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Supply chain as a tool for solid waste management gurgaon

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Supply Chain Management has turn out to be crucial component of corporate management strategy. The method may be applied to assortment, separation, processing and dumping of organic waste in a city.
Present paper attempts to realize the existing way of disposing organic waste in area of Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon (MCG) and the option to relate the system of Supply Chain Management for the similar task, by using stake holder model. Technically stake holders convey about communication, organization and sheathe frame works meant in provided that value to users. We are interested in applying stake holder’s technology for scheming and controlling the dynamic performance of supply chain.

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Supply chain as a tool for solid waste management gurgaon

  1. 1. SUPPLY CHAIN AS A TOOL FOR COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL OF ORGANIC WASTE IN GURGAON PROJECT REPORT SUPPLY CHAIN MODELLING GROUP 2 (Energy) Abhijeet Kumar (P131001) Ankita Grover (P131008) Bikas Kumar Mallick (P131012) Kumar Mukund (P131020) Shiva Kumar D (P131033)
  2. 2. 1 | P a g e TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1: ABSTRACT........................................................................................................................................................... 2 CHAPTER 2: INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................................. 2 CHAPTER 3: WASTE MANAGEMENT....................................................................................................................................... 3 3.1 ISSUES ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3 3.2 CHALLENGES AHEAD................................................................................................................................................... 4 CHAPTER 4: SUPPLY CHAIN IN WASTE MANAGEMENT........................................................................................................... 4 4.1 STAKE HOLDERS IN SCM ............................................................................................................................................. 4 4.2 CONVERSATION METHODOLOGY ............................................................................................................................... 5 CHAPTER 5: OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS ............................................................................................................................. 6 CHAPTER 6: KEY REFERENCES ................................................................................................................................................ 7 LIST OF FIGURES Figure i: SCM of wastage in Gurgaon.................................................................................................................................... 2 Figure ii: Vehicles Used in Transportation ............................................................................................................................ 2 Figure iii: Heavy Vehicles in Transportation ......................................................................................................................... 3 Figure iv: SCM of Stake Holders............................................................................................................................................ 5
  3. 3. 2 | P a g e CHAPTER 1: ABSTRACT Supply Chain Management has turn out to be crucial component of corporate management strategy. The method may be applied to assortment, separation, processing and dumping of organic waste in a city. Present paper attempts to realize the existing way of disposing organic waste in area of Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon (MCG) and the option to relate the system of Supply Chain Management for the similar task, by using stake holder model. Technically stake holders convey about communication, organization and sheathe frame works meant in provided that value to users. We are interested in applying stake holder’s technology for scheming and controlling the dynamic performance of supply chain. CHAPTER 2: INTRODUCTION Municipal Corporation Gurgaon is geographically divided into Four Zones: Zone 1/West, Zone 2/North, Zone 3/West and Zone 4/South. Total population of Gurgaon is more than 15 lakh1 which generates around 1000 tonne2 solid waste daily. Managing such a huge amount of waste is a daunting task. KL Envitech Pvt Ltd which is a subsidiary company of Antony Group is entrusted with waste management of Gurgaon. To understand its supply chain, we talked to Mr. Subendu, Sr. Manager (Operation), Mr. Satish Sharma, Field Incharge and many other staffs of KL Envitech like drivers, garbage collectors etc. So let us now understand their supply chain. Figure i: SCM of wastage in Gurgaon Stage 1: At this stage, various kinds of wastes like food packaging, food scraps, bottles, cans, clothing, yard trimming, newspapers, plastic bags etc are generated by households. It may also include hazardous wastes like paints, solvents, pesticides, expired medicines. All these wastes are collectively kept at picking point. There is no segregation of wastes is done. Stage 2: Various kinds of vehicles are used in the supply chain.  Puller Rickshaw (Figure 2): This is used for door to door collection of waste. The waste thus collected is either dumped at nearby dumping are or collected directly by Hiwa (Figure 4).  Mini Tipper (Figure 3): This is also used for door to door collection of waste The waste thus collected is either dumped at nearby dumping are or collected directly by Helcompactor (Figure 5). Its load carrying capacity is 500 kg. Figure ii: Vehicles Used in Transportation 1 http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/225-gurgaon.html 2 http://www.urbannewsdigest.in/?p=7566
