the tree she has chosen to live in to of f er him bread and water. If he drinks and eats he becomes the 'f riend of the gods' and f ollows af ter them, and can never return. -- The Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology (1994), p. 41 There may have been a male version of Amentet. In The Book of the Earth of Ramses VI, there are two male deities who are shown to welcome the sun - iabtht and amntht .Amenteth may have been the male personification of the west, and maybe a husband or companion of Amentet. Amentet was worshiped in the western areas of the Delta, and at Mennef er (Hikuptah, Memphis), Abtu (Abydos) and in the Ipet-Resyt (Luxor)/Ipet-Isut (Karnak) region of Egypt, but no temples were dedicated to her. The goddess Hathor eventually supplanted her during the New Kingdom. © Caroline 'Kunoichi' Seawright 2002 - present Image © Eliot Elisofon

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