DEDICATION                                      To my wonderful parents,                                     Mary and Erro...
INTRODUCTION      Welcome to the updated and expanded edition of                  Roget’s Superthesaurus.    You now hold ...
. . . quotations that double as synonyms. Many entries through-     out Superthesaurus have them. For example, you may wan...
Aback–AbbreviationAaback (taken) adv. startled, taken unawares,          abbreviation n. shortening, condensation,   surpr...
Abdicate–Abhorrent    F: Fahrenheit                                    TKO: technical knockout    FM: frequency modulation...
Abide–Abortabide v. 1. TO WAIT FOR await, stand fast, stay,         matters of thought and conduct, to be inde-   remain, ...
Abortion–Abscondabortion n. 1. MISCARRIAGE feticide, termina-           abrasive n. abradent, scourer, scraper, polisher, ...
Absence–Abstractabsence n. 1. NONATTENDANCE AWOL, nonap-             absorbent a. bibulous, pervious, permeable, po-   pea...
Abstracted–Accedeabstracted a. lost in thought, lost in reverie,        abusive a. 1. HARMFUL injurious, cruel, brutal,   ...
Accelerant–Acclimate   in. 2. ATTAIN assume, enter upon, inherit.             ANT. 1. unobtainable, out of reach, unavail-...
Acclimatize–Accordion   environment or situation. Lowlanders have a          accomplish v. achieve, effect, bring to fruit...
Accost–AccrualACCOST v. [uh COST] approach or greet ag-                decreasing value of asset over time: depreci-   gre...
Accrue–Achilles’ Heelaccrue v. accumulate, add up, grow, amass, in-         ace n. expert, champion, master, star, hero,  ...
Acid–Acquaint   harm everywhere but on his heel. Nobody is             nod at, recognize, greet, salute, hail. ANT. 1.   a...
Acquaintance–Actacquaintance n. 1. ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE famil-           acre n. 160 square rods, 43,560 square feet, 405   ...
Act–Actualizeact v. 1. DO perform, execute, get involved,              SYN. involvement, action, acting, commit-   spring ...
Actually–Addressactually adv. really, in fact, in reality, truth-      adaptable a. adjustable, modifiable, convert-   ful...
Address–Ad Lib   route, street number, P.O. box, destination.          taxes would continue to rise ad infinitum. SYN.   3...
Ad Lib–Ado   it, invent, *play it by ear, speak impromptu,         honor, put on a pedestal, hail. ANT. loathe,   speak of...
Adobe–Advanceadobe n. clay, brick.                                     *crack, sharp, talented, experienced, mas-adolescen...
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
Roget’s superthesaurus 1582972540
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  1. 1. DEDICATION To my wonderful parents, Mary and Errol McCutcheon ABOUT THE AUTHORMarc McCutcheon is a writer and lexicographer who lives in South Portland, Maine, with his wife, Deanna, and two children, Kara and Matthew.His most recent books include Damn, Why Didn’t I Write That; The Girl Named Pluto; Descriptionary; Writer’s Guide to Everyday Life in the 1800s; and The Compass in Your Nose & Other Astonishing Facts About Humans.Roget’s Superthesaurus. Copyright ஽ 2003 by Marc McCutcheon. Manufactured in the United States ofAmerica. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic ormechanical means including information storage and retrieval systems without permission in writing from thepublisher, except by a reviewer, who may quote brief passages in a review. Published by Writer’s Digest Books,an imprint of F‫ם‬W Publications, Inc., 4700 East Galbraith Road, Cincinnati, Ohio, 45236. (800)289-0963.Third edition.Visit our Web site at www.writersdigest.com for information on more resources for writers.To receive a free weekly e-mail newsletter delivering tips and updates about writing and about Writer’s Digestproducts, register directly at our Web site at http://newsletters.fwpublications.com.09 08 07 06 05 6 5 4 3 2Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataMcCutcheon, Mark Roget’s superthesaurus / by Marc McCutcheon—3d ed. p. cm. ISBN 1-58297-253-2 (alk. paper) ISBN 1-58297-254-0 (pbk.: alk. paper) ISBN-13: 978-1-58297-652-5 (EPUB) 1. English language—Synonyms and antonyms. 2. English language—Terms and phrases. I. Title.PE1591.M416 2003423Ј.12—dc22 2003057647 CIPEdited by Kelly Nickell and Michelle RubergDesigned by Angela WilcoxCover by Brian RoethProduction coordinated by Robin Richie
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Welcome to the updated and expanded edition of Roget’s Superthesaurus. You now hold in your hands what we feel is the most innovative and useful thesaurus on the market. It has been carefully crafted to provide:. . . a comprehensive bank of synonyms to help you avoid repeti- tiveness and improve word accuracy. For example, did the man walk, squelch, or slog through the mud? As every profes- sional writer knows, the right synonym choice is crucial in adding power, depth, and pizzaz to compositions.. . . a reverse dictionary component (WORD FIND) to show you the exact word when you know what a thing is but not what the thing is called. Beyond the need to locate synonyms for, say, CAT (kitty, feline, tabby, etc.) you’ll sometimes need to know words used to accurately describe a cat. For instance, what do you call that white patch under a cat’s neck? (Locket.) The white patches on the feet? (Mittens, gloves.) The reflective eye layer that glows in the dark? (Tapetum.) A mating cry? (Cat- erwaul.) One who loves cats? (Ailurophile.) This exclusive reverse dictionary component will, once and for all, stop you from calling something a ‘‘doohickey’’ or a ‘‘thingamajig.’’ Astonishingly, it’s the one extremely useful component that other thesauri have overlooked over the years, and only Su- perthesaurus has it. Just look under a main subject word (CAT) to find listed underneath in WORD FIND all related or descriptive terms (caterwaul, mittens, queen, ruff, etc.). . . a built-in vocabulary book. Throughout the thesaurus, vo- cabulary words are CAPITALIZED, given a pronunciation key, and sampled in a sentence. No need to buy a separate vocabulary builder. Superthesaurus highlights hundreds of sharp words to help you bushwack your way out of the wilder- ness of Tarzan-like communication and into the vernacular of the world’s greatest wordsmiths. Once again, no other the- saurus has this component. It’s a Superthesaurus exclusive.
  3. 3. . . . quotations that double as synonyms. Many entries through- out Superthesaurus have them. For example, you may want to call MOUNTAINS hills or peaks, but if you really want to impress, why not quote Lord Byron and call them the ‘‘Palaces of Nature’’? You’ll find such quotes immediately following the normal list of synonyms.. . . antonyms. For when you need the opposite of a synonym. For example, an antonym of ATTRACTIVE would be Repulsive. Antonyms are always listed at the very end of an entry.Superthesaurus is arranged alphabetically. It has no space-wast-ing index to make itself look bigger than it really is. To find theword you want, simply turn to its order in the alphabet. Typi-cally, you’ll make just one reference stop instead of two or three,as is necessary in indexed formats.Unlike most other thesauri, Superthesaurus includes many ‘‘mi-nor’’ words as head entries. That way annoying cross referencesare greatly reduced. When you encounter a ‘‘minor’’ word, atleast two or three synonyms are given in the hope that one ofthose words will be the one you need. That way you again side-step the need for a time-consuming cross-reference.Usages are divided by separate entries for adjective [a.], adverb[adv.], noun [n.], pronoun [pron.], verb [v.], and preposition[prep.] Separate senses within each part of speech are clearlydelineated by number, by brief definition or definitive word, or,occasionally, when meanings are closely-related, by a simplesemi-colon between word lists. Slang or informal words are de-lineated by a simple [*] asterisk.Use Superthesaurus to sharpen your writing in letters, reports,articles, novels, and poetry. Use it to beef up your vocabulary,locate a quotation, or help you fill out that challenging cross-word puzzle. The longer you use Superthesaurus the more you’llappreciate its extra features.If you need synonyms, any old thesaurus will do. If you want tobecome a word master, turn to the one source that puts it alltogether: Superthesaurus.
