VOCATIONAL TRAINING ROLE IN EMPLOYMENT OF NEPALI PEOPLE BY KUL B. BASNET Prof. JINSOO KIM KOREA NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION
OUTLINE I • INTRODUCTIONII • SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONTEXTIII • EMPLOYMENT SITUATIONIV • VOCATIONAL TRAINING AND PROGRAMV • CONSTRAINTS AND OBSTACLESVI • CONCLUSION
I. INTRODUCTIONVocational Education &Training (VET) Help to young professional to move from school environment to world of work. Can develop appropriate skills, improve labor supply and employability of the workforce. Economic environment determine size and nature of skill; benefit of training. Responsibility of planners linking training with economic productivity.
In Nepal number of non-skilled youth and educated unemployed are increasing fast. New job related with IT and computer are growing fast; and channeling unskilled workers into new growth area is not happening. Sustained and consolidated effort is needed.
Nepal Responsible institute should come up with consolidated policy and program to create job in market. To link vocational training with employment, active participation of business and industry is essential.
PURPOSE Discusscurrent employment situation and role of vocational training in employment in Nepal.
NEPALSituation ForeignNepal employment – Gap betweenworkforce provide skill vocationallacks training before trainingproductivity going – could program andbecause of easily increase employmentskill training annual income
REASON OF STUDY Vastnumber of adults have either not been to school or not received any vocational training. As a result workforce lacks productivity in domestic as well as in overseas labor markets.
RESEARCH FRAMEWORK Qualitative method Examination of written documents Descriptive analysis Authors individual experience and observation
II. SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONTEXT Mosaic of Economy-labor culture, language intensive and religion Ethnic group Land – 101 fragmentation Language - Sharp rise of 92 inequality
BASIS OF ECONOMY Labor intensive agriculture Cultivating fragile soils Raising livestock for low returns
FARM LAND OWNERSHIP AND DISTRIBUTIONS.N. Holdings Percent Percent Holdings Area (ha) 1 <0.50 ha 46.93 14.7 2 <1.00 – 0.50 ha 27.22 24.18 3 >1 ha 25.85 61.12Source: Central Bureau of Statistics, 2001 (Agriculture Census)
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PERFORMANCE Srilanka 1960 NEPAL 2009Bhutan HDI-2.4% Pakistan 1980 Rank-138 (169) 1970 Inequality - 0.41 India 1980
POPULATION AGED 15 & OVER LEVEL OF COMPLETED EDUCATION Description Male (%) Female(%) Total (%)Never attend school 32.4 58.2 46.7Less than primary 13.2 8.8 10.7Primary 16.7 10.9 13.5Lower secondary 11.2 7.0 8.9Secondary 17.0 10.4 13.4Higher secondary 5.4 2.9 4.0Bachelors and Masters 3.3 0.9 2.0Others 0.7 0.8 0.7Not stated 0.1 0.1 0.1Source: Nepal Labor Force Survey– 2008
III.EMPLOYMENT SITUATION Agriculture – 73.9% Non- agriculture – 26.1% Paid employees- 16.9% Population employment ratio – 81.7%
LABOR FORCE Growth rate – 2.6% Agriculture – give 90 days work/yr Unemployment• 1-19hrs-11% • Rural -32.51%• 20-39 hrs-20% • Urban-14.2% • Urban-29.25%• 40 hrs more- • Rural-4.2% • Total – 42% 68% Under Employment employment
FOREIGN EMPLOYMENTCumulative number Going out for Countrywide data (2009/2010) employment Year Number Year Number Country Name Number of people 2001 250,000 2006/07 204,533 Malaysia 113,900 Saudi Arab 63,700 2007 500,000 2007/08 249,051 Qatar 57,340 UAE 33,840 2008 800,000 2008/09 219,965 Kuwait 8,255 2011 1,200,000 2011 294,094 Oman 3,285 projected projected Others 13’744Source: Department of Foreign Employment Promotion
IV. VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMMinistries CTEVT NGOs Vocational TrainingParticipatory District and Community Training for Development Development Employment Program Program F-skill Training Institute Department of Labor Department of Skills for Rural Development Cottage & Small Employment Project Bank Industry
V. CONSTRAINTS & OBSTACLES 1. Gap between policies, plans, programs and implementation 2. Access/ Resources 3. Political StabilityLabor Market Rigidities 5. Infrastructure 4. Weak Governance shortcomings
VI. CONCLUSION VET 1 2 3Develop model Give Adopt rapidlygiving value to opportunity to changingvocational school dropout demands oftraining and and rural labor marketskills. people.
REFERENCESADB, DFID & ILO. (2009). Country Diagnostics Studies HighlightsNepal: Critical Development Constraints.Central Bureau of Statistics, Government of Nepal. (2004). Nepal LivingStandard Survey 2003/04.Central Bureau of Statistics. (2009). Report on the Nepal Labor ForceSurvey 2008.National Planning Commission Secretariat, Government ofNepal.National Planning Commission. (2005). Implementation of the BrusselsProgram of Action for the LDCs for the Decade 2001 – 2010. ProgressReport Nepal.