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Masterclass #4: Presentations 101

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KIAS Masterclass #4, presented by Dr. Cressida Heyes, March 12, 2012.

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Masterclass #4: Presentations 101

  1. 1. Presentations 101:Get Your Point Across Dr. Cressida J. Heyes
  2. 2. I. The academic presentation
  3. 3. Purpose• To convey your contribution to research and knowledge.• To a relatively expert audience with at least some shared interests.• In the time allotted.• Emphasizing your own work and ideas, not only the “literature” or “what we did.”
  4. 4. Form• Typically 20 minutes• Speaking from Powerpoint slides or other presentation software, or• Reading from a script (with or without slides as backup)• Need to balance giving a rehearsed presentation with engaging your audience
  5. 5. What is your project?
  6. 6. ContentDescribe your research
  7. 7. General advice• Talk to a mentor about what to include, how to structure, what your punchline is. If possible rehearse before a fake audience that includes your mentor and some peers.• Rehearse again• Think carefully about HOW MUCH you can say in the time allotted. Less is more.• Foreground your own contribution.
  8. 8. Write down a one paragraphdescription of your research project
  9. 9. Style
  10. 10. General advice• Voice• Body language• Pace• Engage your audience
  11. 11. Deliver your paragraph to a partner
  12. 12. II: Pitfalls
  13. 13. Pacing• Too much material• Belabouring things everyone in the audience already knows• Skipping over important material to get to the best part• Running out of time before saying the best part• Too many slides; too much on each slide
  14. 14. Style• Talking too fast• Talking too quietly• Apologizing or making excuses or being excessively self-deprecating• Dealing with nerves
  15. 15. III: Answering questions
  16. 16. Positive advice• Take a deep breath• Take a moment to think• Answer step-wise• Separate and stress your most important point(s)
  17. 17. Negative advice• Say you don’t know and you’ll have to think about it more• Say you haven’t read a text or author the questioner is referring to• Ask for clarification or elaboration if you don’t understand the question• Clear up a misunderstanding if you think the questioner has missed some part of your paper• Explain that you’re using a paradigm or approach that might be unfamiliar to the questioner• Offer to give a fuller response later in a private conversation
  18. 18. Modelling Q&A
  19. 19. IV: Using presentation software
  20. 20. Graphic presentation Mainly black and white High contrast Lots of white spaceLittle or no animation or sounds
  21. 21. Graphic presentation Large fonts Not much text Key points only
  22. 22. Lots and lots of irrelevant text that you can’t read anyway because the background is horribleSTUFF! HAPPENING! A picture! Unrelated!• A point I’m telling you• Another way of saying the point I’m telling you• A paragraph randomly lifted from my paper and put on the screen so you are trying to read as I say it.• A reference to an article I’m not currently talking about• This font colour actually makes me feel ill
  23. 23. Cognitive purpose Stressing key pointsAn image, graph, or chart that supports your case Showing a structure for the presentation
  24. 24. Questions?
  25. 25. Presentations 101:Get Your Point Across Dr. Cressida J. Heyes

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