  4. 4. Aback–AbbreviationAaback (taken) adv. startled, taken unawares, abbreviation n. shortening, condensation, surprised, confused, *thrown off guard. abridgement, contraction, reduction, sum-abaft a. aft, astern, rearward, behind, back. mary, synopsis, brief, abstract, short version,abandon n. unrestraint, carelessness, free-spirit- short form. edness, spontaneity, wildness, wantonness, WORD FIND intemperance, impulsiveness, devil-may- ABCs: fundamentals, rudiments, basics, care attitude. ANT. restraint, reserve, restric- simple elements tion, self-consciousness. AC: alternating current; air conditioningabandon v. leave, desert, discard, forsake, quit, A.D.: anno Domini; in the year of the Lord dump, *turn one’s back on, cast off, reject, a.k.a: also known as relinquish, discontinue, renounce, lay aside, anon: anonymous *leave in the lurch, *cut one’s losses, *throw ASAP: as soon as possible in the towel, strand, drop, give up, *wash aux.: auxiliary one’s hands of, *deep six, ditch. ANT. stick AWOL: absent without leave with, take up, continue, adopt. B.A.: Bachelor of Artsabandoned a. 1. DESERTED given up, forgotten, B.C.: before Christ left behind, rejected, stranded, forsaken, blvd.: boulevard cast off, cast aside, discarded, destitute, for- B.S.: Bachelor of Science gotten, scorned, desolate, friendless. 2. UN- BTU: British thermal unit RESTRAINED unreserved, uncontrolled, disso- BYOB: bring your own booze lute, wild, loose, immoral, wicked, CB: Citizens Band shameless, licentious, lewd, wanton. ANT. 1. C: Celsius, centigrade used, adopted, taken up, befriended. 2. re- c: copyright strained, reserved, moral, seemly. Cdr.: Commanderabase v. humble, humiliate, degrade, *prostrate CEO: chief executive officer oneself, deflate, *put down, debase, vitiate, chm.: chairman devalue. ANT. honor, *puff up. cl.: centiliterABASHED a. [uh BASHED] embarrassed, ill cm.: centimeter at ease. Mary spoke unabashedly about contra- c/o: care of ceptives. SYN. embarrassed, ashamed, humili- co.: company ated, red-faced, disconcerted, discomfitted, COD: cash on delivery mortified, chagrined, disgraced. ANT. reas- Col.: Colonel sured, relaxed, cool. corp.: corporationABATE v. [uh BATE] to subside, lessen, re- CPA: certified public accountant duce. The pain from a stubbed toe will gradu- CPR: cardiopulmonary resuscitation ally abate. SYN. subside, lessen, reduce, cu.: cubic weaken, slacken, diminish, decrease, wane, DA: district attorney dwindle, decline, let up, taper off. ANT. grow, DC: direct current expand, intensify, surge. D.D.: Doctor of Divinityabattoir n. slaughterhouse, butchery. D.D.S.: Doctor of Dental Scienceabbey n. monastery, cloister, friary, convent, DOA: dead on arrival nunnery, ministry. Dr.: Doctor WORD FIND DST: daylight-saving time area restricted to members: cloister d.t.’s: delirium tremens governed by prior or prioress: priory EEG: electroencephalogram orders: Benedictine, Dominican, Francis- e.g.: exempli gratia; for example can, Jesuit, Paulist, Trappist EKG: electrocardiogram resident: monk, friar, nun ERA: earned run average superior or head: abbot, abbess ESP: extrasensory perceptionabbreviate v. shorten, abridge, condense, cut, Esq.: Esquire reduce, contract, curtail, clip, compress, et al: et alia; and others synopsize. ANT. expand, broaden, enlarge. etc.: etcetera; and so forth Roget’s Superthesaurus 1
  5. 5. Abdicate–Abhorrent F: Fahrenheit TKO: technical knockout FM: frequency modulation UFO: unidentified flying object f.o.b.: freight on board VIP: very important person FYI: for your information viz.: videlicet, that is to say, namely g: gram VP: vice president GIGO: garbage in, garbage out ABDICATE v. [AB duh KATE] to relinquish, GOP: Grand Old Party surrender or give up one’s power, office or HMS: His/Her Majesty’s Ship responsibilities. The king abdicated in 1452. Hon.: Honorable SYN. relinquish, step down, retire, resign, re- hq.: headquarters nounce, yield, surrender, quit, abandon, re- ibid: ibidem; in the same place pudiate, give up, withdraw. ANT. usurp, as- i.e.: id est; that is sume power, take charge. IQ: intelligence quotient abdomen n. stomach, belly, gut, midsection, ISBN: International Standard Book Num- paunch, tummy, *breadbasket, *spare tire, ber *middle-aged spread. kg: kilogram abdominal a. intestinal, visceral, duodenal. km: kilometer abduct v. kidnap, steal away, make off with, l: liter seize, grab, spirit away, snatch, *shanghai. lb.: pound aberrant a. abnormal, deviant, deviating, un- L.P.N.: licensed practical nurse usual, anomolous, irregular, atypical, uncon- Ltd.: limited ventional, odd, freakish, weird, errant, pecu- M.A.: Master of Arts liar, *off the beaten track. ANT. normal, MC: master of ceremonies usual, typical, *par for the course. M.D.: Doctor of Medicine ABERRATION n. [AB uh RAY shun] some- mg: milligram thing atypical, unusual or unexpected; a de- ml: milliliter viation from the norm. A blizzard in Texas mm: millimeter is an aberration of local weather patterns. SYN. MO: modus operandi; method of operation deviation, abnormality, irregularity, quirk, MP: Military Police freak, nonconformity, departure, oddity, mph: miles per hour anomaly, peculiarity, eccentricity, *oddball. ms.: manuscript ANT. norm, average, mean. M.S.: Master of Science ABET v. [uh BET] to incite, encourage or sup- M.S.W.: Master of Social Work port, especially in the performance of a N/A: not applicable wrongdoing. She was arrested for aiding and oz.: ounce abetting a drug smuggler. SYN. incite, encour- PA: public address (system) age, support, sanction, conspire, goad, spur, PC: personal computer egg on, endorse, promote, help, inflame. Ph.D.: Doctor of Philosophy ANT. discourage, prevent, prohibit, undermine. p.m.: post meridiem; afternoon abettor n. assistant, co-conspirator, inciter, in- pp.: pages stigator, confederate, accomplice, accessory, pro tem: pro tempore, for the time being *partner in crime. P.S.: postscript abeyance n. suspension, cessation, inaction, in- PX: post exchange termission, pause, latency, remission, dor- RBI: runs batted in mancy, quiescence. ANT. continuance, contin- RFD: Rural Free Delivery uation, prolongation. RIP: rest in peace ABHOR v. [ab HOR] to hate, detest or be dis- R.N.: registered nurse gusted by. We abhor bigots. SYN. hate, detest, rpm: revolutions per minute loathe, despise, view with horror, scorn, RSVP: respondez s’il vous plait, please an- shrink from, be sickened by, feel disgust for. swer ANT. love, cherish, embrace. Rx: pharmaceutical prescription abhorrent a. loathsome, detestable, despicable, SASE: self-addressed stamped envelope disgusting, abominable, horrible, sickening, SOS: save our ship/souls nauseating, hateful, repulsive, offensive, re- TBA: to be announced pugnant, heinous. ANT. nice, attractive, good, TGIF: thank God it’s Friday commendable, admirable.2 Roget’s Superthesaurus
  6. 6. Abide–Abortabide v. 1. TO WAIT FOR await, stand fast, stay, matters of thought and conduct, to be inde- remain, bide. 2. TOLERATE put up with, with- pendent is to be abnormal.’’—Ambrose stand, *hang in there, bear, accept, submit Bierce. ANT. normal, usual, standard. SEE EC- to, stomach. 3. RESIDE dwell, stay, live, CENTRIC, NEUROTIC, PSYCHOTIC lodge. abnormality n. aberration, anomaly, deviation,abide by v. comply, obey, observe, respect, con- peculiarity, oddity, freak, deformity, malfor- form to, adhere to. mation, irregularity, eccentricity, mutant,abiding a. enduring, lasting, everlasting, eter- singularity. nal, unchanging, permanent, indestructible, aboard a. on board, on deck, topside, in, durable. ANT. short-lived, impermanent, tran- boarded, consigned. sient. abode n. residence, home, living quarters, habi-ability n. capability, faculty, facility, power, tation, habitat, dwelling, domicile, lodging, skill, talent, prowess, flair, competence, ap- roof over one’s head, *pad, *digs, nest. titude, capacity, knack, know-how, exper- WORD FIND tise, dexterity, proficiency, finesse, mind for, animal: den, lair, hutch, warren, sty, burrow, eye for, native ability, eye-hand coordina- diggings. tion. ANT. inability, incompetence, ineptitude, bird: nest, roost, aerie, aviary, cote. inadequacy. abolish v. end, destroy, eliminate, eradicate,ABJECT a. [AB ject] the absolute worst or stop, annul, quash, extinguish, defeat, ter- most miserable. They live in abject poverty. minate, repeal, stamp out, uproot, do away SYN. miserable, wretched, stark, hopeless, with, abrogate. ANT. institute, establish, pitiful, pathetic, degrading, squalid, hum- adopt. bling, destitute. abolition n. ending, annulment, moratorium,abjure v. give up, renounce, forswear, recant, abrogation, repeal, elimination, eradication, retract, disclaim, take back, renege, dis- termination, dissolution. avow, withdraw. ANT. uphold, swear by, abolitionist n. opponent, subversive, activist, maintain. advocate, propagator.ablate v. erode, wear away, melt, vaporize, A-bomb n. atomic bomb, thermonuclear bomb, evaporate, remove. *physics package. SEE NUCLEAR BOMBablaze a. blazing, flaming, on fire, aflame, burn- ABOMINABLE a. [uh BOM un uh bul] loath- ing, *going up in smoke, consumed by some, nasty. The crossbow was an abominable flames, roaring, crackling. ANT. extinguished. invention. SYN. nasty, vile, loathsome, ab- horrent, heinous, despicable, atrocious,able a. capable, habile, skillful, talented, com- hateful, execrable, awful, horrible, deplor- petent, qualified, practiced, expert, deft, able, repulsive, disgusting. ANT. admirable, adroit, masterful. ANT. incompetent, ineffec- nice, commendable. tual, weak, unskilled, unable. Abominable Snowman n. yeti, beast, creature.able-bodied a. healthy, fit, strong, robust, capa- SEE MONSTER ble, sound, in fine fettle, strapping. ANT. in- abominate v. loathe, despise, hate. firm. abomination n. 1. SOURCE OF LOATHING anath-abloom a. flowering, in flower, blooming. ˆ ema, bete noir. 2. LOATHING aversion, ab-ablution n. washing, cleansing, bath, scrubbing, horrence, hatred, disgust, repugnance, de- purification, decontamination, showering. testation.ably adv. capably, competently, deftly, expertly, aboriginal a. indigenous, native, endemic, first, adroitly. original, primitive.abnegate v. give up, forgo, abstain, renounce, aborigine n. native, first inhabitant, indigene, abdicate, refrain, forbear. ANT. indulge, binge, primitive, settler, original, *bushman. imbibe. WORD FINDabnegation n. self-denial, renunciation, absti- AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINE nence, abdication, relinquishment. weapon: boomerang, waddy, nulla, woo-abnormal a. atypical, irregular, odd, unusual, mera, blowpipe aberrant, deviant, unnatural, unexpected, wilderness: outback unconventional, weird, eccentric, queer, abort v. 1. MISCARRY expel. 2. FAIL fall short, offbeat, extraordinary, anomalous, strange, miss, go awry. 3. CANCEL cut short, termi- mutant. ‘‘Not conforming to standard. In nate, *scrub, *axe, *ditch, *can, *deep-six. Roget’s Superthesaurus 3
