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Zaha hadid


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Introduction with different structures and London Aquatics Centre Case Study

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Zaha hadid

  1. 1. ZAHA HADID "Only rarely does an architect emerge with a philosophy and approach to the art form that influences the direction of the entire field. Such an architect is Zaha Hadid..." -- Bill Lacy, architect Presented by : Kumarpal Gala YC1208 2nd year YCMOU
  2. 2. BIOGRAPHY  She was born on October 31, 1950 in Baghdad, Iraq.  She studied mathematics at the American University of Beirut (Lebanon) in 1968.  She joined the Office of Metropolitan Architecture (OMA).  She also taught at the Architectural Association (AA) with OMA collaborators Rem Koolhaas and Elia Zenghelis.  She began her own practice in London in 1980 and won the prestigious competition for the Hong Kong Peak Club, a leisure and recreational center in 1983.  She met Peter Rice, the engineer who gave her support and encouragement early on at a time when her work seemed difficult.  In 1972 she moved to London (UK), to join the Association of Architecture where she graduated with honors in 1977.  After her first building was commissioned and built in 1994, the Vitra Fire Station in Germany, her career took a leap forward.
  3. 3. CAREER  After she graduated she worked with Rem koolhaas.  Started her own firm in 1980.  Her ideas were in more of demand than her designs.  She won many competitions but more of them were never built.  Despite her influences, was often dismissed as a dreamer, whose work was unrealizable and impractical.  She has faced many rejections in her career because of her difficult, impractical and high cost designs.  She has been known as DIVA and difficult to work with at times, but people who admire her would praise her for her personal style.
  4. 4. STYLE  Her style is Deconstructivism(breaking architecture, displacement and distortion, leaving the vertical and the horizontal, using rotations on small, sharp angles, breaks up structures apparent chaos).  Deconstructivisum is an approach to building design that attempts to view architecture in bits and pieces.The basic elements of architecture are dismantled.  Deconstructivist buildings may seem to have no visual logic. They may appear to be made up of unrelated, disharmonious abstract forms.  The beginning of it goes back to late 1980s. Deconstructivism was started by the group of people called deconstructivists, who were attracted by the theories of French Philosopher Jacques Derrida. According to his philosophy, architecture is nothing but one of many ways of communication.  She is an architect known worldwide for her talent in various disciplines such as painting, graphic arts, three-dimensional models and computer design.
  5. 5. Bridge Pavilion (2008), Zaragoza, Spai n
  6. 6. Galaxy SOHO in Beijing, China (2010)
  7. 7. Guangzhou Opera House (2010), Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.
  8. 8. Heydar Aliyev Cultural Centre (2007–12) in Baku, Azerbaijan
  9. 9. Hungerburgbahn new stations (2007), Innsbruck, Austria
  10. 10. Maggie's Centres at the Victoria Hospital (2006), Kirkcaldy, Scotland
  11. 11. Riverside Museum (2007–11) development of Glasgow Transport Museum, Scotland1
  12. 12. Project Considered for Study: London Aquatics Centre (2011), 2012 Summer Olympics, Lon don, UK
  13. 13. London Aquatics Centre (2011), 2012 Summer Olympics, London, UK  Architect: Zaha Hadid.  Location: London, England.  Client: Olympic Delivery Authority.  Main Contractor: Balfour Beatty.  Project Team: Alex Bilton, Alex Marcoulides, Barbara Bochnak, Carlos Garijo, Clay Shorthall, Ertu Erbay, George King, Giorgia Cannici, Hannes Schafelner, Hee Seung Lee, Kasia Townend, Nannette Jackowski, Nicolas Gdalewitch, Seth Handley, Thomas Soo, Tom Locke, Torsten Broeder, Tristan Job, Yamac Korfali, Yeena Yoon.  Structural and services engineers: Ove Arup & Partners  Project Area: 15,950 sqm (Legacy), 21,897 sqm (Olympic). Project Year: 2011.
  14. 14. DESIGN CONCEPT  Its principle shape within the detachable wings of siting its like water in motion, creating spaces and a surrounding environment that reflect the riverside landscapes of the Olympic Park.  Its roof sweeps up from the ground as a wave enclosing the spaces within the structure.
  15. 15.  The Aquatics Centre is designed with an inherent flexibility to accommodate 17,500 spectators for the London 2012 Games in ‘Olympic’ mode while also providing the optimum spectator capacity of 2000 for use in ‘Legacy’ mode after the Games.
  16. 16. LAYOUT  The Aquatics Centre is planned on an orthogonal axis that is perpendicular to the Stratford City Bridge.  All three pools are aligned on this axis.  The training pool is located under the bridge with the competition and diving pools located within the large pool hall enclosed by the roof.  The overall strategy is to frame the base of the pool hall as a podium connected to the Stratford City Bridge.
  17. 17.  The pool hall is expressed above the podium by a large roof which arches along the same axis as the pools  Double-curvature geometry has been used to generate a parabolic arch structure that creates the unique characteristics of the roof  The roof undulates to differentiate between the volumes of competition pool and the diving pool.
  18. 18.  Structurally, the roof is grounded at 3 primary positions with the opening between the roof and podium used for the additional spectator seating in Olympic mode, then infilled with a glass façade in Legacy mode.
  19. 19. MATERIAL  Steel roof.  Plain white tiles and concrete walls.  Concrete ceiling.  2,800 tonnes of steel were needed to give the 160-metre-long and 80-metrewide roof its light and floating look.  The design demonstrates the precast-concrete skills with by exposing the concrete finish rather than painting or cladding which was provided by Peri.  The unique six-board diving platform is made from 462 tonnes of concrete.  The aluminium roof covering was provided by Kalzip. The steel structure was built in cooperation with Rowecord Engineering, of Newport, Wales. The ceiling was built with 30,000 sections of Red Lauro timber. The three pools hold around 10 million litres (2.6 million gallons) of water.
  21. 21. Elevation and section of aquatics centre (Olympics mode)
  23. 23. Elevation and section of aquatics centre (Legacy mode)
  24. 24. THANK YOU