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Technology Advancement & New Avenues
Gas Infrastructure India 2016
Small Scale LNG Industry
By
Naveen Jain
Petronet LNG Li...
Petronet LNG Limited
2
 The Company has been set up with the objective to, develop,
construct, own and operate Liquefied ...
Petronet LNG Limited
3
 Equity Share :
4
 It is natural gas in liquid form.
 LNG is a Cryogenic liquid with temperature in the
order of -160 C.
 It contains ...
5
 The density of LNG is around 460 kg/m3.
 The boiling point of LNG is around–160 C.
 The LNG flammability limits is
...
6
 Power Generation
 Domestic Use
 In Industry
 Fuel for vehicles
 Others
Use of LNG
7
Use of LNG
 The purpose of producing LNG is to facilitate the
transportation of Natural Gas to longer distance.
 What ...
LNG Value Chain
Gas Field
Liquefaction
Storage
SSLNG
Loading
Transportation
(Loaded)
Unloading
Transfer
Storage
Pumping
Re...
Further Opportunities
PNG Supply to
Domestic Consumer
Further Opportunities
PNG Supply to
Domestic Consumer
Key drivers
• The key drivers for SSLNG are environmental, economic
and geopolitical.
• Benefits of LNG in terms of CO2, S...
LNG/NG-Lowest Emission as compared to other fuels
Fuel/Emissions
(gm/100 Km)
CO2 CO NOx SOx Particula
te
Matter
Unburned
H...
L-CNG HUBS
CNG
Dispenser
Vapouriser
LNG Truck
LNG Storage Vessel
LNG/CNG HUB
LNG
Dispenser
Pump
Isolated
Industrial
consum...
Over Land Transportation of LNG
14
LNG By Trailers
8 to 16 tons (Indian Scenario)
LNG Transportation By Rail
Over 100 Cubi...
Satellite LNG Hub & LNG BY ROAD
• India has a large road network and not all areas
are connected by gas pipeline grid
• Th...
LNG TRANSPORTATION IN TRUCKS
LNG HUBS IN INDIA
Containers to Supply LNG to Residential Areas / commercial
establishment
LNG TRANSPORTATION IN CONTAINERS
Small LNG carrier
Few References
Ship Name IMO No. Cargo Capacity GRT NRT Built
Norgas Innovation 9378278 10,000 10,105 30...
 LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas): Natural gas cooled to
–160 deg C and is in liquid state
 CNG (Compressed Natural Gas):Natu...
Natural Gas as fuel in vehicles
• Natural gas is used two ways in heavy vehicles
worldwide:
• Compressed natural gas (CNG)...
Diesel vs CNG & LNG equivalence
5 to 6
5 to 6 litre
Supply for NGVs – CNG Vs LNG Route
• CNG Station every 7.5 Km
• 36 CNG Filling stations
• 300 Km pipeline
• LCNG Station e...
LNG Bus fueling Station
LNG Run Vehicles (LNGVs)
LNG Buses Plying In Asia
 Around 40 LNG buses are running in Sanya which is a city in southern Hainan
province of China.
...
Thank You
www.petronetlng.com
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GIIC 2016-Naveen Jain, Sr. Manager (Projects), Petronet LNG Limited

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GIIC 2016-Naveen Jain, Sr. Manager (Projects), Petronet LNG Limited

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GIIC 2016-Naveen Jain, Sr. Manager (Projects), Petronet LNG Limited

