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Ignou solved assignment bshf 101 (2014 - 2015) demo

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Ignou solved assignment bshf 101 (2014 - 2015) demo

  1. 1. Foundation Course in Humanities and Social Sciences Tutor Marked Assignment (TMA) Course Code: BSHF-101 Assignment Code: BSHF-101/AST/TMA/2014-15 Total Marks: 100 Note: Instructions are there with each section. Section - A DCQ: Answer any two in about 500 words each. 1. Can we say that the post-industrial society makes a shift towards service sector and ICT? Discuss. 20 Ans: Answer of only two questions is necessary. 2. Comment on Mahatma Gandhi's role in the national movement. 20 Ans:Gandhi initiallyfavouredoffering"non-violentmoral support"tothe BritisheffortwhenWorldWarII broke out in 1939, but the Congressional leaders were offended by the unilateral inclusion of India in the war without consultationof the people'srepresentatives.AllCongressmenresignedfromoffice.Afterlongdeliberations, Gandhi declaredthatIndiacouldnotbe party to a war ostensiblybeingfought for democratic freedom while that freedom was deniedtoIndiaitself.Asthe war progressed, Gandhi intensified his demand for independence, calling for the BritishtoQuit Indiaina speechat GowaliaTankMaidan. Thiswas Gandhi'sandthe CongressParty's most definitive revolt aimed at securing the British exit from India. Gandhi was criticised by some Congress party members and other Indian political groups, both pro-British and anti-British. Some felt that not supporting Britain more in its struggle against Nazi Germany was unethical. Others felt that Gandhi's refusal for India to participate in the war was insufficient and more direct opposition should be taken, while Britain fought against Nazism yet continued to contradict itself by refusing to grant India Independence.QuitIndiabecame the mostforcefulmovementin the history of the struggle, with mass arrests and violence on an unprecedented scale. Thousands of freedom fighters were killed or injured by police gunfire, and hundreds of thousands were arrested. Gandhi and his supporters made it clear they would not support the war effortunlessIndiawasgrantedimmediateindependence.He evenclarifiedthatthis time the movement would not be stoppedif individual actsof violence were committed,sayingthatthe "orderedanarchy"around him was "worse than real anarchy." He called on all Congressmen and Indians to maintain discipline via ahimsa, and Karo Ya Maro ("Do or Die") in the cause of ultimate freedom. [Citation needed] Gandhi and the entire Congress Working Committee were arrested in Bombay by the British on 9 August 1942. Gandhi washeld for two years in the Aga Khan Palace in Pune. It was here that Gandhi suffered two terrible blows in his personal life. His 50-year old secretary Mahadev Desai died of a heart attack 6 days later and his wife Kasturbadiedafter18 monthsimprisonmenton22 February1944; six weekslaterGandhi suffereda severe malaria attack. He was released before the end of the war on 6 May 1944 because of his failing health and necessary surgery; the Raj did not want him to die in prison and enrage the nation. He came out of detention to an altered political scene—theMuslimLeague forexample, which a few years earlier had appeared marginal, "now occupied the centre of the political stage"[64] and the topic of Jinnah's campaign for Pakistan was a major talking point. Gandhi met Jinnah in September 1944 in Bombay but Jinnah rejected, on the grounds that it fell short of a fully
  2. 2. independent Pakistan, his proposal of the right of Muslim provinces to opt out of substantial parts of the forthcoming political union. 3. What do you understand by the term 'social structure'? Discuss. 20 Ans: Answer of only two questions is necessary. 4. What is the role of communication in modern governance? Elaborate. 20 Ans: COMPLETE SOLVED ASSIGNMENTS ARE AVAILABLE FOR ONLINE MEMBERS ONLY. BECOME ONLINE LEARNING MEMBER BY PAYING A NOMINAL FEE OF Rs.300 ONLY. SOME SOLVED QUESTION PAPERS WILL ALSO BE PROVIDED. FOR DETAILS CONTACT: KUMAR NIRMAL PRASAD, TINSUKIA (ASSAM) CONTACT NO. 9577097967 EMAIL: KUMARNIRMALPRASAD@GMAIL.COM WEBSITE: WWW.DYNAMICTUTORIAL.BLOGSPOT.COM Section - B MCQ: Answer any four questions in about 250 words each. 5. What do you understand by the term 'Renaissance'? Discuss. 12 Ans:The Renaissance wasacultural movementthatspannedroughlythe 14thto the 17th century,beginninginItaly inthe Late Middle Agesandlaterspreadingtothe rest of Europe.The termis also used more loosely to refer to the historical era,butsince the changesof the Renaissance werenotuniform across Europe, this is a general use of the term. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a flowering of literature, science, art, religion, and politics, and a resurgence of learningbasedonclassical sources,the developmentof linearperspective inpainting,andgradual but widespreadeducational reform.Traditionally,thisintellectual transformationhasresultedin the Renaissance being viewed as a bridge between the middle Ages and the Modern era. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term "Renaissance man". There is a consensus the Renaissance began in Florence, Tuscany in the 14th century. Various theories have beenproposedtoaccountfor itsoriginsandcharacteristics,focusingonavarietyof factors includingthe social and civicpeculiaritiesof Florence atthe time;itspolitical structure;the patronage of itsdominantfamily,the Medici and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks. 6. What do you understand by the term 'Human Security’? Briefly discuss. 12
