German Politics

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German Politics

  1. 1. By Colin, Kundai, Lukas & Michael
  2. 2.  1900s  Otto von Bismarck  Monarch  WWI
  3. 3.  1919 new democracy  War reparations, economic slump  1929 Great Depression  Adolf Hitler, authoritarian rule  The Third Reich  WWII
  4. 4.  East and West split  1961 Berlin Wall  1990 unification  Western influence on the Constitution  Parliament, federal system  Decentralization
  5. 5.  Parliamentary government  Unusual form of Parliamentarianism  Chancellor cannot dissolve the Bundestag  Stronger checks and balances between the 3 powers
  6. 6.  Needs the confidence of the Bundestag’s majority  Appoints Cabinet Ministers  Defines how many ministries the Cabinet has  Cannot dismiss the legislature and call for elections  Is susceptible to be removed by the Bundestag (constructive no-confidence vote)
  7. 7.  Elected by the federal convention  Not just a ceremonial post  Appoints government and military officials  Signs treaties and laws  Nominates the Bundestag’s chancellor
  8. 8.  Multiparty system  Strong party identification  Dominated by CDU and SDU  Christian Democratic Union (Conservative)  Social Democratic Party of Germany (leftist)  Greens (1980s)
  9. 9.  A system of courts that interprets and applies the law  Civil law is based on collection of statutes as opposed to common law
  10. 10.  Ordinary Court  Administrative Court  Constitutional Court
  11. 11.  Hears criminal cases  Most legal disputes  State and Local Courts are administered at the state-level  Federal Court of Justice is the national-level ordinary court  All of these courts apply the same legal codes
  12. 12.  Hears cases in specialized areas › Administrative complaints against government agencies › Tax matters › Claims involving social programs › Labor management disputes  These specialized courts exist on both the state and federal level
  13. 13.  Reviews the constitutionality of legislation  Mediates disputes between levels of government  Protects the constitution and democratic order
  14. 14.  Completely independent from executive branch  Longstanding tradition
  15. 15.  Constitutional Court has the ability to review constitutionality of legislation and void laws that violate basic law  Issues can be brought by › Direct citizen appeal (+90% in this manner) › Government Request
  16. 16.  Current challenges  Problems  Long term trends
  17. 17.       Court image 123rf.com Flag image zazzle.com Head of State image bundesregierung.de Map image alternatehistory.com Modern Germany image thenextweb.com Scale image dw.de

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