  1. 1. Technology Advancement & New Avenues Gas Infrastructure India 2016 Small Scale LNG Industry By Naveen Jain Petronet LNG Limited 22nd July, 2016
  2. 2. Petronet LNG Limited 2  The Company has been set up with the objective to, develop, construct, own and operate Liquefied Natural Gas Re-gasification Terminals.  The PLL presently owns and operates following two LNG receiving, storage and re-gasification terminal:  Dahej LNG Terminal of ten (10) MMTPA capacity located at Dahej, Gujarat. Capacity of this LNG terminal is being expanded to 15 MMTPA.  Kochi LNG Terminal of capacity 5 MMTPA.
  3. 3. Petronet LNG Limited 3  Equity Share :
  4. 4. 4  It is natural gas in liquid form.  LNG is a Cryogenic liquid with temperature in the order of -160 C.  It contains in varying proportion the following compounds  Methane (CH4)– It is the main component  Ethane (C2H6)  Propane(C3H8)  Butane(C4H10)  Traces of pentane and higher species  Nitrogen(N2)  Impurities such as sulphur, mercury etc. (in ppm).  LNG is colorless What is LNG?
  5. 5. 5  The density of LNG is around 460 kg/m3.  The boiling point of LNG is around–160 C.  The LNG flammability limits is  Lower Flammability limit – 5%  Upper flammability limit – 15%  The Auto ignition temperature of LNG is 540 C  Energy density with repect to diesel is 60%  LNG is stored in costly cryogenic tanks  When used as fuel it emits less CO2  - 50% with respect to coal  -33% with respect to oil What is LNG?
  6. 6. 6  Power Generation  Domestic Use  In Industry  Fuel for vehicles  Others Use of LNG
  7. 7. 7 Use of LNG  The purpose of producing LNG is to facilitate the transportation of Natural Gas to longer distance.  What is produced is Natural Gas & what is consumed is Natural Gas only.
  8. 8. LNG Value Chain Gas Field Liquefaction Storage SSLNG Loading Transportation (Loaded) Unloading Transfer Storage Pumping Regasification Vaporised LNG to Gas Consumers Transport (Ballasted)
  9. 9. Further Opportunities PNG Supply to Domestic Consumer
  10. 10. Further Opportunities PNG Supply to Domestic Consumer
  11. 11. Key drivers • The key drivers for SSLNG are environmental, economic and geopolitical. • Benefits of LNG in terms of CO2, SOx, NOx and particulate emissions • Stricter regulations on the marine sector are stimulating the use of SSLNG as bunker fuel in Europe • Key drivers in Latin America are monetization of stranded gas supplies and need to reach remote-located consumers
  12. 12. LNG/NG-Lowest Emission as compared to other fuels Fuel/Emissions (gm/100 Km) CO2 CO NOx SOx Particula te Matter Unburned Hydrocarbons Petrol 22000 634 78 8.3 1.1 85 Diesel 21000 106 108 21 12.5 21 LPG 18200 168 37 0.38 0.29 18 LNG/Natural Gas 16275 22.2 25.8 0.15 0.29 5.6 Source: US Energy department Fuel CO2 (Kg/MMBT U) 1 LNG / CNG 53 2 LPG 63 3 Aviation Gasoline 70 4 Automobile Gasoline 71 5 Kerosene 72 6 Fuel Oil 73 7 Coal 98 Different Fuel Emissions/ 100 Kms run CO2 Emission / Energy Unit
  13. 13. L-CNG HUBS CNG Dispenser Vapouriser LNG Truck LNG Storage Vessel LNG/CNG HUB LNG Dispenser Pump Isolated Industrial consumer PNG Supply to Domestic Consumer A small LCNG station of 10 t/day can meet the domestic requirement of 25,000 households.
  14. 14. Over Land Transportation of LNG 14 LNG By Trailers 8 to 16 tons (Indian Scenario) LNG Transportation By Rail Over 100 Cubic meter LNG Transportation By Iso Containers (20 to 40 Cubic Meters
  15. 15. Satellite LNG Hub & LNG BY ROAD • India has a large road network and not all areas are connected by gas pipeline grid • There are significant number of isolated and scattered potential small scale consumers of gas (Industrial & Domestic) • PLL has started such activities since 2007 through its promoters, BPCL & IOC, and presently supplies around 200 to 300 trucks in a month. • Several new customers are waiting for supply of LNG LNG By Road Satellite Hub Taral Taral
  16. 16. LNG TRANSPORTATION IN TRUCKS
  17. 17. LNG HUBS IN INDIA
  18. 18. Containers to Supply LNG to Residential Areas / commercial establishment LNG TRANSPORTATION IN CONTAINERS
  19. 19. Small LNG carrier Few References Ship Name IMO No. Cargo Capacity GRT NRT Built Norgas Innovation 9378278 10,000 10,105 3032 Jan 2010 Norgas Creation 9378280 10,000 10,105 3032 July 2010 Norgas Invention 9378292 10,000 10,105 3032 Jan 2011
  20. 20.  LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas): Natural gas cooled to –160 deg C and is in liquid state  CNG (Compressed Natural Gas):Natural gas compressed to high pressure(200 barg)and is in gaseous state  PNG (Piped Natural Gas):Natural gas compressed to low pressure(3 barg)and is in gaseous state  LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas):Hydrocarbon gas(mainly Propane and Butane) in refrigerated or in pressurized condition and is in liquid state Basic Terminology
  21. 21. Natural Gas as fuel in vehicles • Natural gas is used two ways in heavy vehicles worldwide: • Compressed natural gas (CNG) – Now used most frequently – Gas is stored at 210 to 250 bar – Fuel system volume about 6 times that of diesel fuel • Liquefied natural gas – Natural gas is stored as a liquid at around -160 °C (-260 °F) – Fuel system volume about twice that of diesel fuel.
  22. 22. Diesel vs CNG & LNG equivalence 5 to 6 5 to 6 litre
  23. 23. Supply for NGVs – CNG Vs LNG Route • CNG Station every 7.5 Km • 36 CNG Filling stations • 300 Km pipeline • LCNG Station every 7.5 Km • 36 LCNG Filling stations • 5-6 LNGTrailers By installation of LCNG stations, pipeline infrastructure is not required for the use of CNG in vehicles. Same LCNG station can be used to serve the near by domestic consumer / township.
  24. 24. LNG Bus fueling Station
  25. 25. LNG Run Vehicles (LNGVs)
  26. 26. LNG Buses Plying In Asia  Around 40 LNG buses are running in Sanya which is a city in southern Hainan province of China.  More than 1000 LNG buses are running in China.  In Osaka City, Japan LNG buses are running for public transport.
  27. 27. Thank You www.petronetlng.com

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