  7. 7. Abortion–Abscondabortion n. 1. MISCARRIAGE feticide, termina- abrasive n. abradent, scourer, scraper, polisher, tion, aborticide, dilation and evacuation, burnisher, buffer. expulsion, infanticide. ‘‘The direct murder WORD FIND of the innocent.’’—Pope Pius XI. ‘‘If men course corundum: emery could get pregnant, abortion would be a sac- dark, granular mineral used in grinding, pol- rament.’’—Florynce R. Kennedy. 2. FAILURE ishing: aluminum oxide, corundum incompletion, defeat, disaster, blunder, jewelry and metal polisher made of ferric ox- monstrosity. ide: rougeabortive a. unsuccessful, fruitless, futile, useless, knife-sharpening stone: whetstone vain, unproductive, ineffectual, failing. ANT. manicuring stick: emery board successful, fruitful, effective. metal-polishing limestone: rottenstoneabound v. teem, overflow, flood, *be knee-deep polishing powder made of chert or lime- in, jam with, pack with, be abundant with, stone: tripoli proliferate, swell, swarm. rough carpenter’s paper: sandpaperabout prep. 1. ENCIRCLING on every side, all rough file used on wood: rasp around, enveloping, encompassing, sur- volcanic rock used for scouring, smoothing: rounding. 2. APPROXIMATELY almost, nearly, pumice close to, more or less, roughly. 3. REFERRING abreast a./adv. beside, side by side, aside, TO concerning, in reference to, regarding, *cheek to jowel. ANT. single file. relative to, as respects, dealing with, touch- ABRIDGE v. [uh BRIJ] to shorten, reduce or ing on. lessen. To bring down costs, the new dictionaryabout adv. 1. IN THE REVERSE DIRECTION back- will be abridged and printed in paperback. SYN. wards, around, opposite direction. 2. HERE contract, shorten, condense, decrease, re- AND THERE hither and thither, helter-skelter, duce, cut, abbreviate, diminish, *boil down, far and wide. curtail. ANT. expand, broaden, enlarge.about-face n. reversal, turnaround, volte-face, abridgement n. condensation, reduction, sum- change of heart, *flip-flop, *backpedaling, mary, digest, abstract, brief, synopsis, out- *a 180, recantation. line. ANT. enlargement, expansion.above adv. 1. OVERHEAD up, skyward, higher up, abroach a. opened, broached, let out. over, atop, heavenward. 2. GREATER more, abroad a./adv. overseas, out of the country, larger, over and above. 3. SUPERIOR higher, away, traveling, touring. ANT. at home. greater, outranking, surpassing. ABROGATE v. [AB roh gayt] to abolish oraboveboard a. open, forthright, honest, in plain annul. The board decided to abrogate the old view, *on the table, straightforward, frank, rule. SYN. abolish, cancel, repeal, annul, re- candid, plain, direct, square, *on the up and voke, rescind, terminate, eliminate, quash, up. ANT. underhand, under the table, dishonest, do away with, *scrub. sneaky. abrupt a. 1. SUDDEN unexpected, surprising, un-above suspicion a. irreproachable, inculpable, foreseen, swift, precipitate, unanticipated. scrupulous, chaste, *having clean hands, in- 2. CURT gruff, brusque, brisk, discourteous, nocent, pure. rude. 3. STEEP sheer, precipitous. ANT. 1. an-abracadabra n. hocus-pocus, spell, incantation, ticipated, expected. 2. courteous, polite, gra- charm, chant, invocation, mumbo jumbo, cious. gibberish. abscess n. swelling, fester, boil, pimple, carbun-abrade v. scrape, chafe, grate, rub, erode, scuff, cle, ulcer, pustule. grind, scour, wear. abscission n. cutting, separation, removal. SEEabrasion n. 1. SCRATCH scrape, chafe, excoria- OPERATION, SURGERY tion. 2. FRICTION scratching, scraping, wear- ABSCOND v. [ab SKOND] to flee secretly ing away, erosion, chafing. and go into hiding. His plan was to abscondabrasive a. 1. ANNOYING irritating, cutting, with the smuggled goods as quickly as possible. nasty, saber-tongued, acid-tongued, galling, SYN. flee, take flight, depart, withdraw, de- hurtful, biting, sarcastic. 2. SCRAPING camp, retreat, escape, go into hiding, *va- scratching, chafing, grating, eroding, grind- moose, *skedaddle, clear out, skip town, ing, grating, scouring, wearing, rough, *make tracks, *scram, *fly the coop, *cut coarse, rasping. ANT. 1. conciliatory, soothing. and run, *split, *beat feet, *duck out, *make 2. smooth. oneself scarce, *give the slip.4 Roget’s Superthesaurus
  8. 8. Absence–Abstractabsence n. 1. NONATTENDANCE AWOL, nonap- absorbent a. bibulous, pervious, permeable, po- pearance, truancy. 2. LACKING dearth, need, rous, spongelike, retentive, *thirsty. want, privation, void, vacuum. ANT. 1. at- absorbing a. engrossing, arresting, enthralling, tendance, presence. 2. fulfillment, abundance. riveting, spellbinding, fascinating, interest-absent a. 1. AWAY elsewhere, gone, out, truant, ing, mesmerizing. ANT. tedious, dull. AWOL, on leave, *playing hooky. 2. PREOC- absorption n. 1. ASSIMILATION consumption, os- CUPIED absent-minded, *out to lunch, ab- mosis, retention, digestion, soaking up. 2. stracted, daydreaming, *off in space, *out of ENGROSSMENT fascination, interest, captiva- it. ANT. 1. present, here, attending. 2. atten- tion, riveting, enthrallment, spellbinding. tive, alert, on one’s toes. ABSTAIN v. [ub STANE] to voluntarily holdabsentee n. *no-show, truant, malingerer. back, to refrain from or go without. Everyoneabsenteeism n. absence, truancy, desertion, is trying to abstain from smoking. SYN. refrain, malingering, shirking, *skipping, *calling in desist, eschew, go without, forebear, *swear sick. off, shun, spurn, *stay on the wagon, denyabsently adv. inattentively, absent-mindedly. oneself. ANT. indulge, imbibe.absent without leave a. AWOL, truant. abstainer n. teetotaler, *health nut, ascetic. ‘‘Aabsent-minded a. inattentive, scatterbrained, weak person who yields to the temptation *out to lunch, dreamy, oblivious, daydream- of denying himself a pleasure.’’—Ambrose ing, lost, forgetful, abstracted, preoccupied, Bierce. absorbed, remote, *spacey, *head in the ABSTEMIOUS a. [ab STEEM ee us] eating clouds, distrait. ANT. attentive, alert, sharp, and drinking in moderation, abstaining focused. from drink, practicing restraint. Sylvesterabsolute a. 1. TOTAL utter, complete, perfect, Graham of graham cracker fame was noted for pure, unadulterated, consummate, outright, his clean-living, abstemious lifestyle. SYN. tem- entire, undiluted, unmitigated. 2. DEFINITE perate, moderate, self-restraining, teetota- positive, unquestionable, certain, actual, ex- ling, sober, abstinent, ascetic, self-denying. act, undeniable, unequivocal, indisputable. abstention n. abstaining, abstinence, refrain- 3. AUTHORITARIAN dictatorial, tyrannical, ing. despotic, autocratic, totalitarian, iron- ABSTINENCE n. [AB stuh nunce] abstain- handed. ANT. 1. incomplete, imperfect. 2. in- ing, voluntary self-denial, the swearing off definite, questionable, uncertain. 3. demo- of unhealthy food and drink. Longevity and cratic. abstinence often go hand in hand. SYN. abstain-absolutely adv. 1. TOTALLY utterly, completely, ing, self-restraint, teetotalism, sobriety, perfectly, entirely. 2. DEFINITELY positively, chastity, temperance, forbearing, self-de- unquestionably, certainly, undeniably, *no nial, self-abnegation, asceticism, celibacy, ifs, ands or buts, *no two ways about it, moderation. ‘‘The beginning of saintli- surely, precisely, conclusively. ness.’’—Moses Luzzato. ANT. indulgence, ex-absolution n. forgiveness, remission, pardon, travagance, *pigging out. clearance, acquittal, amnesty. ABSTRACT a. [AB STRACT] not easilyABSOLVE v. [ab ZOLV] to free from blame, identified or defined, not based on the con- guilt or responsibility. They have been ab- crete, abstruse, theoretical, nonrepresenta- solved of their sins. SYN. acquit, exonerate, tional. His notions of the universe were wildly forgive, pardon, vindicate, remit, free, clear, abstract and difficult to envision. SYN. nonrep- exculpate, excuse. ANT. charge, accuse, resentational, theoretical, conceptual, abs- blame, condemn. truse, indefinite, incomprehensible, general,absorb v. 1. DRINK UP suck, assimilate, blot, sop nonspecific, amorphous, symbolic, recon- up, sponge, osmose, consume. 2. ENGROSS dite. ANT. specific, clear, concrete. fascinate, interest, mesmerize, grip, rivet, abstract n. 1. CONDENSATION brief, abridge- enthrall, spellbind, comprehend, assimilate, ment, synopsis, summary. 2. ART nonrepre- understand. ANT. 1. spit out, spew, discharge, sentational art form, amorphous art form, repel. 2. bore, confuse, tire. geometrical art form. ‘‘A product of the un-absorbed a. 1. ASSIMILATED blotted, consumed, talented, sold by the unprincipled to the ut- taken in, *sucked up. 2. ENGROSSED inter- terly bewildered.’’—Al Capp. SEE ART ested, fascinated, riveted, mesmerized, cap- abstract v. 1. TAKE AWAY remove, extract, de- tivated, spellbound, immersed, involved, fo- tach, separate. 2. SUMMARIZE synopsize, ab- cused, rapt. ANT. bored, restless, unfocused. breviate, condense, abridge. Roget’s Superthesaurus 5
