CRITICALEVERYDAYLIFESOGIOLOGIES
PROBLEMATIZINGTHEEVERYDAY
MICHAELE.GARDINER
PINARŞİMŞEKID501
KarlMarx
“Marxadmonishesustoturnourthoughtsawayfromarcane
theologicalandphilosophicaldebatesinordertograspactual
socialpra...
KarlMarx
“AccordingtoMarxcapitalismhadtransformed
personelworthintoexchangevalue.”
cashnexus
human
activities
human
intera...
KarlMarx
“Thespontaneous‘commensense’generatedbycapitalism
preventusfromlookingbeyondthesurfaceappearance
ofthecommodityso...
KarlMarx
AsMichaelBillignotes,Marxlocatestheconcealmentofsocio-economisrealitiesin:
theintercourseofeverydaylife.Custom,or...
KarlMarx
T”hesupposedautonomyofideologicalsystemsmustberejected
decisively,andreplacedbyempiricalsocio-historicalresearch
...
GeorgSimmel
“AlthoughMarxdidformulateinitiallythetheoriesofalienation
andcomodityfetishism,hefocusedprimarilyonhow
thesere...
GeorgSimmel
“Simmelsoughttounderstandthevery‘everydayness’
ofmundanesocialexistence,notonlytosee
intheobjectsandpassingmom...
GeorgSimmel
MARXvsSIMMEL
“ThemaindifferencebetweenSimmel’saccountofreification
andMarx’stheoryisthatthelattertendedtorestri...
GeorgSimmel
“Technicalconsiderationsofefficiencyandnarrowly
goal-orientedbehaviourtendtosupplant
relationshipsofanethicalan...
GeorgSimmel
“Everydaylifebecomesakindofindividualproject,a‘workofart’
constitutinganendtoitself,accomplishedthrough
therefi...
GeorgLuckacs
“whatGeargeLuckashimselfoncedescribedas
‘romanticanti-capitalism’,thebeliefthatmoderncapitalism
hadcreatedaso...
GeorgLuckacs
MichaelLöwyhasidentifiedtwocentralfeaturesoftheMessianic
impulseduringthisperiod:
Restoration:Aheartfeltyearni...
GeorgLuckacs
“TheeverydaywasviewedincreasinglybyLukacs,notsomuchas
asphereofmetaphysically‘inauthentic’existence,butas
the...
GeorgLuckacs
Simmel:“Capitalistexistencethepossibilityofenhencedpersonal
freedomandself-expression,inwhichasuccessfulbalan...
WalterBenjamin
“Itwastheeverydayworlditselfthatwasopentoredemption,
topositivetransformation,althoughhewouldhardlydispute
...
WalterBenjamin
“BoredomwasforBenjaminapeculiarlyrefusaltoconfromto
theomnipresentcompulsiontoconsumepassively
anever-expan...
WalterBenjamin
BenjaminagreeswithSimmelthattheexprlorationofmodern
everydaymustoccurontwodifferentlevels:
First:Intermsofm...
WalterBenjamin
“Benjamindoesnotpromptustolookbackwardsata‘GoldenAge’
ofpresumptivelygenuinecommunity,butrathertodetectthep...
CommonGround
Determinationnottoregardtheeverydayasa‘backdrop’
Theytendtoseetheeverydayasacrucialsiteofideological
contesta...
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Critical Everyday Life Sociologies - Problematizing The Everyday by Michael E. Gardiner (Pınar Şimşek)

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Critical Everyday Life Sociologies - Problematizing The Everyday by Michael E. Gardiner (Pınar Şimşek)