  4. 4. 3 | P a g e  Hiwa (Figure 4): There are some strategies locations already identified where these vehicles wait to collect waste. Some of the important locations are Palam Vihar, Gurgaon Gaon, Basai etc. The load carrying capacities of these vehicles are around 16500 kg. There are 5 Hiwa with KL Envitech.  Helcompactor (Figure 5): These vehicles come in two categories- 6 tires with capacity of 13500 kg and 10 tires with capacity of 16000 kg. These vehicles collect waste directly from Mini Tipper. Like Hiwa, these vehicles also wait at some strategies locations (sec 22 chowk, Khansa, Dundh Heda etc) to collect waste. There are 10 Helcompactor with KL Envitech. Figure iii: Heavy Vehicles in Transportation  Dumper Pressure (Figure 6): Dumper Pressure (DP) is used to collect waste boxes from various locations.  JCB (Figure 7): It is used or loading and unloading of waste material and waste collection box from various locations. Stage 3: The waste thus collected is now transported to the main dumping ground near Bandhwari Village, close to Faridabad –Gurgaon boarder. Hiwa and Helcompactor is mainly used to transport the waste. These vehicles take 3-4 trips daily to dispose all waste. The distance of dumping ground is 27 km from KL Envitech’s Gurgaon field office at Vyapar Sadan, Sec 14 CHAPTER 3: WASTE MANAGEMENT 3.1 ISSUES In our research, we found out following issues with the supply chain of waste management:  Lack of apt storage of waste at primary source points.  Partial segregation is done- no segregation of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes.  There is no separate waste treatment plant for Gurgaon. There is one plant at Bandhwari Village which was originally meant for Faridabad and has capacity of 600 tons per day. It is noteworthy to mention that around
  5. 5. 4 | P a g e 600 tons waste generated by Faridbad daily is also dumped at the same landfill near Bandhwari Village. The waste treatment plant at the site has been dysfunctional for over 1 year now and is unable to handle the growing inflow of waste.  Irregular transportation system of waste in open vehicles.  Dumping of wastes at un-appropriate locations like empty land near TCS office in Palam Vihar.  Unauthorized burning of wastes to handle inefficiencies in the supply chain which generates lots of hazardous gas and smoke.  Inadequate manpower- The Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon (MCG) currently employs around 1,500 sanitation workers while the city requires at least 3,500 workers3 .  Lack of skilled workers.  Lack of awareness among the staff about environmental impact of waste.  No hand gloves, hand carts, identity cards, etc. are provided to waste collectors.  No Bio-gas plant is installed. 3.2 CHALLENGES AHEAD It is clear that about all municipal corporations are unsuccessful in appliance of the Municipal Solid Waste Rules. This failures lead to numerous primary but the hold-up problems. The initial and critical issues are as follows:  Storage space of waste at source o There is no community consciousness, motivation and edification about MSW. o No support from residents, hotels, complexes. o Individuals are much averse to alter their habits.  Separation of waste o Very dim publicity via media o No indulgent among the general public about using separate dust-bins for separation of dry waste and wet waste. o No awareness about the benefits of separation o Very hard to educate dwellers o No investment for creating community awareness.  Collection o Fewer vehicles for prime transportation. o Less alertness and motivation amongst workforce. o Unavailability of stakeholders for assortment and separation work.  Ease of use of less treatment space and obligation of qualified and trained authorities is the stipulate of the circumstances CHAPTER 4: SUPPLY CHAIN IN WASTE MANAGEMENT 4.1 STAKE HOLDERS IN SCM The contemplation of integrated and sustainable solid waste management arrangement aspects include social, cultural, environmental and the responsibility of stake-holders. The participation of stake holders in assessment making is of main concern, and maintenance of stake holders knowledgeable about the concerned problems and proposals is very significant, to engage individual and community for public cooperation. The stake holders have to be provided consistent, safe working environment, and medicinal services to boost their ethical values. Supply chain management should be strong enough to make MSWM (Municipality Solid Waste Management) very effectual and efficient. Supply chain management should function in cooperation, harmonization and conversation for the stated purpose. It is essential to regard as the common stake holder system and their synchronization, collaboration and conversation, stake holder’s list is as follows: Share Holder (SH) 3 http://www.hindustantimes.com/gurgaon/chunk-ht-ui-gurgaonsurvey-civicissues-casestudy/gurgaon-collapsing-city- stares-at-civic-mess/article1-1059439.aspx