  9. 9. Abstracted–Accedeabstracted a. lost in thought, lost in reverie, abusive a. 1. HARMFUL injurious, cruel, brutal, preoccupied, daydreaming, brooding, ab- hurtful, exploitive, dominating, ruthless, sent-minded, withdrawn, in a trance, *off in rough, disrespectful. 2. VERBALLY ABUSIVE of- space, remote, inattentive, *out to lunch. fensive, insulting, vile, nasty, denigrating, ANT. alert, attentive, sharp. gross, obscene, disparaging, critical, ridicul-abstraction n. absent-mindedness, preoccupa- ing, maligning, upbraiding, cutting. ANT. 1. tion, reverie, daydreaming, withdrawal, helpful, kind, nurturing. 2. sweet, *honey- brooding, reflecting, mulling. tongued, flattering.ABSTRUSE a. [ab STROOS] difficult to un- abut v. border on, lean on, adjoin, end on, con- derstand. Einstein’s abstruse theories confound join, juxtapose. all but the brightest scholars. SYN. recondite, abutment n. junction, juxtaposition, connec- deep, incomprehensible, complex, inscruta- tion, conjunction. ble, undecipherable, profound, unfathom- abutter n. neighbor. able, *clear as mud, arcane, esoteric, cere- abuzz a. buzzing, chattering, babbling, busy, bral. ANT. clear, simple, obvious, *child’s play. jumping, hopping, active, animated, spir-absurd a. ridiculous, ludicrous, laughable, silly, ited, astir, kinetic, restless, bustling. ANT. si- preposterous, foolish, outrageous, asinine, lent, lifeless. idiotic, loony, stupid, crazy, nonsense. ANT. abysmal a. 1. UNFATHOMABLE immeasurable, serious, weighty. deep, bottomless, vast, abyssal, immense. 2.absurdity n. joke, foolishness, nonsense, idiocy, DESPAIRINGLY BAD wretched, awful, pitiful, *bullshit, *bunk, *fiddle faddle, *hogwash, the lowest, depressing, miserable. ANT. 1. fi- piffle, *rubbish, *tripe, drivel, twiddle-twad- nite, measurable. 2. impressive, commendable, dle. favorable.abundance n. lots, plenty, loads, piles, slew, abyss n. depth, chasm, void, fissure, the deep, hoard, *scads, *tons, *oodles, plethora, sur- gulf, hole, bottomless pit. plus, bounty, *miser’s hoard, profusion, abyssal a. unfathomable, abysmal, deep, im- enough, bountiful, overflowing, wealth. measurable, bottomless. ANT. shallow. ANT. scarcity, dearth, paucity. AC n. 1. AIR CONDITIONING. 2. ALTERNATINGabundant a. plentiful, bountiful, copious, pro- CURRENT. fuse, abounding, more than enough, immea- academia n. academe, scholarly world, school, surable, inexaustible, teeming, overflowing. college, groves of academe, ivy halls, aca- ANT. scarce, scant, rare, sparse. demic community. SEE COLLEGE, EDUCATION,abuse n. 1. MISTREATMENT maltreatment, ill- UNIVERSITY treatment, injury, harm, assault, cruelty, tor- academic a. 1. SCHOLARLY scholastic, collegiate, ment, brutality, molestation, exploitation, university, professorial, studious, bookish, terrorizing, *stepping on, torturing, beating, erudite, learned, cultured. 2. THEORETICAL thrashing, battery. 2. INSULTING OR HARSH hypothetical, conjectural, speculative, sup- LANGUAGE belittlement, degradation, deni- positional, immaterial, moot. ANT. 1. real gration, deprecation, tongue-lashing, defa- world, rough-and-tumble, practical. 2. accessi- mation, maligning, invective, criticism, up- ble, understandable, meaningful. SEE COLLEGE, braiding, dressing-down, ridicule, SCHOOL, TEACHER vilification, put-downs, verbal abuse. ANT. academic n. scholar, student, teacher, professor, 1. care, kindness. 2. sweet talk, compliments, pupil, educator, tutor, doctor. flattery. academics n. studies, courses, school work.abuse v. 1. MISTREAT maltreat, ill-treat, injure, academy n. 1. SCHOOL private school, institute, exploit, harm, assault, disrespect, terrorize, institution, secondary school, prep school, molest, brutalize, manhandle, *step on, finishing school. 2. ASSOCIATION fellowship, strong-arm, torture, beat, thrash, rape. 2. institution, atheneum, club. VERBALLY ABUSE OR USE HARSH LANGUAGE be- Academy Award n. Oscar. little, degrade, denigrate, deprecate, tongue- a capella a./adv. choral, voices only, without lash, defame, malign, criticize, upbraid, dress instruments. down, ridicule, vilify, put down, insult, *dis, ACCEDE v. [ak SEED] to agree or consent to. *dig, *dump on, *bad-mouth, *trash. ANT. Peer pressure forced the last holdout to accede. 1. coddle, respect, nurture, pamper, dote on. SYN. 1. CONSENT agree, concede, submit to, 2. sweet talk, flatter, compliment. give in, give assent, yield, acquiesce, *cave6 Roget’s Superthesaurus
  10. 10. Accelerant–Acclimate in. 2. ATTAIN assume, enter upon, inherit. ANT. 1. unobtainable, out of reach, unavail-accelerant n. catalyst. able. 2. closed, unfriendly, unapproachable. 3.accelerate v. speed up, race, hasten, step up, abstruse, cerebral, complex, difficult. *put the pedal to the metal, *floor it, *gun accession n. succession, assumption, inaugura- it, *squeal out, *burn rubber, *red line, tion, attaining, assuming office, ascending *peel out. ANT. decelerate, slow down, wind the throne, coming to power. down, brake, stop. accessorize v. supplement, add on, ornament,acceleration n. speeding up, increasing veloc- adorn, attach, equip, trim, accent. ity, *stepping on it, quickening. ANT. decel- accessory n. 1. EXTRA add-on, attachment, erating, slowing, braking. adornment, peripheral, accent, supplement,accelerator n. throttle, gas pedal. trimming, equipment, gear, appendage,accent n. 1. EMPHASIS stress, significance. 2. EM- trapping. 2. ACCOMPLICE confederate, confi- PHASIS OF PRONUNCIATION stress, accentua- dante, cohort, associate, *partner in crime, tion, delivery, attack, inflection, articula- co-conspirator, helper, assistant. tion, enunciation, rhythm, tone. 3. accident n. 1. CHANCE fluke, serendipity, luck, REGIONAL SPEAKING MANNER brogue, burr, fortuity, circumstance, happenstance, twist drawl, twang, dialect. 4. EMBELLISHMENT or- of fate. ‘‘An inevitable occurrence due to nament, dressing, touch. the action of immutable natural laws.’’—accent v. accentuate, highlight, underscore, Ambrose Bierce. 2. MISHAP mistake, blun- underline, spotlight, emphasize, point up, der, misfortune, calamity, casualty, misad- punctuate. ANT. downplay, ignore, hide. venture, disaster, catastrophe, wreck,accentuate v. SEE ACCENT *crack-up, *pile-up, *fender-bender, colli-accept v. 1. TAKE receive, get, welcome, ac- sion, *rear-ender, *T-bone, *sideswiping, quire, obtain. 2. SUBMIT TO allow, tolerate, crash, rollover. ‘‘A condition in which pres- take in stride, endure, capitulate, stand for. ence of mind is good, but absence of body 3. BELIEVE IN adopt, acknowledge, agree, better.’’—Foolish Dictionary. concur, confirm, *swallow, *buy, recognize, accidental a. chance, fortuitous, serendipitous, affirm, *take as gospel. ANT. 1. reject, give, random, freak, unforeseen, unintentional, refuse. 2. reject, refuse, oppose. 3. disbelieve, haphazard, unwitting, *flukey, inadvertent, reject. unpremeditated. ANT. planned, intended, pre-acceptable a. adequate, good enough, worthy, meditated. satisfactory, suitable, respectable, fair, pass- accidentally a. fortuitously, randomly, unwit- able, tolerable, okay, *up to snuff, *passes tingly, haphazardly, by chance, uninten- muster. ANT. unacceptable, subpar, objection- tionally, by some fluke. ANT. intentionally, able, poor. planned, by design.acceptance n. acknowledgement, approval, accident-prone a. clumsy, *klutzy, inept, *two adoption, assent, recognition, agreement, left feet, bungling, bumbling, attention- *the okay, *the green light, *the go-ahead. seeking, neurotic, having a death wish, *all ANT. rejection, refusal, disagreement. thumbs. ANT. coordinated, nimble.accepted a. 1. RECEIVED taken, acquired, wel- acclaim n. applause, acclamation, ovation, comed. 2. AGREED UPON acknowledged, ap- cheers, praise, bravos, kudos, approval, adu- proved, recognized, endorsed, believed in, lation, honor, plaudits. ANT. boos, hisses, affirmed, sanctioned, upheld, authorized, jeers, heckles, catcalls, *razzing, *Bronx accredited, conventional, normal, standard. cheers. ANT. 2. rejected, refused, unconventional. acclaim v. applaud, cheer, approve, *giveaccess n. entry, entree, admission, passage, thumbs up to, extol, praise, *sing the praises pathway, approach, ingress, admittance, of, laud, hail, shout, bravo. ANT. *razz, *give doorway. SEE ENTRANCE a Bronx cheer, boo, hiss, reject, disapprove.accessible a. 1. OBTAINABLE reachable, attain- acclaimed a. applauded, cheered, praised, ap- able, available, at hand, handy, approach- proved, extolled, hailed, lauded. ANT. re- able. 2. FRIENDLY AND OPEN approachable, jected, jeered, booed, *razzed. available, obliging, familiar, sociable, genial, acclamation n. applause, ovation, cheers, whis- gracious, *having an open door policy. 3. tles, plaudits, bravos. SEE ACCLAIM EASY TO UNDERSTAND comprehensible, sim- ACCLIMATE v. [ACK luh mate] to adapt, ple, lucid, uncomplicated, unsophisticated. adjust or accustom (oneself) to a different Roget’s Superthesaurus 7
  11. 11. Acclimatize–Accordion environment or situation. Lowlanders have a accomplish v. achieve, effect, bring to fruition, difficult time acclimating themselves to the thin- fulfill, complete, consummate, attain, bring ner air supply found at high altitudes. SYN. ac- about, perform, *pull it off, effectuate, pro- custom, adapt, adjust, habituate, get used to, duce, execute, score, realize, engineer, make inure, naturalize, familiarize, fit in, condi- happen, *cut the mustard, *nail it. ANT. fail, tion, harden. fall short, *blow, *choke.acclimatize v. SEE ACCLIMATE accomplished a. 1. ACHIEVED completed, ful-ACCOLADE n. [AK uh LADE] an award or filled, consummated, attained, brought honor. The dance troupe is winning accolades about, finished, performed, executed, real- from critics nationwide. SYN. honor, recogni- ized, *pulled off, *nailed, brought to fru- tion, tribute, praise, acclaim, applause, exal- ition, produced. 2. SKILLED proficient, tal- tation, kudos, credit, award, prize. ented, expert, practiced, adept, perfected,accommodate v. 1. OBLIGE aid, assist, help, per- masterly, *crack, *crackerjack, deft, experi- form a kindness, serve, furnish, do a favor, enced, learned, polished. ANT. 1. uncom- grant, indulge, lend a hand. 2. HOUSE lodge, pleted, unfulfilled, failed, *blown, fallen short. quarter, put up, board, furnish a room, shel- 2. unskilled, unseasoned, amateur, *green, ter, entertain, take in. 3. ADAPT accustom, *rough around the edges. adjust, bend, conform, acclimate, reconcile, accomplishment n. achievement, fulfillment, modify, fit, tailor. realization, deed, fait accompli, execution,accommodating a. obliging, helpful, pleasing, attainment, completion, consummation, gracious, considerate, hospitable, benevo- feat, coup, effort, performance, success. ANT. lent, charitable, cooperative, sympathetic. failure, defeat, *flop, *washout, debacle. ANT. disobliging, unsympathetic, cold-hearted, ACCORD n. [uh CORD] harmony, mutual ungracious. understanding. They ended their hostilities andaccommodation n. 1. ASSISTANCE aid, favor, reached accord. SYN. harmony, agreement, service, grant, kindness, nicety, courtesy, concurrence, concert, unison, unity, accor- help. 2. LODGING room, quarters, housing, dance, rapport, mutual understanding, con- *digs, bed and breakfast, boarding, furnish- cordance, *a meeting of the minds, consen- ing, suite, berth, bed, shelter, flat, arrange- sus. ANT. discord, friction, disagreement, ments. 