  1. 1. CRITICALEVERYDAYLIFESOGIOLOGIES PROBLEMATIZINGTHEEVERYDAY MICHAELE.GARDINER PINARŞİMŞEKID501
  2. 2. KarlMarx “Marxadmonishesustoturnourthoughtsawayfromarcane theologicalandphilosophicaldebatesinordertograspactual socialpracticesandrelationshipsasthesearelocatedin thesphereofdailyexistence.”
  3. 3. KarlMarx “AccordingtoMarxcapitalismhadtransformed personelworthintoexchangevalue.” cashnexus human activities human interaction
  4. 4. KarlMarx “Thespontaneous‘commensense’generatedbycapitalism preventusfromlookingbeyondthesurfaceappearance ofthecommoditysoastograsptheunderlying socio-economicrelationsthat,inreality,producedit.” commodity fetishism cognitive dislocation collective amnesia
  5. 5. KarlMarx AsMichaelBillignotes,Marxlocatestheconcealmentofsocio-economisrealitiesin: theintercourseofeverydaylife.Custom,orhabit,fixesapricetocommodities; and,inconsequence,thehiddensecretdisappearsfromawareness.Marx’s briefremarkscontainanimplicitpsychology:customsetsroutines,forwhich weuse‘obvious’commonplacenotions,butthesenotionsdrivefrom awarenessthefullnatureoftheseroutines.Inthisway,thereisalinkbetween customandlackofawareness,sothatanunconciousnessisbuiltinto theaccomplishmentofsocialcustoms.theaccomplishmentofsocialcustoms.
  6. 6. KarlMarx T”hesupposedautonomyofideologicalsystemsmustberejected decisively,andreplacedbyempiricalsocio-historicalresearch intotheproductionandreproductionofhumanlifewithin particularhistoricalcircumstances-whatMarxreferedtoas the‘studyofactuality’.”
  7. 7. GeorgSimmel “AlthoughMarxdidformulateinitiallythetheoriesofalienation andcomodityfetishism,hefocusedprimarilyonhow theserelatedtocapitalisteconomicprocess.Simmel, bycontrast,soughttograspmodernityasadistinct socio-culturelformationthattransformeddailylife engenderedawiderangeofnewaffective, behbehaviouralandsensoryeffects.”
  8. 8. GeorgSimmel “Simmelsoughttounderstandthevery‘everydayness’ ofmundanesocialexistence,notonlytosee intheobjectsandpassingmomentsofdailylifeasign ofsomething‘deeper’ormore‘fundemental’.”
  9. 9. GeorgSimmel MARXvsSIMMEL “ThemaindifferencebetweenSimmel’saccountofreification andMarx’stheoryisthatthelattertendedtorestrict alienationtocommodity-formandaconomicproduction, whereasforSimmel-presciently,tosaytheleast- itpermeatesalldomainsofmodernsociety.”
  10. 10. GeorgSimmel “Technicalconsiderationsofefficiencyandnarrowly goal-orientedbehaviourtendtosupplant relationshipsofanethicalandqualitativenature.”
  11. 11. GeorgSimmel “Everydaylifebecomesakindofindividualproject,a‘workofart’ constitutinganendtoitself,accomplishedthrough therefinementofindividualtastesanddispositions symptomaticofthegeneral‘aestheticization’of dailyexistenceundermodernity”
  12. 12. GeorgLuckacs “whatGeargeLuckashimselfoncedescribedas ‘romanticanti-capitalism’,thebeliefthatmoderncapitalism hadcreatedasoulless,mechanicalcivilizationintheplaceof anorganicandintegratedpremoderncommunity, wasverywidespreadatthetime”
  13. 13. GeorgLuckacs MichaelLöwyhasidentifiedtwocentralfeaturesoftheMessianic impulseduringthisperiod: Restoration:AheartfeltyearningforalostEdenicpadiseor‘GoldenAge’ Utopia:Thedesiretoreestablishthisparadisiacalconditionatsomefuturetime
  14. 14. GeorgLuckacs “TheeverydaywasviewedincreasinglybyLukacs,notsomuchas asphereofmetaphysically‘inauthentic’existence,butas theprimarysocialterrainwhereinclasscontradictionswere manifestedandamilitantlyanti-capitalistconsciousness mightbegenerated.”
  15. 15. GeorgLuckacs Simmel:“Capitalistexistencethepossibilityofenhencedpersonal freedomandself-expression,inwhichasuccessfulbalance couldbeachievedbetweensocialinterestsandindividual desiresandimpulses.” SIMMELvsLUKACS Lukacs:“Thedailylifeofmodernitywassodebasedthat redemptionwouldonlybepossiblebysuperseding theeverydaycompletely,throughaleapintoacompletely, througha‘leap’intoacompletelydifferentkindofcommunity.”
  16. 16. WalterBenjamin “Itwastheeverydayworlditselfthatwasopentoredemption, topositivetransformation,althoughhewouldhardlydispute thenotionthatthehighestachievementsofartor criticalintellectualinquirywereintegralto afullylivedhumanexistence.”
  17. 17. WalterBenjamin “BoredomwasforBenjaminapeculiarlyrefusaltoconfromto theomnipresentcompulsiontoconsumepassively anever-expandingrangeofgoodsandservices, andhencewasanexpressionofnon-alienatedexperience”
  18. 18. WalterBenjamin BenjaminagreeswithSimmelthattheexprlorationofmodern everydaymustoccurontwodifferentlevels: First:Intermsofmaterialcultureandthebuiltenvironment Second:Withrespecttohowthisurbansettingsimpactson humanpsychology,bodiesandsocialinteractions.
  19. 19. WalterBenjamin “Benjamindoesnotpromptustolookbackwardsata‘GoldenAge’ ofpresumptivelygenuinecommunity,butrathertodetectthepuls ofutopianenergiesinthehereandnow,totapintotheseforces, revivifythem,andlinkthemtotransformativepoliticalpaxis.”
  20. 20. CommonGround Determinationnottoregardtheeverydayasa‘backdrop’ Theytendtoseetheeverydayasacrucialsiteofideological contestationandtheformationomassconsciousness Theeverydaydoesnotconsistonlyinhabitualizedor taken-for-grantedbehaviourandattitudes

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