ContentsSmart CardsBenefits of Smart CardsWhat’s in a Smart Card?History of Smart CardsTypes of Smart CardsApplications of Smart CardsUses of Smart CardsAdvantages and Disadvantages of Smart Cards
Smart CardsA small electronic device about size of a credit card that contains electronic memory and possibly an embedded Integrated Circuit (IC).
Benefits of Smart CardsIdentificationAuthenticationData Storage
What’s in a Smart Card?Typical Configuration: - 256 byte to 4kb RAM 8kb to 32 kb ROM 1kb to 32kb EEPROM Crypto-coprocessors (implementing 3DES,RSA etc; in Hardware) are optional 8-bit to 16-bit CPU. 8051 based designs are common.
History of Smart CardsInvented by Helmut GrottrupJurgen DethloffIn 1968 Helmut Jurgen Grottrup Dethloff
Applications of Smart Cards1. Payphones2. Mobile Communications3. Banking & Retail4. Electronic Purse5. Health Care6. ID Verification & Access Control
How Smart Cards are used?1. Commercial Applicationsa) Banking/Paymentb) Identificationc) Ticketingd) Parking and toll collectione) Universities Smart Cards
Uses cont’d2. Mobile Telecommunicationsa) SIM Cards used on cell phonesb) Over 300,000,000 GSM Phones with Smart Cardsc) Mobile security, Billing Information etc
Uses cont’d3. Information Technologya) Secure logon and authentification of users to PCs & Networksb) Encryption of Sensitive Data
Advantages & Disadvantages ofSmart CardsAdvantages: - Disadvantages: -1. Flexibility 1. Fees applied with the use of a card2. Cost & Availability 2. It gives liability issues if stolen or lost3. Security 3. The accuracy of4. Data Integrity information is small 4. Lack of technology to5. Safety support users6. Easy to Use 5. It is potential for too much data on one card if lost or stolen