3. ADAPTATION adjustment, habitua- dissidence. tion, acclimatization, modification, change, accord v. 1. CONCEDE grant, bestow, accede, fitting, conformation, reconciliation. ANT. allow, give, acquiesce. 2. HARMONIZE agree, 1. rejection, turning away, hindrance. 3. mal- concur, correspond, match up, *see eye to adjustment, rigidity. eye, *sing from the same hymnal, jibe.accompanied a. escorted, paired, tended, chap- accordant a. in agreement, agreeing, congru- eroned, shown around, guarded, protected. ous, harmonious, matching. ANT. opposing,accompaniment n. backup, harmony, back- divergent. ground, instrument, rhythm player, *side- accordingly adv. 1. FITTINGLY properly, corres- kick. pondingly. 2. THEREFORE hence, conse-accompany v. go with, escort, pair, tend, chap- quently, thus, so, subsequently, whereupon, erone, show around, protect, guide, usher, as a result. be one’s sidekick, *hang out with, consort, according to prep. 1. IN ACCORDANCE WITH in keep company, *shadow, *tag along, join. ` line with. 2. PER a la, as stated by, on theACCOMPLICE n. [uh COM pliss] one who authority of, as reported by. accompanies or assists another in a wrongful ACCORDING TO HOYLE Sl. according to act; a partner in crime. Machine Gun Willy the ultimate authority, according to the guy and two accomplices robbed the bank. SYN. as- who wrote the rule book, an idiom derived sociate, colleague, ally, cohort, collaborator, from card game expert Edmond Hoyle. We confederate, accessory, abettor, co-conspira- are proceeding correctly, according to Hoyle. tor, henchman, partner in crime, right-hand SYN. according to rule, *by the book, *by the man, consort, *gun moll. ‘‘One associated numbers, correct, indisputable, according to with another in crime, having guilty knowl- the highest authority, gospel. edge and complicity, as an attorney who de- accordion n. concertina, *squeezebox, melo- fends a criminal, knowing him guilty.’’— deon, *groanbox, *windbox, *stomach Ambrose Bierce. SEE CRIME, CRIMINAL Steinway.8 Roget’s Superthesaurus
  12. 12. Accost–AccrualACCOST v. [uh COST] approach or greet ag- decreasing value of asset over time: depreci- gressively. Sally was accosted by an ambitious ation salesman. SYN. assail, greet, approach, *hit discrepancy corrections: reconciling on, confront, assault, annoy, hail, intrude, ease of converting assets to cash: liquidity address, call, buttonhole, solicit. employee pay: payrollaccount n. 1. CHRONICLE explanation, report, enter a transaction: log story, description, narrative, statement, de- entry of earnings not yet received or of ex- tailing, *blow-by-blow, *play-by-play, run- penses not yet paid: accrual down, version. 2. FINANCIAL RECORD bal- examination of accounts: audit ance, ledger, books, credits and debits, examiner of accounts: auditor computation, reckoning, accrual, profit and expenses greater than income: negative cash loss statement, register, invoice, tab, calcu- flow lation. SEE BANK 3. WORTH importance, expenses less than income: positive cash value, weight, consequence, significance, flow merit. head accountant of business or government:account v. 1. RECKON add up, calculate, balance controller, comptroller the books. 2. ANSWER FOR explain, give a rea- increasing value of asset over time: apprecia- son for, justify, rationalize. 3. CONSIDER hold, tion regard, deem, estimate, judge, believe, rate, items and property of value: assets view. losing money: in the redaccount of, on prep. because of, since, for the making money or realizing net profit: in the sake of, by virtue of. blackaccount, on no prep. under no circumstances, money owed to creditors: accounts payable, for no reason, never. liabilities, outstanding accountsaccount, take into prep. consider, allow for, money to be received: accounts receivable think about. month by month budget: rolling budgetaccountability n. responsibility. SEE ACCOUNT- net profit or loss: bottom line ABLE payout: disbursementaccountable a. responsible, liable, beholden, profit and loss statement: P & L project income and expenses for the year: answerable, obligated, duty-bound, culpa- annualize ble, held to blame. ANT. excused, exempt, *let pure profit: net off the hook. record-keeping method having equal creditaccountant n. bookkeeper, auditor, CPA, certi- for each debit: double-entry accounting fied public accountant, controller, comp- records: books troller, bank examiner, clerk, *number revenues before costs are deducted: gross cruncher, *bean counter, *pencil pusher, state-licensed accountant: CPA, certified *desk jockey, actuary. SEE ACCOUNTING, public accountant BANK, MONEY total assets minus liabilities: net worthaccounting n. 1. RECORDING AND INTERPRETING uncollectable debt: write-off FINANCIAL ACCOUNTS bookkeeping, balanc- value of assets beyond what is owed on ing the books, reckoning, crediting and deb- them: equity iting, auditing, computing, calculating, re- withdrawal of funds by business owner: draw cording. 2. FINANCIAL STATEMENT account, accoutre v. dress, equip, outfit, gear up. balance sheet, ledger, spreadsheet, accrual, accoutrement n. trappings, outfit, clothes, budget, invoice. dress, equipment, gear, attire, habiliment. WORD FIND accredit v. 1. AUTHORIZE certify, sanction, rec- account book: ledger, daybook, journal ognize, license, qualify, approve, legitimize, annual accounting period: calendar year, fis- endorse, validate, warrant, vouch for. 2. AT- cal year TRIBUTE credit, ascribe, assign, charge. cheating on records to hide profits: cooking accretion n. growth, accumulation, augmen- the books tation, addition, enlargement, expansion, collection of assets after business closes: liq- increase. ANT. shrinkage, dispersement, scat- uidation tering. computer program organizing financial data accrual n. growth, accumulation, amassing, in- into rows and columns: spreadsheet crease. Roget’s Superthesaurus 9
  13. 13. Accrue–Achilles’ Heelaccrue v. accumulate, add up, grow, amass, in- ace n. expert, champion, master, star, hero, crease, collect, expand, pile up, compound. *crack hand, *crackerjack, *hotshot, *pis-acculturation n. naturalization, assimilation, tol, *whiz, *whiz kid. ANT. loser, benchwar- nationalization, culture shock. mer, second-stringer.accumulate v. heap, collect, pile up, gather, ac- ace v. hit it, nail it, score, execute, succeed, hit crete, expand, aggregate, stack up, grow, ac- the bullseye, defeat, *smoke the competi- crue, swell, amass, assemble. ANT. throw off, tion. ANT. *blow it, *choke, lose. shed, shuck, disperse, scatter. acedia n. apathy, ennui, indifference, despair.accumulation n. collection, heap, pile, gather- ace in the hole n. hold out, card up one’s sleeve, ing, accretion, assembly, aggregation, ag- secret weapon, reserve. glomeration, conglomeration, mass, growth, acephalous a. 1. HEADLESS. 2. LEADERLESS. accrual, swelling, hoard, stockpile. ANT. dis- acerbate v. 1. EMBITTER sour, poison, gall. 2. persal, disbursement, shedding, scattering. EXASPERATE aggravate, ruffle, annoy, disturb,accuracy n. precision, correctness, exactness, *rattle one’s cage, perturb, provoke. fidelity, factualness, veracity, truth, meticu- ACERBIC a. [uh SUR bick] anything sour, lousness, perfection. ANT. inaccuracy, impre- bitter or sharp. She was an insulting, acerbic- cision, slackness. tongued witch. SYN. sour, bitter, harsh, sharp,accurate a. correct, precise, right, error-free, astringent, acidic, acrid, tart, caustic. ANT. unerring, perfect, exact, actual, factual, *on sweet, honeyed, nectarous, saccharine. the button, *on target, *on the money, *on acerbity a. 1. SOURNESS bitterness, astringency, the mark, flawless, veracious, faultless, me- sharpness, harshness, tartness, acidity, acrid- ticulous, faithful. ANT. incorrect, wrong, ity, pungency. 2. NASTINESS irritability, an- flawed, imperfect, inaccurate. noyance, sharpness, sourness, bitterness,accurately adv. correctly, precisely, rightly, per- brusqueness, rancor, sarcasm, venom, acri- fectly, flawlessly, exactly, actually, factually, mony, ill humor, grouchiness. ANT. 1. sweet- meticulously. ANT. inaccurately, incorrectly, ness, nectarous. 2. sweetness, friendliness, wrongly. good humor.accursed a. cursed, condemned, damned, ill- aces a. great, excellent, wonderful, top-notch, fated, doomed, bedeviled, hexed, ruined, fabulous. ANT. horrible, inferior, dreadful. undone, stricken, *done for. ANT. blessed. ache n. pain, twinge, pang, soreness, stitch,accusation n. charge, *rap, blame, implication, indictment, insinuation, allegation, com- spasm, throb, discomfort, hurt, pounding, plaint, citation, smear, inculpation, recrimi- stabbing, smarting, burning, pinching. nation. ache v. 1. HURT throb, pound, pang, twinge,accusatory a. accusing, finger-pointing, blam- pain, spasm, stab, sear, smart, suffer, agonize. ing. ANT. recriminatory. 2. SYMPATHIZE pity. 3. YEARN FOR long for,accuse v. charge, blame, indict, implicate, cite, hunger, crave, need, pine for. finger-point, prosecute, inculpate, impeach, achievable a. doable, attainable, reachable, ob- recriminate, impute, *hang on, *finger for, tainable, feasible. ANT. impossible, unthink- *pin on. able.accused n. defendant, suspect, alleged perpetra- achieve v. accomplish, realize, do, attain, com- tor. SEE COURT, CRIME, LAW plete, bring about, effect, produce, carry off,accuser n. incriminator, prosecutor, *fink, succeed, consummate, actualize, follow *stool pigeon, *tattletale, *rat, informer, through, engineer, *pull off, *swing, score, plaintiff, adversary. win one. ANT. fail, fall short, *blow it, *choke,accustom v. familiarize, habituate, acquaint, quit. adapt, get used to. achievement n. accomplishment, attainment,accustomed a. 1. USUAL customary, characteris- production, success, score, exploit, feat, ful- tic, conventional, established, familiar, fillment, realization, acquirement, consum- fixed, set, everyday, general, routine, tradi- mation, *master stroke, coup, masterpiece, tional. 2. USED TO habituated, familiarized, creation, triumph, conquest, *feather in acclimated, acquainted with, naturalized, one’s cap. adapted, in the habit of, toughened, sea- ACHILLES’ HEEL n. [uh KILL eez HEEL] a soned. ANT. 1. unusual, uncharacteristic, un- metaphor used to illustrate a vulnerability conventional. 2. unaccustomed to, unfamiliar or a mortal weakness, from the myth of with, unseasoned, green. Achilles, whose body was immunized from10 Roget’s Superthesaurus