  6. 6. 5 | P a g e  SH 1 - Residents, Restaurants, Complexes (commercial), Market places.  SH 2 – Collectors & Rag pickers.  SH 3 - Transportation staff (Large & Small vehicles).  SH 4 – Collectors, Separators.  SH 5 - Large vehicles owners and staff  SH 6 – Process staff, managers, monitors & supervisors.  SH 7 – Municipal administrative staff, HODs, planners, decision makers. It is a well-known fact that the accomplishment of supply chain management depends on effectual performance of stake holders. The horizontal & vertical both ways conversation, collaboration and harmonization are necessary to be there on the main concern. The details about work load, working circumstances, appropriate movement of the matter in the procedure and many more issues, will guide to undisturbed solutions. All through the supply chain system trust between the stake holders plays the vital role. 4.2 CONVERSATION METHODOLOGY Conversation method is explanation of how stake holder act and react in certain circumstances. A conversation method consists of first and last objective and rules govern with conversion and organize system and local data that are reserved to carry forward the situation of conversation. The implementation state is reserved in actual conversation. In the following figure residential holds, i.e. SH-1 is handing over the untreated waste along with dry waste; the dry waste can be used i.e. sold to the merchants by SH-2 individuals. The SH-3 is transporters and related staff. In actuality there is a good communication between SH 1, and 2, 3; because SH-2 and 3 collect dry waste by the side of with wet waste from SH-1 and sell, so dry waste is their extra income. They can discourse with each other for separation of waste into respective dry and wet near source point. If the SH-1 is not ready to acknowledge the implication of SH-2 and 3 then they can advance to their high authorities, SH-6 and 7 to arrange, train and alertness campaign in the region of SH-1. Then the matter is weighed down in the small and large vehicle ecstatic by transport staff, SH-3, to site, it can be a treatment process site, segregation or separation site, landfill site. Here segregation of waste is done by SH-4. The segregated waste is again loaded in vehicles taken to treatment sites. This work is done SH-5. The organic waste is processed by technicians at different management sites. These supervisors, technicians etc. are SH-6. Then Gurgaon Municipal admin staffs, NGOs are SH-7. Here in this part communication, organization is of major significance. If any split in the chain occurs it is essential to converse to both stake holders so that the preventative measures become doable. Other wagons going to same site can be preoccupied to another site so to reduce transport expenses. At this phase it is very necessary to consider the field workforce procedure, transporters, technicians and related people how to motivate them? They should be facilitated with good uniform, paid bonus, and some incentives. The system like “quality circle” can make them think and they can come up with good ideas/suggestions to perk up working circumstances or even procedure. By adopting SCM in this way it can turn into a very firm management organization of conversation, harmonization system. Figure iv: SCM of Stake Holders
  7. 7. 6 | P a g e CHAPTER 5: OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS We are also recommending following steps to improve the current supply chain:  The waste treatment plant should be repaired urgently.  Separate waste treatment plant for Gurgaon with capacity around 1200 tonne per day should be installed urgently. Alternatively, the capacity of existing plant can also be increased.  Segregation at source is the best way to tackle the growing solid municipal waste. It will help reduce the amount of waste reaching the landfill by over 90 per cent. Several cities like Mysore, Pune, Bangalore and Coimbatore have successfully implemented the same. Segregating waste will not just reduce the burden on the landfill, but can also be put to better like making manure or other products. Mindless dumping of waste pollutes the groundwater and also causes air pollution. For this awareness among staff and general public is required. Tie up with various NGOs and Environmental bodies can help to increase awareness.  Waste collector should be trained to collect only segregate wastes from house/industry. It will bring about change in the mindset. Further hand gloves, hand carts, identity cards, etc should be provided to encourage them to actively take part in the program.  Bio-gas plant should be installed to use the wet waste. This will not only help in waste management but also in generating power.
  8. 8. 7 | P a g e CHAPTER 6: KEY REFERENCES http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/gurgaon/State-master-plan-for-solid-waste- disposal/articleshow/44729495.cms http://www.hindustantimes.com/gurgaon/chunk-ht-ui-gurgaonsurvey-civicissues-casestudy/gurgaon-collapsing-city- stares-at-civic-mess/article1-1059439.aspx http://www.cips.org/Documents/About%20CIPS/Develop%20Waste%20v3%20-%2020.11.07.pdf http://www.urbannewsdigest.in/?p=7566 http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-newdelhi/gurgaon-municipal-corporation-bats-for- segregation-of-waste-at-source/article6047792.ece http://www.mcg.gov.in/frmZones.aspx

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