  3. 3. Solution: COMPLETE SOLVED ASSIGNMENTS ARE AVAILABLE FOR ONLINE MEMBERS ONLY. BECOME ONLINE LEARNING MEMBER BY PAYING A NOMINAL FEE OF Rs.300 ONLY. SOME SOLVED QUESTION PAPERS WILL ALSO BE PROVIDED. FOR DETAILS CONTACT: KUMAR NIRMAL PRASAD, TINSUKIA (ASSAM) CONTACT NO. 9577097967 EMAIL: KUMARNIRMALPRASAD@GMAIL.COM WEBSITE: WWW.DYNAMICTUTORIAL.BLOGSPOT.COM 7. What does globalisation mean for the Indian economy? Comment. 12 Ans: Answer of only 4 questions is necessary. 8. Is planning relevant in India today? Discuss. 12 Ans: Answer of only 4 questions is necessary. 9. What in your views are the challenges of modern education today? 12 Ans: Challenges of Modern Education Financial Challenges: The Right to Education Act is already plagued with various financial hurdles and challenges. Many states have already voiced their inability to mobilize funds and entered into a dispute with the center. Challenge to Find Qualified Teachers: The dearth of good and qualified teachers is going to be one of the most crucial challenges faced in implementing the act. In the absence of competent teachers who are considered the pillars of education, it would be next to impossible for the Act to realistically achieve its goals. Challenge to provide Infrastructure: In a survey on 'Elementary Education in India', conducted by the National Universityof Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA), it has been found that almost half of the recognizedelementaryschoolsinthe countrydonothave separate toiletforgirls.Thisgoes out to prove and depict the sorry state that our schools are in. Challenge to provide Equality and Quality in Education: HRD Minister has paved the way for huge challengesaheadbypromisingqualityeducationtoall.Ithas alreadybeenseenthatitwill be difficulttodosoin the absence of good teachers. Challenge toEnforce 25% Quota for WeakerSections: It remainsto be seen whether this clause to reserve 25% of seatsfor weaker sections by Private unaided schools will turn out to be a boon or a bane. On one hand the Act aimsat removingthisbipolarity in education and on the other it is feared that interfering in the functioning of private schools will have an adverse effect on the quality of education. 10. Was the Kyoto protocol effective? Comment. 12 Ans: Answer of only 4 questions is necessary.
  4. 4. 11. How has the nature of conflict changed in today's world? Briefly discuss. 12 Ans: Answer of only 4 questions is necessary. 12. What do you understand by the term 'Fundamental Rights' as given in our constitution? 12 Ans: COMPLETE SOLVED ASSIGNMENTS ARE AVAILABLE FOR ONLINE MEMBERS ONLY. BECOME ONLINE LEARNING MEMBER BY PAYING A NOMINAL FEE OF Rs.300 ONLY. SOME SOLVED QUESTION PAPERS WILL ALSO BE PROVIDED. FOR DETAILS CONTACT: KUMAR NIRMAL PRASAD, TINSUKIA (ASSAM) CONTACT NO. 9577097967 EMAIL: KUMARNIRMALPRASAD@GMAIL.COM WEBSITE: WWW.DYNAMICTUTORIAL.BLOGSPOT.COM Section – C SCQ: Write short notes on any two in about 100 words each: 6+6 a) Directive Principles of State Policy Ans: Answer of only two questions is necessary. b) Juvenile Justice Act Ans: Answer of only two questions is necessary. c) Family as a social institution Ans:The institutionof familyisabasicunitinthe society,and the multifaceted function performed by it makes it a much-neededinstitutioninasociety. Some of the importantfunctionsperformedbythe familyinclude reproduction of new members and socializing them, and provision of emotional and physical care for older persons as young. Familyinfact,is an institutionwhichresolvesoreasesalarge numberof social problems. The termfamilyhadbeen definedbyvarioussociologistsandanthropologists. Murdock(1949), afterstudyingover250 multi-cultural societies defines family as a “social group characterized by common residence, economic co-operation and Reproduction. d) Digital-Divide Ans: COMPLETE SOLVED ASSIGNMENTS ARE AVAILABLE FOR ONLINE MEMBERS ONLY. BECOME ONLINE LEARNING MEMBER BY PAYING A NOMINAL FEE OF Rs.300 ONLY. SOME SOLVED QUESTION PAPERS WILL ALSO BE PROVIDED. FOR DETAILS CONTACT: KUMAR NIRMAL PRASAD, TINSUKIA (ASSAM)
  5. 5. CONTACT NO. 9577097967 EMAIL: KUMARNIRMALPRASAD@GMAIL.COM WEBSITE: WWW.DYNAMICTUTORIAL.BLOGSPOT.COM

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