  14. 14. Acid–Acquaint harm everywhere but on his heel. Nobody is nod at, recognize, greet, salute, hail. ANT. 1. all-powerful; even dictators have at least one deny, refuse, refute. 3. ignore, overlook, pass Achilles’ heel. SYN. weakness, vulnerability, over, snub. *soft underbelly, susceptibility, frailty, fra- acknowledgement n. 1. ADMISSION avowal, rec- gility, chink in the armor, deficiency, fail- ognition, acceptance, granting, concession, ing, handicap. ANT. omnipotence, strength, acquiescence, declaration, profession, con- immortality. fession. 2. THANK YOU recompense, reward,acid n. corrosive, astringent, chemical. ANT. al- repayment, remittance, expression of grati- kali. tude. 3. RESPONSE notice, address, nod, rec- WORD FIND ognition, greeting, salute, hailing, bow, ant irritant: formic acid curtsy, reply. ANT. 1. denial, refusal, refuta- aspirin: acetylsalicylic acid tion. 3. ignoring, oversight, snub. corrosive used in explosives: sulfuric acid, ACME n. [ACK me] the very highest; the oil of vitriol peak. The award was the acme of his career. mild antiseptic: boric acid SYN. summit, pinnacle, peak, high point, ze- milk-derived: lactic acid nith, crown, apex, top, apogee, greatest, odoriferous corrosive poison used in explo- best, supremacy. ANT. lowest, valley, pit, bot- sives, antiseptics: phenol tom. protein-forming: amino acids acne n. pimples, *zits, blackheads, pustules, fa- stomach acid: hydrochloric acid cial eruption, skin inflammation, blemishes, urine-derived: uric acid pockmarks, *pizza-face, rosacea. vinegar ingredient: acetic acid acolyte n. altar boy, assistant, attendant, vitamin C: ascorbic acid helper, aid. white poison in insecticides: arsenic acid acorn n. oak nut, fruit.acid n. Sl. LSD, *blotter, *blue cheer, *blue acoustic a. sound, sound properties, hearing, heaven, *California sunshine, *D, *dot, auditory, phonic, audio, aural. *electric Kool Aid, *flash, *green dragon, acoustics n. sound qualities, echoes, noise *orange sunshine, *purple haze, *travel properties, sound transmission, sound fre- agent, *wedding bells, *yellows. SEE DRUG, quencies. NARCOTIC WORD FINDacid a. 1. OF TASTE sour, bitter, tart, astringent, absorbs all sound, produces no echoes: an- harsh, sharp, biting, acerbic, vinegary. 2. ILL- echoic TEMPERED OR SHARP-TONGUED sarcastic, caus- boom produced by object moving faster tic, *saber-tongued, venomous, nasty, cut- than sound: sonic boom ting, vitriolic, biting, stinging, snide, sar- donic, acerbic, scathing. ANT. 1. sweet, harmonious sound: consonance sugary, honey. 2. good-humored, sweet, kind, hearing tester: audiometer warm, flattering. high frequency sound above human hearing:acidhead n. Sl. *junkie. SEE ADDICT ultrasoundacidity n. sourness, bitterness, acerbity, sharp- inharmonious sound: dissonance ness, harshness, astringency, causticity. less than speed of sound: subsonicACID TEST n. [ASS id test] a test of value, lowest sound audible to ear: threshold fre- quality or genuineness, a metaphor evolved quency from the jeweler’s nitric acid test to deter- noise made from blend of all audible fre- mine the authenticity of gold. The voluntary quencies: white noise adoption of expensive, double-hulled tankers prolonged sound caused by vibration or re- has long served as an acid test of the oil indus- flection: resonance try’s sincerity concerning environmentalism. quality of sound: timbre SYN. trial, proving ground, analysis, proof, rebounding sound wave: echo verification, substantion. speed of sound: sonic, 741 mphacidulous a. sour, tart, harsh, citric. SEE ACID unit of noise intensity level: decibelacknowledge v. 1. ADMIT recognize, own up to, acquaint v. 1. MAKE AWARE inform, advise, en- accept, grant, concede, acquiesce, declare, lighten, familiarize, let know, notify, ap- profess. 2. THANK recompense, reward, re- prise, divulge, clue in. 2. MEET introduce, pay, requite. 3. RESPOND TO notice, address, make conversant, familiarize. Roget’s Superthesaurus 11
  15. 15. Acquaintance–Actacquaintance n. 1. ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE famil- acre n. 160 square rods, 43,560 square feet, 405 iarity, understanding, experience, aware- hectare, acreage, parcel, plot, real estate. ness, conversance, enlightenment, cogni- acreage n. parcel, plot, holding, land, real es- zance. 2. ASSOCIATE colleague, neighbor, tate, property, expanse. peer, co-worker. ‘‘A person whom we know ACRID a. [AK rid] sharp or bitter in taste or well enough to borrow from, but not well smell, or in one’s speech. We opened the jar enough to lend to.’’—Ambrose Bierce. ANT. and immediately smelled something acrid. SYN. 1. ignorance, inexperience. 2. complete 1. TASTE OR SMELL bitter, sharp, irritating, stranger. harsh, pungent, sour, acid, acerbic, stinging,acquainted a. 1. AWARE informed, advised, en- caustic, stinking, foul-smelling, biting. 2. lightened, familiarized, apprised of, familiar SPEECH sarcastic, sardonic, caustic, biting, with, aware of, *clued in, versed in. ANT. acid, saber-tongued, venomous, cutting, unaware, *clueless. snide. ANT. 1. sweet, mild. 2. sweet, flattering,ACQUIESCE v. [AK we ESS] to yield, give in good-humored. or assent without enthusiasm. The dictator ACRIMONIOUS a. [AK ri MO nee us] bitter, acquiesced only after the Bush administration nasty, spiteful. The divorcing couple survived rattled its saber. SYN. consent, defer, yield, an acrimonious session in court. SYN. bitter, assent, comply, accede, accept, *buckle un- biting, caustic, nasty, spiteful, sarcastic, sar- der, *cave in, give in, agree, capitulate, con- donic, sharp, vitriolic, venomous, acerbic, cur, abide by, come around, submit, *fall in snarling, snide. ANT. sweet, kind, civil. line. ANT. resist, fight, challenge, rebuff, make acrimony n. bitterness, nastiness, causticity, a stand. vitriol, spite, sarcasm, asperity, harshness.acquiescence n. yielding, compliance, accep- ANT. sweetness, civility, kindness. tance, consenting, *buckling under, capitu- acrobat n. gymnast, tumbler, aerialist, tightrope lation, submission, concurring, *caving in, walker, stuntman, stuntwoman, circus per- deferring, assenting, subservience, servility. former, trapeze artist, contortionist. ANT. resistance, making a stand, rebellion. acrobatics n. gymnastics, tumbling, somersault-acquire v. get, obtain, gain, procure, buy, pur- ing, flipping, balancing. chase, earn, catch, *get one’s hands on, *get acronym n. abbreviation. hold of, *land, net, *snag, *scare up, secure. acrophobia n. fear of heights. SEE PHOBIA ANT. give away, sell, lose, relinquish. acropolis n. high city, elevated city, citadel. WORD FINDacquired immune deficiency syndrome n. famous Greek temple of: Parthenon AIDS, sexually transmitted disease (STD), across a. crosswise, crossways, transversely, HIV. SEE DISEASE, MEDICINE crisscross, astride.acquirement n. skill, ability, education, capa- across prep. 1. OVER opposite to, to the other bility, knowledge, accomplishment. side, beyond, in front of. 2. INTO CONTACTacquisition n. attainment, procurement, ac- WITH upon, into. quirement, securing, purchase, gain, take- across-the-board a. 1. WIN, PLACE AND SHOW 2. over, gift, proceed, grant, obtainment. ALL everything, comprehensive, sweeping,acquisitive a. greedy, materialistic, grasping, all-inclusive, blanket, total, complete. ANT. avaricious, grabby, hoarding, rapacious, limited, partial. *gold-digging. ANT. generous, unselfish. acrostic n. word puzzle, wordplay, word game.ACQUIT v. [uh KWIT] to release, free or clear act n. 1. DEED action, execution, performance, one from a responsibility or charge. Lizzie task, turn, endeavor, undertaking, measure, Borden was acquitted of murder charges against accomplishment, step, exploit, feat. 2. DE- her father and stepmother, but a cloud of suspi- CREE enactment, ruling, bill, edict, measure, cion continues to hang over her name. SYN. 1. law, ordinance, amendment, mandate, proc- RELEASE, clear, free, excuse, exonerate, ab- lamation, judgment, resolution. 3. FALSE BE- solve, pardon, forgive, relieve, exempt, let HAVIOR affectation, pose, *false front, pre- off, exculpate. 2. BEHAVE conduct, act, com- tense, make-believe, put-on, posturing, port, bear. ANT. 1. convict, condemn, damn. sham, performance, *Oscar performance,acquittal n. discharge, release, clearance, exon- airs, feigning. 4. STAGE ROUTINE bit, eration, pardon, reprieve, exculpation, abso- *schtick, sketch. 5. PART OF A PLAY scene, lution, liberation. act one, act two, epilogue, prologue.12 Roget’s Superthesaurus
