What is Psychological health?
Psychological health is about doing things
that give you a sense of enjoyment and
achievement, holding helpful and balanced
attitudes toward life, and building
When we react to stressors, a wide variety of
cognitive and emotional responses can occur.
Examples of cognitive responses are
concentration problems, indecision, forgetfulness,
and sensitivity to criticism, self-critical thoughts,
and rigid attitudes. Examples of emotional
responses are nervousness, tension, irritability
and anger. Stress contributes not only physical ill
health but also psychological ill health.
model of psychological health
Positive Relations with Others,
Purpose in Life,
Psychological health includes
Learning the skills needed to handle emotional
problems will give you a foundation of
psychological health. Emotionally healthy people
are able to adjust to and solve problems, and in
doing so they help others as well as themselves
to get satisfaction out of life.
Learn to love. Cultivate the skill of loving each
other and ourselves.
People are able to coexist peacefully in
communities with opportunities for
Outcomes of psychological health
Reduced stress, strain, anxiety,
absenteeism, turnover intentions, and
Improved physical health, psychological
health, emotional stability, adjustment,
goal-setting behavior, coping,
adaptation, attitudes toward learning,
and vocational choice; and
Increased creativity, motivation,
performance, occupational success,
commitment, tenure, satisfaction, and
Rational emotive behavioural theory:
criteria of psychological health
behavioural theory also
puts forward a number of
criteria of psychological
health. These include the
Self-interest: Sensible and emotionally healthy people
tend to be primarily interested in themselves and to
put their own interests at least a little above the
interests of others. They sacrifice themselves to some
degree for those for whom they care but not
overwhelmingly or completely.
Social interest: Social interest is usually rational and
self-helping because most people choose to live and
enjoy themselves in a social group or community. If
they do not act morally, protect the rights of others,
and abet social survival, it is unlikely that they will
create the kind of world in which they themselves can
live comfortably and happily.
Self-direction: Healthy people tend mainly to assume
responsibility for their own lives while simultaneously
preferring to cooperate with others. They do not need
or demand considerable support or succoring from
others, though they may prefer and work for this.
High frustration tolerance: Rational individuals give
both themselves and others the right to be wrong.
Even when they intensely dislike their own and others'
behavior, they refrain from damning themselves or
others, as persons, for unacceptable or obnoxious
behavior. They are capable of changing the changeable
and accepting those they cannot, and having the
wisdom to know the difference between the two.
Flexibility: Healthy and mature individuals tend to be
flexible in their thinking, open to change, and
unbigoted and pluralistic in their view of other people.
They do not make rigid, invariant rules for themselves
Acceptance of uncertainty: Healthy men and women
tend to acknowledge and accept the idea that we seem
to live in a world of probability and chance where
absolute certainties do not and probably never will
exist. They realize that it is often fascinating and
exciting and definitely not horrible to live in this kind
of probabilistic and uncertain world. They enjoy a good
degree of order but do not demands to know exactly
what dies future will bring or what will happen to
Commitment to creative pursuits: Most people tend
to be headier and happier when they are vitally
absorbed in something outside themselves and
preferably have at least one powerful creative
interest, as well as some major human involvement,
that they structure a good part of their life around it.
Scientific thinking: Non-disturbed individuals tend to
be more objective, realistic, and scientific than more
disturbed ones. They are able to feel deeply and act
concertedly, but they tend to regulate their emotions
and actions by reflecting on them and evaluating
their consequences in terms of the extent to which
they lead to the attainment of short-term and long-
Self-acceptance: Healthy people are usually glad to
be alive and accept themselves just because they are
alive and have some capacity to enjoy themselves.
They refuse to measure their intrinsic worth by their
extrinsic achievements or by what others think of
them. They try to avoid rating themselves-- their
totality or their being. They attempt to enjoy rather
than to prove themselves
Risk-taking: Emotionally healthy people tend to take
a fair amount of risk and to try to do what they want
to do, even when there is a good chance that they
may fail. They tend to be adventurous but not
Long-range hedonism: Well-adjusted people tend to seek
both the pleasures of the moment and those of the future
and do not often court future pain for present gain. They
are hedonistic, that is, happiness-seeking and pain
avoidant, but they assume that they will probably live for
quite a few years and that they had therefore better think
of both today and tomorrow and not be obsessed with
Non-utopianism: Healthy people accept the fact that
Utopias are probably unachievable and that they are never
likely to get everything they want and to avoid all pain.
They refuse to strive unrealistically for total joy, happiness,
or perfection or for total lack of anxiety, depression, self-
downing, and hostility.
Self-responsibility for own emotional
disturbance: Healthy individuals tend
to accept a great deal of responsibility
for their own disturbance rather than
defensively blame others or social
conditions for their self-defeating
thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
Creating and reinforcing
psychological health is the goal in
successfully living a balanced
Learn to preserve and promote