CONTENTS: Ethyl chloride
STORAGE: Store in a cool place. Do not store above
120°F (50°C). Do not use near fire or flame or place on
Chloroethane or monochloroethane, commonly known by its old
name ethyl chloride, is a chemical compound with chemical
It is a colorless, flammable gas or refrigerated liquid with a
faintly sweet odour.
Physical and chemical properties of Ethyl
Name: Ethyl Chloride
Description: Colorless Gas
Molecular formula: C2H5Cl
Molecular Weight: 64-65
Density: 0.9214 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 12.3 C
Melting Point: -138.7 C
Vapor Density: 2.22
Ethyl chloride is produced by hydrochlorination of ethylene
C2H4 + HCl → C2H5Cl
At various times in the past, ethyl chloride has also been produced
from ethanol and hydrochloric acid, or from ethane and chlorine, but
these routes are no longer economical. Ethyl chloride is generated as
a byproduct of polyvinyl chloride production.
Ethyl chloride has been used as a refrigerant, an aerosol spray,
propellant, an anesthetic, and a blowing agent .
The only remaining industrially important use of ethyl chloride is
in treating cellulose to make ethylcellulose, a thickening agent and
binder in paints, cosmetics, and similar products.
It act as a central nervous system depressant
• It is also used for the temporary relief of minor sports
• Ethyl chloride also helps to relieve deep muscle
pain when used with muscle stretchingtechniques.
• Ethyl chloride is a cooling substance that is applied to
• This medication is used to prevent pain caused by
injections and minor surgical procedures.
• Cutaneous sensitization may occur, but appears to be
•Ethyl chloride is known as a liver and kidney toxin;
long-term exposure may cause liver or kidney damage.
•Inhalation of ethyl chloride should be avoided as it is
Do not in eyes
•Do not spray in eyes.
•Ethyl chloride is flamable and it should
not be used in presence of open flame.
Ethyl chloride in the presence of pottassium
Forms Ethyl alcohol
CH3CH2Cl koh CH3CH2OH
Ethyl chloride in the presence of KCN ethanolic
Forms Ethyl cyanide and Ethyl isocyanide
CH3CH2Cl KCN etanolic C2H5CN C2H5NC