  16. 16. Act–Actualizeact v. 1. DO perform, execute, get involved, SYN. involvement, action, acting, commit- spring into action, carry out, achieve, begin, ment, militancy, advocacy, picketing, strik- *jump in, undertake, function, move, pro- ing, boycotting, taking responsibility, influ- ceed. ‘‘Genius is the ability to act wisely encing, effecting change. ANT. apathy, without precedent—the power to do the passivity, ignoring, indifference. right thing the first time.’’—Elbert Hub- activist n. doer, *a mover and shaker, *light- bard. 2. BEHAVE conduct oneself, comport, ning rod, *spark, champion, advocate, *in- deport, carry oneself, perform, be like. 3. fluence peddler, logroller, enthusiast, mili- PERFORM IN AN ENTERTAINMENT portray, per- tant, man of deeds, *catalyst for change. sonify, impersonate, mimic, role-play, char- activity n. 1. ACTION movement, commotion, acterize, enact, *ham it up, play a part, star, motion, bustle, hustle. 2. LIVELINESS energy, burlesque. vivacity, vigor, alertness, briskness. 3. PAS-acting n. PERFORMANCE IN AN ENTERTAINMENT TIME pursuit, recreation, venture, game, depiction, method acting, characterization, hobby. ANT. 1. inactivity, stillness, inertia. 2. impersonation, mimicry, dramatization, sloth, tiredness, exhaustion. portrayal, rendition, *hamming it up, mime, act of God n. natural disaster, unforeseen pantomime, theatrics. ‘‘Acting is honesty. If event, accident, freak accident. you can fake that, you’ve got it made.’’— actor n. 1. DOER perpetrator, participant, activ- George Burns. ‘‘To seem natural rather than ist, executor, mover, agent, operative. 2. to be natural.’’—Alan Milne. THESPIAN performer, player, actress, star,acting v. PRETENDING bluffing, faking, feigning, character, entertainer, mimic, mime, movie putting up a false front, playing make-be- idol, matinee idol, impersonator, artist, lieve, posing, putting up a facade, affecting. leading man, leading lady. ‘‘A musician whoacting a. SUBSTITUTING surrogate, functioning, plays on a homemade instrument—him- operating, alternate, temporary, deputy, in- self.’’—Helen Hayes. terim, provisional, pro tem, adjutant. ANT. WORD FIND permanent. group: cast, company (stock company), en-action n. 1. ACTIVITY motion, movement, func- semble, repertory, troupe tioning, performance, working, energy, improvisation: ad lib commotion. 2. ACT deed, move, effort, en- main role: lead terprise, exercise, exploit. ‘‘Deeds are better minor role: bit player, cameo, extra, spear things than words are, Actions mightier carrier, walk on than boastings.’’—Longfellow. ‘‘Well done monologue performer: monologist natural, realistic: method actor is better than well said.’’—Ben Franklin. 3. negotiates contracts, finds work: agent EFFECT influence. 4. LEGAL ACTION lawsuit, overacting or bad acting: ham, mugger suit, claim, case. 5. COMBAT battle, hostilit- publicizes: press agent, publicist ies, gunfire, enemy fire, fighting. 6. EXCITE- secondary role: supporting actor MENT movement, slam-bang entertainment. silent performer: mime, pantomimeactivate v. start, begin, initiate, stimulate, substitute: stand-in, understudy spark, actuate, prompt, goad, prod, set in traveling: barnstormer motion, ignite, impel, *flip the switch, ener- typecast: character actor gize, motivate. ANT. stop, turn off, extinguish, veteran: trouper paralyze. SEE ACTRESS, MOVIE, TELEVISION, THEATERactive a. 1. BUSY moving, functioning, working, actress n. leading lady, starlet, diva, prima industrious, on the go, commotive, kinetic, donna, ingenue. SEE ACTOR, MOVIE, TELEVI- stirring, astir, restless, bustling. 2. ENERGETIC SION, THEATER lively, agile, quick, spry, vital, spirited, actual a. real, authentic, factual, true, bona hearty, nimble, vigorous, sprightly, alert, fide, existing, concrete, genuine, tangible, frisky, animated. 3. PARTICIPATING func- certain, veritable, de facto. ANT. false, imagi- tional, acting, operative. ANT. 1. inactive, nary, fictitious, unreal, nonexistent. static, stationary. 2. dead, slow, tired, para- actuality n. reality, fact, truth, verity, material- lyzed. 3. inactive. ity.ACTIVISM n. [AKT uh vizm] taking direct actualize v. make real, bring about, realize, ef- action to bring about political or social fectualize, produce, engineer, accomplish, change. Voting is activism in its simplest form. reach. Roget’s Superthesaurus 13
  17. 17. Actually–Addressactually adv. really, in fact, in reality, truth- adaptable a. adjustable, modifiable, convert- fully, truly, genuinely, literally, in actuality, ible, alterable, changeable, transformable, de facto, as a matter of fact. variable, flexible, pliable. ANT. invariable,actuary n. statistician, accountant, insurance rigid, unbending. professional. adaptation n. adjustment, modification, alter-actuate v. put into motion, activate, start, ig- ation, change, transformation, variation, as- nite, effectuate, motivate, impel, goad, similation, conformation, accommodation, prompt, stimulate, initiate, *put into gear, hardening, retrofit, tempering, acclimation, *get rolling, spur, rouse. ANT. stop, extin- evolution, metamorphosis. guish, deter, *throw a wrench in the works. adapter n. connector, plug, fitting.act up v. misbehave, act out, raise hell, *sow adaptive a. adjusting, modifying, altering, flexi- one’s wild oats, rebel, *kick, *throw a tan- ble, hearty, robust. trum, carry on. add v. 1. ADD ON affix, attach, append, tack on,acuity n. acuteness, sharpness, keenness, adjoin, suffix, annex. 2. INCREASE augment, shrewdness. supplement, enlarge, lengthen, amplify,ACUMEN n. [AK yuh mun] mental sharpness, boost, raise, heighten, *beef up, build on. 3. accurate and quick judgment. Frank lacks the TOTAL sum up, calculate, compute, figure, acumen needed to succeed in the stock market. tally, reckon, enumerate, count. ANT. 1. sub- SYN. sharpness, shrewdness, quickness, intel- tract, remove. 2. subtract, decrease, reduce. ligence, perceptiveness, keenness, insight, addendum n. addition, appendix, supplement, judgment, astuteness, discernment, acuity, attachment, adjunct, codicil, extension, smarts, sagacity, wisdom. ANT. ignorance, augmentation. dullness, stupidity, naivete. addict n. *junkie, *fiend, *dopehead, *head,acute a. 1. SHARP pointed, needle-like. 2. KEEN *freak, *acidhead, *meth head, *cokehead, sharp, shrewd, quick, smart, astute, percep- user, *mainliner, *speed freak, *pothead, tive, bright, discerning. 3. SENSITIVE re- *space cadet, enthusiast, devotee, nut, ad- ceptive, responsive, perceptive. 4. SEVERE se- herent, buff, hound, zealot. SEE DRUG rious, critical, crucial, vital, important, addicted a. hooked, dependent, devoted, grave, momentous, urgent, dangerous, in- attached, obsessed, disposed to, in the habit, tense. 5. SHRILL high, piercing. ANT. 1. dull, *stuck on, zealous about, *nuts about. addiction n. habit, dependency, *monkey, blunt. 2. dull, obtuse, slow, stupid. 3. insensi- *monkey on one’s back, craving, enslave- tive, imperceptive. 4. mild, unimportant, insig- ment, obsession, habituation, alcoholism. nificant. 5. low, bass. addictive a. habit-forming, enslaving, hooking.A.D. adv. anno Domini, in the year of the Lord. add insult to injury v. aggravate, exacerbate,ADAGE n. [ADD ij] an old saying illustrating worsen, *add fuel to the fire, heighten, pro- some universal truth. ‘‘Charity begins at voke. home’’ and ‘‘Honesty is the best policy’’ are addition n. 1. TALLYING summation, calcula- popular adages. SYN. saying, proverb, apho- tion, tabulation, reckoning, computation, rism, axiom, folk wisdom, motto, maxim, counting. 2. AUGMENTATION addendum, platitude, precept, truism, cliche. add-on, attachment, extension, increase,ADAMANT a. [AD uh mant] not giving in or supplement, adjunct, annex. yielding, stubborn. LBJ was adamant about additional a. more, extra, added, supplemen- not being typed as a Southerner, because that tary, further, over and above, increased. meant political handicaps. SYN. unyielding, ANT. fewer, scant, none. unrelenting, stubborn, inflexible, unbend- additive n. agent, enhancing agent, preserva- ing, rigid, intractable, obdurate, immovable, tive. firm, resolute, fixed, uncompromising, de- addled a. muddled, befuddled, confused, termined. ANT. flexible, yielding, acquiescing. *numb, mixed up, *out to lunch, *foggy,adapt v. adjust, modify, assimilate, conform, *dim, *out of it, bewildered, disoriented. suit, reform, acculturate, fit, alter, change, ANT. perceptive, clear-headed. accommodate, orient, bend, acclimate, at- add-on n. supplement, accessory, peripheral, tune, convert, harden, temper, habituate, augmentation. evolve, reinvent, retrofit, *change one’s address n. 1. SPEECH oration, lecture, talk, salu- spots. tation, letter. 2. MAILING ADDRESS R.F.D.,14 Roget’s Superthesaurus
  18. 18. Address–Ad Lib route, street number, P.O. box, destination. taxes would continue to rise ad infinitum. SYN. 3. LOCATION residence, place, home, quar- forever, endlessly, continuously, on and on, ters, domicile. neverending, perpetually, relentlessly, un-address v. 1. DIRECT speak to, greet, approach, limitedly. salute, acknowledge, write to. 2. HANDLE adios interj. farewell, adieu, au revoir. SEE GOOD- consider, deal with, confront, undertake, fo- BYE cus on, take up, engage in. adipose n. fat.adduce v. cite, prove, provide, illustrate, point adjacent a. abutting, juxtaposed, near, close, out, show, affirm, name. adjoining, next to, aside, beside, neighbor-ADEPT a. [a DEPT] highly skilled or profi- ing, contiguous, alongside, bordering, proxi- cient. The project was finished quickly in her mate, meeting. ANT. distant, remote. adept hands. SYN. skilled, deft, adroit, expert, adjective n. modifier, qualifier. masterful, proficient, capable, practiced, adjoin v. 1. ABUT touch, be contiguous to, dexterous, sharp, competent, *crack, unite, contact, connect, impinge on, border, *crackerjack, savvy, talented. ANT. unskilled, verge. 2. JOIN affix, unite, connect, link. incompetent, fumbling, bumbling. adjoining a. abutting, adjacent, touching, con-adequacy n. enough, sufficiency, capability, tacting, neighboring, connecting, border- competence. ing, contiguous, verging. ANT. separate,adequate a. sufficient, enough, suitable, accept- apart. able, satisfactory, respectable, ample, tolera- adjourn v. 1. RECESS rest, pause, close, delay, ble, okay, admissible, not bad, fair, able. suspend, put off, hold. 2. MOVE transfer. ANT. inadequate, unsatisfactory, intolerable, adjournment n. recess, rest, pause, break, delay, insufficient, lacking. intermission, suspension, postponement.adequately adv. sufficiently, acceptably, satis- ADJUDICATE v. [uh JOO di KATE] to judge factorily, suitably, capably, amply. ANT. inad- and settle a case. A ‘‘kangaroo court’’ is a equately, insufficiently. court in which a case is adjudicated dishonestlyadhere v. 1. STICK affix, cling, stay, attach, hold or incompetently. SYN. judge, adjudge, try, fast, cement, fasten, cleave, cohere. 2. STAY hear, decide, process, arbitrate, mediate, de- WITH OR BE DEVOTED TO support, observe, fol- termine, settle, sit in judgment, referee. low, abide by, respect, maintain, practice, be adjudication n. judgment, decision, determina- attached, keep to, be faithful. ANT. 1. sepa- tion, settlement. rate, come unglued, repel. 2. stray, condemn, adjunct n. supplement, auxiliary, subordinate, ignore, detract. addition, extra, associate, aid, assistant.ADHERENT n. [ad HEER ent] a supporter or adjure v. command, charge, entreat, order, re- follower of a cause or belief. The speaker has quire, obligate. been an adherent of conservative politics for adjust v. conform, fit, alter, change, accommo- years. SYN. follower, supporter, disciple, be- date, bend, suit, accustom, *doctor, adapt, liever, advocate, backer, fan, devotee, ob- modify, straighten, tune, fine-tune, *fiddle server, ally, *card-carrying member. ANT. de- with, calibrate, square, rectify, tweak, ser- tractor, opponent, enemy of, critic of. vice, balance.adhesion n. sticking, stickiness, adherence, at- adjustable a. adaptable, alterable, pliable, con- tachment, cling, holding fast, hold. formable, accommodating, modifiable,adhesive n. glue, tape, velcro, cement, paste, changeable, serviceable, flexible, tractable. *stickum, binder, gum, mortar, resin, plas- adjustment n. 1. CONFORMATION fitting, alter- ter. ation, change, accommodation, adaption,AD HOC a. [ADD HOK] for a specific pur- bending, retrofit, *doctoring, modification, pose, as a committee, impromptu. An emer- calibration, tune up, sizing, rectification, gency ad hoc committee was formed. SYN. spec- squaring. 2. SETTLEMENT claim, liability, ified, specific, provisional, special, compensation, reimbursement, remunera- impromptu. tion.adieu interj. goodbye, farewell, au revoir, adios, adjutant n. assistant, aid, helper, administrative sayonara, arrivederci, auf Wiedersehen, *see assistant, staff officer. ya, *toodleloo, *toodles. SEE GOODBYE ad lib n. improvisation, extemporization, in-AD INFINITUM adv. [add in fuh NITE um] vention, *offhand remark, impulse. forever, endlessly. The Congressman said ad lib v. improvise, extemporize, *wing it, *fake Roget’s Superthesaurus 15
  19. 19. Ad Lib–Ado it, invent, *play it by ear, speak impromptu, honor, put on a pedestal, hail. ANT. loathe, speak off the top of one’s head, fabricate, despise, look down on, disrespect. vamp. admirer n. fan, devotee, follower, disciple, sup-AD LIB a. [ADD LIB] improvised, unre- porter. hearsed. The act was performed completely ad admissible a. acceptable, permissible, allowed, lib. SYN. improvisational, unrehearsed, *off passable, legitimate, legal, lawful, okay, tol- the cuff, *on the spur of the moment, ex- erable, proper, suitable. ANT. inadmissible, il- temporaneously, impulsively. ANT. re- legal, intolerable. hearsed, studied. admission n. 1. ENTRANCE entry, passage, ac-ad man n. copywriter, huckster, *BS artist. cess. 2. DOOR CHARGE cover charge, ticket,admeasure v. apportion. entrance fee, gate. 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ORadminister v. 1. GOVERN manage, administrate, CONFESSION admitting, granting, profession, head, direct, oversee, officiate, superintend, *owning up, *fessing up, revelation, affirma- supervise, conduct, regulate, rule, operate, tion, disclosure, divulgence, testimony, de- control. 2. GIVE OUT dispense, mete out, de- position. ANT. 1. blockage, barring, impedi- liver, apply, distribute, provide, give. 3. HELP ment. 2. concealment, cover-up, secret, serve, lend a hand. confidentiality.administration n. 1. GOVERNING overseeing, admit v. 1. LET IN accept, let pass, grant access, commanding, policy-making, application, check, grant, okay, permit, *give the nod execution, legislation, regulation, superin- to. 2. CONFESS acknowledge, concede, grant, tendence, supervision, management. 2. *own up, *fess up, *come clean, reveal, dis- MANAGEMENT leadership, government, bu- close, divulge, confide, *sing, *spill the reaucracy, bureau, cabinet, headquarters, beans, *bare one’s soul, testify. ANT. 1. block, governing body, executive branch, board, bar, refuse. 2. withhold, keep secret, hide, command, *front office, legislature, estab- deny. lishment, ministry, board of directors, de- admittance n. entrance, entry, permission, pass, partment, *brass, *the powers that be. 3. passage. DISPENSATION delivery, application, giving. admittedly adv. confessedly, honestly, truth- 4. TERM OF POWER reign, dynasty, *run, in- fully, frankly. cumbency, tenure. admix v. intermix, blend, combine, mingle.administrator n. manager, supervisor, superin- admixture n. blend, combination, mixture, tendent, executive, executor, CEO (chief compound, melange. executive officer), bureaucrat, official, di- ADMONISH v. [ad MON ish] to caution or rector, overseer, governor, head, chair, advise, often scoldingly. He was admonished leader, *paper shuffler. for drinking and driving. SYN. 1. CAUTIONadmirable a. model, praiseworthy, enviable, ex- warn, forewarn, advise, exhort. 2. REPROVE cellent, honorable, respectable, commend- rebuke, berate, scold, *tell off, *come down able, wonderful, ideal, great, exceptional, on, *call on the carpet, *take to task, chas- revered, laudable, superior. ANT. despicable, tise, reproach. 3. REMIND apprise, inform, low, rotten. warn. ANT. 2. commend, compliment, reward.admiral n. commander. ‘‘That part of the war- admonition n. 1. CAUTION warning, forewarn- ship which does the talking while the figure- ing, advice, apprisal, counsel. 2. REPROVAL head does the thinking.’’—Ambrose Bierce. scolding, *dressing down, *talking to, repri- SEE NAVAL OFFICER mand, upbraiding, *slap on the wrist, re-admiration n. esteem, adoration, reverence, ap- monstrance, rebuke, reproach. ANT. 2. com- proval, regard, idolizing, applause, praise, mendation, reward, compliment. awe, respect, veneration, glorification, fond- AD NAUSEAM adv. [AD NAWZ e um] to ness, *foot-kissing, worship. ‘‘A very short- the point of illness or disgust. He went on lived passion, that immediately decays upon about his accomplishments ad nauseum. SYN. growing familiar with its object.’’—Joseph to a sickening degree, to nauseating ex- Addison. ‘‘The daughter of ignorance.’’— tremes, to the point of queasiness, too much, Benjamin Franklin. ANT. disgust, despising, more than one can stomach. loathing, disrespect. ado n. trouble, fuss, excitement, runningadmire v. regard, esteem, look up to, respect, around, *to-do, bother, travail, hubbub, revere, idolize, praise, worship, model after, confusion.16 Roget’s Superthesaurus
  20. 20. Adobe–Advanceadobe n. clay, brick. *crack, sharp, talented, experienced, mas-adolescence n. puberty, pubescence, youth, terful, practiced, proficient, nimble, astute. teen years, *awkward years, minor, immatu- ANT. maladroit, bumbling, fumbling, *dim. rity, junior high years, high school age. ‘‘A adulate v. flatter, *apple polish, gush, admire, kind of emotional seasickness. Both are praise, worship, *kiss feet, *brown-nose, funny, but only in retrospect.’’—Arthur fawn, *fall all over. ANT. disrespect, ignore, Koestler. insult.adolescent n. teenager, teen, *teenybopper, adulation n. flattery, *feet-kissing, *apple-pol- youth, sophomore, junior, minor, youngster, ishing, *brown-nosing, worshipping, fawn- *bobbysoxer, *sweet sixteen, juvenile. ‘‘One ing, exaltation, sycophancy, blarney, toady- who has reached the age of dissent.’’—Har- ing, blandishment, slavishness, adoration. old Leslie. adult a. 1. GROWN-UP, mature, aged, seasoned,Adonis n. *hunk, *beefcake, *dreamboat, of age, developed, ripe, at the age of consent, *stud, Greek god, *God’s gift to women, of legal age. 2. (Pertaining to explicitly sex- *heartbreaker, *lady-killer. ual material) PORNOGRAPHIC x-rated,adopt v. 1. TAKE IN ANOTHER’S CHILD take under graphic, dirty, blue, obscene. ANT. childlike, one’s wing, take in, foster, surrogate, immature, juvenile, youthful. mother, father, raise. 2. SELECT OR TAKE UP adult n. grown-up, mature person, *big person, choose, appropriate, employ, take, espouse, man, woman, lady, gentleman, elder, au- assume, take on, opt, use. 3. VOTE IN select, thority figure. ‘‘An obsolete child.’’—Theo- approve, back, support, sanction, ratify. ANT. dore Geisel. 1. orphan, disown, shun. 2. reject, shun, re- ADULTERATE v. [uh DULL tuh RATE] to fuse. make impure, to spoil or contaminate. Theadorable a. charming, cunning, cute, appealing, once pristine waters off Alaska have been adul- captivating, cuddly, lovely, lovable, sweet, terated with spilled oil. SYN. spoil, debase, cor- precious, darling, irresistible, *huggable. rupt, defile, contaminate, ruin, devalue, poi- ANT. gross, disgusting, repulsive, monstrous. son, denature, pollute, degrade, taint, wateradoration n. love, praise, devotion, worship, down, depreciate. ANT. purify, concentrate. veneration, affection, exaltation, reverence, adulterer n. adulteress, *cheat, philanderer, hero worship, idolization, adulation, admi- fornicator, *Casanova, *skirt-chaser, *wolf, ration, infatuation. ANT. revulsion, repulsion, *womanizer. despising, disgust. adultery n. infidelity, unfaithfulness, sex, *sleeping around, promiscuity, affair, forni-adore v. admire, love, worship, hero-worship, cation, *cheating, *stepping out, *swinging, idolize, respect, venerate, honor, look up to, *fooling around, *playing around, *hanky- praise, revere, glorify, esteem, *carry a torch panky. ‘‘The application of democracy to for, be taken with, deify, *put on a pedestal, love.’’—H.L. Mencken. *dig, *groove on, adulate, cherish. ANT. advance n. 1. FORWARD MOVEMENT progression, loathe, disrespect, despise, *spit on. progress, headway. 2. PROGRESSION progress,adorn v. ornament, don, bedeck, dress, deco- improvement, innovation, breakthrough, rate, embellish, beautify, trim, festoon, gar- development, discovery. 3. FLIRTATION over- nish, spruce up, emblazon. ture, *move, offer, proposal, invitation. 4.adornment n. ornament, decoration, dressing, PAYMENT loan, wages, prepayment, front, re- embellishment, bauble, trinket, trimming, tainer, deposit. spangle, garnish, trapping, frills, finery, frip- advance v. 1. BRING FORWARD progress, move pery, doodad. ahead, propel, push, come, go, make head-adrenalin n. epinephrine, stress hormone, way, proceed, forge ahead, continue, gain *fight or flight hormone. ground, promote. 2. ASCEND IN RANK pro-adrift a. drifting, free-floating, directionless, mote, step up, *climb up the corporate lad- wandering, unanchored, at the wind’s will, der, move up. 3. HELP hasten, quicken, aid, astray, aimless, afloat, derelict, loose. ANT. assist, further, forward, facilitate, back. 4. anchored, grounded, stable. PROPOSE suggest, put forward, submit, prof-ADROIT a. [uh DROYT] mentally or physi- fer, recommend. 5. PREPAY deposit, retain, cally skilled. Donatello was an adroit sculptor. loan, front. ANT. 1. stop, reverse, go back. 2. SYN. skillful, deft, dexterous, expert, clever, demote, step down. 3. impede, detract, block. Roget’s Superthesaurus 17

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